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Full text of "... Bibliography on ice of the northern hemisphere .."



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H. 0. Pub. No. 240 



BIBLIOGRAPHY ON ICE OF 
THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



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UNITED STATES NAVY DEPARTMENT 
HYDROGRAPHIC OFFICE 



GB 

24-01 
U 72 



H. 0. Pub. No. 240 



BIBLIOGRAPHY ON ICE OF 
THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



The bibliography for H. 0. Pub. No. 550, Ice Atlas of the Northern Hemisphere, now in preparation by 
the Hydrographic Office, to which has been added an index of authors, subjects, and places. 



ISSUED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY 





UNITED STATES 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
WASHINGTON: 1945 



For ule by the Hydrographic Office, Wuhington, D. C „ Price $2.00 



n 

ERRATUM 

1212. Same as No. 845. 



m 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

Preface iv 

Abbreviations of Periodicals v 

World-Wide References 1 

Geographic Divisions 

1. Arctic Ocean 3 

2. Coastal Waters of Northeastern North America (In- 

cluding West Greenland North of 67° N.) 18 

3. Greenland Sea (Including Iceland and Southwest 

Coast of Greenland North to 67° N.) 25 

4. Barents Sea (Including Spitsbergen) 31 

5. WhiteSea 41 

6. KaraSea .- 43 

7. Laptev Sea 51 

8. East Siberian Sea 54 

9. ChukchiSea 56 

10. BeaufortSea 60 

11. Northwest Passages 61 

12. Hudson Bay and Strait 68 

13. GreatLakes 70 

14. Baltic and North seas 72 

15. Black and Azov seas 86 

16. Caspian and Aral seas 88 

17. YellowSea 89 

18. Okhotsk and Japan seas 90 

19. Bering Sea and Strait and Gulf of Alaska 93 

20. Rivers and Lakes — North America 95 

21. Rivers and Lakes — Eurasia 98 

General References 122 

Addenda 149 

Index of Subjects 155 

Index of Names 160 

Index of Geographic Names 172 



59507 



IV 



PREFACE 

This is the first pubhcation of bibliographic material compiled during World War 
II by the Hydrographic Office. The references in this list resulted from library 
research carried out in connection with the preparation of H. 0. Pub. 550, Ice Atlas 
of the Northern Hemisphere, and with studies prepared by this office for the Joint 
Army-Navy Intelligence Service. 

Sources of information not elsewhere mentioned in this bibliography are: 

Lists of Current Publications on Snow and Ice, contained in the Transactions 
of the American Geophysical Union, vols. 20, 21, and 23, 1939, 1940, 
and 1942, by Carl Elges, R. G. Stone, B. P. Veinberg, R. W. Burhoe, 
and H. P. Boardman. 
Die Erforschung des Polargebietes Russisch-Eurasiens See- und Landreisen 
waHrend der Jahre 1912-1924. Petermanns Mittheilungen Erganzungs- 
heft 188. 1925. Die Erforschung des Nordpolargebiets in den Jahren 
1913-1928 (Innere Arktis und Europaischer Sektor). . .1913-1931 
(Sibirischer und Amerikanischer Sektor). Geographisches Jahrbuch, v. 
44, 1929. V. 47, 1932. By L. L. Breitfuss. 
Bibliography of Meteorological Literature, pub. by the Royal Meteorological 

Society of London, v. 1, 1936 to date. 
Indexes to the various publications of the Akademifa nauk, Leningrad. 
Index of Literature on Hydrology in the U. S, S. R. (In Russian.) 

For 1928, pub. in Izvestiia of the Gosudarstvennyi Gidrologicheskii 
Institut, V. 30, 1931. For 1929-1930, pub. separately by the fSentralnoe 
Biiiro Gidrologicheskoi Bibliografii of the same institute. 
Publications of the Arctic Research Institute 1920-1939. (In Russian.) 

Problemy Arktiki, 1940, no. 3, pp. 157-184. 
Each issue of the monthly magazine: Problemy Arktiki, bibliography section. 
V. 1, 1937 to date. 
In addition to these sources, there are excellent bibliographies in certain general 
textbooks listed herein, notably: H. T. Barnes (item 1341), B. P. Veinberg (item 1600), 
and N. N. Zubov (item 1628). 

The geopraphical positions (coordinates), which are given in the geographical 
index, are intended to facilitate reference to charts and maps, and in many instances 
are only approximate. 

The bibliography was compiled by Miss Mary C. Grier, former librarian at the 
Oceanographic Laboratories, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. A 
number of titles were supplied by John C. Weaver, Lt. (j.g.) S-U.S.N.R. 



\ 



ABBREVIATIONS OF PERIODICALS 



Aarb. Norsk, geogr. selsk. 

Abh. Preuss. met. inst. 

Akad. nauk Sovet izuch. prirod. 
resursov. fAkutsk. 

Allg. bauztg. 

AUg. fischereiztg. 

Amer. almanac, Boston. 

Amer. j. sci. 

Ann. chim. 

Ann. g6ogr. 

Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 

Ann. hydrogr., Paris. 

Ann. phys. n.f. 

Annu. rep. Engrs. dep. 

Annu. Soc. m6t. France. 

Arb. Met. inst. Univ. Lettlands. 

Arch, dtsch. Seewarte. 

Arch, naturk. Dorpat. 
Arch. sci. phys. nat. Genfeve. 

Atti Congr. geogr. Ital. 
Aurora. 

Bait, wschr. 

Beitr. geophys. 

Beitr. phys. fr. atm. 

Beob.-ergebn. Int. Polarf. 

Ber. Dtsch. wiss. komm. meer- 
esf. n.f. 

Ber. mitt. Freunde naturw. Wien. 

Ber. Naturf. ges. Freiburg. 

Bidr. Finl. nat. folk. 

Bfiil. Arkt. inst. 

Bfill. Gos. gidrol. inst. 

Blill. Obshch. izuch. krafa Muz. 
Tobol'sk. severa. 

Bffil. pogody i sost. mor. Feodo- 
Bfiil. St.-P. okr. put. soobshch. 
Bful. Volkhov, gidro-elek.-sil. 

UBt. 



Norske geografiske selskab. Aarbok. 

Preussisches meteorologisches institut, Berlin. Abhandlungen. 

Akademiia nauk, Leningrad. Sovet po izucheniiu proizvoditel'nykh 
sil SSSR. Senla lAkutskafi. (Early years as Sovet po izuchenifii 
prirodnykh resursov.) 

Allgemeine bauzeitung. 

AUgemeine fischerei-zeitung. Munich. 

American almanac and repository of useful knowledge. 

American journal of science. 

Annales de chimie et de physique. 

Annales de g6ographie. 

Annalen der hydrographie und maritime meteorologie, Berlin. 

Annales hydrographiques, Paris. 

Annalen der physik. Neue folge. 

U. S. Engineer department. Annual report Chief of engineers, 
U.S. Army. 

Soci6t6 m^t^orologique de France. Annuaire. 

Riga. Latvijas universitate. Meteorologiskas institut. Darbi. 
(Riga. Universitat Lettlands. Meteorologische institut. Ar- 
beiten.) 

Hamburg. Deutsche Seewarte. Aus dem Archiv der deutschen 
Seewarte. 

Archiv fiir die naturkunde Liv-, Est- und Kurlands. 

Bibliotheque universelle. Archives des sciences physiques et natu- 
reUes, Geneva. 

Congresso geografico italiano. Atti. 

Aurora; zeitschrift in monatlichen heften iiber witterungs- erd- und 
menschenkunde, Berlin. 

Baltische wochenschrift. Jurjev. 

Gerlands beitrage zur geophysik. 

Beitraege zur physik der freien atmosphare. 

Internationale polarforschung, 1882/83. Beobachtungen-ergebnisse. 

Deutsche wissenschafthche kommission fiir meeresforschung, Berlin. 
Berichte; neue folge. 

Gesellschaft der freunde der naturwissensohaften in Wien. Bericht 
uber die mittheilungen. 

Naturforschende gesellschaft zu Freiburg. Berichte. 

Bidrag till kannedom af Finlands natur och folk. 

Leningrad. Vsesoiiiznyi arkticheskii institut. BfflUeten. 

Leningrad. Gosudarstvennyi gidrologicheskii institut. Bfiilleten. 

Tobolsk. Muzei Tobol'skogo severa. Obshchestvo izuchenifa krafa. 
BluUeten. 

BiuUeten pogody i sostoianiia moria Feodosila. 

Saint Peterburgskii okrug putei soobshchenila. Biulleten. (Un- 
verified.) 

Volkhovskaia gidro-elektro-sila ustanovka. Bfiilleten. 



VI 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



Bfill. Vost.-Sib. otd. Russ. geogr. 
obshch. 

Boll. Com. naz. geod. geofis. 

Bull. Akad. nauk. hist.-phil. 

Bull. Amer. geogr. see. 

Bull. Amer. met. soc. 

Bull. Assn. sci. France. 

Bull. Biol. bd. Can. 

Bull. Cent. met. obs. 

Bull. Cercle. gfegr. Lifegeois. 

BuU. Hydrogr. dept. Tokyo. 

Bull. Inst. oc6an. 

Bull. Int. geod. geophys. un. 
Assn. sci. hydrol. 

BuU. Mineral.-geol. inst. Upsala 
univ. 

Bull. Nat. res. coun. 

Bull. Soc. d'oc6an. France. 

Bull. Soc. gfegr. Bordeaux. 

Bull. Soc. geophys. Varsovie. 

Bull. U.S.C.G. 

Bull. U.S.G.S. 

Bull. U.S.W.B. 

C.R. Acad. d'Ath^nes. 

C.R. Acad. sci. Paris. 

C.R. Akad. nauk. 

Carl's repert. phys. 

Comm. Hydrol. conf. Baltic 
States. 

Comment, phys.-math., Hel- 
singfors. 

Contract rec. 

Denkschr. Akad. wiss. Wien. 
Math.-naturh. kl. 

Dtsch. rdsch. geogr. stat. 

Edinb. phil. j. 

Finnl. hydrogr.-biol. untersuch. 

Fiskeridir. skr. s. havunders. 

Forh. Tekn. foren. Finl. 

Forsch. ing.-wes. 

Geofiz. sborn. 

Geofys. publ. 
Gdogr. 
Geogr. abh. 
Geogr. ann. 



Gosudarstvennoe russkoe geograficheskoe obshchestvo. Vostochno- 
Sibirskii otdel, Biulleten. 

Italy. Consiglio nazionale della ricerche. Comitato nazionale per 
la geodesia e la geofisica. Bollettino. 

Akademija nauk, Leningrad. Classe historico-philologique. Bulle- 
tin. 

American geographical society, N.Y. Bulletin. 

American meteorological society. Bulletin. 

Association scientifique de France. Bulletin hebdomadaire. 

Canada. Biological board. Bulletin. 

Japan. Central meteorological observatory. Bulletin. 

Cercle des g^ographes li&geois. Bulletin. 

Japan. Hydrographic Department. Bulletin. 

Institut oc^anographique, Monaco. Bulletin. 

International geodetic and geophysical union. Association of sci- 
entific hydrology. Bulletin. 

Upsala. Universitet. Mineralogisk-geologiska institut. Bulletin. 

National research council. Bulletin. 

Soci6t6 d'oc^anographie de France. Bulletin. 

Soci6t6 de geographic commerciale de Bordeaux. Bulletin. 

Towarzystwo geofizyczne w Warszawie. Biuletyn. 

U.S. Coast guard. Bulletin. 

U.S. Geological survey. Bulletin. 

U.S. Weather Bureau. Bulletin. 

Akademia Athenon. Praktika. 

Academie des sciences, Paris. Comptes rendus. 

Akademiia nauk, Leningrad. Comptes rendus (Doklady.) 

Repertorium der physik. (Carl) Munich. 

Hydrological conference Baltic States, lst-6th. Communications. 
(In various languages.) 

Finska vetenskaps-societeten, Helsingfors. Commentationes phy- 
sico-niathematicae. 

Contract record and engineering review. Toronto. 

Akadeniie der wissenschaft, Vienna. Mathematisch-naturhistorische 
klasse. Denkschriften. 

Deutsche rundschau ftir geographic und statistik. Vienna. 

Edinburgh philosophical journal. 

Finnlandische hydrographisch-biologische untersuchungen. 

Norway. Fiskeridirektoratet. Skrifter, serie havunders0kelser. 

Tekniska foreningens i Finland. Forhandlingar. 

Forschung auf dem gebiete des ingenieurwesens. (Verein Deutscher 
Ingenieur.) 

Leningrad. Glavnaia geofizieheskaia observatoriia. Geofizicheskii 
sbornik. 

Geofysiske publikasjoner. 

La Geographic. 

Geographische abhandlungen. 

Geografiska annaler, Stockholm. 



ABBREVIATIONS OF PERIODICALS 



vn 



Geogr. j. 

Geogr, jb. 

CJeogr. rev. 

Geogr. tidsskr. 

Geol. issled. zolot. obi. Sib. 

Geophys. mem. 

H. ex. doc. 

H. misc. doc. 

Handl. Svensk. vetensk.-akad. 

Hydrogr. bull. (Suiro Yoho). 

Hydrogr. rev. 

Hydro!, obsns. mar. exped. 2d 
Int. Polar yr. e.\ped. 

Inform, biul. ukrmetu, Kiev. 

Int. rev. hydrob. 

Issled. mor. SSSR 

Issled. rek SSSR 

Iziusk. issled. Svirstr. 

Izv. Akad. nauk fiz.-khim. inst. 

Izv. Akad. nauk s. geogr. geofiz. 



Izv. Arkhangel'sk. obshch. izuch. 
russ. severa. 

Ivz. Assofs. nauchn.-issled. inst. 
Mosk. univ. 

Izv. Donsk. politekhn. inst. 

Izv. Glavn. geofiz. obs. 

Ivz. Gos. gidrol. inst. 

Izv. fAkutsk. otd. Russ. geogr. 
obshch. 

Izv. Inst, gidrotekhn. 

Izv. Russ. geogr. obshch. 

Izv. Sobr. inzh. put. soobshch. 

Izv. Sred.-Sib. geogr. obshch. 

Izv. Tomsk, tekhnol. inst. 

Izv. 'f&entr. gidromet. bfuro. 

Izv. Turkestansk. otd. Russ. 
geogr. obshch. 

Izv. Vost.-Sib. otd. Russ. geogr. 
obshch. 

J. appl. phys. 

J. Assn. Chin. Amer. engrs. 



Geographical journal, London. 

Geografisches jahrbuch. 

Geographical review. 

Norsk geografisk tidsskrift. 

Geologicheskifa issledovaniia zolotonosnykh oblasti Sibiri. St. 
Peterburg. (Explorations g^ologiques dans les regions aurifferes 
de Sib6rie.) 

Great Britain. Meteorological office. Geophysical memoirs. 

U.S. Congress. House executive document. 

U.S. Congress. House miscellaneous document. 

Svenska vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm. Handlingar. 

Hydrographic bulletin (Suiro Yoho). Hydrographic department, 
Tokyo. 

Hydrographic review. International hydrographic bureau, Monaco. 

International Polar year expedition, 2d, 1932-33. Hydrological 
observations of marine expedition. 

Informatsionnyi biuUeten ukrmetu, Kiev. (Unverified.) 

Internationale revue der gesamten hydrobiologie und hydrographie 

Issledovania morei SSSR. (Leningrad. Gosudarstvennyi gidrolo- 
gicheskii institut.) 

Issledovania rek SSSR. (Leningrad. Gosudarstvennyi gidrolo- 

gicheskii mstitut.) 

Iziuskaniia i issledovaniia Svirstroia. (Unverified.) 

Akademiia nauk, Leningrad. Fizikokhimicheskii institut. Izvestiia. 

Akademiia nauk, Leningrad. Izvestiia. Otdelenie matematiches- 
kikh i estestvennykh nauk. Seriia geograficheskaia i geofizi- 
cheskaia. 

Arkhangel'skoe obshchestvo izuchenila russkogo severa. Archangel. 

Izvestiia. 

Moscow. Universitet. Fiziko-matematicheskii fakul'tet. Assotsi- 
aRiia nauchno-issledovatel'skikh institutov. Izvestiia. 

Donskii politekhnicheskii institut. Izvestu'a. 

Leningrad. Glavnaia geofizicheskaia observatoriia. Izvestiia. 

Leningrad. Gosudarstvennyi gidrologicheskii institut. Izvestiia. 

Gosudarstvennoe russkoe geograficheskoe obshchestvo. iAkutskii 
otdel. Izvestiia. 

Leningrad. Nauchno-issledovatel'skii institut gidrotekhniki. Iz- 
vestiia. 

Gosudarstvennoe russkoe geograficheskoe obshchestvo. IzvestifS. 
Sobranie inzhenerov putei soobshcheniia, St. Peterburg. Izvestiia. 

Sredne-Sibirskoe gosudarstvennoe geograficheskoe obshchestvo- 
Krasnoyarsk. Izvestiia. 

Tomskii industrial'nyi institut. Izvestiia. (Through 1924 as 
Tomskii tekhnologicheskii institut.) 

T^entralnoe gidrometeorologischeskoe biuro. Izvestiia. (U.S.S.R.) 

Sredne-Aziatskoe geograficheskoe obshchestvo, Tashkent. Izvestiia. 

Gosudarstvennoe russkoe geograficheskoe obshchestvo. Vostochno- 
Sibirskii otdel, Irkutsk. Izvestiia. 

Journal of applied physics. 

Association of Chinese and American engineers, Peking. Journal. 



vin 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHEEB 



J. cons, explor. mer. 

J. Franklin inst. 
J. geogr. 
J. Met. soc. Jap. 
J. ocean. 

J. Roy. geogr. aoc. 

J. Roy. soc. Dublin. 

J. Roy. soc. N.S.W. 

J. Scot. met. soc. Edinb. 

Jap. j. phys. 

Jber. Geogr. ges. Mtinchen. 

Jber. Naturh. mus. Wien. Arch, 
polarforsch. 

Maine agric. rep. 

Mar. obs. 

Mat. Gidrol. sluzhbi gidrol. r. 
Kiiv. Gidromet. shchorichnik. 

Mat^r. 6tude calam. 

Mater. Kom. fAkutak. A.S.S.R. 

Mater, opis. russ. rek. 

Medd. Danske met. inst. 

Medd. Norges Svalb. Ishavs- 
unders0k. 

Medd. om Gr0nland. 

Medd. Svensk. met.-hydrogr. 
anstalt. 

Mem. Akad. nauk. 

Mem. Akad. nauk s.8 Math.- 
phys. 

Mem. Manchester lit. phil. soc. 

Mem. trav. Soc. ing. civ. France. 

Mem. Wem. soc. 

Merent. julk. 

Met. i. gidrol. 

Met. mag. 

Met. vestn. 

Met. z. 

Mil. engr. 

Miss. sci. su6d. Spitzberg. 

Mitt. Gteogr. ges. Hamburg. 
Mitt. Geogr. ges. Wien. 
Mitt. Ver. erdk. Dresden. 
Mon. weath. rev. 
Mondo sotter. 



International council for the study of the'sea, Copenhagen. Jonmal 

du conseil. 

Franklin institute. Journal. 

Journal of geography. 

Meteorological society of Japan. Jovunal. 

Journal of oceanography. (Kobe, Japan. Imperial Marine ob- 
servatory.) 

Royal geographical society, Lrondon. Journal. 

Royal society of Dublin. Journal. 

Royal society of New South Wales. Journal. 

Scottish meteorological society, Edinburgh. Journal. 

Japanese journal of physics. 

Geographische gesellschaft, Miinchen. Jahresbericht. 

Vienna. Naturhistorisches museum. Jahresbericht des Archive 
fiir polarforschung. 

Maine. Department of agriculture. Report of the coounissioner. 

Marine observer. 

This reference has not been located. (Materials of the Hydrologic 
service. Hydrology of river Kiev. Hydrometeorological annud!) 

Mat^riaux pour I'^tude des calamity. 
Genfeve.) 



(Soci6t6 de g6ographieIde 



Komissii po izuchenifii lAkutskoe A.S.S.R. Materifily. 
Materifaly dlfa opisaniia russldkh rek, St. Peterburg. 
Denmark. Meteorologiske institut. Meddelelser. 
Norges Svalbard- og lshavs-unders0kelser. Meddelelse. 

Meddelelser om Gr0nland. 

Sweden. Meteorologisk-hydrografiska anstalt. Meddelanden. 



. . sciences math^matiques, 



Akademila nauk, Leningrad. Memoirs. 

AkademiiS nauk, Lenmgrad. Memoirs . 
physiques et naturelles. 

Manchester Uterary and philosophic society. Memoirs. 

Soci6t6 des ingenieurs civils de France, Paris. Memoires et travaux. 

Wemerian natural history society, Edinburgh. Memoirs. 

Finland. Havforskningsinstitutet. Merentutkimuslaitos julkaisu. 

Meteorologiia i gidrologifa. 

Meteorological magazine. 

Meteorologicheskii vestnik. 

Meteorologische zeitschrift. 

Military engineer. 

Missions scientifiques pour le mesure d'un arc de meridien au Spits- 
berg . . . 1899-1902. Mission suddoise. 

Geographische gesellschaft, Hamburg. Mittheilungen. 

Geographische gesellschaft, Vienna. Mittheilungen. 

Verein fiir erdkunde, Dresden. Mittheilimgen. 

Monthly weather review. 

Mondo sotteraneo. Rivista per lo studio delle grotte e dei fenomeni 
carsici. Udine. 



ABBREVIATIONS OF PEBIODICALS 



IX 



MUnchener geogr. stud. 

Nat. geogr. mag. 

Naturw. wschr. 

Naut. mag. 

Naut.-met. aarb. 

Nov. acta Vetensk.-soc. Upsala. 

Nya handl. Svensk. vetensk. 
akad. 

Ofvers. forh. Svensk. vetensk. 
akad. 

Pap. phys. ocean, met. 

Petermanns mitt. ergSnz. 

Phil. mag. 

Phil, trans. Roy. soc. 

Prace Pozn. towarz. przyj. nauk 
Kom. mat.-przyr. 

Proc. Amer. phil. soc. 

P^oc. Engrs. club Phila. 

Proc. Roy. geogr. soc. 

Proc. Roy. inst. Gr. Brit. 

Proc. Roy. soc. Pt. A. 

Proc. trans. Roy. soc. Can. 

Proc. U.S. nav. inst, 

Prot. 2-ogo met. s'ezd Akad. 
nauk. 

Publ. circ. cons, explor. mer. 

Publ. 0stgr0nland. 

Publ. U.S.H.O. 
Quart, j. Roy. met. soc. 
Rab. Okskafi biol. sta. 
RApp. cons, explor. mer. 

Rep. Hydrol. conf . Baltic states. 

Rep. Int. congr. navig. 

Rep. Jt. bd. engrs. St. Lawrence. 

Rep. Smith, inst. 
Repert. met. Dorpat. 

Repert. met. suppl. 

Rev. g6n. sci. pures appl. 
Rev. g6ogr. alpine. 
Rev. marit. n.s. 
Rev. sd. 



MUnchener geographische studien. 

National geographic magazine. 

Naturvinssenschaftliche wochenschrift. 

Nautical magazine. 

Denmark. Meteorologiske institut. Nautisk-meteorologisk aarbog. 

Vetenskaps-societeten i Upsala. Nova acta. 

Svenska vet«nskapsakademien, Stockholm. Nya handlingar. 



Svenska vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, 
lingar. 



Ofversigt af forhand- 
Papers in physical oceano- 



Massachusetts institute of technology 
graphy and meteorology. 

Petermanns mittheilungen. Erganzungsheft. 

London, Edinburgh, and Dublin philosophical magazine. 

Royal society of London. Philosophical transactions. 

Poznanskie towarzystwo przyjaciol nauk, Posen. Komisja mate- 
matyczno-przyrodnicza. Prace. 

American philosophical society. Proceedings. 

Engineers and engineering. (1879-1917 as Engineers' club of 
Philadelphia. Proceedings.) 

Royal geographical society. Proceedings. 

Royal institution of Great Britain. Proceedings. 

Royal society of London. Proceedings. Pt. A. 

Royal society of Canada. Proceedings and transactions. 

United States naval institute. Proceedings. 

Meteorologicheskii s'ezd pri Akademi(a nauk, 2-ogo, St. Peterburg, 
1909. Protokoly. 

International council for the study of the sea, Copenhagen. I^ibli- 
cation de circonstance. 

PubUkationer om 0stgr0nland, udg. af Kapt. Alf Trolle og Hustrus 
begat til minde om Danmark-ekspeditionen 1906-1908. 

U.S. Hydrographic office. Publication. 

Royal meteorological society. Quarterly journal. 

Murom. Okskafa biologicheska<a stantsifa. Raboty. 

International council for the study of the sea, Copenhagen. Rap- 
ports et proces-verbaux. 

Hydrological conference of the Baltic states, lst-6th. Reports. (In 
various languages.) 

International congress of navigation. Report. 

Joint board of engineers on St. Lawrence waterway project (U.S. 
and Canada.) Report. 

Smithsonian institution. Annual report. 

Repertorium fiir meteorologie. (Gosudarstvennoe russkoe geo- 
graficheskoe obshchestvo.) Dorpat. 

Meteorologicheskii sbornik. Repertorium fiir meteorologie. Sup- 
plementband. 

Revue g^n^rale des sciences pures et appliqu^es. 

Revue de geographic alpine. 

Revue maritime et coloniale, nouveau serie. 

Revue scientifique. 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



Rev. trav. Off. sci. techn. p§ches 
marit. 

Riv. fis. mat. sci. nat. 

Russ. sudokhod. 

S.B. Akad. wiss. Wien Math.- 
naturh. kl. 

S.B. Naturf. ges. Univ. Dorpat. 
Shorn, gidr.-met. nabl. 

Shorn. Inst. inzh. 

Shorn. Leningrad, nauchn. is- 
sled. inst. vodosn. kanal. gid- 
rotekhn. soor. inzh. gidrogeol. 

Shorn, morsk. kraeved. obshch. 
lAroslavl'. 

Shorn, otch. prem. i nagrad. 
Akad. nauk. 

Schr. Inst. Osteurop. wirtsch. 
Sci. res. Norw. N. Polar exped. 

Scot, geogr. mag. 

Skr. Norsk, vidensk.-akad. Mat.- 
naturv. kl. 

Skr. Svensk. hydrogr.-biol. 
komm. 

Soobshch. nauchn.-tekhn. rah. 
V resp. 

Spec. publ. Amer. geogr. soc. 

Suppl. pap. Roy. geogr. soc. 

Tekn. tidskr. 

Termt. kozl. 

Terra. 

Tijdschr. K. Inst. ing. 

Trans. Amer. geophys. un. 

Trans. Amer. soc. mech. engrs. 

Trans. Canad. soc. civ. engrs. 

Trans. Roy. soc. Can. 

Transp. i. khoz. 

Trav. Cah. geogr. phys. Univ. 
St.P. 

Trav. g^ogr. Tchfiques. 

Treas. dep. doc. 

Trud. Arkt. inst. 

Trud. Baikal'sk. limnol. stants. 

Trud. Gos. gidrol. inst. 
Trud. Gos. okean. inst. 



Office scientifique et technique des pSches maritimes. Revue des 
travaux. 

Rivista di fisica, matematica e scienze naturali, Pavia. 

Russkoe sudokhodstvo. St. Peterhurg. 

Akademie der wissensehaften, Vienna. Mathematisch-naturhis- 
torische klasse. Sitzungsherichte. 

Tartu. Estonia. Ulikool. Loodusuurijate selts. Aruanded. (To 
1905 as Dorpater naturforscher gesellschaft. Sitzungsherichte.) 

U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. Shornik gidro-meteoro- 
logicheskikh nablfiidenii. 

Leningradskii institut inzhenerov putei soohshchenifa. Shornik. 

Leningrad. Nauchno-issledovatel'skii institut vodosnahshenifi 
kanalizacii, gidrotekhnikh sooruzhenii i inzhenernyi gidrogeolo- 
gicheskikh. Shornik. (Unverified.) 

Tlus reference has not heen located. May he a publication of 
lAroslavskoe estestvenno-istoricheskoe i kraevedcheskoe ob- 
shchestvo. 



Shornik otchetov o premifakh i 



Akademifa nauk, Leningrad, 
nagradakh, prisuzhdaemykh. 

Konigsberg. Universitat. Institut fiir Osteuropaische wirtscbaft. 
Schriften. 

Norwegian North Polar expedition with the Fram, 1893-1896 . . . 
with the Maud, 1918-1925. Scientific results. 

Scottish geographical magazine. 

Norske videnskaps-akademi, Oslo. Matematisk-naturvidenskapelig 
klasse. Skrifter. 

Sweden. Hydrografisk-hiologiska kommissioner. Skrifter. 

Soohshchenifa o nauchno-tekhnicheskikh rabotakh v respubhke. 

American geographical society, N.Y. Special publication. 

Royal geographical society. Supplementary papers. 

Teknisk tidskrift, Stockholm. 

Term6szettudom4nyi kozlony. Budapest. 

Terra. Suomen maantieteellinen seura. Helsingfors. 

K. Instituut van ingenieurs. The Hague. Tijdschrift. 

American geophysical union. Transactions. 

American society of mechanical engineers. Transactions. 

Engineering institute of Canada. Transactions. (To 1918 as Cana- 
dian society of civil engineers, Montreal.) 

Royal society of Canada. Transactions. 

Transport i khozfaistvo. 

Leningrad. Universitat. Kabinet fizicheskoi geografii. Trudy. 

Prague. Universita Karlova. Institut g^ographique. Travaux 
glographiques Tchdques. 

U.S. Treasury department. Document. 

Vsesofiiznyi Arkticheskii institut, Leningrad. Trudy. 

Akademifa nauk, Leningrad. Baikal'skafa Umnologicheskafi 
stanSifa. Trudy. 

Leningrad. Gosudarstvennyi gidrologicheskii institut. Trudy. 

Gosudarstvennyi okeanograficheskii institut, Moscow. Trudy. 



ABBREVIATIONS OF PERIODICALS 



XI 



Trud. Inst, gidrotekhn. Sbom. 
ledotekhn. 

Trud. Inst, izuch. severa. 

Trud. Irkutsk, magn. met. obs. 

Trud. Kom. fAkutsk. ASSR. 

Trud. Kom. izuch. vechn. merzl. 

Trud. Leningrad, otd. Vse. 
nauchn. inzh.-tekhn. obshch. 
vodn. transp. 

Trud. Morsk. nauclm. inst. 

Trud. Novocherkassk, inzh.- 
meliorat. inst. 

Trud. Novosibirsk, inst. voen. 
inzh. zhel.-dorozhn. transp. 

Trud. Sibirsk. fiz.-tekhn. inst. 

Trud. Sungari. biol. sta. 



Trud. Taimyrsk. gidrogr. ek- 
sped. 

Trud. Vost.-Sib. otd. Russ. ge- 
ogr. obshch. 

Trud. Vse. gidrol. s'ezd. Lenin- 
grad. 

Trud. Vse. nauchn. inzh. tekhn. 
obshch. sudostr. 

Uchen. zap. s. geol.-pochv.-geogr. 
Leningrad univ. 

Valj. Tartu ulik. eesti veek. uur. 
kom. 

Verb. Dtsch. phys. ges. 

Verb. Int. geogr.-kongr. 

Verb. Int. ver. theor. angew. 

limnol. 
Verb. Schweiz. naturf. ges. 
Veroff. Inst, meeresk. Berlin. 

Versl. meded. Akad. wet. afd. 

natuurk. 
Vestn. Dalnevost. fil. Akad. 

nauk. 
Vestn. R\iss. geogr. obshch. 
Vestn. Saratovsk. otd. Russ. 

tekhn. obshch. 
Vodn. transp. 
Wash. univ. pubis, ocean. 
Wash. univ. studies n.s. sci. 

techn. 
WeltaU. 

Wetter. 

Wiss. raeeresunters. Abt. Kiel. 

Wiss. veroff. Mus. landerk. n.f. 



Sbornik ledotekhniki. Leningrad. Naucbno-issledovatel'skii in- 
stitut gidrotekhniki. Trudy. 

Institut po izuchenifa severa. Trudy. 

Irkutskafa magnitnaia i meteorologieheskafa observatorifi. Trudy. 

Komissiia po izucheniiu fAkutskoi A.S.S.R. Trudy. 

Komissifa izucheniui vechnoi merzloty. AkademilS. nauk, Leningrad. 
Trudy. 

Vsesoiuznoe nauchnoe i inzheneniotekhnicheskoe obshchestvo vod- 
nogo transporta. Leningradskoe otdelenie. Trudy. 

Morskoi nauchnyi institut, Moscow. Trudy. 

Novocherkasskii inzhenerno-meliora©ii institut. Trudy. (Un- 
verified.) 

Novosibirskii institut voennykh inzhenerov zhelezno-dorozhnogo 
transporta. Trudy. 

Sibirskii fiziko-tekhnicheskii institut, Tomsk. Trudy. 

Obshchestvo izuchenifa Manchzhurskogo krala, Harbin, China. 
Izdatel'stvo. s.B. Trudy Sungariiskoi rechnoi biologicheskoi 

stantsii. 

Taimyrskafa gidrograficheskaia ekspeditsiia. Trudy. 

Gosudarstvennoe russkoe geograficheskoe obshchestvo. Vostochno- 
Sibirskii otdel. Trudy. 

Vsesoiliznyi gidrologicheskii s'ezd, Leningrad, 1928. Trudy. 

Vsesofflznoe nauchnoe inzhenemo tekhnicheskoe obshchestvo 
sudostroeniia, Leningrad. Trudy. 

Leningrad. Universitet. Uchenye zapiski. Serila geologo-poch- 
venno-geograficheskaia. 

Tartu. Estonia. Ulikool. Ulikooli eesti veekogude uurimise komis- 
joni. Valjaanne. 

Deutsche physikalisohe geseUschaft, Berlin. Verhandlung. 

International geographical congress. 7th, BerUn, 1899. Verhand- 
lungen Internationalen geographen-kongresses Berlin, 1899. 

Internationale vereinigung fur theoretischen und angewandte 

limnologie. Verhandlungen. 
Schweizerische naturforschende geseUschaft. Verhandlungen. 
BerUu. Universitet. Institut filr meereskunde. Veroffentlich- 

ungen. 
K. Akademie van wetenschappen. Amsterdam. Afdeeling natuur- 

kunde. Verslagen en mededeelingen. 
Akademifa nauk, Leningrad. Dal'nevostochnyi filial, Vladivostok. 

Vestnik. 
Gosudarstvennoe russkoe geograficheskoe obshchestvo. Vestnik. 
Russkoe tekhnicheskoe obshchestvo, St. Peterburg. Saratovskoe 
otdelenie. Vestnik. (Unverified.) 
Vodnyi transport, Moscow. 

Washington (State) University. Publications in oceanography. 
Washington university, St. Louis. Studies, science and technology; 

new series. 
Das Weltall. lUustrierte zeitschrift fUr astronomie und verwandte 

gebiete. Berlin. 
Das Wetter. Meteorologische monatsschrift. Berlin. 
Wissenschafthche meeresuntersuchungen. Abt. Kiel. 
Leipzig. Museum fiir landerkunde. Wissenschafthche veroff en t- 

lichungen; neue folge. 



XII 



ICE OF NORTHEBN HEMISPHEBE 



Wittenb. wbl. 

Wschr. Osterr. ing. archit.-ver. 

Z. bauw. 

Z. geophys. 

Z. geopolitik. 

Z. Ges. erdk. 

Z. gewafiserk. 

Z. met. 

Z. Slbirsk. 

Z. Ver. dtsch. ing. 

Zap. Akad. nauk. Prilozh. 

Zap. gidrogr. 

Zap. Gos. gidrol. inst. 

Zap. Inst, gidrotekhu. 

Zap. Obshch. izuch. Amur, kraia. 



Zap. Riiss. geogr. obshch. 
Zbl. bauverw. 

Zes. Pol. wiad. sluzby hydrogr. 
Zh. Fis.-khim. obshch. chast' fiz. 

Zh. geofiz. 

Zh. geofiz. met. 

Zh. Min. put. soobshch. 

Zh. obshch. khim. 

Zh. prikl. fiz. 

Zh. tekhn. fiz. 



Wittenbergisches wochenblatt zum aufnehmen der naturkunde und 

des okonomischen gewerbes. 
Osterreichischer ingenieur- und architekten vereins. Wochenschrift. 
Zeitschrift fiir bauwesen. 
Zeitschrift fur geophysik. 
Zeitschrift fiir geopolitik. 
Gesellschaft fiir erdkunde, Berlin. Zeitschrift. 
Zeitschrift fiir gewasserkunde. 

Oesterreichisohe gesellschaft fiir meteorologie, Vienna. Zeitschrift. 
Zeitschrift Sibirsk, Novonikolaevsk. (Unverified.) 
Verein Deutscher ingenieure, BerUn. Zeitschrift. 
Akademiia nauk, Leningrad. Zapiski; prilozhenie. 
Zapiski po gidrografii. 

Leningrad. Gosudarstvemiyi gidrologicheskii institut. Zapiski. 
Leningrad. Nauchno-issledovatel'skii institut gidrotekhniki. 

Zapiski. 
Gosudarstvennoe russkoe geograficheskoe obshchestvo. Vladivos- 
tokskii otdel. Zapiski. (Obshchestvo izuchenifi Amurskogo 

kraia.) 
Gosudarstvennoe russkoe geograficheskoe obshchestvo. Zapiski. 
Zentralblatt der bauverwaltung. 

Poland. Wiadomosci sluzby hydrograficznej. Zeszyt. 
Russkoe fiziko khimicheskoe obshchestvo. Chast' fizicheskafi. 

Zhumal. 
Zhumal geofiziki, Moscow. 
Zhurnal geofiziki i meteorologii, Moscow. 
Russia (Imp.) Ministerstvo putei soobshchenifa. Zhurnal. 
Zhumal obshchei khimi. 
Zhurnal prikladnoi fiziki. 
Zhurnal tekhnicheskoi fiziki. 



Listed below are abbreviations used throughout the bibliography: 





= omissions. 




Izd. 


= Izdanie, izdatel' (Publication, 


( ) 


= number, when in 


periodical 




publisher.). 




reference. 




L. 


= leaves. 


[1 


= additions supplied 


by cata- 


m. 


= meters. 




loguer. 




p., pp. 


= pages. 


append. 


^ appendix, appendices. 


p.L. 


= preliminary leaf. 


ch. 


= chapter. 




photos. 


= photographs. 


col. 


= colored. 




pi. 


= plates. 


Comp. 


= compiler, compiled. 




prelim. 


= preliminary. 


corr. 


= corrected. 




prep. 


^ prepared, preparation. 


diagrs. 


^ diagrams. 




pub. 


= published. 


Doc. 


= document. 




ref. 


= reference. 


ed. 


= edition, editor. 




s. 


= series. 


fold. 


= folding, folded. 




spec. 


= special. 


foU. 


= following 




Str. 


= Strait, Straits. 


hrsg. 


= herausgegeben. 




suppl. 


= supplement. 


I. 


= Island. 




t.-p. 


= title-page. 


illus. 


= illustrated, illustrations. 


Tip. 


= Tipografifa (printing office.) 


Imp. 


= imprimerie (printing office). 


transl. 


= translated, translation. 


incl. 


= including. 




v. 


= volume. 


Is. 


= Islands. 









Asterisks indicate standard general references on ice or sources of particular significance 
for the regions indicated. 



WORLD-WIDE 

1 . *Denmark. Meteorologiske Institut. 

1892- Isforholdene i de Arktiske Have. The state of the ice in the 

1938. Arctic seas, 1890-1938. Naut. met. aarb. 1892-1938. [Title 

varies. Remarks and charts for April to August.] 

2. *Deutsche seewarte, Hamburg. 

1942. Atlas der vereisungsverhaltnisse Russlands und Finnlands, 

ihrer kiistengewasser sowie wirtschaftlich und militarisch 
wichtigen binnenwasserstrassen mit textlichen vorbemer- 
kungen und tabellen. Berlin, Oberkommando der Kriegs- 
marine. 20 p. inch tables. 94 charts. (Nr. 2197.) [Mean 
monthly temperatures; ice and navigational conditions 
1925/26-1931/32 in Black, Azov and Caspian seas; same 
1922/23-1938/39, middle and northern Baltic Sea. Charts 
show extent, duration, types of ice in mild, medium, severe 
and very severe winters, for North and Baltic seas. White 
Sea, Soviet Arctic seas, Eurasian rivers and lakes, Okhotsk 
Sea, Black, Azov and Caspian seas.] 

3. Germany. Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine. Chef Marinewetterdienst. 

1943 . Monatskarten klimatologischer mittelwerte fiir den Nordatlan- 

tischen Ozean und seine ostlichen randmeere (10°-80°N, 
75°W-75°0). Bearb. vom Marineobservatorium Wilhelms- 
haven. 4 p. 14 charts. (M.W.D. 51.) [Includes ice limits 
on charts.] 

4. *Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1922. Ice charts of the northern hemisphere (in twelve sheets) show- 

ing general maximum limits of ice and also those for each 
month of the year, comp. from information supplied by the 
Meteorological office. London, The Admiralty. D31-D42. 

5. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1943. World cHmatic chart — sheet I-II, January and July. 5301- 

5302. [Includes: wind, swell, currents, fog, and ice.] 

6. *Gt. Brit. Meteorology office. 

1944. Monthly ice charts for the Arctic seas, Hudson Bay to Kara 

Sea. MOM 390a. Rev. ed. 

7. Hennessy, J. 

1933. Ice in the northern hemisphere. Mar. obs. 10:95-98. 

8. Lemke, M. 

1931. Vereisung der hafen. (In: Winkler, Arno, ed. Beitrage zur 

wirtschaftsgeographie. pp. 113-124. [Extensive tables of 
ports of the entire world, showing ice limits.] 

9. Nadein, I. K. 

1908. Neskol'ko slov o nabhudeniiakh nad ledianym pokrov russ- 

kikh vod. (Some remarks on observations of ice on Russian 
waters.) Met. vestn. 18:379-388. 



ICE OF NORTHBBN HEMISPHERE 

10. Shaw, Sir Napier. 

1928. Manual of meteorology. Vol. II. Cambridge, England. 

[Maps: Ice limits in June and August; icebergs and the 
currents in which they drift.] 

11. *U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1905-1911. Nabliildeniia nad vskrytiem i zamerzaniem morei u beregov 
Rossi V 1904-1906, 1907-1908, 1909, 1910 gg. Shorn, 
gidr.-met. nabl. 7:427-500. 8:335-339. 9:179-236. 10: 
207-254. 

12. *U.S.S.Il. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. Gidrometeorologicheskii sektor. 

1926-1936. Svedeniia o sostoianii I'dov na monakh SSSR. (The state 
of the ice in the seas of USSR.) Vup. I-VIII; 1924/25- 
1931/32. Leningrad. 8 nos. illus., tables, charts. [Tables 
of freezing and breaking up of the ice. Stations listed.] 

13. U. S. Army. Army specialized training division. 

1943. Atlas of world maps for the study of geography in the Army 

specialized training program. XIII p. 30 maps. (Army 
service force manual M-101.) [Includes ocean currents 
and sea ice, — no. 3.] 

14. Vallaux, Camille. 

1933. Geographic g^n^rale des mers. Paris, vii, 791 1 p. illus. 

[References to ice conditions throughout, but especially 
Bk. VI. Les Mers glac^es. Ch. II. Mer int^rieure Arctique.] 

15. *Zukriegel, J. 

1935. Cryologia maris. Trav. g^ogr, Tch^ques. 15. 177 p. 



1. ARCTIC OCEAN 



16. 



17. 



18. 



19. 



(Ice in central 
1938(5) -.33-36. 



A series of papers by 31 au- 



Alekseev, A. and N. Zhukov. 

1938. L'dy tsentralnoi chasti Poliarnogo basseina. 

portion of Polar basin.) Sovetskaia arktika. 

American geographical society, New York. 
1928. Problems of Polar research, 

thors. Spec. publ. 7. 

Amundsen, Roald. 

1921. . . . Nordostpassagen. Maudfaerden langs Asiens kyst 1918- 

1920. H. U. Sverdrups ophold blandt Tsjuktsjerne. God- 
fred Hansens depotekspedition 1919-1920. Kritsiania 
(etc.) Gyldendal. 



Anufriev, I. P. 
1925. 



Ledokol'naia praktika i poliarnye ledovye plavaniia v Sever- 
nom Ledovitom Okeana. (Die erfahrungen der eisbrecher 
im nordlichen Polar-ozean.) Zap. gidrogr. 50:143-156. 



20. Arngol'd, E. E. 
1929. 



21. 



Badigin, K. S. 
1940. 



22. 



23. 



24. 



Badigin, K. S. 
1940. 



Badigin, K. S. 
1940. 



Po zavetnomu puti. Vospominaniia o poliarnykh plavaniiakh 
i otkrytiiakh na ledokolakh "Taimyr" i "Vaigach" v ek- 
speditsiiakh 1910-1915 gg. (On the sacred route. Recol- 
lections of the polar voyages and discoveries on the ice- 
breakers "Taimyr" and "Vaigach" during the 1910-1915 
expedition.) Moscow-Leningrad. 196 p. illus., charts. 

Na korable "Georgii Sedov" cherez Ledovityi Okean. (On 
the ship "Georg Sedov" across the Arctic Ocean.) Zapiski 
kapitana. Moskva-Leningrad, Izdatel'stvo Glavsevmor- 
puti. 606 p. illus., tables, charts. Added t.-p. : Zapiski 
o zhizni i rabote na ledokol'nom parokhode "Georgi Sedov" 
dreifovavshem s 23 oktiabria 1937 g. po 12 ianvaria 1940 
g. V Severnom Ledovitom Okeane. Sostavlennye chlenami 
ekipazha. I. kn. (Account of the life and work on the 
Arctic vessel "Georg. Sedov" adrift from 23 Oct. 1937 to 13 
Jan. 1940 in the Arctic Ocean. Personnel and equipment, 
Bk. I.) 

Na korable "Georgii Sedov" cherez Ledovityi Okean (pro- 
dolzhenie). (On the "Sedov" across the Arctic Ocean 
continuation.) Novyi mir. 1940(9): 156- 189. 



Nashi meteorologicheskie nabliQdeniia (rabota na dreifuiQ- 
shchem 1/p "G. Sedov", 1937-40 gg.) (Meteorological ob- 
servations of drifting ice-breaker "G. Sedov". 1937-40.) 
Sovetskaia arktika. 1940(10) :49-57. 



Barnes, Kathleen. 

1939. Gradual progress on the Northern Sea Route, 

survey. 8:275-276. 



Far eastern 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

25. Bekasov, N. M. 

1940. 812 dnei vo I'dakh Severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. (812 days 

on the ice in the North Polar Sea.) Sovetskaia informatsi^. 
1940(2) :7-ll. 

26. Biasutti, R. 

1905. La temperatura circumpolaire. Riv. fis. mat. sci. nat. 11: 

97-112. 

27. Bliithgen, Joachim. 

1938. Probleme der vereisung von meeresraumen. Naturwissen- 

schaften. 26:618-624. [Includes chart of drift in Polar 
seas.] 

28. Bodnarski, M. S. 

1926. Die grosse nordische seeroute. GeschichtUche und geo- 

graphische skizze. (In Russian.) Moscow. 251 p. 

29. Breitfuss, L. L. 

1904 . Zur frage iiber den sibirischen seeweg nach osten. Petermanns 

mitt. 50:285-290. 

30. Breitfuss, L. L. 

1915. Gidrograficheskaia ekspedifsiia Severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana 

i mery k ee osvobozhdeniiu iz vynyzhdennoi okolo Taimyr- 
skogo poluostrova zimovki v 1914/1915 g. (The hydro- 
graphical expedition in the North Polar Sea and the action 
of freeing it from the ice on the coast of the Taimyr Penin- 
sula in the winter of 1914/1915.) Zap. gidrogr. 39:88-136. 

31. Breitfuss, L. L. 

1931. Der Sibirische seeweg und seine physikalischen verhaltnisse. 

Arktis 4:27-31, 73-109. [Chart of ice Hmits.] 

32. Breitfuss, L. L. 

1937. Die driftende nordpolarstation der USSR und ihre ergebnisse. 

Petermanns mitt. 83:284-285. 

33. Breitfuss, L. L. 

1943 . Das Nordpolargebiet, seine natur, bedeutung und erforschung 

. . . Berlin, Springer, vi, 179, 1 p. (Verstandlicher wissen- 
schaften. 48.) 

34. Brounshtein, V. 

1938. "Ermak" vo I'dakh. (The "Ermak" in the ice.) Leningrad, 

Glavsevmorputi. 240 p. 

35. Brown, R. N. R. 

1923. A naturalist at the poles. The life, work and voyages of 

Dr. W. S. Bruce, the polar explorer. London, Seeley, 
Service & Co. 2 p. L, 11-316 p. maps. 

36. Brown, R. N. R. 

1927. The Polar regions. London, ix, 245p. map. [Sea-ice and its 

natural history, pp. 57-63. Arctic currents and ice, pp. 

72-82.] 

37. Bruce, W.S. 

1911. Polar exploration. London. [Ice, pp. 64-70.] 



AKCTIC OCEAN 5 

38. Brusilov, G. L. 

1914. Poliarnaia ekspedifsiia Lt. G. L. Brusilova na skune "Sv. 

Anna". (The Polar expedition of Lt. G. L. Brusilov on 
the schooner "St. Anna.") Zap. gidrogr. 38(4) prilozh.l. 
76 p. 

39. Bryce, George. 

1910. The seige and conquest of the North Pole. London, Gibbings 

& Co. XV, 334 p. maps. 

40. Buinitskii, V. KH. 

1940. Nauchnye issledovaniia vo vremia dreifa ledokola "Georgii 

Sedov" s 1938 po 1940 g. (Scientific research during the 
drift of the "Sedov," 1938-40.) C.R. Akad. nauk. n.s. 
27(2):119-125. 

41. Buinitskii, V. KH. 

1940. Nauchnye raboty vo vremia dreifa "Sedova" (1937-1940 g.g.) 

(Scientific work during the drift of the "Sedov", 1937- 
1940.) Izv. Russ. geogr. obshch. 72(3):301-305. 

42. Buinitskii, V. KH. 

1940. Nauchnye raboty vo vremia dreifa "Sedova". (Scientific 

work during the drift of the "Sedov".) Problemy arktiki. 
1940(2) :27-33. 

43. Buinitskii, V. KH. 

1940. Obrabotka materialov nablffldenii dreifa 1/p "Sedov." 

(Working up the material from the observations of the 
"Sedov" drift.) Problemy arktiki. 1940(6) :100-101. 

44. Chaplygin, E. 

1940. Gidrologicheskie raboty polfarnykh stan^ii Morei Karskogo, 

Laptevykh i Vostochnosibirskogo na zimovku 1938-39 g. 
(Scientific work of the Polar stations in the Kara, Laptev 
and E. Siberian seas during the winter 1938/39.) Problemy 
arktiki. 1940(7/8) :103-106. 

45. Chavanne, J. 

1875. Die eisverhaltnisse im arktischen polarmeere und ihre period- 

ischen veranderungen. Petermanns mitt. 21:134-142 
245-280. 

15. Chelluskin expedition, 1933-1934. 

1935. The Voyage of the Chelyuskin, by members of the expedition; 

tr. by Alec Brown . . . New York, Macmillan. 325 p. [Par- 
tial contents. — Fakidov, L S. The measurement of ice 
waves, pp. 71-75.— Khmyznikov. P. K. What the drift 
revealed, pp. 76-80.] 

47. Dubravin, A. L 

1936. Samolety v arkticheskikh uslovifakh. (Airplanes in Arctic 

conditions.) Leningrad, ONTL 132 p. 

48. Dunin-GorkoviC, A. 

1909. The northern route from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. 

(In Russian.) Russ. sudokhod. 24(2):54-76: (6):19-36- 
(7):38-52; (8):90-103; (10):40-53. 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



49. Efremov, A. G. 
1940. 



Gidrologicheskie i meteorologicheskie raboty na ledokole 
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50. 



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51. Gakkel, lA. lA. 
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53. 



Opyt otsenki prokhodimosti I'dov na trasse Severnogo mors- 
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Gakkel, IA. VA. 

1937. Prokhodimost' I'dov na Severnom morskom puti. (Navi- 

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54. 



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Nauchnye rezul'taty ekspedi£sii skvoznogo plavanifa na 
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Die verbreitung des treibeises in den arktischen meeren, nach 
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55. Gel'val'd, V. B. 

1884. In the region of eternal ice. History of journeys to the North 

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56. Gidrologicheskie materifaly poberezhia morei Sovetskogo sektora Arktiki 

1937. po nabliQdenilam poliarnykh stan£sii. (Hydrological 
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67. Gordeev, V. K. 

1938. Vzryvnye raboty vo I'dakh proizvedennie ekspedi£siei na 

"ChelfQskine". Nauchnye rezultaty raboty ekspedilsii na 
"Chelfuskine" i v lagere Shmidta. (Explosive work on 
ice performed on the "Cheliuskin" expedition. Scientific 
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ARCTIC OCEAN 



68. 



69. 



60. 



67. 



68. 



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Icebergs in a high altitude, 
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Nature. 124:479-480. [Arctic 



Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1933. Arctic pilot, vol. I. Comprising the coasts of Finland, and 

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Additional papers relative to the Arctic expedition under the 
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Parliament. 

Results derived from the Arctic expedition of 1875-76. 
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Handbook of Polar discoveries. 4th ed. Boston, Little, 
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The Polar regions in the 20th century; their discovery and 
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prognozakh temperatury po trasse Severnogo morskogo 
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66. Herrmann, Ernst. 

1940. Wege zum Nordpol. Forscher und abenteuer im ewigen eis. 

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Gt. Brit. 
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Probnoe plavanie "Ermaka" na sever v 1899 g. (Naviga- 
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Arkticheskomu moreplavaniffl-operationufii ledovufil sluzhbu. 
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Na ledovoi vakhte. (On the ice patrol.) Leningrad, Glav- 
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kn. 1.) 



1 ICE OF NORIMKRI^ iiEMISPHEBE 

70. Ivanov, B. 

1940. Reguliarnye plavaniia v zimnikh usloviiakh. (Regular navi- 

gation during ■winter conditions.) Sovetskaia arktika. 
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71. Ivanov, I. M. 

1938. Severnyi Ledovityi Okean. Arkhangel'sk, Arkh. obi. izd. 

135 p. tables. Bibliography. 

72 . Karelin, D. B. 

1937 . Izokhrony zamerzaniia i vskrytiia pribrezhnoi zony poliarnykh 

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73. Karelin, D. B. 

1937. Ledovyi pokrov poberezh'ia Sovetskoi arktiki. (Ice cover on 

the Soviet Arctic coasts.) Met. i gidrol. 3(2):43-50. 

74. Karelin, D. B. 

1937. Nekotorye dannye o ledianom pokrove Arktiki. (Some data 

on ice-cover in the Arctic.) Priroda. 26(6):32-38. [1. 
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75. Karelin, D. B. 

1938. Dvizhenie poliarnykh I'dov. (Drift of polar ice.) Priroda. 

1938(3) :16-21. 

76. Karelin, D. B. 

1938. Ledovnye nabliudenie poliarnykh stan£sii. (Ice observations 

of the Polar stations.) Sovetskaia arktika. 1938(2) :51-52. 

77. Karelin, D. B. 

1938. sviazi termicheskogo i ledovogo rezhima v arkticheskikh 

moriakh. (Relation of temperature and ice cycles in Arctic 
seas.) Problemy arktiki 1938(2) :145-152. 

78. King, Richard. 

1836. Narratives of a journey to the shores of the Arctic Ocean, 

1833-1835, under the command of Capt. Back. London. 
2 v. 

79. Kissler, F. 

1934. Eisgrenzen und eisverschiebungen in der Arktis zwischen 

50° W und 105° in 34 jahrigen zeitraum 1898-1931. 
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80. Knipovich, N. M. 

1905. Hydrologische untersuchungen im Europaischen Eismeer. 

Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 33:193-205, 241-260, 289-308, 
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81 . Koch, Lauge. 

1926. Ice cap and sea ice in North Greenland. Geogr. rev. 16: 

98-107. 



ARCTIC OCEAN 



82. Kolchak, A. ^^^ ^^^^.^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ polynva. Spec. publ. Amer. geogr. 

soc. 7:125-141. 

83. K^-j^gbQ^^W^^^'^^Ueber probleme der polarklimate-kaltpole und eistriften. 

(Vortrag.) Verh. Dtsch. phys. ges. 6:282-283. 

84 . K^sha^o^g' J- %^^ da vo I'dakh na puti k Severnomu polfflsu s ekspediCs- 

■ ieffl starshego leitenanta Sedova (s predisloviem L. L. 
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276 (3):361-394; 43(l):ll-64 (2):143-175. 

85. Kuz'min,D.N. ^^^^^,^ ^^^^ .^ Vladivostoka v Murmansk. 

" (Plavanie p/kh "Anadyr' " v 1935 g.) (The Great Northern 

Sea Route from Vladivostok to Murmansk Tr'P «* 
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[Chart showing ice.] 

86. Laktionov, A. ^^^^ nabh-Qdenifa nad sostoianiem I'dov v polfarnykh 

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Trud. Arkt. inst. 32. 99 p. charts. 

87 . LaH^oiio^-, A. ^^ j i^i^gg^ie nablffldeniia proizvedenye ekspedifsiei na 

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88 . Laktionov, A. F ^^^^ "Sedov" v fsentral'nom Poharnom basseine (Drift 

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89- HPoPJ^!^-^- Bfflro ledovykh prognozov. (Bureau for ice forecasting.) 

Sovetskaia arktika. 1937(1) :68-69. 

90. LaPPoS.D. ^^^ j^^^^ ^ ^.kticheskikh morfakh. (Po nablfflden- 

niain samoleta farikha v aprele-mae 1937 g.) (Ice cover 
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T937 " " Nekotorye dannye ledovykh prognozakh v arkticheskikh 
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T94O " " Okeanograficheskii spravochnik Arkticheskikh morei SSSR 
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Arctic seas. General saihng directions.) Leningrad, Izd. 
Glavsevmorputi. 184 p. illus. 



91. Lappo, S. D. 

1937. 

92. Lappo, S. D 



10 lUK OV NOBTHEBN HEMISPHEBB 

93. *Leshaft, Emil. 

1913. L'dy Severnago Ledovitago Okeana i morskoi put' iz Evropy 

V Sibir'. (The ice of the northern Arctic Ocean and the 
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illus., tables, diagrs., charts. 

94. Leshe, Alexander. 

1879 . The Arctic voyages of A. E. Nordenskiold, 1858-1879. London, 

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95. Mason, Kenneth. 

1940. Notes on the Northern Sea Route. Geogr. j. 96:26-41. 

96. Mikkelsen, Einer. 

1909. Conquering the Arctic ice. London, xviii, 470 p. illus., 

maps, diagrs. 

97. Nansen, Fridtjof. 

1897. In nacht und eis. Die Norwegischen polarexpedition 1893- 

1896. Mit ein beitrag von 0. Sverdrup. Leipzig, Brock- 
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98. Nansen, Fridtjof. 

1902. Oceanography of the North Polar basin. Sci. res. Norw. Polar 

exped. 1893-96. 3(9). 427 p. [Formation of ice on the 
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99. Nansen, Fridtjof. 

1906. Northern waters. Captain Roald Amundsen's oceanographic 

observations in the Arctic seas in 1901. Skr. Norsk, vi- 
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100. Nansen, Fridtjof and Jonas Lied. 

1914. The sea-route to Siberia. I. The voyage. IL On the ice 

conditions and the possibility of regular navigation. Geogr. 
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101 . Nazarov, V. S. 

1939. ledovykh uslovifakh navigatsii 1938 g. (Ice conditions for 

1938 navigation.) Sovetskafa arktika. 1939(1) :20-28. 

102. Nordenskiold, A. E. 

1879. The Arctic voyages of Adolf Erik Nordenskiold, 1858-1879. 

London, Macmillan. 447 p. 

103. Nordenskiold, A. E. 

1883. Die wissenschaftlichen ergebnisse der Vegaexpedition, hrsg. 

V. A. E. Nordenskiold. Leipzig, Brockhaus. 2 v. 

104. Nordenskiold, A. E. 

1885. Studien und forschungen, veranlasst durch meine reisen im 

hohen norden, hrsg. v. A. E. Nordenskiold. Leipzig, 
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105. Nordenskiold, Otto. 

1922. Arktis und Antarktis. (In: E. Banse. Illustrierter lander- 

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ABCTIC OCEAN 11 

106. Nordenskiold, Otto. 

1926. Nord- und Siidpolarlander. (In: Enzyklopadie der erd- 

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107. Nordenskiold, Otto. 

1928. The ice in the Polar regions. Spec. publ. Amer. geogr. soc. 

8:23-38. 

108. Nordenskiold, Otto and Ludwig Mecking. 

1928. The geography of the Polar regions. Spec. publ. Amer. 

geogr. soc. 8. 359 p. 

109. Notkin, A. I. 

1925. Die Nordsibirische seeroute. (In Russian.) Severnaia Azifa. 

1925(1) :28-44; (4):53-76. 

110. Zamerzanii i vskrytii Severnogo Morskogo poberezh'ia. (On the freezing 

1936. and opening of the Arctic shores.) Sovetskafa arktika. 

1936(11) :108. 

111. Panov, D. G. 

1938. Priroda tsentral'noe chasti Arktiki i nauchnye raboty sovet- 

skoi dreifuiushchei stanfsii "Severnyi PoliQs". (The na- 
ture of the central part of the Arctic basin and the scientific 
work of the Soviet North Pole drifting station.) Izv. Russ. 
geogr. obshch. 70:335-349. illus., plates, charts. [Ice chart 
of Polar regions; drifts of various ships; drift of the Polar 
Station.] 

112. Papanin, I. 

1939. Life on an ice floe: diary of I. Papanin. N. Y., Julian Mess- 

ner. 300 p. 

113. Peary, R. E. 

1898. Northward over the "great ice"; a narrative of life and work 

along the shores upon the interior ice-cap of northern 
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114. Peary, R. E. 

1903. Report of the R. E. Peary, C.E., U.S.N., on work done in 

the Arctic in 1898-1902. Bull. Amer. geogr. soc. 35: 
496-534. 

115. Peary, R. E. 

1907. Nearest the pole: a narrative of the polar expedition of the 

Peary Arctic club in the S.S. Roosevelt, 1905-1906. New 
York, Doubleday, Page & Co. xx, 411 p., illus., maps. 

116. Peary, R. E. 

1910. The North Pole. Its discovery in 1909 under the auspices of 

the Peary Arctic club . . . New York, F. A. Stokes Co. 
xxxii, 373 p., illus. 

117. Petermann, August. 

1865. Die eisverhaltnisse in den polar-meeren und die moglichkeit 

des vordringens in schiffen bis zu den hochsten breiten. 
Petermanns mitt. 1 1 : 136-146. 



l2 ICE OF NORTHEBN HEMISPHERE 

118. Petrichenko, A. N. 

1940. Dreif 1/p "Sedov". (Drift of the "Sedov".) Problemy ark- 

tiki. 1940(1) :100-101. [Table of monthly direction and 
speed of drift.] 

119. Petrichenko, A. N. 

1940. Predvaritei'nye dannye dreifa "Sedova" v 1937 i 1938 godakh. 

(Prelim, data on drift of "Sedov" 1937-38.) Problemy 
arktiki. 1940(2) :69-85. 

120. Piatt, R. R. 

1939. Recent exploration in the Polar regions. Geogr. rev. 29: 

303-309. 

121. Pokhod "Cheliuskina" (Chehuskin expedition). Pod obshchei red. 0. fi). 

1934. Schmidta, I. L. Baevskogo, L. Z. Mekhlisa. I-II. Moskva. 

122. Pokhod "Krasina". Sbornik statei uchastnikov ekspedi{sii (1928 g.) (The 

1930. Krasin expedition. Collection of articles by partici- 

pants in the expedition, 1928.) Moscow-Leningrad, "Zem- 
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123. Pokrovskaia, T. V. 

193(3. Klimaticheskie dannye dlia Severnogo Morskogo puti za 

naviga£sionnyi period po ekspeditsionnym i stationarnym 
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Route for navigational seasons based on observations of 
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124. Prognoz sostofS.niia I'dov Severnogo Ledovitogo Moria na leto 1934 g. (Fore- 

cast of state of the ice, summer 1934 for the Arctic seas.) 
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125. Prognoz sostoianiia I'dov. Supposed ice conditions in the northern seas. 

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126. Rabot, C. 

1938. En derive pendant neuf mois sur un glagon polaire. Illus- 

tration. 96:183-189. illus. [Papanin's drift.] 

127. Reichard, A. C. 

1911-1913. Die eisverhaltnisse an der nordpolaren meere im jahre 1910- 
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128. Reis ledokola "Krasin". (Trip of the icebreaker "Krasin".) Bull. Arkt. 

1932. inst. 1932(6) :112-121. 

129. Rusanov, V. A. 

1911. K voprosu o Severnom morskom puti v Sibir'. (On the 

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130. Schmidt, 0. itf. 

1933. Skvoznoi Severnyi morskoi put'. (The straight Northern 

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ARCTIC OCEAN 13 

131. Schulz, Bruno. 

1938. Eine wissenschaftliche beobachtungsstation auf dem ark- 

tischen treibeise 1937/38. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 66:121- 
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132. Sergievski, V. A. 

1928. Severnyi morskoi put' i gidrograficheskafa sluzhba v Sibiri. 

(The Northern Sea Route and the hydrographic service in 
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133. Shirshov, P. P. 

1938. Oceanological observations. (North Pole drifting station.) 

C. R. Akad. nauk. Leningrad. 19(8):569-580. [Includes 
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134. Shirshov, P. P. and E. Fedorov. 

1938. nauchnykh rabotakh dreifulQshchei stanfsii "Severnyi 

PoliQs". (On scientific results of the drifting North Polar 
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135. Shirshov, P. P. and E. Fedorov. 

1938. Scientific work of the drifting North Polar station. Nature 

141:629-632. 

136. Shokalskii, ffi. M. 

1940. "Sedov", ego dreif i geografiia Severnogo Polfarnogo bas- 

seina. ("Sedov", its drift and the geography of the North 
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137. Somov, M. M. 

1939. postroenii skhemy dreif a I'dov v Poliarnom basseine. (On 

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Problemy arktiki. 1939 (5) :25-32. 

138. Speerschneider, C. 

1927. Indsamling af oplysninger om den arktiske is. Geogr. tidsskr. 

30:89-95. 

139. 'Spindler, I. B. 

1893. Vskrytie i zamerzanie morei u beregov Rossii. (Thawing 

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140. Starokadomski, L. M. 

1916. Cherez Ledovityi okean iz Vladivostoka v Arkhangel'sk. 

(Through the Arctic from Vladivostok to Archangel.) 
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141. Stefansson, Vilhjalmur. 

1920. The region of maximum inaccessibility in the Arctic. Geogr. 

rev. 9:167-172. 

142. Stefansson, Vilhjalmur. 

1940. Znachenie dreif a "Sedova" dlia mirovoi nauki. (The im- 

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143. Stefansson, Vilhjalmur. 

July 1942. Arctic supply line. Fortune. 26:65-66, 154-156, 158. 



14 ICE OF JSOBTHERN HEMISPHERE 

144. Stepanov, N. M. 

1936. Perevozka po Severnomu morskomu puti. (Transportation 

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145. Svedeniia o sostoianii I'da u beregov sovetskoi arktiki za zimu 1933-34 gg. 

1936. (Data about ice conditions at the shores of the Soviet Arctic, 
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English summary. Preface signed by K. Gomofiinov. [Gen- 
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ent characteristics of states of the ice-fields.] 

146. Sverdrup, H. U. 

1928. The wind-drift of the ice on the north Siberian shelf. Sci. 

res. Norw. N. Polar exped. 1918-1925. 4(1). 46 p. 

147. Sverdrup, Otto. 

1904. New land, four years in the Arctic regions . . . from the Nor- 

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148. Taracouzio, T. A. 

1938. Soviets in the Arctic. New York. 564 p. 7 maps. 

149. Toll, Eduard von 

1902. Les travaux de I'exp^dition polaire russe in 1901. Ymer. 22: 

422-424. 

150. U.S.S.R. Glavnoe upravlenie Severnogo morskogo puti. 

n.d. Kratkoe rukovodstvo dlia plavaniia vo I'dakh po Severnom 

puti. (Brief manual for navigation of the ice on the Northern 
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151. U.S.S.R. Glavnoe upravlenie Severnogo morskogo puti. 

1937. Al'bom kart sostoianiia I'da v Severnykh Poliarnykh Monakh 

V navigafsifu 1936 goda. (Atlas of state of the ice in the 
North Polar seas for the navigation season 1936.) N. A. 
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1105, 1077 . . . Leningrad, Glavsevmorputi. 10 charts. 

152. U.S.S.R. Glavnoe upravlenie Severnogo morskogo puti. 

1940. Trudy Dreifuiushchei stan£sii "Severnyi Poliiis". (Transac- 

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grad, Glavsevmorputi. 334 p. illus., tables, photos. [Con- 
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153. U.S.S.R. Glavnoe upravlenie Severnogo morskogo puti. Sluzhby pogody i 

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ABCTIC OCEAN 15 

154. Varnek, A. I. 

1902. Raspredelenie I'dov i usloviia plavanifa na morskom puti v 

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155. Vasil'ev, A. S. 

1925. Ocean glacial arctique. (In Russian.) Leningrad. 

156. Veer, Gerrit de. 

1876. The three voyages of William Barents to the Arctic regions 

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157. Veinberg, B. P. 

1937. Problema arkticheskogo paka. (Problems of the Arctic pack.) 

Met. i. gidrol. 3(6):59-65. 

Severnyi morskoi put'. (Northern Sea Route.) Zap. gidrogr. 
35, prilozh. 

dreife I'dov v poliarnom basseine. (On the ice drift in 
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Na "Sibiriakove" v Tikhi Okean. (On the "Sibiriakov" to 
the Pacific Ocean.) Leningrad, Glavsevmorputi. 145 p. 

Sudovye nabliudeniia nad sostoianiem I'dov v poliarnykh 
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the state of the ice in Polar seas during 1933 navigational 
season.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 20. 46 p. 

162. Vize, V. fU. 

1936. pokholodanii priatlanticheskoi Arktiki. (On the cooling off 

of the Arctic adjoining the Atlantic.) Sovetskaia arktika. 
1936(3) :79-80. 

163. Vize, V. lU. 

1936. Vladivostok-Murmansk na "Litke". (From Vladivostok to 

Murmansk on the "Litke.") Leningrad, Glavsevmorputi. 
154 p. 

164. Vize, V. it). 

1937. Dreif I'dov iz Karskogo Mona v Grenlandskoe. (Ice-drift 

from the Kara Sea into the Greenland Sea.) Problemy 
arktiki. 1937(1) :103-1 16. 

165. Vize, V. it). 

1937. Prichina potepleniia arktiki. (Reasons for the warming up 

of the Arctic.) Sovetskaia arktika. 1937(1) :59-68. 



158. 


Vil'kitskii, A. 
1912. 


159. 


Vize, V. lU. 
1933. 


160. 


Vize, V. It). 
1934. 


161. 


Vize, V. it). 
1935. 



16 






166. 


Vize, V. 
1940. 


m, 


167. 


Vize, V. 
1940. 


m. 


168. 


Volkov, 
1940. 


N. 



169. 



170. 



171. 



172. 



173. 



174. 



175. 



176. 



177. 



ICE OP NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



Nauchnye raboty na "Sedove". (Scientific work on the 
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Severnyi morskoi put'. (Northern Sea Route.) Leningrad- 
Moscow, Glavsevmorputi. 93 p. 

Ledovaia sluzhba v vostochnom sektore Arktiki v naviga{s- 
iffi 1940 goda. (Ice service in the eastern section of the 
Arctic during the navigational year 1940.) Problemy 
arktiki. 1940(12) :89-91. 

Weyprecht, Carl. 

1875-1876. Bilder aus dem hohen norden. 2. Das eis. 3. Die bildung 
des packeises. 4-5. Eispressungen. Petermanns mitt. 
21:349-351, 403-409. 22:90-93. 

Wilkins, Sir Hubert. 

1928. The flight from Alaska to Spitsbergen, 1928, and the pre- 

luninary flights of 1926 and 1927. Geogr. rev. 18:527-555. 

Zapiski o zhizni i rabote na ledokol'nom parakhode "Georgii Sedov" drei- 
1940. fovavshem s 23 Oktiabna 1937 g. po 13 fanvaria 1940 g. v 

Severnom Ledovitom Okeane sostavlennye Chlenami eki- 
pazha . . . (Life and work on the ice-breaker "George 
Sedov" adrift in the Arctic Ocean from 23 October 1937 
to 13 January 1940.) 1 v. illus., plates, maps. 



Zubov, N. N. 
1933. 



Zubov, N. N. 
1933. 



Zubov, N. N. 
1939. 



Zubov, N. N. 
1939. 



Zuboz, N. N. 
1940. 



Zubov, N. N. 
1940. 



Nekotorye soobrazheniia o plavanii vo I'dakh Polfarnogo 
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rogr. 1933(2) :32-42. 

Some considerations of ice navigation in the Polar Basin. 
Hydr. rev. 10(2) :224-232. [Author considers that the 
biological indicators of the approach to the ice that he 
gave in this article are simpler and more reliable than the 
plankton indicators recommended on results obtained by 
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Vol. 2. 1935.] 

The drift of the "Sedov". Nature 143:837-840. Extract in 
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marks on relation between wind and drift; isobars and drift.] 

O dreife ledokol'nogo parokhoda "Sedov". (On the drift of 
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Dreif "Sedova". (Drift of the "Sedov".) Sovetskaia arktika. 
1940(2) :55-67. 5 charts. 

The drift of the ice-breaker Sedov. Nature. 145:533-539. 



ABCTIO OOEAK 



17 



178. 



Zubov, N. N. 
1940. 



V fsentr Arktiki. (In the central Arctic.) Leningrad-Moscow, 
Glavsevmorputi. 240 p. [Includes section on water and 
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179. Zubov, N. N. i M. M. Somov, 

1940. Dreif I'da {sentral'noi chasti Poliarnogo basseina. (Ice drift 

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1940(2) :5 1-68. 

180. Die Zweite deutsche nordpolarfahrt in den jahren 1869 u. 18V0 unter fuhrung 

1871-1874. Kap. Koldeway. Vortrage und mittheilungen, hrsg. v. 
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SEE ALSO: 1, 2, 197, 634, 648, 649, 650, 938, 1659, 1672, 1691. 



18 



192. 



193. 



COASTAL WATERS OF NORTHEASTERN NORTH AMERICA 
(INCLUDING WEST GREENLAND 
NORTH OF 67° N.) 



181. Adams, Capt. 
1876. 



182. Baschin, O. 
1912. 



Remarks on the weather, winds and ice in the Arctic seas 
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Das treibeis der Neufundlandbank und seine gefahr fiir die 
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183. Belknap, R. L. 
1934. 



The Michigan-Pan American Airways Greenland expedition. 
Geogr. rev. 24:205-218. 



184. Bowditch, N. 
1925. 



185. Bowie, E. H. 
1914. 



American practical navigator: an epitome of navigation and 
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Ice patrol over the North Atlantic Ocean, 
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Mon. weath. 



186. Brennecke, Wilhelm. 



1913. 



187. 


Canada. 
1931. 


188. 


Canada. 
1931. 


189. 


Canada. 
1940. 


190. 


Canada. 
1941. 


191. 


Defant, A, 
1933. 



Neuere beobachtungen aus dem treibeisgebiet bei der Neu- 
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Hydrographic and map service. 

Sailing directions for Lake Melville and approaches, coast 
of Labrador. 36 p. 

Hydrographic and map service. 

St. Lawrence pilot Quebec Harbour to Montreal Harbour and 
including Richelieu River. 105 p. 



Canada. Hydrographic and map service. 

Nova Scotia (S.E. coast) and Bay of Fundy pilot. 

Hydrographic and map service. 

Gulf of St. Lawrence pilot. 2ded. 373 p. 



303 p. 



Eisberge und eissicherungsdienst im Nordatlantischen Ozean. 
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France. Service hydrographique. 

1930. C6te S. E. de la Nouvelle-Ecosse et baie de Fundy. 

tions nautiques. 167 p. (11-351.) 

France. Service hydrographique. 

1937. Golfe et fleuve Saint-Laurent, 

p. (11-388.) 



Instruc- 



Instructions nautiques. 381 



NOBTHEASTEBN NORTH AMERICA 19 

194. France. Service hydrographique. 

1937. Terre-Neuve et c&te ouest du Greenland. Instructions nau- 

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195. Garbett, L. G. 

1924. Ice drift in the North Atlantic. Quart, j. Roy. met. soc. 50: 

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196. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1875. Remarks on Davis Strait, Baffin Bay, Smith Sound, and the 

channels thence northward to 8234°N. Comp. from vari- 
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197. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1931. Arctic pilot, vol. III. Comprising Davis Strait, Baffin Bay, 

and the channels leading therefrom to the Polar Sea, with 
the west and north-west coasts of Greenland, the Arctic 
coast of Canada and the Arctic Archipelago; also Hudson 
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198. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1934. East coast of the United States pilot. Vol. I. Comprising 

the east coast of the United States of America from West 
Quoddy head to Barnegat Inlet, including Grand Manan 
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199. Gt. Brit. Hj-drographic department. 

1934. Nova Scotia (South-east coast) and Bay of Fundy pilot. 

Comprising the Great Bank of Newfoundland, Sable Island, 
the South-east coast of Nova Scotia, and the Bay of Fundy. 
8th ed. 322 p. 

200. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1939. Newfoundland and Labrador pilot, vol. I. Comprising 

the south-eastern and southern coasts of Newfoundland 
from Cape Ray, inclucUng Saint Pierre and Miquelon; the 
Strait of Belle Isle and its approaches; and the western 
coast of Newfoundland from Flower Island to Cape Ray. 
7th ed. 316 p. 

201. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1939. Newfoundland and Labrador pilot, vol. II. Comprising the 

north-eastern coast of Newfoundland from Cape Saint 
Francis to Cape Bauld, Belle Isle, the eastern and north- 
eastern coasts of Labrador from Cape Saint Charles to 
Cape Chidley. 7th ed. 378 p. 

202. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1943. St. La\\rence pilot. Comprising the Gulf and the River St. 

Lawrence, including the Banks of Newfoundland, and ap- 
proaches to the Gulf by Cabot Strait, the Strait of Belle 
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203. Groissmayr, F. B. 

1939. Schwere und leichte eisjahre bei Neufundland und das vor- 

wetter. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 67:26-30. 



20 



lUK OF NOETHEBN HEMISPHERB 



204. 



206. 



207. 



208. 



209. 



211. 



212. 



Habenicht, W. 
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Eis- und wetterbericht vom Nord-Atlantischen Ozean und 
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206. Hammer, R. R. J 



1893. 



Hautreaux, A. 
1897. 



Hautreaux, A. 
1908. 



Unders0gelser ved Jacobshavn Isfjord og naermeste omegn i 
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Atlantique Nord. Vents, courants et glaces en 1895-1896. 
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Les glaces et les brumes de I'Atlantique nord. 
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Revue Philo- 



Hennessy, J. 
1924-1939. 



Ice in the western North Atlantic, season of 1923-1938. 
(Title varies.) Mar. obs. 1:31-34. 1924. 2:35-37. 1925. 
3:77-79. 1926. 4:77-79. 1927. 5:69-75. 1928. 6:81- 
90. 1929. 7:84-91. 1930. 8:82-89. 1931. 9:76-82. 
1932. 10:58-60. 1933. 11:56-58. 1934. 12:71-74. 
1935. 13:58-61. 1936. 14:62-65. 1937: 15:60-63. 
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1920-1923. Ice in the Atlantic, its origin and drift, its relation to currents 
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210. Huntsman, A. G 



1930. 



Arctic Ice on our eastern coast. Bull. Biol. bd. Can. 13:1-12. 



Icebergs in the North Atlantic. 

1938. Science n.s. 87, suppl. Jun 24, p. 8. 

•International ice observation and ice patrol service. 

1915-1941. Summary of ice conditions. Table of ice and other obstruc- 
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213. 



214. 



215. 



(In its: Report 1927, 



International ice observation and ice patrol serAdce. 
1927. Chart of the drifts of bergs 1914-1927. 

p. 68.) Bull. U.S.C.G. 16. 

International ice observation and ice patrol service. 

1927. Distribution of icebergs south of Newfoundland 1900-1926. 

(In its: Report for 1926 season, opp. p. 77.) chart. Bull. 
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Japan. Hydrographic department. 

1923. Iceberg and its menace in the North Atlantic. (In Japanese.) 

Hydrogr. bull. (Suiro Yoho). 10:259-267. fold, charts. 
[From U. S. ice patrol.] 



fJOBTHEASTERN KOBTH AMERICA 



21 



^^ " T922 ' ' Notes on the forest of southeastern Labrador. Geogr. rev. 

12:57-71. [Ice in Hamilton Inlet, p. 60.] 

^904.'^^^' Eis und eisberge im Atlantischen Ozean. Wetter. 21:156-159. 

218. Labrador current and icebergs. 

1931. Science n.s. 73, suppl. May 15, p. 12. 

^940^°^' ' k voprosu o predskazanii kolichestva aisbergov v raione 
N'iiifaundlenda. (On the problem of forecastmg quantity 
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tiki. 1940(4) :114-117. 

220. Linssen, Rudolf. . , , ...^ . . , . , 

1914 Beitrage zur kenntnis der physischen verhaltmsse im gebiete 

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221. Loewe, Fritz. . .... , v^r i. - 1 j 

1935. Hydrographische untersuchungen m fjorden Westgronlands. 

Arctica 3:55-78. 

222. Ludlow, WiUiam. _ , x^ , t? 

1882 Ice harbor at the head of Delaware Bay. Annu. rep. Engrs 

dep. 1882, pt. 1 :784-790. [Tables of crushing strength of 
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223. M'Lellan, A. G. .at * oq 1 c i4Q_iti7 

1910. North Atlantic ice movements. Naut. mag. 83.1-8, 149-10/. 

224. Matthews, D. J., G. I. Taylor and L. R.Crawshay. 

1914 Report on the work carried out by the b. b. bcotia , lyii. 

London, H. M. Stationery office. 141 p. maps, diagrs. 
[Charts show field ice and distribution of bergs in New- 
foundland and Labrador waters during March through 
August.] 

^^'^' 1906^^' ^ ^Die eisdrift aus dem bereich der Baffin Bai beherrscht von 

Strom und wetter. Veroff. Inst, meeresk. Berlin 7. 132 p. 

1907^^' Die treibeiserscheinungen bei Neufundland in ihrer abhtogig- 

keit von witterungsverhaltnisse. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 
35:348-355, 396-409. 

227. Nederlandsch meteorologisch instituut. 

1915 Mededeelingen van de Afdeeling oceanographie en maritieme 

meteorologie van het Meteorologisch instituut. Ijs en 
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228. Norman-Jones, Gerald. 

1926 Atlantic field ice during April and May, 1926. Naut. mag. 

116:9-12. 



22 IVm OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

229. Pettersson, Otto. 

1901. Om drifisen i norra Atlanten. Ymer. 20:157-189. 

230. Porsild, M. P. 

1918. On "Savssats": a crowding of Arctic animals at holes in the 

ice. Geogr. rev. 6:215-228. [Ice conditions in Disko Bay, 
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231. Renter, F. 

1936. Die halhjahrige luftzirkulation in beziehung zu den schwank- 

ungen der ozeanischen zirkulation und des eisvorkommens 
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64:286-291. 

232. Riis-Carstensen, Eigil. 

1931 . The Godthaab expedition, 1928. Report on the expedition. 

Medd. om Gr0nland. 78(1). [Discussion and tables of 
ice, W. Greenland waters.] 

233. Rink, H. J. 

1877. Bemaerkninger om de Gr0nlandske j0klers bevaegelser og 

produktion af sv0mmende isfjelde. Kj0benhavn. 9 p. 

234. Robinson, G. 

1889. A report on the movements of the ice currents and tidal 

streams on the coast of Newfoundland and in the Gulf of 
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235. Rodman, H. 

1890. Reports on ice and ice movements in the North Atlantic 

Ocean. Publ. U.S.H.O. 93 :l-26. 

236. Romer, E. 

1932. Die tatigkeit des Amerikanischen eiswachdienstes und der 

stand der eisvorhersage. I-II. Seewart. 1932:178-188, 
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237. Sandstrom, J. W. 

1936. Geophysische untersuchungen im Nordatlantischen Meer. 

V. Das schmelzen des eises. Beitr. geophys. 48:73-80. 

238. Schell, I. I. • 

1940. Foreshadowing the severity of the iceberg season south of 

Newfoundland. Bull. Amer. met. soc. 21:7-10. 

239. Schott, Gerhard. 

1903. Die diesjahrige grosse eistrift an der ostkante der Neufund- 

landbank. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 31:204-206. 

240. Schott, Gerhard. 

1904. Die grosse eistrift bei der Neufundlandbank und die warme- 

verhaltnisse des meerwassers im jahre 1903. Aim. hydrogr., 
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241. Smith, E.H. 

1922. Some meteorological aspects of the ice patrol work in the 

North Atlantic. Mon. weath. rev. 50:629-631. 



NORTHEASTEEN NOETH AMEKICA 23 

242. SmHh, E. H. ^^^ .^^ ^^^ .^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^^.^ g^ppj U.S.H.O. Pilot 

chart N. Atlantic Mar. 

243 . Smith E. H. ^^^ Marion expedition to Davis Strait and Baffin Bay under 

direction of the U. S. Coast Guard 1928: Scientific results, 
pt III Arctic ice, with especial reference to its distribution 
to' the' North Atlantic Ocean. Bull. U.S.C.G. 19, pt. 3. 
221 p. maps. 

244. Smith E.H. p^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^5 of North Atlantic ice and a proposed 

Coast Guard expedition to the West Greenland glaciers. 
Trans. Amer. geophys. un. 1940(2) :668-671. 

; 245. Smithy E. . ^ ^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^^ Northland's ice and oceanographic 

observation cruise, Baffin Bay and Davis Strait, autiimn 
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246 U. S. Engineer department. Rivers and harbors board. , „ .^ „ .„ 

1940 Transportation lines on the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific coasts. 

Washington, D. C. xxii, 195 p. (Transportation series 
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247 U S. Hvdrographic Office. . ^_ ,, . ,, .. 

1922 Current observations and ice movements in North Atlantic. 

Verso Pilot chart N. Atlantic Apr. 

248 U. S. Hydrographic Office. , ^. ^ ,. „., , 

1934 Sailing directions for Gulf and River St. Lawrence. 6th ed. 

469 p. (H.O. 100.) 

249 U. S. Hvdrographic Office. ^ , , , t i j • 

1941 Sailing directions for Labrador, Greenland and Iceland in- 

cluding the western shores of Davis Strait. (Emergency ed.) 
544 p. (H.O. 74.) 

250. U. S. Hydrographic Office. . , . ^ -.r r>-i j. u * 

1938-1942 The ice drift in the North Atlantic Ocean. Verso Pilot chart 
N.AtlanticAprill939,1940, 1942; Mar. 1938, 1941; Central 

American waters April 1938-1939. 

251. U. S. Hydrographic Office. ^ t^ j j u <■ 

1939 Nova Scotia pilot, including the Bay of Fundy and all of 

Cape Breton Island. 8th ed. 443 p. (H.O. no. 99.) 

252. U. S. Hydrographic Office. „ , • , j- xu * <■ 

1942 Sailing directions for Newfoundland, including the coast of 

Labrador from Cape St. Lewis to Long Point. 6th ed. 728 
p. (H.O. 73.) 

253. U. S. Hydrographic Office. ^^ , -kt axi j.- o *■ -inAo 

1942-1943 Arctic ice. Verso Pilot chart Northern N. Atlantic Sept. 1942, 
1400-b; Greenland and Barents seas Sept. 1943, 1400-c. 



24 ICE OF NORTHEEN HEMISPHEBB 

254. U. S. Hydrographic Office. 

1944. Arctic ice and its drift into the North Atlantic Ocean. 8th 

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255. U. S. Navy Department. Bureau of navigation. 

1868 . Memoir of the dangers and ice in the North Atlantic Ocean . . . 

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256. Vallaux, Camille. 

1926. Le danger des icebergs sur les routes maritimes de I'Atlan- 

tique nord. Mater, ^tude calam. 2:283-305. 

257. Vallaux, Camille. 

1931. Ice observations and patrol in the waters of Newfoundland 

in 1929. Hydrogr. rev. 8(1) :59-69. 

258. Wheeler, E. P., 2d. 

1935. The Nain-Oak section of Labrador. Geogr. rev. 25:240-254. 

259. Wright, G. F. and Warren Upham. 

1896. Greenland icefields and life in the North Atlantic . . . New 

York, Appleton. xv, 497 p. illus., maps. 

SEE ALSO: 1, 3, 269, 295, 297, 310, 1658, 1662, 1663. 



25 



3 GREENLAND SEA (INCLUDING SOUTHWEST 
COAST OF GREENLAND NORTH 

TO 67° N.) 

T933 Further exploration in East Greenland. Geogr. rev. 24: 

465-477. 

261. Brennecke, Wilhelm. , . , , ^ -i a a ^ 

1904 Beziehungen zwischen der luftdruckverteilungen und den 

eisverhaltnissen des Ostgronlandischen Meeres. Ann. hy- 
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262. Brennecke, Wilhelm. „, , .. ... -• u 1 •■ ♦ -^ 

1909 Die eisverhaltnisse an der Westgronlandischen kuste im 

juli 1909. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 37:516-517. 

263. Brooks, C. E. P. . , x. ■ ox -^ *v. „+v.«... 

1932 The influence of the ice m the Davis Strait on the weather 

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^^^" 1929' ' A la recherche du "Latham 47". Bull. See. d'oc6an. France. 

9:865-875, 881-894. 

265. *Deutsche seewarte, Hamburg. . .^ • , .. -i + 

1940 Eis um Island und Ost-Gronland; mit 10 jahrgangen eiskarten 

fur die monate April bis August. Neubearb. von der Deut- 
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266. Devaux, J. ^ , n u j c „: 

1933 Etudes des glaces de terre et de mer au Scoresbysund (croi- 

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267. Devik, Olaf. , ^i- • 1 -u • 

1936 Norwegische untersuchungen betretls eisverhaltnisse, eis- 

bildung und warmeumsatz. Rep. 5th Hydrol. conf. Baltic 
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268. Dorst, F. J. , ,. , ... ,„„„ , 

1877 Die eisbewegung im Gronlandischen meere tur l»by, aui- 

genommen am bord des Rosenthal'schen dampfers "Bien- 
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269. Ekblaw, W. E. . , ,. ^ i j. c ^ 

1920 On the sudden discharge of icebergs from Greenland s hords. 

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1925. East Greenland. Geographical teacher. 13:209-212. illus., 

plate. 

271. France. Service hydrogr aphique. o u j ^ a* 

1936 Islande et Faeroe, Jan Mayen, Bjornoya, Svalbard et c6te 

Est du Groenland. 402 p. (11-382.) 



26 
272. 

273. 

274. 

275. 
276. 

277. 



ICE OF NORTHEBN HEMISPHEKB 

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3:215-242. [Re- 



Germany. 
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Germany. 
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Handbuch West- und Nordkiiste Norwegens. II. teil. Von 
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Reichs marine amt. 

Eis um Island und Ost-Gronland. Mit 19 jahrgangen eis- 
karten fiir die monate mai bis august. Berlin. 66 p. charts. 



Graah, W. A. 
1837. 



278. 



279. 



280. 



281. 



Graah, W. A. 

1832. Unders0gelses-reise til 0stkysten af Gr0nland. Efter kongelig 

befaling, udf0rt i aarene 1828-31. Kj0benhavn. xvii, 216 
p. illus., map. [New ed. by Kaj Kirbet-Smith. Copenhagen, 
1932.] 

Narrative of an expedition to the east coast of Greenland, 
sent by order of the King of Denmark, in search of the lost 
colonies, under the command of Capt. W. A. Graah . . . 
Tr. from the Danish by the late G. Gordon Macdougall. 
London, xvi, 199 p. map. 

Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1931. Norway pilot, Ft. II. Comprising the west coast of Norway 

from Lindesnes to Trondheim, including the Halten Is- 
lands. 5th ed. 771 p 

Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1934. Arctic pilot, vol. II. Comprising Iceland, Jan Mayen, Sval- 

bard, and the east coast of Greenland, together with the 
Greenland and Barents seas. 4th ed. London. 456 p. 
[Ice, pp. 27-45. Includes terminology, occuurrence.] 

Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1939. Norway pilot. Ft. III. Comprising the north-western and 

northern coasts of Norway from Halten to Jacobselva. 3d 
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Gt. Brit. Naval meteorological branch. 

1941. Ice conditions and passage through Denmark Strait. 

106/41. 



Memo. 



282. Hamberg, Axel. 
1906. 



Hydrographische arbeiten der von A. G. Nathorst geleiten 
Schwedischen polarexpedition 1898. Handl. Svensk. ve- 
tensk.-akad. n.f. 41(1). 56 p. charts. [Notes on ice.] 

283. Hellwald, Friedrich von. 

1879-1881. Im ewigen eis. Geschichte der Nordpol fahrten von den 
altesten zeiten bis auf die gegenwart. Stuttgart, J. G. 
Cotta. viii, 953 p. illus. 



QBEBNI.AND SEA 



27 



284. Hoffmeyer, N. , , . . u • t i j 

1880 Stromungs- und temperaturverhaltmsse des meeres bei isiana. 

Ann. hydrog., Berlin. 8:173-192. [Remarks on drift ice.] 

285. Irminger, C. ^ , i t t. 

1856. The Arctic current around Greenland. J. Key. geogr. soc. 

26:36-43. tables. 

286. Irminger, C. , V i j t> tj 

1861 Currents and icedrifts on the coasts of Iceland, rroc. Koy. 

geogr. soc. 5:225-234. [Other eds. in various languages.] 

287. Iversen, Th. _. , . , , , -p- 

1936 Syd0stgr0nland, Jan Mayen. Fiskeriunders0kelser. ^is- 

keridir. skr. s. havunders. 5(1). 171 p. [Ice, depths, 
currents.] 

288. Jennov, J. G . „ , 

1935. 0stgr0nlandsk fangstkompagm "Nanok" 's "Gefion -ekspe- 

pedition til Danmarkshavn og Hvalrosodden Juli-September 
1932 og nogle iagttagelser vedr0rende isforhold ved den 
Gr0nlandske nord0stkyst. Publ. 0stgr0nland. 2. 54 p. 
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289. BCoch, Lauge. r^, • .• v t a 

1933 The Danish three-year expedition to King Christian A L,anci. 

Geogr. rev. 23:599-607. 

290. Koldewey, Karl. , ,. , , • u^ -u 

1871. Eisverhaltnisse im Gronlandischen meere und ansichten uber 

weitere forderung praktischer entdeckungen. Mitt. Geogr. 
ges. Wien. 14:282-295. 

291. Laktionov, A. F. /-, i j 

1938 Dreif I'dov v Grenlandskom more. (Drift ice m Greenland 

Sea.) Nauka i tekhnika. 1938(2) :l-3. 

292. Laktionov, A. F. ^ , , o, ^ ■»«• 

1938. L'dy Grenlandskogo more. (Ice m Greenland Sea.) Moscow, 

Gosudarstvennyi Univ. 32 p. 

293. Luksch, J. und J. Wolf. 

1886 Temperatur und specifisches gewicht des seewassers. iJeob.- 

ergebn. Int. polarforsch. 1882-83. Osterreich. polarstation 
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[Mentions presence of floating ice.] 

294. Makarov, S. 0. , , . , . x ex ti ^ 

1901 Ermak vo Idakh. (The "Yermak" in the ice.) St. Peter- 

burg. 507, XXI p. illus., plates, fold, charts. [Includes 
material on "Lofoten" and "Kronstadtski" also. Ermak 
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295. Mecking, Ludwig. , ^ . . 

1939 Die periodizitat der eisbedeckung in der Davisstrasse. Ann. 

hydrogr., Berlin. 67:23-26. 



28 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

296. Meinardus, Wilhelm. 

1906. Periodische schwankungen der eistrift bei Island. Ann. 

hydrogr., Berlin. 34:148-162, 227-239, 278-285. 

297. Meinardus, Wilhelm. 

1908. Zu den beziehungen zwischen der eisverhaltnissen bei Island 

und der Nordatlantischen zirkulation. Ann. hydrogr., 
Berlin. 36:318-321. 

298. Meinardus, Wilhelm. 

1934. Die ergebnisse der eisdickenmessungen auf der Deutschen 

Gronland-expedition Alfred Wegener. Z. Ges. erdk. 1934: 
343-351. 

299. Mezin, M. et M. Striffling. 

1937. Relations entre I'dtat des glaces dans la Mer du Groenland 

et les situations m^t^orologiques. Ann. hydrogr., Paris. 
s.3, 14:38-52. 

300. Mikkelsen, Einar. 

1915. Notes on the sea-ice along the East coast of Greenland. 

(Alabama expeditionen til Gr0nlands nordostkyst 1909- 
1912 under ledelse Ejnar Mikkelsen.) Medd. om Gr0n- 
land. 52:185-214. 

301 . Mikkelsen, Einar. 

1933. The Blosseville coast of East Greenland. Geogr. j. 81: 

385-403. 

302. Mossman, R. C. 

1909. The Greenland Sea; its summer climate and ice distribution. 

Scot, geogr. mag. 25:281-310. 

303. Nathorst, A. G. 

1900-1901. Two summers in the Arctic Ocean. King Charles Land, cir- 
cumnavigation of Spitzbergen; search for Andr6e in N. E. 
Greenland. (In Swedish.) Stockholm. 2 v. xxxv, 352, 
xiii, 414 p. 

304. Norway. Norgessj0kartverk. 

1926. Den Norske los. lOde hefte. Troms0 til grensen mot Finn- 

land. 155 p. 

305. Petermann, August. 

1868. Die Deutsche nordpol-expedition. Wind- und eisverhaltnisse 

im Gronlandischen meere zwischen 70° und 80° N. br. vom 
marz bis juli 1868. Petermanns mitt. 14:339-340. 

306. Porsild, M. P. 

1919. Om de Gronlandske Isfjordes saakaldte udskydning. Geogr. 

ann. 1 :149-157. ["On the sudden discharge of icebergs from 
Greenland's fiords." — Reviewed by W. E. Ekblaw in Geog. 
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307. Rabot, Charles. 

1923. Norwegian navigation on the eastern coast of Greenland. 

Geogr. rev. 13:624-625. 



GBEENLAND SEA 29 

308. Rasmussen, Knud. 

1933. Explorations in southeastern Greenland: preliminary report 

of the 6th and 7th Thule expeditions. Geogr. rev. 23: 
385-393. 

309. Sandstrom, J. W. 

1930. Den Svenska ishavsexpeditionen 1929. Ymer. 50:75-117. 

[Ice: pp. 99-109, Greenland and Barents seas.] 

310. Schott, Gerhard. 

1904. tlber die grenzen des treibeises bei der Neufundland bank 

sowie iiber eine bezeihung zwischen Neufundlandischen 
und Ostgronlandischen treibeis. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 
32:305-309. chart. 

311. Scoresby, William. 

1818. On the Greenland or Polar ice. Mem. Wern. soc. 2:261-338. 

312. Scoresby, WilUam. 

1820. An account of the Arctic regions, with a history and descrip- 

tion of the northern whale-fishery. Edinburgh. 2 v. [V. 
1, Ch. 4, sec. 1 : Description of the various kinds or denomi- 
nations of ice, pp. 225-238. sec. 2: On the formation of 
ice in the sea, pp. 238-241. Sec. 3: Description of ice-fields, 
and remarks on their formation and tremendous concus- 
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313 Scoresby, William. 

1821 . State of the ice of the east coast of West Greenland in sum- 

mer 1820, as observed by Capt. Scoresby. Edinb. phil. j. 
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314. Snelling, W. J. 

1831. The Polar regions of the western continent explored; em- 

bracing a geographical account of Iceland, Greenland, the 
islands of the frozen sea, and the northern parts of the 
American continent . . . together with the adventures, dis- 
coveries, trials of Parry, Franklin, Lyon, and other navi- 
gators, in those regions. Boston, Mass. 1 p. L., xii, 501 
p. map. 

315. Soem, B. 

1937-1938. Isrek vid Greanland og Island arid 1936-1937. Aegir (Reyk- 
javik.) 30:168-170. 31:170-173. 

316. Speerschneider, C. J. H. 

1931. The state of the ice in Davis Strait, 1820-1930. Medd. 

Danske met. inst. 8. 53 p. 

317. Teichert, C. 

1933. Das Ostgronlandische packeis. Natur und museum. 63: 

107-112. 

318. Terry, Beatrice. 

1940. Narvik, Norway. J. geogr. 39:183-186. 

319. Thoroddsen, Th. 

1884. Den gronlandska drifisen vid Island. Ymer. 4:145-160. 



30 
320. 



ICE OF NORTHEBN HEMISPHEEE 



321. 

322. 

323. 
324. 
325. 

326. 

327. 



328. 

329. 
330. 

331. 



Trolle, Alf. 
1913. 



Hydrographical observations from the "Danmark"-expedi- 
tion. (Damnark-ekspeditionen til Gr0nlands nord0stkyst 
1906-1908, Bd. 1-2.) Medd. om Gr0nland. 41:275-468. 
["Observations on ice conditions in Greenland Sea and in 
the fjords and sounds at ca. 76°N in NE Greenland, 1906- 
1908." Tables ice thickness.] 
U. S. Hydrographic Office. 

1931. The Northwest and north coasts of Norway. From Feje 

Fjord to North Cape, and thence to Jakobselva, including 
Spitsbergen and Jan Mayen Island. 3d ed. 466 p. (H.O. 
136.) 
U. S. Hydrographic Office. 

1941. Greenland: August-October average ice conditions. Verso 

Pilot charts Northern N. Atlantic Ocean August-October. 
1400b. 
U. S. Hydrographic Office. 

1941. Normal ice conditions in Greenland waters, 

chart Northern N. Atlantic Ocean June. 
U. S. Hydrographic Office. 

1941-1943. Seasonal movement of ice in Greenland waters. Verso Pilot 
chart Northern N. Atlantic Ocean July. 
U. S. Hydrographic Office. 



Verso Pilot 



1943. 



Vize, V, 
1922. 



Vize, V. 
1925. 



m. 



m. 



Vize, V. fiJ. 
1940. 



Wandel, C. 
1887. 

Wandel, C. 
1893. 



F. 



F. 



Watkins, 
1932. 



H. G. 



Sailing directions for the East coast of Greenland from Prince 
Christian Sound to Cape Morris Jesup and Iceland, in- 
cluding the Island of Jan Mayen. 585 p. (H.O. 75.) 

Die einwirkung des polareises im Gronlandischen meer auf 
die Nordatlantische zykonale tatigkeit. Ann. hydrogr., 
Berlin. 50:271-280. 

Znachenie rezhima I'dov vesnoffl ve Grenlandskom More i 
Vostochno-Islandskogo techenifa dlia temperatury voz- 
dukha V posleduiushchuiu zimu v Evrope. (Die bedeutung 
der eisverhaltnisse im friihling im Gronlandischen Meere 
und des Ost-Islandischen polarstromes fiir die temperatur- 
verhaltnisse des nachfolgenden winters in Europa.) Izv. 
Gos. gidrol. inst. 14:52-59. German summary. 

Sostoianie I'dov v Grenlandskom More letom 1939 g. (State 
of the ice in Greenland Sea summer of 1939.) Problemy 
arktiki. 1940(10) :102. 

Ueber strom- und eisverhaltnisse, sowie navigirung an den 
kiisten Islands. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 15:271-279. 

Om de hydrografiske forhold i Davis-Straedet. (Sur les con- 
ditions hydirographiques du Detroit de Davis.) Medd. om 
Gr0nland. 7:55-103,251-263. French r&um^. [Notes on 
ice and discussion of ice drift.] 

The British Arctic air route expedition. Geogr. j . 79 :466-497. 



SEE ALSO: 1, 3, 6, 59, 164, 194, 197, 231, 232, 243, 245, 249, 253, 254, 398, 
1661. 



31 



4. BARENTS SEA (INCLUDING SPITSBERGEN) 

333. Ahlmann, H. W^^.^^^.^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ Swedish-Norwegian Arctic expedition 

in the summer of 1931. Geogr. ann. 15:1-67. [Ice, pp. 

4r-5.] 

334. Al'Wv, V- I- p^ j^^ j^ Heinle Franfsa-Iosifa. Pokhod shturmana V. I. 

Al'banova po I'du so shkhuny "Sv. Anna" ekspedifsii 
leitenanta G. L. Brusilova. S ocherkom ekspedifsii leite- 
nanta G. L. Brusilova, sostavlennym L. L. Breitfusom. 
(South of Franz Josef Land. Expedition piloted by V. 1. 
Al'banov in the ice aboard "St. Anna". Lt. G. L Brusilov 
expedition.) Zap. gidrogr. prilozh. (suppl.) 41(4/5,b). 
194 p. 

335. ^™°^^;^^''^^'^'''Nluchnye raboty Gidrometeorologicheskogo komiteta na 

borty 1/k "Krasin" v Barenfsovom More zimoffi 1932 g. 
(Scientific work of the Hydrometeorological committee on 
the icebreaker "Krasin" in the Barents Sea, winter 1932.) 
Biiil. Arkt. inst. 1932(7) :155-158, 173-174. [Mechamcal 
tests of ice porosity and salinity.] 

336. ArnoM-Airab'ev,^V.^L^^^^^^. ^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^ . Karskogo Morei. (Strength of 

ice of Barents and Kara seas.) Problemy arktiki. 1939(6): 
21-30. 

337. Berezkm, VI. ^Qj^^i^gj^^ggkie, meteorologicheskie i ledovye nablffldeniia 

1/k "Krasin" za vremia plavaniia u beregov Shpitsbergena 
i Zemli Franfsa losifa letom 1829 goda. (Hydrological 
meteorological and ice observations of the "Krasin dur- 
ing the navigational season of 1928 near Spitzbergen and 
Franz Josef Land.) Trud. Inst, izuch. severa. 50:21-126. 
German summary. 

^^^' ^"S"' ^' ^' Donesenie o ledf^nom pokrove v Barenfsovom More v 1927 

g (Information on ice cover in Barents.) Trud. Morsk. 
nauchn. inst. 4(1) :134r-137. 

339. Deutsche seewarte, Hamburg. i„ f„u-+ A^a 

1901 Aus den wissenschaftlichen ergebmssen der polarfahrt des 

"Matador" unter ftihrung des . . . Oskar Bauendahl herbst 
und winter 1900-1901. Tl. 1. Ueber dje eisverhaltmsse 
Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 29:414-425. [Sep. 1900 to Jul. 1901.] 

340. Deutsche seewarte, Hamburg. ^ . , ■ j ■+ „ i,sn-+» Hoq 

1913 Die eisverhaltnisse um Spitzbergen in der zweiten halfte des 

juni 1912. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 41:118-120. 



32 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

341. Ekspedi^iia ledokola "Krasin" na Novuiii Zemliu v Marte-Aprele 1933 

goda. (Expedition of the "Krasin" to Novaya Zemlya in 
March and April 1933.) BIul. Arkt. inst. 1933:125-130. 
[Ice conditions discussed, pp. 127-128.] 

342. Evgenov, N. I. 

1929. Plavanie L. P. "Sedov" u beregov Zemli Frantsa losifa v 

1928 g. (Cruise of the icebreaker Sedov near Franz Josef 
Land in 1928.) Morskoi sbornik. 1929(2) :43-54. Ice 
chart. 

343. France. Service hydrographique. 

1936. C6tes de Norvege, Finlande et U.S.S.R., de la presqu'ile de 

Stadt au Cap Kanin. 412 p. (11-379.) 

344. Frommeyer, Maria. 

1928. Die eisverhaltnisse um Spitz bergen und klimatischen faktoren. 

Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 56:209-214, 240-248. [Inaugural 
dissertation — Miinster, 1927.] 

345. Germany. Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine. 

1916. Handbuch Spitzbergen. 280 p. 

346. Glen, A. R. 

1937. The Oxford University Arctic expedition, Northeast Land, 

1935-36. Geogr. j. 90:193-222. 

347. Glen, A. R. 

1938. Sea ice conditions around Northeast Land during the year 

1935-1936. Geogr. ann. 20:152-169. 

348. Gromov, B. 

1930 . Pokhod "Sedova". Ekspedi£siia "Sedova" na ZemliQ Franfsa- 

losifa V 1929 g. (Voyage of the "Sedov" to Franz Joseph 
Land in 1929.) Moscow, "Molodaia gvardiia". 85 p. 

349. Hahn, 0. 

1883. Die Osterreichisch-Ungarische nordpolexpedition. Prague, 

Freytag. 84 p. 

350. Hoel, Adolf. 

1916. Isforholdene paa Spitsbergens vestkyst sonimern 1915. Aarb. 

Norsk, geogr. selsk. 26/27:111-133. 

351 . Hoel, Adolf. 

1917. L'Etat des glaces autour du Spitsberg pendant I'ete 1915. 

G6ogr. 31:189-196. 

352 . Hoel, Adolf et Sverre Rovig. 

1918. Rapport preliminaire de I'exp^dition norv^giemie de 1917 au 

Spitsberg. G^ogr. 32:96-101. [Ice, p. 99.] 

353. Horn, Gunnar. 

1930. Franz Josef Land, natural history, discovery, exploration, 

and hunting. Skrifter om Svalbard og Ishavet. 29. 

354. Isachsen, Gunnar. 

1908. Les glaces autour du Spitzberg en 1907. Bull. Inst, oc^an. 

114. 



BAKENTS SEA (INCLUDING SPITSBERGEN) 



33 



355. Isachsen, Gunnar. „ ., > • ■ r\ * 

1911 Die eisverhaltnisse an den kiisten Spitzbergens sowie im Ust- 

und Westeise 1910. Petermanns mitt. 57(l):241-243. 



356. Ivanov, 
1932. 



I. M. 



Kharakteristika ledovogo rezhima Zemli Frantsa-Iosifa v 
period s 25 ifiilia 1930 g. po 21 iffllia 1931 g. (Character- 
istics of ice regime at Franz Josef Land from 25 July 1930 
to 21 July 1931.) Bull. Arkt. inst. 1932(2) :29-30. 



357. 



358. 



359. 



360. 



Jackson, F. G. 
1899. 



A thousand days in the Arctic, 
p. illus., maps. 



London, Harper, xxiii, 



940 



Jansen, Capt. 
1865. 



Karelin,' D.B. 
1935. 



Notes on the ice between Greenland and Nova Zembla, being 
the results of investigations into the records of early Dutch 
voyages in the Spitzbergen seas. Proc. Roy. geogr. soc. 
9:163-181. 

ledovykh prognozakh dlia Murmanskogo poberezh'ia. (On 
ice prognosis for Murman coast.) Zap. gidrogr. 1935(2) : 
60-65. 

Knipovich, N. M. -r , ■. i r< j 

1906 Osnovy gidrologii Evropeiskago Ledovitago okeana. (jruna- 

zuge der hydrologie des Europaischen Eismeeres. Zap. 
Russ. geogr. obshch. 42. 1510 p. tables. [Ice, pp. 806- 
810, 1254-1290.] 



361. Kogan. 
1916. 



Plavaniia ekspeditsionnago sudna "Gerta" dlia poiskov Lt. 
Brusilova i ego sputnikov v 1915 g. (Navigation of the ex- 
pedition on the "Gerta" in search of Lt. Brusilov and his 
party in 1915.) Zap. gidrogr. 40:129-170. [Shows ice 
limits around Spitsbergen.] 



362. Kotel'nokov, D. F. 

1929. Aisbergi u Murmana. 

gidrogr. 56:177. 



(Icebergs near Murman.) Zap. 



363. Laktionov, A. F 



1935. 



364. 



Laktionov, A. 
1935. 



Sostoianie I'da v more, omyviushchem severo-zapadnye 
berega ZemU Franfsa-Iosifa v 1932/33 g. (po nabliilden- 
iiam stanisii za Zemle Franfsa-Iosifa). (State of the ice at 
sea and offshore NW of Franz Joseph Land during 1932/33, 
according to observations of the station on Franz Joseph 
Land.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 34:45-52. 

F- ^ . - • u X- 

Sostoianie I'dov v Barentsovom More i Severnoi chasti 

Karskogo Moria po nabliQdeniiam na sudne "Lomonosov" 
V 1931 g. (State of the ice in the Barents and north part 
of the Kara seas according to observations of the "Lomo- 
nosov" in 1931.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 18:85-90. 



34 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

365. Laktionov, A. F. 

1940. O srednikh kromkakh I'da Baren£sova Morfa.^ (On mean ice 

limits of Barents Sea.) Problemy arktiki. ' 1940(7/8) :26. 
1 table. 

366. Lavrov, A. M. 

1929. Sostoianie I'da u Vostochnykh beregov Sval'barda (filn' i 

iiul' 1928 goda). Nauchnyi rezul'taty eksp. na ledokole 
"Malygin" v Barenfsovom More letom 1928 g. (State 
of the ice on the east shores of Spitzbergen in the summer 
of 1928.) Trud. Inst, izuch. severa. 45:56-82. 

367. Ledovye predskazaniia dlia morei. (Forecasting ice conditions for the seas.) 

1927. Izv. fSentr. gidromet. bfiiro. 7:321-323. [The 1926/27 

forecasts for the Barents, Kara, White seas and Finnish 
Gulf.] 

368. Leningrad, Vsesofiiznyi arkticheskii institut. 

1934. Nauchnye raboty stan£sii v Bukhte Tikhoi na Zemle Franfsa 

losifa. — Meteorologicheskie nabliQdenifa 1929 — 1930. (Sci- 
entific work of the station at Tikhi Bay on Fran^; Josef 
Land. — Meteorological observations 1929-1930.) Trud. 
Arkt. inst. 5. 71 p. [Observations on state of the ice, 
pp. 63-70.] 

369. Luigi, Duke of the Abruzzi. 

1903. On the "Polar Star" in the Arctic Sea . . . London. 2 v. 

[Across Barents Sea from Archangel to Franz Josef Land 
and on toward pole.] 

370. Markham, A. H. 

1881. A Polar reconnaissance; being a voyage of the "Isbj0rn" to 

Novaya Zemlya in 1879. London, C. K. Paul & Co. xvi, 
. 361 p. illus., maps. 

371. Markham, C. R. 

1881 . The voyage of the "Eira" and Mr. Leigh Smith's arctic dis- 

coveries in 1880. Proc. Roy. geogr. soc. 3:129-150. illus. 

372. Markham, C. R. 

1883. 2d voyage of the "Eira" to Franz-Josef Land. Proc. Roy. 

geogr. soc. 5:204-228. [Narrative account; some remarks 
on ice.] 

373. Mesia£sev, J. J. 

1927. Die verteilimg des eises im Barentsmeer im'jahre 1926. Peter- 

mannsmitt. 73:277-279. 

374 . Mukhanov, L. 

1934. V stranu ledfanogo molchaniia. Pokhod ledokola "Georgii 

Sedov" na ZemliQ Franfsa-Iosifa i Zemlfii Severnufii 15/VI- 
14/IX 1930. (Into the land of icy silence. The Georg 
Sedov expedition to Franz Josef Land and North Land, 15 
June— 14 September 1930.) Izd. 2-e. Arkhangel'sk. 198 
P- 



BAEENTS SEA (INCLUDING SPITSBERGEN) 35 

375. Nalivaiko, G. ^ ^^^^^ ^ Kaninsko-Pechorskom raione. (Ice in the Kanin- 

Pechora region.) Vodn. transp. 12:35-36. 

376. Nalivaiko, G. and T. Marliitin. . iu- Vor.j.-si.i, ,r „«+'f5Uh 

1922 Predvaritel'nyi otchet o portovykh izyskamiakh v ust lakh 

rek Indigi i Peshi Severnogo Ledovitogo okeana, proizve- 
dennykh b 1920-1922 gg. (Preliminary report on investi- 
gations of ports at the mouths of the Indiga and Pechora 
rivers Arctic Ocean, carried out during 1920-1922.) Lenin- 
ingrad, Izd. Gl. upravl. gosud. str-va. vui, 67 p. 17 
charts, plates. (Reprint LXIV. Trudy Otdela Vodnogo 
stroitel'stva. Materiialy po portostroenia). 

377. Nansen, Fridtjof. .„ 

1921. Spitzbergen. Leipzig, Brockhaus. 627 p. Uius. 

378. Nord^, B. P. ^^^^ . ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^ Arkhangelsk. 200 p. (On 

the "Sedov", Barents and Kara seas.) 

^^^' ^86^9^^870' Meteorologiska iakttagelser, anstallda p^ Beeren-Eiland 

vintern 1865-1866 af Sievert Tobiesen, och mom Norra 
Polarhafvet sommaren 1868 af F. W. von Otter och L. 
Palander. Handl. Svensk. vet-akad. 8(11). 1869. 
Petermanns mitt. 16:249-255. 1870. 

380 Norway. Norges sj0kartverk. , 

1929 Farvannsbeskrivelser Kysten av B]0rn0ya. (The Coast of 

Bear Island.) 24 p. (Medd. Norges Sval. Ishavsunders0k. 
nr. 0.) 

381. Orleans, Louis Philippe Robert, Due d'. s , j j i -r i„;„o 

1907 Croisifere oc6anographique accomphe k bord de la Jielgica 

dans la Mer du Gronland 1905. Resultats scientifiques. 

Brussels. [Journal gives ice conditions, June-August 1905, 

pp. 28-67.] 

382 Orleans, Louis Philippe Robert, Due d'. , , , j ^ u ■ a 

1911 ' Compagne arctique de 1907. Journal de bord et physique du 

globe. Brussels. [Ice conditions July-September 1907 in 
Barents and Kara seas, pp. 1-31.] 

383. ayer u lus. ^^^ ^^^^^ ^.^^.^ ^^^ ^^^.^ ^.^^j^_ narrative of the discov- 
eries of the Austrian ship "Tegetthoff" in the years 1872- 
1874. London. 2 v. [Ch. I, v. 1, "The frozen ocean , 
contains definitions of types of sea ice.] 

1880 ' "ice in the Spitzbergen seas in 1879. Proc. Roy. geogr. soc. 

n.s. 2:128. 

385. Pettersen, Karl. . , t, , ,. iqoa i«««; i»»fi 

1884-1886 Det Europaeiske Polarhav i sommaren 1884, !»»{), i»»D. 
Ymer 4:223-232. 5:229-245. 6:369-381. charts. 



36 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

386. Pettersen, Karl. 

1926. Isforholdene i Nordishavet i 1881 og 1882. Med en innled- 

ning, av Adolf Hoel. Geogr. tidssk. 1:209-225. 

387. Pinegin, N. V. 

1935. Nabliudeniia nad sostoianiem I'dov v avguste i sentiabre 

1932 g., vedennye na bortu 1/p "Malygin". (Ice condi- 
tions in the Barents Sea and off Franz-Joseph Land in 
Aug.-Sep. 1932, etc.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 34:31-37. Eng- 
lish summary. 

388. Pinegin, N. V. 

1935. Nabliiideniia nad temperaturoi, solenost'IU i shchelochnost'fu 

poverkhnostnogo slola moria. (Scientific results of the 
expedition on the icebreaker "Malygin" to Franz-Josef Land 
in 1932. Observations on temperature, salinity, and alka- 
linity of the surface layers.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 34:17-23. 
[Remarks on ice.] 

389. Rabot, Charles. 

1919. The Norwegians in Spitsbergen. Geogr. rev. 8:209-226. 

390. Rabot, Charles. 

1922. Norwegian explorations in Spitsbergen, 1919, 1920, and 1921. 

Geogr. rev. 12:303-304. 

391. Rabot, Charles. 

1929. Arrivfe anormale d'icebergs sur la cote nord de la Norvege. 

C.R. Acad. sci. Paris. 188:1563-1565. 

392. Rabot, Charles. 

1929. Glaces polaires sur les cotes de Norvege. La Natur 57(2): 

481-484. lUus. 

393. Robitzsch, Max. 

1914. Eis in und um Spitzbergen. Petermanns mitt. 60(2):187-190. 

394. Samoilovich, R. L. 

1934. Vo I'dakh Arkitiki. Pokhod "Krasina" letom 1928 goda. 

(In the Arctic ice. The "Krasin" expedition 1928) 3. 
izd. Leningrad, Izd. Vsesomznogo Arkticheskogo instituta. 
340 p. [Chart of the ice around Spitzbergen.] 

395. Schulz, Bruno. 

1930. Die hj'drographie des Barentsmeeres. J. cons, explor. mer. 

5:291-319. [Covers expeditions from 1904 to 1927.] 

396. Schulz, Bruno und A. Wulff. 

1929. Hydrographie und oberflachenplankton des westlichen Bar- 

entsmeeres im somnier 1927. Ber. Dtsch. wiss. komm. 
meeresf. n.f. 4(5) :235-372. plates. [Drift ice, pp. 253- 
254.] 

397. Shar-Baronov, L. 

1940. 4 reisa ledokol'nogo parokhoda "VI. Rusanov" v 1939 g. 

(The 4 trips of the icebreaker "VI. Rusanov" in 1939.) 
Sovetskaia arktika. 1940(3) :10-20. [Barents and Kara 
seas; Franz Josef Land, Tikhi Bay and Rudolph I.] 



BARENTS SEA (INCLUDING SPITSBEEGEn) 37 

398. Sverdrup, H. U. 

1931. Scientific results of the Andr^e expedition. 1. Drift-ice and 

ice-drift. Geogr. ann. 13:121-140. [Based on notes left 
by Andr^e describing condition of ice crossed by his party, 
N of Spitsbergen. Remarks by author on ice-drift buoys 
put out by Andrde, and their resulting drift.] 

399. Timofeevski, N. 

1925. Ledianoi pokrov Eniseiskogo Zaliva. (Ice cover of Gulf of 

Yenisei.) Izv. Russ. geogr. obshch. 57(2) :23-32. 

400. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1939. Lof^iia Barenfsova Mona. Chast' III. lUgovostochnaia 

chast'. (Sailing directions for Barents Sea. Pt. III. South- 
east part.) 173 p. 

401. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1941 . Lo£siia Baren{sova Mona. Chast' II. Murmanskii bereg. 

(Sailing directions for the Barents Sea. Pt. II. Murman 
coast.) 464 p. 

402. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1942. Lotsiia Barentsova Moria. Chast' I. Ostrova Medvezhii, 
Shpi£sbergen, lAn-Maien i Zemlia Frantsa losifa. (Sailing 
directions for the Barents Sea. Pt. I. Medvezhi Is., 
Spitzbergen, Jan Mayen and Franz Joseph Land.) 

403. Varnek, A. 

1901 . Ob usloviiakh obrazovaniia I'dov v vodakh, omyvaiushchikh 

severnoe poberezh'e Evropeiskoi Rossii, i v Karskom more. 
(Concerning the condition of ice information on the waters 
washing the northern shores of European Russia and in 
Kara Sea.) Ru.ss. sudokhod. 231/235:117-129. 

404. Vize. V. fiJ. 

1923. O vozmozhnosti predskazaniia sostoianiia I'dov v Baren- 

tsovom more. (On the possibiHty of predicting the state 
of the ice for the Barents Sea.) Izv. 'ffeentr. gidromet. 
biuro. 1 :l-45. tables, charts. German summary, pp. 41-45. 

405. Vize, V. lU. 

1924. L'dy v Barentsovom More i temperatura vozdukha v Europe. 

(Eis im Barents Meere und lufttemperatur in Europa.) 
Izv. T^entr. gidromet. bfilro. 3:1-30. German summary, 
pp. 27-30. 

406. Vize, V. lU. 

1927. Sostoianie I'dov v Barenfsovom i Karskom Moriakh letom 

1925 goda i sravnenie ego s predskazannym. (Comparison 
of the observed ice in Barents and Kara seas during sum- 
mer 1925, with the predictions.) Izv. "ffeentr. gidromet. 
bfilro. 6:301-306. German summary. 



38 ICE OP NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

407. Vize, V. fiJ. 

1927-1928. Sravnenie predskazannogo na navigafsifQ 1926-1927 gg. 
sostoianiia I'dov v Barentsovom i Karskom morfakh s 
deistvitel'no nabliUdavshimsia. (Comparison of the fore- 
casts for navigational seasons 1926-1927 for state of the 
ice in the Barents and Kara seas, with the actual observa- 
tions.) Izv. "ffeentr. gidromet. bfiiro. 7:323-324. 8: 
393-394. 

408. Vize, V. ID. 

1928. Nekotorye dannye po gla£siologii Zemli Franfsa losifa. (Data 

on glaciology of Franz Josef Land.) Izv. Gos. gidrol. inst. 
22:61-78. 

409. Vize, V. fl). 

1928. Die vorhersage der eisverhaltnisse im Barents-Meer. Arktis. 

1:81-83. 

410. Vize, V. f&. 

1929. Nauchnye raboty ekspedifsii na ledokole "Malygin" v Baren- 

£sovom More letom 1928 goda. (Scientific results of the 
"Malygin" expedition in the Barents Sea, summer 1928.) 
Trud. Inst, izuch. severa. 45:15-55. [Ice on Banc de 
Svalbard.] 

411. Vize, V. fi). 

1930. Aisbergi u Severnykh beregov Evropy v 1929 g. (Icebergs 

on Europe's northern coasts in 1929.) Izv. Gos. gidrol. 
inst. 29:77-84. 

412. Vize, V. fi). 

1930. O znachenii sistematicheskogo izuchenifa Baren{sova Morfa 

dlfa meteorologicheskikh i gidrologicheskikh prognozov. Die 
bedeutung systematischer untersuchungen des Barents- 
meeres fiir meteorologische und hydrologische pronosen. 
Issled. mor. SSSR. 11:5-20. German summary. [Dis- 
cussion of relation of water temperature and state of the 
ice of the Barents Sea to the air temperatiure of North 
Europe, with figures.] 

413. Vize, V. lU. 

1930. Usloviia plavaniia k Zemle Franfsa losifa. (Conditions of 

navigation to Franz Josef Land.) Trud. Inst, izuch severa 
47:59-67. illus. [Ice limits, June-August 1898-1922; bergs 
in Barents Sea, 1899-1928.] 

414. Vize, V. W. 

1931. Nauchnye rezul'taty Arkticheskoi ekspedi£sii na "Sedove" 

V 1930 godu. Gidrologifa i meteorologifa. (Scientific re- 
sults of the Arctic expedition on the "Sedov" in 1930. Sur- 
face observations in the Barents and Kara seas.) Trud. 
Arkt. inst. 1 :l-42. tables, charts. [Ice conditions noted.] 



BABENTS SEA (INCLUDING SPITSBEEGEN) 



39 



415. 



Vize, V. ft. 
1931. 



416. 



417. 



418. 



419. 



420. 



Vize, V. ft. 
1931. 



Vize, V. ft. 
1933. 



Vize, V. ft. 
1933. 



Vize, V. ft. 
1933. 



Vize, V. ft. 
1934. 



421. 



Vororxin, V. I. 
1929. 



Nauchnye rezul'taty ekspedifsii na Zemlfii Franfsa losifa 
letom 1929 g. Nabliudeniia nad temperaturoi i solenost'fii 
poverkhnostnogo sloia morfa. (Scientific results of the ex- 
pedition to Franz Josef Land, 1929. Observations on tem- 
perature and salinity of surface layers.) Trud. Inst, izuch. 
severa. 49:46-59. [Remarks on ice.] 

Sostoianie I'dov v Baren£sovom More i v raione Zemli Fran£sa 
losifa letom 1929 g. po nablfiideniiam 1/p "Sedov". (State 
of the ice in Barents Sea and in the region of Franz Josef 
Land summer 1929 from observations of "Sedov".) Trud. 
Inst, izuch. severa. 49 :6O-70. 3 figs. German summary. 

Nekotorye dannye po zimnemu gidrologicheskomu rezhimu 
Pechorskogo Mona. (Contributions to winter hydrobio- 
logical regime in Pechora Sea.) Arctica. 1:99-114. [Text 
also in German.] 

Reis ledokola "Malygin" na Zemlfii Fran{sa-Iosifa v 1931 g. 
(Die fahrt des eisbrechers "Malygin" nach Franz-Joseph 
Land 1931.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 6. 41 p. 

Sostofanie I'dov v Baren£sovom More i v Severnoi chasti 
Karskogo Mona letom 1930 g. po nablfiideniiam 1/p 
"Sedov". (Die eisverhaltnisse im Barents-Meer und im 
nordlichen teil des Karischen Meeres 1930.) Trud. Arkt. 
inst. 1:109-126. 

Sopostavlenie ledovykh gidrologicheskikh prognozov, dannykh 
Gos. gidrologicheskim institutom na navigatsifii 1933 g. 
dlia Barenfsova i Karskogo Morei, s deistvitel'no nablfii- 
davshimsia sostofaniem I'da. (Comparison of the ice prog- 
nosis for Barents and Kara seas in 1933 with actual con- 
ditions of the ice.) Izv. Gos. gidrol. inst. 66:49-52. 

Map of ice met by icebreaker "Sedov" during navigation of 
1928. Morskoi sbornik. 1929(2) :54. 



422. Wegener, Kurt. 



423. 



1914. 

Westman, 
1905. 



Die eisverhaltnisse in Nordwestspitzbergen 1912/13. 
hydrogr., Berlin. 42:429-432. 



Ann. 



Jonas. 

Sur les glaces de mer et la couverture de neige en 1899 et en 
1900 k la bale de Treurenberg, Spitzberg. Mission sci. 
su^d. Spitzberg. 2, 8, B, I. 57 p. plates. 



40 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



424. 



425. 



426. 



427. 



Zubov, N. N. 
1924. 



Zubov, N. N. 
1932. 



Zubov, N. 
1933. 



N. 



Zubov, N. N. 
1933. 



Osobo blagopriiatnye usloviia nauchno-issledovatel'skoi ra- 
boty V severnykh monakh v 1924 g. (Particularly favorable 
conditions for scientific research in the Arctic Ocean during 
1924.) Bfulleten Postoiannogo bluro S'ezdov po isuchenifii 
proizvoditel'nykh sil SSSR. (Moscow.) 3:12-20. [On 
ice conditions in Kara and Barents seas.] 

20 dnei na Ledovom More (Barenfsovo More). (Twenty days 
in the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea.) Moskva, Gidrometeo- 
rologicheskogo komiteta. 63 p. illus. (Komitet po prove- 
denifii vtorogo Mezhdunarodnogo poliarnogo goda v SSSR.) 

The circumnavigation of Franz Josef Land. Geogr. rev. 23: 
394-401. 



Vokrug Zemli Fran{sa-Iosifa. (A trip to Franz Josef Land.) 
Moskva, Gidrometeorologicheskogo komiteta. 29 p. illus. 

SEE ALSO: 1, 3, 6, 12, 164, 271, 272, 279, 282, 294, 303, 309, 321, 429, 435, 
437, 451, 473, 481, 482, 483, 487, 1661, 1698, 1700. 



41 



428. 



429. 



430. 



431. 



432. 



433. 



435. 



Anufriev, I. 
1909. 

Anufriev, I. 
1910. 



P. 



Anufriev, I. P. 
1923. 



Berezkin, VI. 
1923. 



Burke, A. 
1924. 



Burke, A. 
1932. 



5. WHITE SEA 

Belomorskie I'dy. (White Sea ice.) Izv. Arkhangel'sk. 
obshch. izuch. russ. severa. l(l):5-26. 

Vetry i I'dy 1910 g. v Belom More i u Novoi Zemli. (Wind 
and ice in 1910 on the White Sea and to Novaya Zemlya.) 
Izv. Arkhangel'sk. obshch. izuch. russ. severa. 2(16) :l-7. 

K voprosu izucheniia techenii i dvizheniia I'dov v Belom 
More. (Currents and drift ice in White Sea.) Severnoe 
khoziaistvo. 6:53-55. 



Usloviia zimnego plavaniia v gorle Belogo Moria. (Winter 
conditions for navigation of White Sea — "Gorlo".) Zap. 
gidrogr. 47:29-36. [Extent of ice in various months and 
its characteristics.] 

Neskol'ko zamechanii k "Rukovodstvu dlla plavaniia vo 
I'dakh Belogo Moria". (Some remarks on "Handbook for 
the navigation of the White Sea ice.".) Zap. gidrogr. 48: 
107-140. 

Materiialy dlia sostavleniia atlasa I'dov Belogo Moria. (Ma- 
terial for an ice atlas of the White Sea.) Zap. gidrogr. 
1932(1) :71-82. 



434. Deriiigin, K. M. 



1928. 



Germany. 
1930. 



Die fauna des Weissen Meeres und ihre existenzbedingungen. 
(In Russian.) Issled. mor. SSSR 7-8. 511 p. charts. 



436 *Iljina, A. 
1925. 



Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine. 

Handbuch Nordkuste Russlands, I. teil. 
Weisses Meer. 3. aufl. 605 p. 



Murman-kiiste und 



437. 



438. 



439. 



440. 



Ledianoi pokrov v Kandalakskom ZaUve i Kemskikh shkhe- 
rakh v 1914-1920 g.g. (Uber die eisdecke in der Kandalak- 
schabucht in den jahren 1914-20.) Zap. gidrogr. 49:225-235. 

L'dy i sudokhodstvo Belogo, Murmanskogo i Pechorskogo 
morei. (Ice and navigation of the White, Murman and 
Pechora seas.) Severnoe khoziaistvo. 5:61-64. 

sostoianii I'dov v gorle Belogo Moria vesnogo 1924 g. 
(State of the ice in the "Gorlo" spring 1924.) Raboty 
Murmanskoi biologicheskoi stanfei. 1:145-152. 

Laktionov, A. F., and A. Shepelevskij . 

Reduction and analysis of observations on the temperature 
of ice in Kandalaksha Bay. (In Russian.) (Ms. in the 
Editorial Section of Arctic Institute, U.S.S.R.) 



Kopytov, N. L. 
1924. 



Kreps, G. 
1925. 



Leshaft, Emil. 
1916. 



Vskrytie Belogo Morfa po dannym maiachnoi sluzhby mors- 
kogo vedomstva. (Breaking up of the ice of the White 
Sea, based on data of Marine Dept. Lighthouse Service.) 
Zap. gidrogr. 40:453-465. 



42 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

441. Leshaft, Emil. 

1918 . Zamerzanie i sezon I'dov v Belom More, po dannym Mafachnoi 

sluzhby Morskogo vedomstva. (Freezing and ice season of 
the White Sea, based on data of Marine Dept. Lighthouse 
service.) Zap. gidrogr. 41 :806-832. 

442. Morozov, N. 

1921 . Rukovodstvo dlia plavanifa vo Idakh Belogo Morla. (Manual 

for ice navigation in the White Sea.) Petrograd, Comm. 
for study of Arctic Ocean. 69 p. 

443. Prodlenii navigafsii v Arkhangel'ske. (On the retardation of navigation 

1929. at Archangel.) Transp. i khoz. 6/7:147-148. 

444. Pohle, Richard. 

1922. Arbeit des eises an den kiisten des Weissen Meeres und an 

see- und flussufern Nordeuropas. Berlin, Borntraeger. 
7 p. 6 plates. 

445. Ratmanov, N. 

1924. Ledokhod 1924 goda v raione Arkhangel'skogo porta. (Ice 

drive of 1924 in the region of the port of Archangel.) Ar- 
khangel'sk. 13 p. 1 graph. (Dopolnenie k vesennemu 
bfillletenfii 1924 Gidrometeorologicheskogo otdela "Ubeko 
Sever".) 
44«. Richter, J. 

1934. Die eisverhaltnisse des Weissen meeres. Ann. hydrogr., 

Berlin. 62:89-95. 

447. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1939. Lo£sifa Belogo Moria. (White Sea pilot.) 464 p. Dopol- 

nenie (suppl.) 1. 1940. 

448. Vichniak, J. 

1916. La navigation dans la Mer Blanche. Rev. g6n. sci. pures app). 

27:330. 

449. Vize, V. fi}. 

1925. tlber die mogligkeit der prognose der eisverhaltnisse im sunde 

des Weissen Meeres (Gorlo). (In Russian; German sum- 
mary.) Izv. "fSentr. gidromet. bfiiro. 4: [Unverified 
reference.] 

450. Vize, V. fi). 

1926. Beitrage zur kenntnis des bewegungen des eises im Weissen 

Meer. (In Russian; German summary.) Izv. "fSentr. 
gidromet. bfflro. 6:113-134. 

451 . Zamfatkin, I. N. 

1929. Donesenie o ledfanom pokrove v Gorle Belogo Morla i v 

Baren£sovom More v 1928 g. (Information on the ice cover 
of the Gorlo of White Sea and of the Barents Sea in 1928.) 
Trud. Morsk. nauchn. inst. 4(1):138-141. 

452. Zubov, N. N. i V. E. Lfakhnifskii. 

1930. Vesennii ledokhod i polovod'e v Arkhangel'ske i meropliiatili 

po zashchite porta. (Spring ice-drive and floods at Arch- 
angel and means of protecting the port.) Izv. "fSentr. 
gidromet. bfiiro. 9:123-138. 

SEE ALSO: 1, 2, 4, 11, 12, 139, 145, 151, 153, 367. 



43 



6. KARA SEA 

453. Alekseev, N. N. 

1938. Zimovka gidrograficheskogo otrfada na g/s "Toros" v ar- 

khipelage Nordenshel'da v 1936/37 g. (Hydrographical de- 
tails of the "Toros" wintering 1936/37 in Nordenskiold 
Archipelago.) Severnyi morskoi put'. 9:104-106. 

454. Anufriev, I. P. 

1913. Periodizitat der bewegung des eises in der Kara See. (In 

Russian.) Izv. Arkhangel'sk. obshch. izuch. russ. severa. 
1913(6). 

456. Arnold-Alfab'ev, V. I. 

1935. Nauchnye raboty v Karsko-Lenskoi ekspedifsii na borty 1/p 

"Malygin" letom 1934 g. (Scientific work of the Kara- 
Lena expedition of "Malygin", summer 1934.) BIQl. Arkt. 
inst. 1935(5/6) :145-146. [Friction, strength, porosity, 
saUnity of the ice.) 

456. Arnold-Alfab'ev, V. I. 

1938. Moshchnost, stroenie i polostnost I'da Karskogo Morfa po 

dannym ekspedifsii na 1/p "Malygin" v 1934 g. (Thick- 
ness, structure, and cavities of Kara Sea ice ... data of 
"Malygin" 1934 expedition.) Tr. Arkt. inst. 110:57-81. 

457. Bogdanov, D. A. 

1936. Materifaly po lo£sii iDzhno-Taimyrskogo vodnogo puti. 

(Material for sailing directions of the southern Taimyr 
water routes.) Leningrad, Glavsevmorputi. 

458. Borisov, A. A. 

1930. Karskoe more. (The Kara Sea.) Khosfaistvo severa. 1930 

(9/10) :29-41. [Deals with state of the ice.] 

469. Breitfuss, L. L. 

1915. Gidrograficheskafa ekspedi£siia Severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana 

i mery k ee osvobozhdenilQ iz vynyzhdennoi okolo Tai- 
myrskogo poluostrova zimovki v 1914/1915 g. (The hydro- 
graphical expedition in the North Polar Sea and the action 
of freeing it from the ice on the coast of the Taimyr Penin- 
sula in the winter of 1914/15.) Zap gidrogr. 39:88-136. 

460. Breitfuss, L. L. 

1915. Severnye polfarnye ekspedi£sii 1912 g. i ikh poiski. (North 

Polar expeditions 1912 and the search for them.) Zap 
gidrogr. 39:279-322. 

461 . Breitfuss, L. L. 

1916. t)ber die tatigkeit der Suchexpedition an bord der S. S. 

"Andromeda" und "Kit" im jahre 1915. (In Russian.) 
Zap. gidrogr. 40:431-452. 

462. Bruns, B. P. i K. M. Derjugin. 

Sostav i prochnost' I'da u Mysa ZhelaniQ v 1934/35. (Oc- 
currence and the strength of the ice at Cape Zhelaniya in 
1934/35.) (Ms. in Arctic Institute, U.S.S.R.) 



44 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



463. 



464. 



465. 



Burmakin, E. V. 

1938. Sostoianie ledoianogo pokrova v Obskoi Gube. (State of 

the ice cover of Ob Bay.) Problemy arktiki. 1938(3) :85-92. 

Chernigovski, N. T. 

1936. Sostofanie I'da v Prolive Matochkin Shar i prilegafQfsei 

chasti Karskogo Moria v 1931-1933 gg. (State of the ice 
in Matochkin Shar Strait and neighboring part of Kara 
Sea in 1931-1933.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 44:31-59. EngUsh 
summary. [Tables of ice-forms and thickness.] 



Danilov, B. I. 
1940. 



466. *Demme, N. P. 
1937. 



O zimnem gidrologicheskom rezhime v prolive Shokal'skogo. 
(Winter hydrological regime in Shokalsky Str.) Problemy 
arktiki. 1940(6) :21-27. diagrs. [Based on April 1936 data 
of Cape Cheliushkin Polar station.] 

Sostofanie I'dov v raione Ostrova Sergefa Kameneva (Sev. 
Zemha) v 1930-34 gg. (State of the ice in the region of 
Sergei Kamenev I., Northland during 1930-34.) Trud. 
Arkt. inst. 88:23-37. 



467. Dzerdzeevski, B. L. 

1939. Sinopticheskie tipy blagopriiatnykh i neblagoprifatnykh v 

ledovom otnoshenii naviga£sionnykh periodov u Poluos- 
trova Taimyr. (Favorable and unfavorable synoptic types 
during the navigational period at the Taimir Peninsula.) 
Met. i. gidrol. 5(2):19-30. 

468. Egorova, A. A. 

1940. Mikrobiologicheskoe issledovanie vozdukha, snega i I'da 

Karskogo Moria. (Microbiological study of air, snow, and 
ice of Kara Sea.) Mikrobiologia. 1940(9/10) :888-894. 

469. Evgenov, N. I. 

1926. L'dy Karskogo Moria v navigafsiiii 1925 g. (Die eisverhalt- 

nisse im Karischen meere wahrend der navigation 1925.) 
Zap. gidrogr. 51:117-152. chart. 



470. Evgenov, N. I. 
1929. 



Po voprosu o I'dakh Karskogo Morfa. (State of the ice in 
Kara Sea.) Trud. 2. Vse. gidrol. s'ezd, Leningrad. 2: 
427-430. 



471. Evgenov, N. I. 
1930. 



471. Evgenov, N. I. 
1935. 



473 . Germany. 
1919. 



Das nordliche eismeer. Lotsenbuch des Karischen Meerea 
und von Nowaja Semlja. (In Russian.) Leningrad, 
Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 92, 181 p. 

raspredelenii poverkhnostnykh solenostei v zapadnoi chasti 
Karskogo Moria v 1927 g. i rol' I'dov pri etom. (Distri- 
bution of surface salinity in the western part of the Kara 
in 1927 and the role of the ice.) Issled. mor. SSSR. 21: 
57-64. [Chart of salinity and ice.] 

Oberkommando der Kreigsmarine. 

Die fahrt nach dem Ob und Jenissei. 



KARA SEA 



45 



474. 



475. 



476. 



477. 



478. 



479. 



480. 



481. 



482. 



483. 



Golitzin, B. 

1900. Uber meterologische beobachtungen auf Nowaja Semlja. 

Mem. Akad. nauk. s.8, 9(3). 

Golovkov, M. P. 

1936. K petrografii I'da Karskogo Moria. Kristalloopticheskoe 

issledovanie I'dov Karskogo Morfa vo vremia ekspedi- 
{sionnogo reisa 1/k "Malygin" v naviga£sionnyi period 1934 
g. (Petrography of the ice of Kara Sea. Crystallographic 
research on the Kara Sea ice during the "Malygin" 1934 
expedition.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 60:7-40. German summary. 

Golovkov, M. P. 

1937. K voprosy o strukture I'da Karskogo Moria. (Ice structure 

of Kara Sea.) Uchen. zap. Leningrad univ. 3(16) geol.- 
pochv.-geogr. 4:9-32. English summary. 

Gomofilnov, K. A. 

1937. Ledovyi pokrov Vostochnoi chasti proUva lUgorskii Shar. 

(Ice cover eastern part of Jugorsky Str.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 
88:7-22. 



Herrmann, J. 
1906. 



Hovgaard, A. 

1884. 

Itdin, 0. 
1939. 



Die fahrt nach dem Ob und dem Jenissei ini jahre 1905. Ann. 
hydrogr., Berlin. 34:193-219. [Ice conditions at mouths 
of rivers Ob and Yenissei.] 



Die eiszustande im Karischen Meer. 
253-259. 



Peter manns mitt. 30: 



Ledovyi dreif g/s "Professor Vize" v severovostochnoi chasti 
Karskogo Moria v avguste-sentiabre 1937 g. (Ice-drift 
of the "Vize" in the NE part of the Kara Sea during August- 
September 1937.) Sever nyi morskoi put'. 13:5-18. 

Johannesen, E. H. 

1870. Observationer af stromsaetninger, isforholde og dybde under 

fangstreisen paa Novasemlia i sommeren 1869. Uddragen 
af Journalen ombard i skonnerten "Nordland". Ofvers. 
forh. Svensk. vetensk. akad. 27 :111-115. 

Johannesen, E. H. 

1871. Hydrografiske iakttagelser under en fangsttour 1870 rundt 

om Novaja-Semlia. Ofvers forh. Svensk. vetensk. akad. 
28:157-168. 1 chart. 

Kedrolivanskii, V. N. and V. ft). Vize. 

1923. Novye dannye po gidrologii Karskogo Moria. Gidrolo- 

gicheskie i meteorologichesksie nablfiideniia v Karskom 
i Barentsovom Monakh v 1921 godu. (New data on the 
hydrology of the Kara Sea. Hydrological and meteorologi- 
cal observations in the Kara and Barents during 1921.) 
Zap. gidrogr. 47:81-130. 



46 

484. 
485. 



486. 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHEEE 

Khmyznikov, P. K. 

1933. K gidrologii vostochnoi chasti Karskogo Morla. (Hydrology 

of the eastern part of the Kara Sea.) Issled. Mor. SSSR. 
18 :l-48. German summary. [Ice cover, pp. 43-46.] 

♦Kolchak, A. 

1909. Led Karkogo i Sibirskogo Morei. (Ice in Kara and Siberian 

seas.) St. Petersburg. Mem. Akad. nauk. s.8, cl. phys.- 
math. 26(1). Resultats scientifiques de I'exp^dition po- 
laire Russe en 1900-1903. Sec. B : g6ogr. phys. et math. no. 
1. V, 169 p. illus., tables. 

Komov, N. N. i O. N. Komova. 

1938. Meteorologicheskie nablfiideniia v ekspedifsii na "Chelfiis- 

kine" i v lagere Shmidta. (Meteorological observations of 
"Cheliuskin" expedition and of Camp Schmidt.) (In: 
Schmidt & Gakkel. Nauchnye rezul'taty rabot ekspedifsii 
na "Cheluiskine" i v lagere Shmidta. Tom. I. 1938. 
pp. 143-220.) [Tables for August 1933 to February 1934, 
include ice of Kara, Laptev, and E. Siberian seas.] 



487. 



488. 



Koshkin, 
1940. 



Koshkin, 
1940. 



V. N. 

Ledovyi patrul' v Karskom More na z/s "Nerpa" v navi- 
gafsifii 1939 goda. (Ice patrol of the "Nerpa" in the Kara 
Sea during the navigation season of 1939.) Problemy 
arktiki. 1940(4) :92-96. 

V. N. i A. I. Noskov. 

Ledovyi patrul' v Karskom i Barenfsovom morfakh. (Ice 
patrol in the Kara and Barents seas.) Leningrad-Moscow, 
Izd. Glavsevmorputi. 40 p. illus. (Bibliotechka "Stak- 
hanov£sy Arktiki". Kn. 22.) [The 1938-1939 patrol on 
the "Murmanets" and "Nerpa".] 



489. 



490. 



Laktionov, A. 
1935. 



Scientific results of the Arctic expedition on the "Lomonosoff" 
in 1931. Hydrology and meteorology. (In Russian.) Trud. 
Arkt. inst. 18. [State of the ice, pp. 85-90.] 



Laktionov, 
1936. 



A. F. 



491. 



492. 



Ekspedi£siia na ledokol'nom parokhode "Sedov" v Severo- 
Vostochnufii chast' Karskogo Morfa v 1934 g, (Expedition 
of the ice-breaker Sedov to NE part of Kara Sea in 1934.) 
Trud. Arkt. inst. 64:7-41. English summary. [Ice pic- 
tures and discussion.] 

Laktionov, A. F. 

1940. Aisbergi v raione Severnoi Zemli. (Icebergs in region of 

Northland.) Problemy arktiki. 1940(9) :92-94. 

Lappo, S. D. 

1936. Cherez Karskie I'dy v Khatangskii zaliv. (Plavanie 1/p 

"Rusanov" v 1934 g.) (Across Kara Sea ice to Khatanga 
gulf. "Rusanov" trip in 1934.) Severnyi morskoi put', 
suppl. 1 :5-23. illus., 19 figs. [Good pictures of ice.] 



KARA SEA 47 

493. Lappo, S. D. 

1936. techeniiakh mona Laptevykh i Karskogo moria. (Cur- 

rents in the Laptev and Kara seas.) Severnyi taorskoi put'. 
5:72-82. English summary. Tables, diagrs. ["Rusanov" 
1934. Remarks on ice ilrift.] 

494. Lavrov, A. 

1931. Severnyi morskoi put' (Karskoe more.) (The Great Northern 

Sea Route, Kara Sea.) Morskoi sbornik. 1931(7) :79-95. 
[Descriptive; good ice photos.] 

495. *Leshaft, Emil. 

1913. L'dy Karskago Mona i dostupnost ego dlia soobshchenii s 

Sibirfii. (Ice in Kara Sea and its use in communication with 
Siberia.) Zap. gidrogr. 37 161-260. [Ice conditions 1869- 
1911; wind directions analyzed.] 

496. Leshaft, Emil. 

1914. Das Karische Meer als seeweg nach Sibirien. Ann. hydrogr., 

Berlin. 42:1-14, 65-76. [Tables for state of the ice 1869- 
1911.] 

497. Meteorologicheskie i gidrologicheskie nabliudeuiia proizvedennye na m/s 

1933. "Belukha" v 1930 godu. (Meteorological and hydrological 

observations of the M.S. "Belukha" in 1930.) Trud. Arkt. 
inst. 1:151-173. illus. [October ice record in Kara Sea.] 

498. Nazarov, V. 

1935. Predskazaniia vremeni vskrytiia Eniseiskogo Zaliva. (Fore- 

casting time of opening of Yenisei Gulf.) Vodn. transp. 
13(7) :26-27. 

499. Pettersson, Otto. 

1883. Contributions to the hydrography of the Siberian Sea. Vega- 

ekspeditionens vetenskapliga iakttagelser. 2 :325-380. (Ice 
encountered in Kara and Siberian seas.] 

500. Pinegin, N. V. 

1933. V ledfanykh prostorakh. (In the ice expanse. Sedov's ex- 

pedition to the North Pole, in 1912-1914.) 2d ed. Lenin- 
grad. (1st ed. 1924.) 

501. Rabot, Charles. 

1920. A recent drift in the Kara Sea. Geogr. rev. 9:361-362. 

502. Raikhenberg, M. 

1940. Gibel' "Sv. Anny". (Ekspedifsiia leitenanta G. L. Brusilova 

V 1912 g.) (Wreck of the St. Anna. Brusilov expedition 
1912.) Sovetskaia arktika. 1940(3) :66-77. illus., chart 
of drift. 

503. Rosenthal, A. E. 

1934. Ledovoi rezhim fiizhnoi chasti Gydaiamskogo (Nydaiamskogo) 

Zaliva v zimu 1931-1932 g. (Ice conditions in a part of 
Gidayamo (Nudayama) Gulf during the winter of 1931-32.) 
Severnyi morskoi put'. 1:18-32. English summary. 



48 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHEBB 

504. Roze, N. 

1922. zadachakh issledovaniia Karskogo Mona. (Problems of 

research in the Kara Sea.) Met. vestn. 32(1 M). 144 p. 
[Ice, ice-drift, wind, currents (especially in Kara Str.).] 
[Unverified reference.] 

505. Rybin, S. 

1925. Das Karische Meer und sein eis. (In Russian.) Z. Sibirsk. 

no. 3. [Unverified reference.] 

506. Samoilovich, R. 

1935. Exploration of the Polar part of U.S.S.R. in 1934 and the 

Sedov-expedition. Geogr. ann. Sven Hedin memorial vol. 
17:663-667. [Contains excellent chart of N. Kara Sea 
showing ice conditions.] 

507. Schell, I. I. 

1942. Weather types and navigation around the Taimyr Peninsula. 

Geogr. rev. 32:322. [A review of Dzerdzeevski, B. L., 1939.] 

508. Schmidt, 0. ft), i tA. Gakkel, eds. 

1938. Nauchnyi rezul'taty rabot ekspedifsii na "Chelfilskine" i v 

lagere Shmidta. Tom I. (Scientific results of the "Chelyu- 
shkin" expedition and of Camp Schmidt.) Leningrad, Izd. 
Glavsevmorputi. 249 p. illus., fold, charts, diagrs. 

509. Sergievski, V. A. 

1928. Uslovifa plavanifa v Karskom More v svfazi s ledovym so- 

stoianiem ego. (Navigation of Kara Sea relative to its 
ice conditions.) Severnaia Aziia. 1928(3) :79-91. [Con- 
ditions during 1926.] 

510. Shokalskii, lU. M. ^ . ^ 

1918. Kratiia svedenia po meteorologii i okeanografii Karskogo i 

Sibirskogo morei. (Succinct information on the meteor- 
ology and oceanography of the Kara and Siberian seas.) 
Petrograd, Gidrometizdat. 114 p. 

511. Shuleikin, V. V. 

1935. Elementy teplogo rezhima Karskogo Mona. (Elements of 

heat balance in Kara Sea.) Trud. Taimyrsk. gidrogr. 
eksped., 1932. 2:7-48. 

512. Shuleikin, V. V. 

1935. Temperaturye volny v ledovom pokrove moriS,. (Tempera- 

ture waves of the ice cover of the sea.) Trud. Taimyrsk. 
gidrogr. eksped. 2:49-68. 

513 . Snellen, Maurits et Henri Ekama. 

1910. Rapport sur I'expddition polaire n^erlandaise qui a hivern^ 

dans la mer de Kara en 1882-83. Utrecht, J. van Boek- 
hoven. 

514. Sokolov, M. P. 

1935. Poloustrov Taimyr i Severnyi morskoi put'. (The Taimyr 

Peninsula and the great Northern Sea Route.) Severnyi 
morskoi put'. 2:7-39. (English summary.) [Ice occurrence 
and behavior in this region; information on voyage through 
Vilkitsky Str.] 



KARA SEA 49 

515. Tayron, K. 

1929. Formu I'da u vostochnogo berega Novoi Zemli v raione ot 

Matochkina Shara do Zaliva Medvezh'ego. (Eisformen 
an der ostkiiste von Nowaja-Semlja im rayon zwischen 
Matotschkin-Schar und der Medweschijbucht.) Zap. 
gidrogr. 55:105-117. 

516. Timofeevskii, N. 

1925. Ledianoi pokrov Eniseiskogo Zaliva. (Ice cover of Gulf of 

Yenisei.) Izv. Russ. geogr. obshch. 57(2):23-32. 

517. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1938. Lotsiia Karskogo Moria. Chast' I. Karskoe More i NovafS. 

Zemlia. (Kara Sea pilot, pt. I. Kara and Novaya Zemlya.) 
540 p. Dopolnenie (suppl.) 2. 1940. Dopolnenie 
no. 3. 1941. 

518. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1939. Lofsiia Karskogo Mona. Chast' II. Ob'-Eniseiskii raion. 

(Kara Sea pilot. Pt. II. Ob- Yenisei region.) 314 p. 
I)opolnenie (suppl.) 2. 1941. 

519. Vangengeim, G. lA. 

1930 . Materiialy dlia sinopticheskoi kharakteristiki Karskogo Morfa. 

(Prilozhenie k lo{sii Karskogo Moria i Novoi Zemli.) (Ma- 
terial on synoptical characteristics of the Kara Sea. Suppl. 
to the Kara Sea and Novaya Zemlya pilot.) Leningrad, 
Komsevernoput'. 52 p. 

520. Vasnetsov, V. A. ^ 

1936. Materiialy k gidrologii Karskogo Morfa v sviazi s rol'fii 

Atlanticheskikh vod v ego rezhime. (Hydrological material 
on the Kara Sea in connection with the role of Atlantic 
water on its regime.) Leningrad, Glavsevmorputi. 70 p. 
18 figs. 

521 . Vize, V. III. 

1930. O ledovitosti Karskogo Mona. (Die verteilung des eises im 

Karischen Meer.) Izv. l^entr. gidromet. bfflro. 9:235-242. 
German summary. 

522. Vize, V. iU. 

1931. Meteorological observations of the Sedov Polar expedition. 

V. 1. Observations of Foka-Bay, Novaya Zemlya, 1912- 
1913. (In Russian; titles in English.) Materials for the 
study of the Arctic. 1:5-252. [Includes state of the ice.] 

523. Vize, V. H). 

1938. K izuchenifil dvizhenifa I'dov v prohve Vil'kitzkogo. (Study 

of the movement of the ice in Vilkitsky Strait.) Problemy 
arktiki. 1938(1) :41-45. 

524. Vorob'ev, V. I. 

1934. Materialy po lotsii Tazovskoi guby. (Material for a Tazov- 

skaya Bay pilot.) Leningrad, Glavsevmorputi. 58 p. 
tables, diagrs. 



50 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

525. Vorob'ev, V. I. 

1940. Karskoe More. (Kara Sea.) Leningrad, Glavsevmorputi. 

128 p. 2 charts. 

526. Zhitkov, B. M. . 

1911. Poluostrov fAmal. (The Yamal Peninsula.) Zap. gidrogr. 

33:239-269. Reviewed in Petermanns mitt. 57(2):11-14. 

527. Zinger, M. 

Skvoz' I'dy v Sibir'. Ocherki Karskoi ekspedifsii 1929 goda. 
("Through the ice to Siberia. Sketch of the Kara expedi- 
tion, 1929.") Moscow-Leningrad, "Zemlla i fabrika". 
153 p. 

SEE ALSO: 2, 6, 11, 12, 30, 44, 56, 164, 336, 364, 367, 374, 378, 382, 397, 
406, 407, 414, 419, 420, 424, 532, 1657. 



51 



7. LAPTEV SEA 

528. Cheliuskin expedition, 1933-1934. 

1935. The voyage of the Chelyuskin, by members of the expedition, 

tr. by Alec Bi;own . . . New York, Macmillan. 325 p. 

529. Chirikhin, J. D. 

1935. Izuchennost' morei Laptevykh i Vostochno-Sibirskogo v 

gidrograficheskom otnoshenii k nachalu 1935 g. (On the 
hydrographic knowledge acquired up to 1934 about the 
Laptev and the North Siberian seas.) Severnyi morskoi 
put'. 2:59-73. English summary. 

530. Birmiin, G. M. i M. M. Somov. 

1940. Vliianie dreifa na ledovitost' Morfa Laptevykh. (Influence 

of drift on state of ice Laptev Sea.) Problemy arktiki. 
1940(7 /8):5-12. 

631. Douglas, M. 

1899. White north; with Nordenskiold, DeLong and Nansen. 

London. 237 p. 

532. Gakkel', tX. tk. i P. K. Khmyznikov. 

1938. Nauchnye rezul'taty gidrografo-gidrologicheskikh rabot eks- 

pedifsii na "Cheliaskine", proizvedennykh v Karskom 
More, More Laptevykh i Vostochnosibirskom More. 
(Scientific results of hydrographic-hydrologic work of the 
"Cheliuskin" in Kara, Laptev, and E. Siberian seas.) (In: 
Schmidt & Gakkel. Nauchnye resul'taty rabot ekspedifeii 
na "Cheimskine". Vol. 1. pp. 25-140.) [Tables of ice.] 

533. Khmyznikov, P. K. 

1932. Nekotorye dannye o zimnem rezhime v 1927-28 gg. prolivov 

arkhipelaga Novo-Sibirskikh o-vov i fAnskogo Zaliva. 
(Winter regime in the straits of the New SiberianArchipelago 
and in Jana Gulf.) Issled. mor. SSSR. 15:33-62. German 
summary. [Tables of ice thickness, salinity; discussion of 
ice forms, occurrence.] 

534. Lappo, S. D. 

1935. Mater'ialy po lo{sii pribrezhnoi zony Morfa Laptevykh ot 

ust'ia reki Leny do mysa Chelfiiskina. (Sailing direction 

data for the Laptev Sea coast, from Lena delta to C. 

Cheliuskin.) Leningrad, Glavsemorputi. 38 p. [Ice, pp. 

■ 9-11.] 

635. Lappo, S. D. 

1939. More Laptevykh. (Laptev Sea.) Sovetskafa arktika. 1939 

(ll):71-82. [Ice conditions, p. 74.] 

536. Lavrov, A. 

1931 . Severnyi morskoi put' (More Laptevykh i Vostochno-Sibirskoe 

More.) (The Northern Sea Route, Laptev and Eastern 
Siberian seas.) Morskoi sbornik. 1931(8) :80-93. [iJes- 
criptive; good ice photos.] 



52 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

537. Morozov, R. 

1934. Lenskii pokhod. (Lena expedition.) Moscow, "Molodaia 

gvardia". 116 p. 

538. Popov, A. M. 

1932. Gidrobiologicheskii ocherk Mona Laptevykh. (Hydro-bio- 

logical sketch of the Laptev Sea.) Issled. mor. SSSR. 
15:189-230. English summary. [Ice cover, p. 194.] 

539. Shadrin, N. E. _ 

1936. Dolzhen li zamerzat' Lenskii flot? (Is it necessary for the 

Lena fleet to freeze in?) Sovetskafa arktika. 1936(5) :44-50. 

540. Storozhev, N. M. 

1940. Dreif I'dov v More Laptevykh pod vliianien prilivo-otlivnykh 

lavlenii. (Ice drift in the Laptev Sea under the influence 
of tides.) Problemy arktiki. 1940(3) :69-83. 

541. Storozhev, N. M. 

1940. Gidrologicheskaia rabota na dreifyiiischikh I'dakh. (Hydro- 

logical work on the drifting ice.) Leningrad, Glavsevmorputi 
44 p. (Prolitupravlenie Glavsevmorputi pri S.N.K. SSSR. 
Bibliotechka "Stakhanovtsy Arktiki" kn. 24.) [Laptev 
Sea 1937-38 on icebreaker "Lenin".] 

542. Sverdrup, H. U. 

1930. Sostoianie I'dov v More Laptevykh i Vostochno-Sibiriskom 

More letom 1924 i 1925 gg. po nablfiideniiam s sudna 
"Mod". (State of the ice in the Laptev and East Siberian 
seas during the summers of 1924 and 1925 from observa- 
tions of the "Maud".) Mater. Kom lAkutsk. ASSR. 
30:369-376. 

543. U. S. S. R. Glavnoe upravlenie Severnogo morskogo puti. 

1936. Ot ust'ia Leny V Khatangskii zaliv. (From the Lena delta to 

Khatangsku Gulf.) Leningrad, Glavesvmorputi. 168 p. 
illus., photos., tables, charts. [Lappo, S. Hydrographic 
work on schooner "Pioneer", pp. 1-93. Voeikov, A. A. & 
V. M. Stoharov. Winter conditions at Tiksi Bay. pp. 
94-168.] 

544. Vize, V. lU. 

1933. Sostoianie I'dov v Ledovitom More mezhdu No vol Zemlei i 

Beringovym prolivom po nabliQdeniiam 1/p "Sibiriakov" 

V 1932 godu. (Die eisverhaltnisse im nordlichen eismeer 

, zwischen Nowaja Semlja und der Bering-Strasse nach 

beobachtungen des eisbrechers "Sibirjakow" im jahre 1932.) 
Trud. Arkt. inst. 10:89-101. German summary. 

545. Vize, V. fi). 

1934. Expedition du Sibiriakov in 1932. Premiere pte. Recit de 

I'expddition k bord du brise-glaces Sibiriakov en 1932. 
Rev. trav. Off. sci. techn. peches marit. 7.275-290. 

546. Vize, V. fU. 

1935. Sostoianie I'dov v Ledovitom More letom 1934 g. po nablfii- 

deniiam 1/p "Litke". (Die eisverhaltnisse im nordlichen 
eismeer in sommer 1934.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 29:40-46. 



LAPTEV SEA 53 

547. Zinger, M. E. 

1934. Lenskii pokhod. Ocherki 1-i Lenskoi ekspedifsii ledokola 

"Krasin", Arkhangel'skikh sudov "Stalin", "Pravda", 
"Volodarskii" i Omskogo teplokhoda "Perva^" pfatiletka 
vokrug Taimyrskogo poluostrova k ust'fii Leny, v Bukhtu 
Tiksi. ("Lena expedition. Sketches of the first Lena expe- 
dition of the "Krasin" etc. around the Taimyr Peninsula 
and the mouth of the Lena, in Tiksi Bay.") Leningrad, 
Leningradskoe obi. izd-vo. 85 p. 

SEE ALSO. 2, 11, 12, 44, 56, 455, 485, 486, 493, 508, 511, 551, 555, 558, 
559, 560, 562. 



54 



8. EAST SIBERIAN SEA 

548. Bitte, M. P. 

1913. Materiialy dlia lo£sii Severnago Ledovitago Okeana i ust'iS. 

reki Kolymy. (Material for sailing directions of Arctic 
Ocean and mouth of the Kolyma River.) Zap. gidrogr. 
36:278-283. 

549. Chausov, A. K. 

1937. Materiialy po zimnemu gidrologicheskomu rezhimu, Chaun- 

skoi guby. (Hydrological winter regime at Chaunskaya 
Gulf.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 88:55-67. 

550. Davydov, B. V. ^ ^ 

1912. Materiialy dlia izucheniia Severnogo Ledovitogo Okeania ot 

Mysa Dezhneva do r. Kolymy, sobrannye v 1910 i 1911 gg. 
Gidrograficheskikh ekspeditsii Severn. Ledovit. Ok. (Ma- 
terial for study of the Arctic Ocean from Cape Dezhnev to 
the river Kolyma collected in 1910-1911 by the Hydro- 
graphic expedition to the Arctic Ocean.) St. Peterburg. 

551. DeLong, G. W. 

1897. The voyage of the Jeannette. The ship and ice journaK Ed. 

by Emma De Long. Boston. 2 v. 

552. Evgenov, N. I. 

1936. State of the ice in the East-Siberian Sea in 1932/33, observed 

by the Narkomvod North-east Polar expedition on the 
icecutter "F. Litke" and other ships. (In English and Rus- 
sian.) Hydrol. obsns. mar. exped. 2d Int. Polar Yr. exped. 
6/7:5-13,36-41. 2 charts. 

553. Gomomnov, K. 

1939. Vostochno-Sibirskoe more. (East Siberian Sea.) Sovetskaia 

arktika. 1939(10) :46-55. illus., tables, f'lce cover": pp. 
52-53. Chart showing limits.] 

554. Leningrad. Glavnaia geofizicheskaia observatoriia. Institut klimatologii. 

1936. Meteorologicheskie nablmdeniia poliarnoi stantsii na 0. 

Bolshoi Liakhovskii, zimovki: 1928-29, 1929-30, 1930-31. 
Meteorological observations of the Polar station at Bolshoy 
Liakovsky I., winterings of 1928-29, 1929-30, 1930-31. Pod 
red. V. N. Kedrolivanskogo. Leningrad, fSUEGMS. 
109 p. 

555. Neupokoev, K. K. 

1922. Materiialy po lo^ii Sibirskogo Moria. (Sailing directions 

material for Siberian Sea.) Zap. gidrogr. prilozh. (suppl.) 
46. 53 p. 

556. Protopopov, I. D. 

1936. State of the ice in the East-Siberian Sea in 1932, observed by 

the expedition of the All-Union Arctic Institute on the ice- 
breaking steamer "Sibiriakov". (In English and Russian.) 
Hydrol. obsns. mar. exped. 2d Int. Polar Yr. exped. 6/7:13, 
41-42. 1 fold, chart. 



EAST SIBERIAN SEA 55 

557. Ratmanov, G. E. 

1931. K gidrologii Vostochno-Sibirskogo Mona. (Hydrology of the 

East Siberian Sea. Scientific results of the "Litke" expedi- 
tion to the Wrangel I. in 1929 no. 1.) Issled. mor. SSSR. 
13:5-104. tables, charts. [Notes on occurrence of ice in 
text and in tables.] 

558. Rudovitz, L. F. 

1929. Prichiny dreifa I'da v Sibirskom More. (Consideration of 

ice drift in the Siberian Sea.) Zap. gidrogr. 55:141-142. 

559. Shostakovitch, V. B. 

1925. Die eisdecke der gewasser Ostsibiriens. Met. z. 42:282-285. 

560. *Sokolov, A. V. 

1929. Materiialy po lotsii Sibirskogo Moria. (Material for sailing 

directions for the Siberian Sea.) Zap. gidrogr. prilozh. 
55. 58 p. fold, chart of part from Kolyma to Lena rivers. 
[Ice, pp. 54-57.] 

561. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1939. Lofsiia Vostochno-Sibirskogo Mona. (East Siberian Sea 

Pilot.) Dopolnenie (suppl.) 1. 1940. 

562. Vize, V. lU. 

1926. Gidrologicheskii ocherk Mona Laptevykh i Vostochnosi- 

birskogo Moria. (Hydrological sketch of the Laptev and 
East Siberian seas.) Mater. Kom. lAkutsk. A.S.S.R. 5. 
86 p. 

563. Vize, V. lU. 

1926. Zur frage der 4- bis 5-jahrigen periode in dem schwankungen 

hydrometeorologischer elemente. Aim. hydrogr., Berlin. 
54 :178-179. [Between Bering Strait and mouth of the Koly- 
ma R.] 

564. Wrangell, Ferdinand von. 

1840. Narrative of an expedition to the Polar Sea, in the years 

1820-1823. London. 413 p. [Appendix contains remarks 
on the ice of the Polar Sea.] 

SEE ALSO: 2, 11, 12, 44, 56, 485, 486, 499, 508, 511, 529, 531, 532, 533, 536, 
542, 544, 1674. 



56 



9. CHUKCHI SEA 

565. Alekseev, N. N. 

1936. K ostrovam Vrangelia i Geral'da na p/kh "Sovet". (The 

icebreaker "Soviet" near Wrangel and Herald islands.) 
Severnyi morskoi put'. 5:22-72. English summary. 

566. Duplifskii, D. S. 

1936. Nauchnye raboty ekspedifsii na ledokole "Krasin" v 1935 

godu (Scientific work of the "Krasin" expedition during 
1935.) pod redak£siei D. S. Duphfskogo i. G. E. Ratmanova. 
Leningrad, Glavsevmorput'. 178 p. [From Bering Strait 
to Wrangel Island.] 

567. Evgenov, N. I. 

1935. Expedition of the ice-breaker "Krasin" m 1934 into the NE 

part of the Soviet Arctic. (In Russian; English summary.) 
Biai. Arkt. inst. 1935(1/2) :6-ll, 45-48. 

568. Evgenov, N. I. 

1936. State of the ice in the Bering Strait and Chukchee.Sea in 

1932/33 on the way to the mouth of R. Kolyma, observed by 
the Narkomvod North-east Polar expedition on the ice- 
cutter "F. Litke" and other ships. (In English and Rus- 
sian.) Hydrol obsns. mar. exped. 2d Int. Polar Yr. exped. 
6/7:19-30. 46-54. 2 charts. 

569. Evgenov, N. I. 

1937. Materiialy po lofsii Ostrova Vrangelia i Ostrova Geral'd. 

(Navigation of Wrangell and Herald is.) Leningrad, 
Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 78 p. 

570. Georgievskii, N. 

1939 . Opyty uskoreniia taianiia snego i I'da v raione Mysa Schmidta 

V 1937 g. (Experiences in hastening the melting of snow 
and ice in the region of Cape Schmidt, 1937.) Severnyi 
morskoi put'. 13:29-35. 

571. Gromov, B. V. 

1934. Pokhod "Sibinakova". (The Sibiriakov expedition.) Moscow, 

"Sovetskaia hteratura". 252 p. [From Novaya Zemlya 
to Bering Str. Mostly in Chukotsk Sea.] 

572. Grum-Grzhimailo, M. M. 

1936. State of the ice in the Bering Strait and Chukchee Sea in 

1932 observed by the expedition of the Kamchatka joint- 
stock society (AKO LTD) on S/S "Soviet". (In Enghsh 
and Russian.) Hydrol. obsns. mar. exped. 2d Int. Polar 
Yr. exped. 6/7:31-35, 56-59. [Tables of direction and 
speed of ice drift. 1 fold, chart.] 

573. Healy, M. A. 

1889. Report of the cruise of the revenue marine steamer Corwin in 

the Arctic Ocean in the year 1884. Washington, G.P.O. 
128 p. illus., plates. (H. misc. doc. 602. 50th cong., Ist 

sess. Ser. no. 2583.) [Ice, pp. 23-24.] 



OHUEOHI SEA 57 

574. Hooper, C. L. 

1881. Report of the cruise of the U.S. revenue steamer Corwin in 

the Arctic Ocean. Washington, G.P.O. 71 p. illus., fold. 
tables, chart. (Treas. dep. doc. 118.) 

575. Hooper, C. L. 

1884. Report of the cruise of the U.S. revenue steamer Thomas 

Corwin, in the Arctic Ocean, 1881. Washington, G.P.O. 
147 p. illus., plates. (Treas. dep. doc. 601.) 

576. International Polar Year expedition, 2d, 1932-33. 

1936. Hydrological observations of marine expedition of the 2d 

International Polar Year 1932/33. Vol. 6-7. East Si- 
berian and Chukchee seas, Bering Strait and Bering Sea. 
(In Russian and English.) Ed. by I. A. Kireeva. Lenin- 
grad-Moscow, Hydrometeorological section of Hydro- 
graphic department. 180 p. incl. tables. 9 charts. 

577. Karelin, D. B. 

1940. Ledovaia sluzhba v Vostochnom sektore Arktiki v 1939 g. 

(The ice service in the eastern sector of the Arctic in 1939.) 
Sovetskaia arktika. 1940(4) :39-43. [Photos of ice at 
Wrangel I. and Schmidt Bay.] 

578. Khmyznikov, P. K. 

1935. Dreif I'da v Chukotskom More. (Drift ice in Chukotsk Sea.) 

Severn3a morskoi put'. 3:5-20. English summary. 

579. Kotzebue, 0. E. von. 

1821. Eisberge von ausgezeichneter art in Kotzebue's Sund, und 

der nordwestkiiste Americas. Ann. phys. 69:143-148. 

580. Ovchinnikov, I. 

1939. Opyt predskazaniia ledovit'osti Chukotskogo Morfa. (Ex- 

perience in forecasting the ice conditions in Chukotsk Sea.) 
Met. i. gidrol. 5(4) :89-94. 

581. Piotrovich, V. V. 

1936. Kratkie rezul'taty gidrofizicheskikh nablfQdenii na 1/k "Kra- 

sin". (Summary of the results of the hydrophysical obsnp, 
on board the "Krasin".) (In: Dupli^kii, D. S., ed. Nau- 
chnye raboty eksped. na 1 /k "Krasin" v 1935 g. Leningrad, 
pp. 99-111.) [Includes: Thermal study of surface layer; 
melting of marine ice; detn. porosity of ice; photographs 
of ice forms ; formation and structure of ice.] 

582. Protopopov, I. D. 

1936. State of the ice in the Chukchee Sea and Bering Strait in 

1932, observed by the expedition of the AU-Union Arctic 
Institute on the ice-breaking steamer "Sibiriakov". (In 
English and Russian.) Hydrol. obsns. mar. exped. 2d 
Int. Polar Yr. exped. 6 /7 :30-31, 55. 1 fold chart. 

583. Radvillovich, K. A. 

1936 . Meteorologicheskie usloviia raspredelenifS I'da v navigafsifii 

1935 g. V Vostochnom sektore Arktiki. (Meteorological 
conditions, distribution of ice during the season of navigation 
1935, in the eastern section of the Arctic.) (In: Dupli£skii, 
D. S. Nauchnye raboty ekspediisii na 1/k "Krasin" v 
1935 g. Leningrad, pp. 140-150. tables.) 



58 
584. 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



Ratmanov, G. E. 



1936. State of the ice in the Bering Strait and Chukchee Sea in 

1932, observed by the expedition of the State hydrological 
institute and the Pacific fisheries institute on trawler 
"Dalnevostotchnik". (In EngUsh and Russian.) Hydrol. 
obsns. mar. exped. 2d Int. Polar Yr. exped. 6/7:14-16, 
43-44. 1 chart. 

585. Ratmanov, G. E. 

1936. State of the ice in the Chukchee Sea in 1933, observed by 

the expedition of the State Hydrological institute and the 
Pacific fisheries institute on trawler "Krasnoarmeyetz". 
(In English and Russian.) Hydrol. obsns. mar. exped. 2d 
Int. Polar Yr. exped. 6/7:17-19,45-46. 1 chart. 

586. Ratmanov, G. E. 

1937. K gidrologii Beringova i Chukotskogo morei (Hj'drography 

of the Bering and Chukotsk seas.) Issled. mor. SSSR 
25:10-118. [State of the ice in Bering Strait and in Chuk- 
otsk Sea during summers 1932-1933, pp. 112-116. charts.] 

Ratmanov, G. E. i D. N. Sergievskii. 

1936. Kratkie svedeniia o plavanii ledokola "Krasin" v 1935 g. i 

ledovye usloviia v Chukotskoni more. (Brief information 
on the navigation of the "Krasin" during 1935, and ice 
conditions in Chukotsk Sea.) (In. Duplitskii, D. S. Nau- 
• chnye raboty ekspcditsii na 1/k "Krasin" v 1935 g. Lenin- 
grad, pp. 151-169. illus., fold, charts.) [Chart of course; 
ice charts for July and August.) 

Shestiperov, N. A. 

Observations on ice-drift at Cape Schmidt. (In Russian.) 
(Ms. in Editorial Section of Arctic Institute, U.S.S.R.) 



587. 



588. 



589. 



Shirshov, P. P. 
1936. 



590. 



Shirshov, 
1937. 



P. P. 



Plankton kak indikator ledovogo rezhima mona. (Plankton 

■ as indicators of ice regime of the sea.) (In Duplitskii, 

D. S. Nauchnye raboty ekspeditsii na I/k "Krasin" v 

1935 g. Leningrad, pp. 59-73. illus.) [Discussion of color 

and melting of ice related to phytoplankton.] 

Sezonnye lavleniia v zhizni fitoplanktona poliarnykh morei 
V sviazi s ledovym rezhimom. (Seasonal changes of the 
phytoplankton of the Polar seas in connection with ice 
regime.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 82:47-111. English summary. 

591 . Tolmachev, I. P. 

1911. Po Chukotskomu poberezhiu Ledovitogo Okeana. (Along 

the Chukchi coast of the Arctic Sea.) St. Peterburg. 
117 p. map. 

592. Tolstikov, E. I. 

1940. Sluzhba pogody na Myse Shmidta. (Weather service on Cape 

Schmidt.) Moscow-Leningrad, Glavsevmorputi. 36 p. 
(Bibliotechka "Stakhanovtsy Arktiki". Kn. 7.) [Includes 
state of ice reports.] 



CHUKCHI SEA 59 

593. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1938. Lofsiia Chukotskogo Moria. (Chukchee Sea pilot.) Dopol- 

nenie (suppl.) 3, 1941. 

594. Vize, V. lU. 

1933. Die triften des "Sibirj akow" im Tschuktschen Meer. (In 

Russian; German summary.) Izv. Gos. Gidrol. inst. 
10:103-124. 

SEE ALSO: 2, 11, 12, 531, 544, 546, 550, 551, 555, 558, 559, 562, 564, 966. 



60 



10. BEAUFORT SEA 

595. CoUinson, Richard. 

1855. Account of the proceedings of H. M.S. Enterprise from Behring 

Strait to Cambridge Bay. J. Geogr. soc. 25:194-205. 

596. CoUinson, Richard. 

1889. Journal of H.M.S. Enterprise, on the expedition in search of 

Sir John FrankHn's ships by Behring Strait, 1850-55. By 
Captain Richard CoUinson . . . commander of the expedi- 
tion. With a memoir of his other services. Ed. by his 
brother. Major-general T. B. CoUinson . . . London, S. Low, 
Marston, Searle and Rivington, Ltd. xi, [1] 531 p. col. 
front., port., 6 fold. maps. 

597. International Polar expedition to Pt. Barrow, Alsaka, 1881-1883. 

1885. Report. Washington, D. C. 695 p. (H. ex. doc. 44, 48th 

cong., 2d sess.) (Notes on ice in narrative and table of ice- 
thickness, p. 686.] 

698. Smith, P. S. 

1925. Explorations in northwestern Alaska. Geogr. rev. 15:237-254. 

599. Stefansson, Vilhjalmur. 

1934. An Eskimo discovery of an island north of Alaska. Geogr. 

rev. 24:104-114. 

600. Storkersen's ice-drift in the Beaufort Sea. 

1920. Geogr. j. 55:481-482. 

SEE ALSO: 613. 



61 

11. NORTHWEST PASSAGES 

601. Adams, J. Q. 

1941. Settlements of the northeastern Canadian Arctic. Geogr. rev. 

31:112-126. 

602. Allen, R. C., W. P. Snow and E. A. Inglefield. 

1853. Remarks on Baffin Bay. London, Hydrographic office. 31 p. 

[Remarks on passage of H.M.S. Resolute and Assistance 
through Baffin Bay in 1850-1851; the Prince Albert in 1850; 
the Isabel in 1852.] 

603. Amundsen, Roald. 

1907. Nordvestpassagen; beretning om Gj0a-expeditionen, 1903- 

1907. Kristiania, H. Aschehoug. 511 p. 

604. Amundsen, Roald. 

1908. Roald Amundsen's "The North-west Passage": bemg the 

record of a voyage of exploration of the ship "Gjoa" 1903- 
1907 . . . with a supplement by 1st lieut. Hansen. London, 
Constable. 2 v. 

605. Anderson, J. W. 

1941. The 1941 voyage of the R.M.S. "Nascopie". The Beaver. 
272:7-8. 

606. Anderson, J. W. 

1943. Wartime voyage, the 1942 cruise of the HBC S.S. "Nascopie". 

The Beaver. 273:38-39. 

607. Anderson, R. M. 

1917. Recent explorations on the Canadian Arctic coast. Geogr. rev. 

4:241-266. 

608. Armstrong, Sir Alexander. 

1857. Personal narrative of the discovery of the Northwest Passage, 

with incidents of travel and adventure during nearly five 
years service in the Arctic regions, while in search of the 
expedition under Sir John Franklin. London, Hurst and 
Blackett. xxii, 616 p. illus., map. 

609. Bartlett, R. A. and R. T. Hale. 

1916. The last voyage of the Karluk, flagship of Vilhjalmur Stefans- 

son's Canadian Arctic expedition of 1913-1916. Boston. 
329 p. 

610. Belcher, Sir Edward. 

1855. The last of the Arctic voyages; being a narrative of the expe- 

dition in HMS Assistance under the command of Captain 
Sir Edward Belcher ... in search of Sir John Franklin during 
the years 1852-54, with notes on the natiu-al history by 
Sir John Richardson, Prof. Owen, & Evans Bell. J. W. 
Slater, & Lovell Reeve. London, L. Reeve. 2 v. 

611. BeUot, J. R. 

1855. Memoirs of Lt. Joseph Ren6 Bellot . . . with his journal of a 

voyage in the Polar seas, in search of Sir John Franklin. 
London, Hurst and Blackett. 2 v. [Second voyage of 
"Prince Albert".] 



62 ICE OF NOBTHEBN HEMISPHERE 

612. Bellot, J. R. 

1875. Journal d'un voyage aux mers polaires cl la recherche de Sir 

John Franklin. 3 6d. Paris, Garnier freres. xliv, 363 p. 
illus., map. [Second voyage of "Prince Albert".] 

613. Bethune, W. C. 

1937. Canada's western northland; its history, resources, population 

and administration. Ottawa, Department of mines and 
resources, lands, parks and forests branch. 162 p. illus., 
tables, maps. [Brief remarks; no data.] 

614. Brandes, Karl. 

1854. Sir John Franklin; die unternehmung fiir seine rettung und 

die nordwestliche durchfahrt . . . Nebst einer tabelle der 
arktische temperaturen, von Prof. H. W. Dove . . . Berlin, 
Nicolai. viii, 312 p. tables, map. 

615. Brown, John. 

1860. The North-west Passage ... 2d ed. with a sequel, including 

the voyage of the "Fox". London, xiii, 463 p. maps. 

616. Brown, W. E. 

1936. Man and machine against the Arctic. The Beaver. 267:26. 

[Note on the Northwest Passage.] 

617. Burwash, L. T. 

1931 . Canada's western Arctic. Report on investigations in 1925- 

26, 1928-29 and 1930. Ottawa. 116 p. illus., maps. 

618. Chipman, K. G. and J. R. Cox. 

1924. Geographical notes on the Arctic coast of Canada. Rep. 

Canadian Arctic expedition, 1913-1918. XI, Geology & 
geography. Pt. B. 42 p. illus. 

619. Cyriax, R. J. 

1939. Sir John Franklin's last Arctic expedition. A chapter in the 

history of the Royal Navy. London, Methuen. xviii, 222 p. 

620. Franklin, Sir John. 

1823. Narrative of a journey to the shores of the Polar Sea in the 

years 1819, 20, 21 and 22. London, J. Murray. 2 p. L., 
vii-xvi. 768 p. illus., maps. [Various editions.] 

621 . Franklin, Sir John. 

1828. Narrative of a second expedition to the shores of the Polar 

Sea in . . . 1825-1827 . . . including an account of the prog- 
ress of a detachment to the eastward, by J. Richardson. 
London, J. Murray, xxiv, 320, clvii p., illus., maps. 

622. Freuchen, Peter and Therkel Mathiassen. 

1925. Contributions to the physical geography of the region north 

of Hudson Bay. (In: Knud Rasmussen. The Danish 
ethnographic and geographic expedition to Arctic America: 
preliminary report of the 5th Thule expedition.) Geogr. 
rev. 15:549-561. [Contains references to ice.] 

623. Gilder, W. H. 

1881. Schwatka's search, sledging in the Arctic in quest of the 

Franklin records . . . with maps and illus. N. Y., Scribner's. 
XV, 316 p. 



NORTHWEST PASSAGES 



63 



624. 



Great Britain. 
1879-1888. 



625. 



626. 



627. 



628. 



629. 



630. 



631. 



632. 

633. 
634. 



Great Britain. 
1852. 



Great Britain. 
1852. 



Great Britain. 
1855. 



Greely, A. W. 
1886. 



Greely, A. W. 
1888. 



Meteorological Office. 

Contributions to our knowledge of the meteorology of the 
Arctic regions . . . Pt. I-V. London. 2 v. front, (fold. 
chart) 4 pi., tables, diagrs. (Official publ. 34.) [Gives ice 
thickness for Gulf Boothia,%Griffith I., Assistance B., 
Walker B., Cambridge B., Camden B., Melville Sd. ; also 
sea temperature, wind, drift of ice and vessels in various 
places.] 

Parliament. 

Additional papers relative to the Arctic expedition under the 

orders of Captain Austin and Mr. William Penny. London. 

368 p. 

Parliament. 

Proceedings of the Arctic expedition under the command of 

Capt. Sir Edward Belcher, employed in the further search 

of Sir John Franklin. London. 88 p. 

Parliament. 

Further papers relative to the recent Arctic expeditions in 

search of Sir John Franklin and the crews of H.M.S. 

Erebus & Terror. London. 958 p. 

Three years of Arctic service; an account of the Lady Franklin 
Bay expedition of 1881-84, and the attainment of the 
farthest north. New York, Scribners. 2 v. illus., maps. 
[Vol. 2, Ch. 33, pp. 43-60, Polar ice.] 

Report on the Proceedings of the U. S. expedition to Lady 
Franklin Bay, Grinnell Land. Washington. 2 v. 



Green, Fitzhugh. 

1917. Arctic duty with the Crocker Land expedition. 

Nav. inst. 43:1941-1976. 

Hall, C. F. 
1864. 



Proc. U. S. 



Life with the Esquimaux; the narrative of Capt. C. F. Hall, 
from the 29th May, 1860, to the 13th Sept., 1862. With 
. . . the discovery of actual relics of Martin Frobischer . . . 
and deductions in favour of yet discovering some of the 
survivors of Sir J. Franklin's expedition. London. 2 v. 
illus. maps. 

Harrison, A. H. 

1908. In search of a Polar continent, 1905-1907. London, E. 

Arnold, xx, 292 p. illus., map. 

Harrison, A. H. 

1908. In search of an Arctic continent. Geogr. j. 31:277-287. 

Hayes, I. I. 

1867. The Open Polar sea: a narrative of a voyage of discovery 

towards the North Pole in the schooner United States. 
New York, Hurd & Houghton, xxiv, 454 p. illus., maps. 



64 ICE OF NOBTHEBN HEMISPHEEB 

635. Hooper, W. H. 

1853. Ten months among the tents of the Tuski, with incidents of 

an Arctic boat expedition in search of Sir John Franklin, 
as far as the Mackenzie River, and Cape Bathhurst. 
London, J. Murray, xv, 417 p. illus., maps. [An account of 
the expedition of HMS Plover under Capt. T. E. L. Moore, 
1848-51.] 

636. Inglefield, Sir E. A. 

1853. A summer search for John Franklin, with a peep into the 

Polar basin, with short notices by . . . Dr. Sutherland on 
the meteorology and geology. London, T. Harrison, 
xxi, 232 p. illus., map. 

637. Kane, E. K. 

1856. Arctic explorations. The Second Grinnell expedition in search 

of Sir John FrankUn, 1853-1855. Philadelphia. 2 v. 

638. Kane, E. K. 

1860. Arctic voyages and discovery. The exploring voyages of 

Dr. Kane. London. 

639. Kane, E. K. 

1865. The far north : explorations in the Arctic regions. Edinburgh. 

640. Kennedy, WilUam. 

1853. A short narrative of the second voyage of the Prince Albert, 

in search of Sir John Franklin. London, W. H. Dalton. 
xiii, 1, XXV, 27-202 p. illus., maps. 

641 . Kulerich, A. 

1933. Nordvandet. Et fors0g paa en forklaring af det isfri lav 

omrade i Smith Sund. Geogr. tidssk. 36:53-61. 

642. Leshe, Sir John. 

1860. Discovery and adventure in the Polar seas and regions, by 

Sir J. LesUe and H. Murray . . . with a narrative of the 
recent expeditions in search of Sir J. Franklin, including the 
voyage of the "Fox" and the discovery of the fate of the 
Franklin expedition, by R. M. Ballantyne. London. 

643. McClmtock, F. L. 

1881. Fate of Sir John FrankUn. The voyage of the Fox in the 

Arctic seas in search of Franklin and his companions. 5th 
ed. London, xxiv, 78, 336 p. 

644. McClintock, Sir F. L. 

1863. Meteorological observations in the Arctic seas . . made on 

board the Arctic searching yacht "Fox", in Baflfin Bay and 
Prince Regent Inlet in 1857, 1858 and 1859. Reduced and 
discussed by Charles A. Schott. Smithsonian contributions 
to knowledge. 13(3). 160 p. 1 map. 

645. McCormick, Robert. 

1854. Narrative of a boat expedition up the Wellington Charmel in 

the year 1852, under the command of R. McCormick . . , 
in HMB "Forlorn Hope" in search of Sir John Franklin. 
London, Eyre & Spottiswoode. 60 p. illus., map. 



NORTHWEST PASSAGES 65 

646. M'Dougall, G. F. 

1857. The eventful voyage of HM discovery ship "Resolute" to 

the Arctic regions, in search of Sir John FrankUn and the 
missing crews of HM discovery ships "Erebus" and "Ter- 
ror" 1852, 1853, 1854. London, Longman, xl, 530 p. illus., 
map. 

647. McGahan, J. A. 

1876. Under the northern lights. London, S. Low, etc. viii, 339 

p. illus., map. 

648. McMillan, D. B. 

1927. Etah and beyond; or. Life within twelve degrees of the pole. 

Boston, Houghton Mifflin, xix, 287 p. illus., maps. 

649. McMillan, D. B. 

1933. Four years in the white north. Boston, Hale, Cushman & 

Flint. 11 p.L., 428 p. illus. 

650. McMillan, D. B. 

1934. How Peary reached the pole; the personal story of his as- 

sistant . . . Boston, Houghton Mifflin, xii, 306 p. illus., 
maps. 

651 . Markham, A. H. 

1875. A whaling cruise to Baffin's Bay and the Gulf of Boothia, 

and an account of the rescue of the crew of the Polaris. 2d 
ed. London, S. Low, Marsten, Low, and Searle. xxxi, 307 
p. illus., map. 

652. Markham, A. H. 

1878. The great frozen sea. A personal narrative of the voyage of 

the "Alert" during the Arctic expedition of 1875-76. Lon- 
don. XX, 440 p. 

653. Markham, A. H. 

1891. Life of Sir John Franklin and the North-west Passage. Lon- 

don, G. Philip & Son. xii, 324 p. illus., maps. 

654. Nares, G. S. 

1878. Narrative of a voyage to the Polar sea during 1875-76 in 

H.M. ships "Alert" and "Discovery". With notes on the 
natural history, ed. by H. W. Feilden. 4th ed. London. 
2 v. 

655 . Notes on sea ice in the Canadian Arctic. 

1936-1942. The Beaver. 267:63. 273:39. 

656. Parry, W. E. 

1821. Journal of a voyage for the discovery of a northwest passage 

from the Atlantic to the Pacific, performed . . . 1819-20 
in HMS Hecla and Griper. London, xxix, 310, clxxix p. 

657. Parry, W. E. 

1835. Three voyages for the discovery of a northwest passage from 

the Atlantic to the Pacific, and a narrative of an attempt 
to reach the North Pole. London. 4 v. [Later ed. New 
York, 1868. 2 v.] 



66 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

658. Putnam, G. P. 

1928. The Putnam Baffin Island expedition. Geogr. rev. 18:1-40. 

659. Rae, John. 

1850. Narrative of an expedition to the shores of the Arctic Sea, 

1846 and 1847. London, T. & W. Boone, viii, 247 p. map. 

660. Rasmussen, Knud. 

1921. Greenland by the Polar Sea; the story of the Thule expedition 

from Melville Bay to Cape Morris Jesup. Tr. from the 
Danish . . . London, W. Heinemann. xxiii, 326 p. illus., 
maps, diagrs. 

661. Rasmussen, Knud. 

1925-1926. Fra Gr0nland til Stillehavet, rejeser og mennesker; fra 5. 
Thule-ekspedition 1921-24. K0benhavn. Gyldendal, Nor- 
disk forlag. 2 v. illus., maps. 

662. Rasmussen, Knud. 

1927. Across Arctic America: narrative of the Fifth Thule expe- 

dition. New York, Putnam's, xx, 388 p. illus., maps. An 
abridged tr. of Fra Gr0nland til Stillehavet. 

663. Richardson, Sir John. 

1851. Arctic searching expedition: a journal of a boat-voyage 

through Rupert's Land and the Arctic Sea, in search of the 
discovery ships under the command of Sir John Franklin. 
With an appendix on the physical geography of North 
America. London, Longman. 2 v. illus., map. Various 
editions. 

664. Ross, Sir John. 

1819. A voyage of discovery made under the orders of the Admiralty 

in His Majesty's ships Isabella and Alexander for the pur- 
pose of exploring Baffin's Bay and inquiring into the proba- 
bility of a north-west passage. London, J. Murray. 2 p.L., 
xxxix, 252 p. illus., maps, tables. 

665. Seeman, B. 

1853. Voyage of HMS "Herald" 1845-51; a circumnavigation of 

the globe and three cruises to the Arctic regions in search 
of Sir John Franklin. 2 v. 

666. Simmonds, P. L. 

1852. Sir John Franklin and the Arctic regions; with detailed notices 

of the expeditions in search of the missing vessels under 
Sir J. Franklin ... To which is added an account of the 
American expedition under the patronage of H. Grinnell, 
esq. With an introduction to the American ed. by J. C. 
Lord. Buffalo. 396 p. 

667. Simmonds, P. L. 

1860. The Arctic regions, and Polar discoveries during the 19th 

century, with the fhscoveries made by Capt. McChntock 
as to the fate of the Franklin expedition. London. 294 p. 



NORTHWEST PASSAGES 67 

668. Simpson, Sir Thomas. 

1843. Narrative of the discoveries on the north coast of America; 

effected by the officers of the Hudson's Bay company dur- 
ing the years 1836-39. London, R. Bentley. xix, 419 p. 
maps. 

669. Snow, W. P. 

1851. Voyage of the Prince Albert in search of Sir John Frankhn, 

a narrative of every-day life in the Arctic seas. London, 
xvi, 416 p. 

670. Soper, J. D. 

1930. Explorations in Foxe Peninsula and along the west coast of 

Baffin Island. Geogr. rev. 20:397-424. 

671. Stefansson, Vilhjalmur. 

1913. Victoria Island and the surrounding seas. Bull. Amer. geogr. 

soc. 45(2) -.93-106. 

672. Stefansson, Vilhjalmur. 

1921 . The Friendly Arctic. New ed. with new material. New York, 

Alacmillan. 812 p. illus. 

673. Sutherland, P. C. 

1852. Journal of a voyage in Baffin's Bay and Barrow Straits, in 

the years 1850-51, performed by HM ships "Lady Frank- 
lin" and "Sophia", etc. London, 2 v. 

674. Thomas, H. R. Rokeby. 

■ 1944. South-east Victoria Island and the Queen Maud Gulf. Geogr. 

j. 103:203-210. [Ice conditions discussed.] 

675. Tyson, G. E. 

1874. Arctic experiences; containing Capt. George E. Tyson's 

wonderful drift on the ice-floe, a history of the Polaris ex- 
pedition, the cruise of the Tigress, and rescue of the Polaris 
survivors. Ed. by E. Vale Blake. London. New York, 
Harper. 486 p. illus., map. 

676. U. S. Naval observatory. 

1876. Narratives of the North Polar expedition U.S.S. "Polaris", 

Capt. C. F. Hall, commanding, ed. by C. H. Davis. Wash- 
ington. 2 v. 

677. Young, Sir A. W. 

1876. Cruise of the "Pandora". From the private journal kept by 

Allen Young. London, W. Clowes, viii, 90 p. map. 

SEE ALSO: 64, 81, 115, 194, 196, 197, 306, 314, 322, 323, 324, 595, 596, 682, 
683, 697, 1673, 1676. 



68 



678. 



679. 



680. 



681. 



682. 



683. 



684. 



685. 



686. 



687. 



688. 



689. 



690. 



12. HUDSON BAY AND STRAIT 

Bajkov, A. D. 

1941. The ice conditions of Hudson Bay. The Beaver. 271:15-19. 

BeU, C. N. 

1884. Our northern waters, a report presented to the Winnipeg 

Board of trade, regarding the Hudson's Bay and Straits . . . 
Also notes on navigation of these waters together with 
historical events and meteorological and climatic data. 
Winnipeg. 1 p.L., 78 p., 1 L. 2 fold. maps. 

Report on an exploration of the east coast of Hudson's Bay, 
1877. Montreal. Geological survey of Canada. Reports 
of explorations and surveys, 1877-8. C, V. 37 p. 

Report on Hudson's Bay and some of the lakes and rivers 
lying to the west of it. Geological and natural history 
survey of Canada. Report of progress, 1879-80. C, IV. 
113 p. 

Report on the Dominion Government expedition to the 
Arctic islands and the Hudson Strait on board the C.G.S. 
"Arctic", 1906-07. Ottawa, iv, 127 p. illus., plates, map. 

Report on the Dominion of Canada government expedition 
to the Arctic islands and Hudson Strait on board the 
C.G.S. "Arctic". Ottawa. 529 p. 

Binney, George. 

1929. Hudson Bay in 1928. Geogr. j. 74:1-27. 

*Canada. Department of transport. 

1930-1939. Navigation conditions on the Hudson Bay route from the 
Atlantic seaboard to Port Churchill. Season of navigation 
1929-1938. Ottawa. 10 nos. 1929-1934 have title: Navi- 
gational conditions in Hudson Bay and Strait during sea- 
sons of navigation. 

Canada. Department of transport. 

1939. Churchill and the Hudson Bay route. Ottawa. 50 p. illus. 

Canada. 
1940. 



Bell, Robert. 
1879. 



Bell, Robert. 
1881. 



Bernier, J. E. 
1909. 



Bernier, J. E. 
1910. 



Hydrographic and map service. 

Sailing directions for the Hudson Bay route from the Atlantic 
Ocean to Churchill Harbour. 2d ed. 119 p. 



Cormie, J. A. 
1917. 

Flaherty, R. J. 
1918. 

Gordon, A. R. 
1885. 



The Hudson Bay route. Geogr. rev. 4:26-40. 

The Belcher Islands of Hudson Bay; their discovery and ex- 
ploration. Geogr. rev. 5 :433-458. 

Report of the Hudson's Bay expedition under the command 
of Lt. A. R. Gordon, R. N., 1884. Ottawa. 41 p. map. 
(Canada. Department of marine and fisheries.) 



HUDSON BAY AND STBAIT 69 

691 . Gordon, A. R. 

1885. Report of the second Hudson's Bay expedition under the 

command of Lt. A. R. Gordon, R. N., 1885. Ottawa. 112 
p. illus., charts. 

692. Gordon, A. R. 

1887. Report of the Hudson's Bay expedition of 1886 under the 

command of Lt. A. R. Gordon. Ottawa. 133 p. illus., 
maps. 

693. Innis, H. A. 

1930. The Hudson Bay railway. Geogr. rev. 20:1-30. 

694. Kindle, E. M. 

1925. The James Bay coastal plain; notes on a journey. Geogr. 

rev. 15:226-236. 

695. Kindle, E. M. 

1928. Canada north of fifty-six degrees, the land of long summer 

days. The Canadian field-naturahst. 42:53-86. [Hudson 
Bay and MacKenzie R.] 

696. Leith, C. K. and A. T. Leith. 

1912. A summer and winter on Hudson Bay. Madison, Wis. 

Cartwell printing co. 203 p. illus., maps. 

697. Low, A. P. 

1906. Report on the Dominion Government expedition to Hudson 

Bay and the Arctic Islands on board the D.G.S. "Neptune" , 
1903-04. Ottawa. 355 p. 

698. McLean, N. B. 

1929. Report of the Hudson Strait expedition. Ottawa, Acland. 221 

p. [Data on thickness of ice; text material on ice.] 

699. Markham, A. H. 

1889. Hudson's Bay and Strait. Suppl. pap. Roy. geogr. soc. 2, 

pt. 4:615-660. 

700. Mecking, Ludwig. 

1929. Die Hudsonbai-bahn, ihr hafen und ihr seeweg. Petermanns 

mitt. 75:249-257. [Ice conditions.] 

701. Pahner, F. 

1927. Report on the selection of a terminal port for the Hudson 

Bay railway. London. 34 p. At head of title: Hudson 
Bay. ["This report was made to the Minister of Railways 
and Canals in Ottawa."] 

702. Tremaudan, A. H. de. 

1915. The Hudson Bay road. London and Toronto, xvi, 264 p. 

maps. 

703. Wakeham, William. 

1898. Report of the expedition to Hudson Bay and Cumberland 

Gulf in the Steamship "Diana" ... in the year 1897. 
Ottawa, Department of marine and fisheries. 2 p. L., 83 
p. maps. 

SEE ALSO: 6, 197. 



70 



13. GREAT LAKES 



704. 



705. 



706. 



707. 



708. 



709. 



710. 



Canada. Department of transport. 

1943. Data on opening and closing dates of Canadian Great Lakes 

ports. Ms. 

Canada. Hydrographic and map service. 

1922. Sailing directions for the Canadian shores of Lake Superior, 

including St. Marys River above Sault Ste. Marie. 262 p. 

Canada. Hydrographic and map service. 

1933. Great Lakes pilot, vol. L Kingston to Sarnia; including Lake 

Ontario, Welland Ship Canal, Niagara River, Lake Erie, 
Detroit River, Lake St. Clair, St. Clair River, Rideau Canal, 
Trent Canal system, also canal "Rules and regulations". 
177 p. 

Canada. Hydrographic and map service. 

1942. St. Lawrence pilot (Canadian ed.) Montreal Harbour to 

Kingston Harbour and including Ottawa River. 4th ed. 
103 p. 

Canada. Hydrographic and map service. 

1943. Great Lakes pilot, vol. II. Lake Huron and Georgian Bay, 

St. Marys River, Trent Canal system. 5th ed. 404 p. 

Canada. Hydrographic and map service. 

1943. St. Lawrence River pilot, below Quebec, comprising sailing 

directions from Cap des Rosiers (south shore) and St. John 
River (north shore) to Quebec. 6th ed. 157 p. 



Conger, N. B. 
1908. 



Storms and ice on the Great Lakes. 
236-244. tables. 



Mon. weath. rev. i'36: 



711 . Down to the lakes in ships. 

1940. Fortune. 22:31-42, 100-102. 

712. DuHamel, N. Y. 

1941. Great Lakes ports and waterways. Mil. engr. 33:123-132. 

713. Freeman, J. R. 

1926. Regulation of elevation and discharge of the Great Lakes. 

Providence. 548 p. tables. ["A report to the Chicago 
Sanitary district". Ice coverage of Great Lakes: pp. 91-95.] 

714. Hudgins, Bert. 

1937. Waterworks intakes of the Great Lakes. Geogr. rev. 27:457- 

466. 

715. Mills, J. C. 

1910. Our inland seas, their shipping and commerce for three cen- 

turies. Chicago, McClurg. 380 p. 

716. *U.S. Engineer department. 

1889-1944. Survey of northern and northwestern lakes. Bulletin. 1- 
53; suppl. 1-7. (Each bulletin supersedes all previous bulle- 
tins. Contain notes on navigation season for U. S. lake 
ports.) 



GREAT LAKES 71 

717. U. S. Engineer department. Rivers and harbors board. 

1936-1937. Transportation lines on the Great Lakes, 1935. Washington, 
D. C., 1936. X, 83 p. plates, maps. (Transportation series 
no. 3.) Rev. ed. 1937. 

718. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1921. Great Lakes pilot. Vol. I-II. 2d ed. (Discontinued; with- 

drawn from issue.) 

719. *U. S. Weather bureau. 

1933-1944. Summary of ice conditions for the Great Lakes. Issued weekly 
during the ice season. Each year numbered separately. 



72 



14. BALTIC AND NORTH SEAS 



720. D'Allinge, H. L. 

1932. Die eistrift der "Gotaalf" im Februar-Marz 1929. Ann. 

hydrogr., Berlin. 60:22-25. 

721. D'AlUnge, H. L. 

1939. Die witterungsmassige eisbildung an der Deutschen Ostsee- 

kuste im winter 1932-33. Der Seewarte. 8(2) :40-43. 

722. Arnold- Aliab'ev, V. I. 

1923. K voprosu o ledianom rezhime Finskogo Zaliva i issledovan- 

iiakh ego v zimu 1921-1922. (On the question of the ice 
regime in the Finnish Gulf and investigations during winter 
of 1921-1922.) Zap. gidrogr. 47:197-207. 

723. Arnold-Aliab'ev, V. I. 

1924. K voprosu o vliianii Ladozhsko-Nevskogo nanosnogo I'da na 

rezhim portovykh vod i Finskogo Zaliva. (Influence of 
Ladoga-Neva drift-ice on waters in ports of Finnish Gulf.) 
Zap. gidrogr. 48:301-306. 

724. Arnold-AIiab'ev, V. I. 

1924. Usloviia zimnego plavaniia v Finskom Zalive i v Baltiiskom 

More s pomoshch'iii ledokolov. (Conditions of winter 
navigation of Finnish Gulf and of Baltic Sea with aid of 
icebreakers.) Vodn. transp. 1 :90-95. 

725. Arnold-Aiab'ev, V. I. 

1925. Die eisverhaltnisse im Finnischen Meerbusen wahrend der 

winter 1922-1925 in verbindung mit der eisbrechertatigkeit. 
Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 53:312-318. 

726. Arnold-Aliab'ev, V. I. 

1925. metodakh issledovaniia I'dov Finskogo Zaliva s ledokolov. 

(On methods of investigation of ice in the Finnish Gulf from 
the icebreakers.) Zh. geofiz. met. 2:79-88. English sum- 
mary. 

727. Arnold-Aliab'ev, V. I. 

1925. nekotorykh osobennostiakh ledianogo pokrova Finskogo 

ZaUva po dannym nabliudenii s ledokolov. (On certain 
peculiarities of the ice cover of Finnish Gulf.) Zap. gidrogr. 
49:237-269. 

728. Arnold-Aliab'ev, V. I. ^ 

1926. Obedinennyi shifr dlia ledovykh izveshchenyfa Baltiiskogo 

Mona. (Ice code for the Baltic Sea.) Zap. gidrogr. 51 :281- 
289. 

729. Arnold-.\liab'ev, V. I. 

1926. Uber die schiffahrtsverhaltnisse im Finnischen meerbusen im 

dezember und januar 1925-26 in verbindung mit der 
tatigkeit der eisbrecher. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 54:367-372. 

730. Arnold-Aliab'ev, V. I. 

1927. Ledianoi pokrov v territorial'nykh vodakh Leningradskogo 

torgovogo Porta v zimu 1922-23 gg. (Ice cover of the water 
of the Leningrad harbour during winter of 1922-23.) Izv. 
Gos. gidrol. inst. 18:63-72. 



BALTIC AND NORTH SEAS 73 

731. Arnold-Ahab'ev, V. I. 

1928. Ledovye avarii v Balticheskogo More. (Ice averages in the 

Baltic Sea.) Morskoi sbornik 1928(4) :162-181. 

732. *Arnold-Ahab'ev, V. I. 

1929. Issledovaniia prochnosti I'da Finskogo Zaliva v 1923, 1927, 

i 1928 gg. (Investigation of the strength of the ice in the 
Gulf of Finland in 1923, 1927, & 1928.) Izv. Glavn. 
geofiz. obs. 1929(2) :15-28. 

733. Arnold-Ahab'ev, V. I. 

1929. Rezul'taty piatiletnikh ledovykh i gidrologicheskikh issledo- 

vanii s russkikh ledokolov v Finskom Zalive i Baltiiskom 
More. (Results of five years ice and hydrologic research 
by Russian ice-breakers in the G. of Finland and the Baltic.) 
Trud. 2. Vse. gidrol. s'ezd, Leningrad. 2:417-426. 

734. Arnold- Aliab'ev, V. I. 

1929. Usloviia plavaniia vo I'dakh Finskogo Zahva pod provodkoi 

ledokolov v zimu 1926-27 g. (Conditions for ice navigation 
of the Finnish Gulf by icebreakers in winter of 1926-27.) 
Zap. gidrogr. 55 :89-lb4. 

735. Arnold- Aliab'ev, V. I. 

1932. Die eisdecke des Finnischen meerbusens nach untersuchungen 

an bord der russischen eisbrechers 1922-1929 (eine struk- 
turbeschreibung). Int. rev. hydrob. 28:68-89. 

736. Arnold-Ahab'ev, V. I. 

1933. Ice service and the ice station of the Leningrad Hydro- 

meteorological directorate. Rep. 4th Hydrol. conf. Baltic 
states. 76. 

737. Arnold-AIiab'ev, V. I. 

1933. K voprosu o khimizme I'da Finskogo ZaUva, v sviazi s izu- 

cheniem ego prochnosti. (On the chemical properties of the 
ice of the Finnish Gulf in relation to its strength.) Izv. 
Akad. nauk. Fiz.-khim. inst. 6 :229-233. 

738. *Arnold-Aliab'ev, V. I. 

1933. L'dy Finskogo Zaliva po dannym issledovanii s sovetskikh 

ledokolov za period 1922-1932. (Ice in Finnish Gulf 
according to obesrvations of Soviet icebreakers during the 
period 1922-1932.) Rep. 4th Hydrol. conf. Baltic states. 
77. 

739. Arnold-Ahab'ev, V. I A. 

1928. The ice-conditions of the Baltic Sea and their study. (In 

Russian.) Trud. Leningrad, otd. Vse. nauchn. inzh.- 
tekhn. obshch. vodn. transp. 2/3:85-116. [Unverified refer- 
ence.] 

740. ♦Bachmanov, B. M. 

1930-1932. State of the ice in Neva Bay 1929, 1930, 1931. (In Russian; 
title varies.) Zap. gidrogr. 63 :78-79. 65 :153-155. 1932(3) : 
138-139. 



74 ICE OF NOBTHERN HEMISPHERE 

741. Bachmanov, B. M. 

1930. Zimnie nablfiideniia v ust'e r. Nevy. (Winter observations in 

Neva Gulf.) Vodn. transp. 8(5) :33-34. 

742. Barabanov, G. and A. Richter. 

1933 . Die wirkung des eises auf die wasserbauten in der Newabucht. 

Rep. 4th Hydrol. conf. Baltic states. 78. 

743. Bliithgen, Joachim. 

1936. Die eisverhaltnisse des Bottnischen Meerbusens. Arch. 

Dtsch. seewarte. 55(3) :63 p. 

744. Bliithgen, Joachim. 

1937. Eisbeobachtungen in der Gavlebucht. Arch. Dtsch. seewarte. 

57(9):23p. 

745. Bliithgen, Joachim. 

1937 . Neuere arbeiten iiber die vereisung der Ostsee. Ann. hydrogr., 
BerHn. 65:18-21. [Review of recent papers.] 

746. Bliithgen, Joachim. 

1938. Die eisverhaltnisse der Ostsee in genetischqualitativer be- 

trachtung. Petermanns mitt. 84:177-182. 1 karte. 

747. Bliithgen, Joachim. 

1938. Eisverhaltnisse des Finnischen und Rigaschen meerbusens. 

Arch. Dtsch. seewarte. 58(3) : 122 p. 

748. Bliithgen, Joachim. 

1938. Die vereisung der Ostsee und ihre probleme. Geogr. ann. 

20:113-151. charts. 

749. Braun, Gustav. 

1924. Die natiirlichen und wirtschaftlichen grundlagen des staates 

Finnland. Z. geopolitik. 1:74-81. 

750. *Czekanska, M. 

1936. Zlodzenie baltyku. Die vereisung der Ostsee. Badania 

geograficzne. 15. 62 p. tables, maps. German summary, 
pp. 41-62. 

751 . *Denmark. Meteorologiske institut. 

1906-1931 . The state of the ice in Danish waters during the winters 1906- 
1931. Naut. met. aarb. 

752. *Denmark. Meteorologiske institut. 

1931. Statistical summary over the state of the ice in Danish waters 

during the winters 1906/07-1930/31. Naut. met. aarb. 
1931:XI-XIV. 

753. Denmark. Ministeriet for handel og fiskeri. 

1936. Danish ice service and ice investigations. Answers to a 

questionnaire sent by the permanent bureau of the Baltic 
hydrological conferences, by the Ministry for shipping and 
fisheries. Helsingfors. 24 p. (Rep. 5th Hydrol. conf. 
Baltic states. 13B.) [Consists of Ice-breaking and Ice- 
information services. Includes discussion of ice conditions; 
description of kinds of ice.] 



BALTIC AND NORTH SEAS 75 

754. Denmark. K. S0kort-arkivs. 

1925. Den danske lods. lOde udg. 

755. Denmark. K. S0kort-arkivs. 

1936. Den danske havnelods. 12te udg. 

756. Denmark. Statens isbrydnings og ismeldingstjeneste. 

1940-41. Is- og beseljlingsforholdene i de Danske farvande i vinteren. 
[Unverified reference.] 

757. *Deutsche seewarte, Hamburg. 

1900-1938. Eisverhaltnisse an den deutschen kiisten im winter 1899/1900- 
1937/38. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 28:536-541. 32:401- 
407. 33:308-314. 34:325-331. 35:289-296. 36:288-295. 
37:289-296. 38:329-334. 39:345-349. 40:345-351. 41: 
333-337. 42:374-378. 44:97-103, 409-412. 45:341-345. 
46:299-302. 47:227-233. 48:352-361. 49:316-322. 50: 
244-251. 51:225-228. 52:213-220. 53:193-197. 55:215- 
219. 56:233-239. 57:192-193. 58:225-227. 59:222-224. 
60:344-346. 61:210-212. 62:216-218. 63:247-249. 64: 
310-313. 65:385-388. 66:349-352. 

758. *Deutsche seewarte, Hamburg. 

1908-1941. Eisverhaltnisse an den ausserdeutschen kiisten, 1907/1908- 
1938/1939. (Title varies.) Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 36: 
388-406. 37:385-398, 480. 38:467-475. 39:457-464. 
40:641-648. 41:613-621. 43:473-482. 44:16-20, 519- 
525. 45:394-400. 46:313-317. 47:241-244. 49:257-263. 
50:136-138. 51:46-50, 257-262. 53:9-16, 319-326. 55: 
18-21, 41-49, 345-347, 378-385. 56:386-398. 57:398- 
405. 58:427-433. 60:499-503. 62:21-33, 173, 478-482. 
63:439-441. 64:479-485. 65:556-562. 66:579-584. 68: 
17-24. 

759 *Deutsche seewarte, Hamburg. 

1933-1939. Eisbericht mit eisiibersichtskarte. Daily, except Sundays. 
Reports, 23 Nov. 1933 to 28 Apr. 1938; charts 2 Jan. 1934 
to Apr. 1939. [Information on the entire Baltic] 

760. Deutsche seewarte, Hamburg. 

1933. Monatskarten fiir die Nord- und Ostsee. Hamburg, Gustav 

Schmidt. 12 charts in atlas. [Average ice limits at be- 
ginning, middle and end of months.] 

761. *Deutsche, seewarte, Hamburg. 

1942 . Atlas der eisverhaltnisse im deutschen und benachbarten Ost- 

und Nordseegebiet, bearb. von der Deutschen Seewarte. 
Berlin. Oberkommando der kriegsmarine. 10 p. inch 
tables. 31 charts. (Nr. 2198.) [Tables: mean dates of 
first and last ice; average no. days of ice, interference with 
shipping, closed to shipping. Charts: Average appearance 
and disappearance of ice, no. of days with ice for mild, 
average, severe and very severe winters; relative abundance 
during average ice period; no. days interference with ship- 
ping, no. days stopped shipping.] 

762. Eichstadt, Franz. 

1922. Die eisverhaltnisse im Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal. Wiss. meere- 

sunters. abt. Kiel. n.f. 19:1-48. 



76 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHEKK 



763. 

764. 
765. 
766. 

767. 

768. 
769. 

770. 
771. 

772. 

773. 

774. 

775. 



Ennes, Fr. 
1810. 



Estonia. 
1927. 

Estonia. 
1925. 



Observationer, angaende den genom Gefle stad flytande Gefle 
ans upbrytande och isl&ggning untersidst franflutne 21 &r. 
(1789-1809.) Nya handl. Svensk. vetensk. akad. 31:76. 



Estnisfhes segcl- und lotsenhandbuch. 
Joh. Mey. 207 p. 



(In Estonian.) ' By 



Bureau central de statistique. 

Statistique economiaues. Vol. II, Ports, marine marchande 
et navigation en 1923 et 1924. Tallinn. 

Finland. Havforskninginstitutet. 

1913-1937. Das meereis im winter 1913/14-1936/37 an den kusten Finn- 
lands. (In Finnish.) Its. Merent. julk. no. 3, 22, 23, 28, 
37, 40, 42, 44, 50, 55, 56, 57, 64, 71, 79, 85, 87, 97, 102, 108, 
113. (Title varies.) 

France. Service hydrographique. 

1935. Skagerrak et Kattegat. Instructions nautiques. 391 p. (11- 

378.) 

France. Service hydrographique. 

1937. Sundet Belts. Instructions nautiques. 316 p. (11-387.) 

France. Service Hydrographique. 

1938. Mer Baltique, c6tes sud et est: de Darsserort au golfe de 

Bothnie. 346 p. (11-392.) 

France. Service hydrographique. 

1939. Golfe de Bothnie. 

Frankcom, C. E. N. 



Instructions nautiques. (11-401.) 



Ice conditions in the Baltic and Danube areas Dec. 1, 1939 to 
Jan. 23, 1940. Met. mag. 75 :l-8. chart. 

Die eisverhaltnisse der Revaler Reede und ihre beziehungen 
zur luft- und wassertemperatur der Ostsee. S. B. Naturf. 
ges. Univ. Dorpat. 31 :1-16. 1924. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 
53:28-29. 1925. [Review.] 

Average distribution of ice along the coast of Esthonia. Rep. 
4th Hydrol. conf. Baltic states. 19 p. 

*Frisch, K. and K. Kirde. 
1924-1936 . Merejaa vaatlused 1923 /24-1935 /36 a. talvel Eestis. (Sea ice 
conditions 1923/24-1935/36 during the winter in Estonia.) 
Valj. Tartu uli. eesti veek. uur. kom. 1, 3-4, 6-7, 10-11, 15, 
17, 19-20, 23, 27. 



1940. 



Frisch, K. 
1924-1925. 



Frisch, K. 
1933. 



♦GaU£, P. H. 
1908-1915. 



Overzicht der ijswaarnemingen langs de Noordzeeen Zuider- 
zeekusten en mondingen der groote rivieren. De Zee 
30:477-485. 31:555-561. 32:457-459. 33:535-537. 34: 
528-535. 35:533-537. 36:678-685. 37:387-389. 



BALTIC AND NOBTH SEAS 77 

776. Geographical society of Finland. 

1928. Atlas of Finland. Helsingfors Kustannusosakeyhtio Otava. 

8 p. 38 double-face maps (col.). [T.-p. and text in Fin- 
nish, English, and Swedish. Contains maps showing great- 
est extent of ice in mild, severe, normal winters; formation 
of ice; regress of ice; freezing and^breaking-up of inland ice.] 

777. Germany. Oberkommando der kriegsmarine. 

1926. Handbuch Belte und Sund. Belte" und Sund, Flensburger 

forde, Fahrwasser siidlich von Fiinen und Smaalands-fahr- 
wasser. 2. aufl. 522 p. 

778. Germany. Oberkommando der kriegsmarine. 

1927. Handbuch Skagerrak und Kattegat. Nordwest-und Ostkiiste 

von Jutland, Nordkiiste der Danischen Inseln, Siidkiiste 
von Norwegen, Westkiiste von Schweden. 6. aufll. 587 p. 

779. Germany. Oberkommando der kriegsmarine. 

1929. Handbuch Ostsee, mittlerer teil. Ostkiiste Schwedens von 

Torhamnsudde bis Grislehamn, Litauische, Lettische und 
Estnische kiiste, Finnischer Meerbusen. 6. aufl. 633 p. 

780. Germany. Oberkommando der kriegsmarine. 

1931. Handbuch Ostsee, siidlicher teil. Von Schleimunde-Vejsnfis- 

Nakke bis Nimmersatt-Torhamnsudde. 8. aufl. 

781. Germany. Oberkommando der kriegsmarine. 

1939. Handbuch Ostsee, nordlicher teil. Der Bottnische meerbusen 

und die Alands-Inseln. 7. aufl. 581 p. 

782. Granqvist, Gunnar och Risto Jurva. 

1937. Istjansten i Finland. Helsingfors, Statsradets tryckeri. 65 p. 

[Good photos of ice types, ice-breaker types; codes used; 
general discussion of conditions.) 

783. Granqvist, H. and others. 

1939. Die eisverhaltnisse der Ostsee und ihre erforschung. Rep. 6th 

Hydrol. conf. Baltic states, pp. 144-152. [Code for navi- 
gational conditions and for ice conditions, in German and 
English.] 

784. Gt. Brit. Admiralty. Naval IntelUgence division. 

1920. A hand book of Norway and Sweden. London 476 p. (I. D. 

1214.) 

785. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1926. Baltic pilot, v. I. Comprising the Kattegat, Sound, Great 

and Little Belts, and the channels leading therefrom to the 
Baltic. 6th ed. 518 p. 

786. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1933. Norway pilot, Pt. I. Comprising the southern coast of Nor- 

way, eastward from Lindesnes, and the western coast of 
Sweden southward to Marstrandsfjord. 6th ed. 579 p. 

787. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1937. Baltic pilot, vol. IIL Comprising the Gulfs of Finland and 

Bothnia, and the Aland Islands; the Aland Sea. 3d ed. 495 p. 



78 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

788. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1938. Baltic pilot, v. II. Comprising the Baltic Sea, excluding the 

Gulf of Finland and Gulf of Bothnia. 7th ed. 514 p. 

789. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1942. Ice condition.s in N. W. Europe. Y330. [Col. chart and notes.) 

790. Die Hafen und die Handelsflotte Estlands. 

1928. Volkermagazin. 3:21-23. 

791. "Hango" winter-harbour. Hango, The Committee of traffic at Hango. 7 p. 

1927. illus. 

792. *Heinrichs, Axel. 

1903. IsforhMlandena i Ostersjon och des Vikar. I. Material. 

Fennia. 21(1). 169 p. [Data covers 1889-1895.] 

793. Helaakoski, O. R. 

1943. Bewegungsrichtungen des inlandeises an der kiiste von Poh- 

janniaa und in der umbegung von Tampere. Fennia. 67 

794. *Hellstr6m, R. H. 

1913. Bidrag till kannedomen av isf6rhallS,ndena i Bottenhavet, 

vintrarna 1899-1909. Fennia. 33(3). 364 p. charts. 

795. *Hellstrom, R. H. 

1915. Bidrag till kannedom av isforhMlandena i Bottenhavet II. 

Inverkan av lufttemperaturen, windforhillandena samt 
nederborden pk utvecklingen av isforhMlandena i Botten- 
havet vintrarna 1899-1909. Fennia. 38(2). 155 pbleats.. 

796. Hellstrom, R. H. 

1921 . HIsforhailandena i Bottenhavet. Terra, Helsingfors. 33 :39-42. 

797. Hellstrom, R. H. 

1923. Winterverkehr auf dem Bottnischen meere. IV. Erfahr- 

ungen im winter 1916. (In Finnish; German summary.) 
Fennia. 43(6). 29 p. 

798. Helsinki, Finland. Harbour board. 

1927 . The Port of Helsinki, official handbook, ed. by Otto E. Jaatinen. 

Helsinki, Holger Schildt, Ltd. 119 p. illus., maps, diagrs. 

799. Hennig, R. 

1909. Katalog bemerkenswerter witterungsereignisse von dem 

alteren zeiten bis zum jahre 1800. Abh. Preuss. met. inst. 

2(4):l-75. 

800. Hoppu, K. W. 

1938. Port of Helsinki. Helsinki. 80 p. illus., maps, diagrs. 

801 . Joeden, U. v. 

1918. Die mittlere vereisung der Ostsee. Z. Ges. erdk. 1918:316-324. 

802. *Jurva, Risto. 

1924. Merenjaat saaristomereen rajoittuvissa ymparoivien merien 

osissa. Open sea ice in the parts of the sea surrounding the 
archipelago. (With abstract.) Terra. 36:181-195. tables, 
charts. [Based on data for 1912-1922.] 



BALTIC AND NORTH SEAS 



79 



803. Jurva, Risto. 
1929. 



804. *Jurva, Risto. 
1937. 



Itameren jaatymisesta. (Ice conditions of the whole Baltic.) 
Suomen paperi- ja puutavaralehti. 1929(4) :142, 144. 
charts. 



Uber die eisverhaltnisse des Baltischen meeres an den kiisten 
Finnlands. Fennia. 64. 248 p. and atlas. Merent. julk. 
114. 



805. *Kaminskii, A. A. 



1921. 



806. *Karsten, G. 
1887. 



807. 



808. 



809. 



810. 



811. 



812. 



813. 



Ledianoi pokrov v Nevskoi Gube i v ust'e Nevy v zimy 1918- 
1919 gg. i 1919-1920 gg. (Ice cover of Neva Bay and mouth 
of the Neva winters 1918-1919 and 1919-1920.) Izv. Gos. 
gidrol. inst. 1/3:70-82. German summary. [Tables of 
ice thickness.! 



Studie iiber die eisverhaltnisse im Kieler Hafen gestiitzt auf 
beobachtungen von 1848-49 bis 1885-86. Ann. hydrogr., 
Berlin. 15:87-91. 



*Karsten, Hugo. 
1911. 



Karte des 
1928. 



Untersuchungen iiber die eisverhaltnisse im Finnischen meer- 
busen und im nordlichen teile der Ostee. 1. Beobachtungen 
wahrend der winter 1897-1902. Finnl. hydrogr .-biol. unters. 
6. 91 p. 

Danziger hafens, mit hafenpolizei-verordnung, hafenabgaben — 
lagergeld — und krangebiihren — tarifen etc. Hamburg, 
Meissner and Christiansen. 182 p. 

Koch, Harry. 

1936. Swedish air photos of the ice in the Gulf of Bothnia in the 

spring of 1936. Comm. 5th Hydrol. conf. Baltic states. 
13 C. 4 p. incl. photos. 

Konczak, Stanislaw. 

1937. Zarys khmatologii obszaru baltyckiego. (Apergu sur la cli- 

matologie de la Baltique.) Przeglad geograficzny. 16:63- 
106. French rdsum^. pp. 104-106. [Includes remarks on 
ice; isochrones of duration of ice, dates of freezing of rivers 
and lakes.] 

Lakowitz, C. 

1905. Die Danziger Bucht. (In: Beitrage zur landeskunde West- 

preussens. Festschrift dem XV. Deutschen geographen- 
tag in Danzig, pp. 42-66.) 

Latvia. Jurniecibas departamenta hidrografiska nodala. 

1939-1940. Ledus apstakli Latvijas piekraste (Sea-ice conditions at 
the coast of Latvia during the winters) 1938/39-1939/40. 
Riga. 



Leppik, E. 
1925. 



Narva- Joesuu sadamaolud 1923/24 a. andmetel. (Harbour 
conditions of Narva estuary 1923/24.) Estonia. Sisevete 
uurimise Buroo. Sisevete uurimise andmed. 6. 



80 



ICE OF NOBTHEEN HEMISPHBEB 



814. 



815. 



*Levanen, S. 
1889. 



817. 



818. 



819. 



820. 



822. 



824. 



825. 



826. 



Bearbetning af tiderna for islossmingar och oslaggningar 
Wanda k och i sodra hamnen i Helsingfors. Fennia. 1(9). 
8 p. [Tables of data 1836-1888.] 



Lindgren, K. R. 

1925. Kotka als verkehrs- und hafenstadt. Kirjapaino. 32 p. 



816. Lithuania. Susisiekimo ministerija. 



1933. 



*Matseino, A. I. 
1923-1925. 



Matseino, A. I. 
1933. 



Mead, W. R. 
1939. 

Meyer, H. A. 
1871. 



Klaipedos uosto direkcijos metine apyskaita, 1933. Klaipeda, 
Spaustuve "Lithuania". 90 p. tables, diagrs. 

Ledianoi pokrov v Nevskoi Gube i v ust'i r. Nevy v zimu 
1920-21, 1921-22, 1922-23, 1923-25. (The ice cover of 
Neva Bay and the mouth of the Neva River, winters of 
1920-21 to 1924-25.) Izv. fSentr. gidromet. bfiiro. 1: 
64-72. 2:85-89. 3:119-132. 5:222-236. 



Stationare und exkursionsbeobachtungen der eisdecke des 
Finnischen meerbusens. Rep. 4th Hydrol. conf. Baltic 
states. 80. 



Finland and the winter freeze. Geography. 24:221-229. 



Untersuchungen iiber physikalische verhaltnisse des west- 
lichen teiles der Ostsee. Ein beitrag zur physik des meeres. 
Kiel, Schwers. vii, 204 p. illus., tables. 



821. Norrkopings hamn 1931, och dess utveckling fran aldre tider. Norrkoping, 



1931. 

Oellrich, H. 
1938. 



Norrkopings tidningars aktiebolag. 98 p. illus., maps. 



Die eisverhaltnisse an den Deutschen kxisten, von Memel und 
der Freinen Stadt Danzig im winter 1937-38. Der Seewart. 
7(7):202-206. 



823. *Ostman, C. J. 
1937. 



Isforh&llandena vid Sveriges kuster 1870-1935. 
Svensk. met.-hydrogr. anstalt. 6(6). 



Medd. 



Ostman, C. J. 
1939. 



Palm^n, K. E. 
1894. 



Petersen, P. 
1928. 



On sambandet mellan islaggningen vid svenska ostkusten och 
meteorologiska faktoren. (On the relation between ice 
formation on the Swedish east coast and meteorologic fac- 
tors. Medd. Svensk. met. hydrogr. anstalt. 7(5). 16 p. 



Om isbrytarefartyg och vintersjofart. Forh. Tekn. foren. Finl. 
14:7-67. 12 plates. 



Eisbeobachtungen auf see. 
103. 



Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 56:102- 



BALTIC AND KOBTH SEAS 81 

827. Petersen, P. and H. Oellrich. 

1930. Die eisverhaltnisse an den deutschen kiisten, einschliesslich 

Memel und Danzig. Nach 25 jahrigen beobachtungen vom 
winter 1903/04 bis 1927/28. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 58: 
25-36. 

828. The Port of Gefle. 

1928 . Reprint from Directory of Swedish ports and shipping 1927-28. 

Norrkoping, Norrkopings tidningars aktiebolags tryckeri. 
35 p. illus., maps. 

829. The Port of Halsingborg and harbours within the Halsingborg city limits. 

1928. Reprint from Directory of Swedish ports and shipping 1927-28. 

Norrkoping, Norrkopings tidningars aktiebolags tryckeri. 

23 p. illus., maps. 

830. The Port of Harnosand. 

1928 . Reprint from Directory of Swedish ports and shipping 1927-28. 

Norrkoping, Norrkopings tidningars aktiebolags tryckeri. 
8 p. illus., maps. 

831. The Port of Kalmar. 

1928 . Reprint from Directory of Swedish ports and shipping 1927-28. 

Norrkoping, Norrkopings tidningars aktiebolags tryckeri. 
lip. illus., maps. 

832. The Port of Sundsvall. 

1928 . Reprint from Directory of Swedish ports and shipping 1927-28. 

Norrkoping, Norrkopings tidningars aktiebolags tryckeri. 
lip. illus., maps. 

833. The Port of Vasteras. 

1928. Reprint from Directory of Swedish ports and shipping 1927-28. 

Norrkoping, Norrkopings tidningars aktiebolags tryckeri. 

24 p. illus., maps. 

834. The Port of Landskrona. 

1929 . Reprint from Directory of Swedish ports and shipping3l927-28. 

Norrkoping, Norrkopings tidningars aktiebolags tryckeri. 
11 p. illus., map. 

835. Prufer, G. 

1942. Die eisverhaltnisse in den deutschen und den ihnen benach- 

barten Ost- und Nordseegebieten. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 
70:33-50. 25 charts. 

836. Reinicke, G. 

1905. Die eisverhaltnisse in schwedischen und russischen gewassern 

vom friihUng 1903 bis zum ausbruch des eises 1905. Ann. 
hydrogr., BerHn. 33:387-396. 

837. Reinicke, G. 

1906. Die eisverhaltnisse in gewassern der Ostsee im winter 1905/06. 

Ann hydrogr., Berlin. 34:464-472. 

838. Reinicke, G. 

1907. Die eisverhaltnisse des winters 1906/07 in den danischen 

hollandischen und belgischen gewassern. Ann. hydrogr., 
Berlin. 35:426-431. 



82 




839. 


Reinicke, G. 
1907. 


840. 


Richter, J. 
1933. 


841. 


Rozen, M. F. 
1929. 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



Die eisverhaltnisse des winters 1906/07 in den russischen und 
schwedischen gewassern der Ostsee. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 
35:413^26. 

Vereisung der Beltsee und siidlichen Ostsee im winter 1928/29. 
Arch. Dtsch. seewarte 52(5). 

Plotnost' I'da Nevskoi guby u Oranienbauma i niorfologiches- 
kaia kharakteristika ego. (Thickness of Neva Bay ice and 
its morphological characteristics.) Izv. "ffeentr. gidromet. 
biuro. 8:221-232. 

842. *Rudovitz, L. F. 

1918. Ledianoi pokrov Rizhkago zaliva. (Ice in Riga Bay 1888/89- 

1916/17.) Zap. gidrogr. 41:725-788. 

843. Rudovitz, L. F. 

1929. Ledianoi pokrov Rizhkogo Zaliva zimoi 1928-29 g. (Ice in 

Gulf of Riga winter 1928-29.) Zap. gidrogr. 57:70. 

844. Salomanov, V. 

1933. Der eisnachrichtendienst des Baltischen Meeres. Rept. 4th 

Hydrol. conf. Baltic states. 81. 

845. Schmulders, V. 

1928. Eisverhaltnisse im Rigaschen meerbusen. Rep. 2d Hydrol. 

conf. Baltic States. 12. 8 p. 



"Grundeis" im seewasser. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 25:72-74. 

Beobachtungen der eisdecke d. Rigaschen meerbusens vom 
flugzeug aus. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 57:164-165. 



846. 


Schott, Gerha 




1897. 


847. 


Slaucitajs, L. 




1929, 


848, 


Slaucitajs, L. 




1929. 


849. 


Slaucitajs, L. 




1929. 


850. 


Slaucitajs, L. 




1936. 


851. 


Sovetov, S. A, 




1907. 



Die eisverhaltnisse an den kiisten Lettlands, 1928/29. Arb. 
Met. inst. Univ. Lettlands. 11 :15-19. 



Spaltenbildung in der eisdecke und eisschiebungen an der 
kiiste des Rigaschen meerbusens im winter 1928 /29. Ann. 
hydrogr., Berlin. 57:411-414. 

Die eisverhaltnisse an den Lettlandischen kiisten des Rigaer 
meerbusens und die temperaturen wahrend der eiswinter. 
Rep. 5th Hydrol. conf. Baltic States. 13B. 9 p. 

Ledianoi pokrov na Baltiiskom More v kholodnuiH zimu 1901- 
1902 g. i teplufii zimu 1902-1903 g. (Ice of the Baltic Sea 
during cold winter of 1901-02 and warm winter 1902-03.) 
Met. vestn. 17:409-415. chart. 



BALTIC ASTD NORTH SEAS 83 

852. Sovetov, S. A. 

1924. Protsessy zamerazniia i vskrytiia iQzhnoi chasti Ladozhskogo 

ozera, r. Nevy i vostochnoi chasti Finskogo Zaliva. (Freez- 
ing and breaking up of the southern part of Lake Ladoga, 
Neva River and eastern part Gulf of Finland.) Zap. gidrogr., 
48:289-299. 

853. *Speerschneider, C. J. H. 

1915. Om isforholdene i Danske farvande i aeldre og nyere tid 

aarene 690-1860. Medd. Dansk. met. inst. 2. 141 p. 

854. Speerschneider, C. J. H. 

1925. Eisbildung und eismeldedienst in Danischen fahrwassern. 

Ann. hydrogr., Berhn. 53;305-312. 

855. *Speerschneider, C. J. H. 

1927. Om isforholdene i Danske farvande aarene 1861-1906. Medd. 

Dansk. met. inst. 6. 

856. Spindler, L B. 

1893. Ledianoi pokrov na Baltiiskom More v 1892-1893. (Ice 

cover of Baltic Sea 1892-1893.) Zap. gidrogr. 14:47-58. 

857. *Stakle, P. 

1936. Die eisverhalthisse der Ostsee und ihre erforschung. Rep. 5th 

Hydrol. conf. Baltic states, 13A. 106 p. 

858. Steffens, O. 

1911. Die eisverhaltm.sse an den deutschen kiisten . . . vom winter 

1903/04 bis 1910/11. Ann. hydrogr., BerUn. 39:633-641. 

859. Struiski, N. 

1925. K voprosu o plavanii vo I'dakh Finskogo Zaliva. (Navigation 

of ice in Finnish Gulf.) Zap. gidrogr. 49 :193-223. 

860. *S\veden. Meteorologisk-hydrografiska anstalt. 

1920-1944. Arsbok, 1919-1942. Stockholm. [Section V. Hydrografiska 
matningar i Sverige, contains freezing and thawing dates.] 

861. Sweden. K. SjQkarteverket. 

1934. Svensk lots. Del V. Ostersjon, ostra delen, Riigen — Odens- 

holm. 150 p. 

862. Sweden. K. Sjokarteverket. 

1935. Svensk lots. Del I. Skagerrak, Kattegatt och Oresund, 

huvudsakligen Svenska kusten. 330 p. 

863. Sweden. K. Sjokarteverket. 

1936. Svensk lots. Del IV. Segelbara inlandsfarvatten. 251 p. 

864. Sweden. K. Sjokarteverket. 

1940. Svensk lots. Del II. Ostersjon, Svenska kusten. Falster- 

boudde — Arholma. 165 p. 

865. Sweden. K. Sjokarteverket. 

1942. Svensk lots. Del III. Bottenhavet och Bottenviken, Svenska 

kusten. 120 p. 



84 ICE OF NOBTHEBN HBMISPHBEB 

866. Szychlinski, Franciszek. 

1922. Zjawiska zamarzania u polskiego wybrzeia Baltyku. (Les 

ph^nomfenes de la glace aux c6tes polonaises de la Baltique.) 
Prace Pozn. towarz. przyj. nauk. Kom. mat.-przyr. s.A, 
1:119-142. fold, table. 

867 . Turku (Abo) ; modern port and industrial town. 

1934. Finnish trade review. 5(l):17-32. 

868. Turku, Finland. The Harbour board. 

1938. Port of Turku-Abo. Turko, Kirjapaino grafia. 7 p. 

869. Turku Suomi, the harbour 1935. Tvu-ku, Kirjapaino grafia. 6 p. 

1934. 

870. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1917. Ledianoi pokrov Finskago zaliva i Alandskago MorlS,. (Ice 

cover of Gulf of Finland and Aland Sea.) Petrograd. 13 
p. tables, charts, diagrs. 

871 . U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1936. Lo£sifa Baltiiskogo Moria. Chast' II. SrednfaiS, chast' 

Moria. 299 p. Dopolnenie (suppl.) 3. 1941, 

872. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1937. Lofsiia Baltiiskogo Moria. Chast' I. Finskii i Rizhskii 

zalivy s Mukhuveinom. 358 p. Dopolnenie (suppl.) 
3. 1941. 

873. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1939. Lofsiia Baltiiskogo Moria. Chast' III. iDzhnaia chast' morfa. 

Dopolnenie (suppl.) 2. 1941. 

874. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1940. Lo£siia Baltiiskogo Moria. Chast' IV. Botnicheskii zaliv. 

523 p. Dopolnenie (suppl.) 1. 1941. 

875. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. Gidrometeorologicheskii otdel. 

1930-1936. Ledovaia nauchno-metodicheskaia morskaia stan£siia. Zhur- 
nal ispytanii prochnosti I'da Finskogo zaliva za 1930-1936 
gg. (Journal of investigations of strength of ice in the 
Finnish Gulf 1930-1936.) Ed. by S. M. Andreev and V. I. 
Arnold-Aliab' ev. [Unverified reference.] 

876. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1929. Scandinavia pilot. Vol.11. The Kattegat to Cape Arkona, in- 

cluding the Sound, Great and Little Belts, and Kiel Bay. 
3d ed. 603 p. (H.O. 141.) 

877. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1930. Baltic pilot, Vol. I. The Baltic Sea from Falsterbo Point and 

Cape Arkona to the entrances of the Gulfs of Finland and 
Bothnia. 3d ed. 432 p. (H.O. 142.) 

878. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1933t. Port facilities (Consular form). Submitted each year by vari- 

ous consuls. Ice information from : Gavle, Hudiksvall, Lu- 
lea, Oxelosund, Stockholm, Sundsvall, Vastervik, and one 
special report on Swedish ports in the Stockholm consular 
district, Memel (Lithuania) and Liepaja (Latvia). 



BALTIC AND NOBTH SEAS 



85 



879. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1934. Sailing directions for the Baltic. Vol. III. The Gulf of 

Finland, the Aland Islands, and the Gulf of Bothnia. 2d 
ed. 385 p. (H.O. 143.) 

880. Veinberg, B. P. 

1925. K stat'e V. I. Arnold- Aliab'eva "0 nekotorykh osobennostfakh 

ledianogo pokrova Finskogo Zaliva po dannym nablfiidenii 
s ledokolov." (On Arnold-Aliab'ev's article "On certain 
peculiarities of the ice-cover of the Finnish Gulf according 
to observations of the ice-breakers.") Zap. gidrogr. 49: 
269-272. 



881. 



882. 



883. 



885. 



Viipuri uuras. Viipuri, Kirjalan Kirjapaino osakeyhtio. 
1930. 31 p. illus., maps. 

Vinberg, Sal. 
1935. 



The Port of Stockholm. 
94 p. illus., maps. 



Stockholm, Ahlberg and Lundquist. 



Vize, V. ft}. 
1925. 



884. Vize, V. ft. 
1925. 



Zalomanov, 
1929. 



V. 



Einige beziehungen zwischen der zeit des erscheinens des eises 
im Finnischen meerbusen und hydrographischen und 
meteorologischen phanomenen. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 
53:191-193. 

K voprosu o dolgosrochnom prodskazanii vremeni ochi- 
shcheniia ot I'dov Finskogo Zaliva. (Zur frage iiber die 
landfristige vorhersage der zeit der enteisung des Finnischen 

meerbusens.) Izv. "fSentr. gidromet. bfiiro. 5:85-100. 
tables. German summary. 

Predpolagaemoe vskrytie Finskogo Zahva vesnoi 1929 g. 
(Forecasting breaking-up of ice in Finnish Gulf spring 1929.) 
Met. vestn. 1929(3) : 80. [Unverified reference.] 



SEE ALSO: 2, 3, 11, 12, 153, 278, 367, 1196, 1660. 



86 



15. BLACK AND AZOV SEAS 



886. Bel'chenko, K. A. 

1930. L'dy v fiigo-zapadnoi chasti Chernogo Morfa zimofil 1928-29 

g. (Ice in SW part of the Black Sea 1928-29.) Zap. gidrogr. 
62:73-75. 

887. Chikachev, M. P. 

1855. Considerations historiques sur les ph^nomenes de congelation 

constates dans le bassin de la mer Noire. Annu. Soc. met. 
France. 3:12-37. [Tables on Danube at Vienna. Data on 
marine and freshwater.] 

888. France. Service hydrographique. 

1932. Mer Noire et mer d'Azov. Instructions nautiques. 247 p. 

(11-357.) 

889. Germany. Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine. 

1921 . Handbuch Schwarzes Meer. Schwarzes und Asowsches Meer. 

2. aufl. 678 p. 

890. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1942. Black Sea pilot. Comprising the Dardenelles, Sea of Mar- 

mara, Bosporus, Black Sea, and Sea of Azov. 9th ed. 
(Under revision.) 453 p. 

891. Koppen, W. 

1929. Viel eis im Schwarzen meere im winter 1928/29. Ann. 

hydrogr., Berlin. 57:163-164. 

892. Mariolopoulos, E. G. and L. Alexandrou. 

1933. La congelation de la mer dans le Golfe de Thessalonique. 

C. R. Acad. d'Athenes. 8:234-238. 

893. Perov, B. A. 

1933. Donnyi led v ust'e R. Dnepra i Dneprovsko-Bugskom limane. 

(Anchor ice in the mouth of the Dnieper River and in the 
Dnieper-Bug estuaries.) Zap. gidrogr. 1933(2) :97-98. 

894. PhiUppson, A. 

1903 . Eisbildung auf der Bucht von Salonik im letzten winter. Met. 

z. 20:369-370. tables. 

895. Potochkii, P. 

1908. NabliQdeniia nad zamerzaemost'iu Dzharylgatskago i Kar- 

kinitskago zalivov v zimu 1907-1908 g. (Observations on 
freezing of Dzharilgatski and Karkinitski bays during 
winter 1907-08.) St. Peterburg. 12 p. 6 charts. 

896. Prishletsov, V. I. 

1930. Ledianoi pokrov na Azovskom More v zimu 1928-29 g. (Ice 

on the Azov Sea during winter 1928-29.) Izv. 'fSentr. 
gidromet. biiiro. 9:243-247. 

897. Prodolzhitel'nost' ledostava v portakh Azovskogo Moria v 1928-29 g. (Dura- 

1930. tion of the ice at Azov Sea ports during 1928-29.) Bfiil. 

pogody 1 sost. mor. Feodosifa. 23:10. 



BLACK AND AZOV SEAS 



87 



898. 



899. 



900. 



901. 



902. 



Eeinicke, G. 
1913. 



Eis und schiffahrt der funf winter von 1907/08 bis 1911/12 
in den hafen des Schwarzen Meeres. Ann. hydrogr., 
Berlin. 41:86-91. 



Rudovitz, L. F. 

1929 L'dy v liigo-zapadnoi chasti Chernogo Mona zimoi 1928-29 

goda. (Ice in the SW part of Black Sea 1928-29.) Zap. 
gidrogr. 57 :69-70. 

Shustov, B. S. 

1930. Ledianoi pokrov Azovskogo Mona. (Ice on the Sea of Azov.) 

Izv. Assois. nauchn.-issled. inst. Mosk. univ. 3(1 A): 
103-127. 6 figs. German summary, pp. 127-128. 

*Shustov, B. S. 

1934. Ledianoi pokrov Chernogo Mona. (Ice in the Black Sea.) 

Zemlevedenie. 36:376-395. tables, chart. 



903. 



904. 



905. 



Shustov, B. S. 
1934. 



Veroiatnost' vstrechi so I'dami v Dneprosko-Bugskom limane 
i V Severo-Zapadnoi chasti Chernogo Mona. (Probability 
of encountering ice in the Dneiper and Bug estuaries and 
in the NW part of the Black Sea.) Zemlevedenie. 36:396- 
398. [Charts Nov.-Apr.] 

Snezhinskii, V. A. and B. S. Vorontsov. 

1932. Donnyi led v Azovskom More. (Anchor ice in the Azov 

Sea.) Zap. gidrogr. 1932(3) :138. 



Starov, D. K. 
1929. 



Led V Sevastopol'skoi bukhte. (Ice in the Bay of Sevasto- 
pol.) Zap. gidrogr. 56:170-171. 

Svedeniia o sostoianii ledianogo pokrova. (Azovskogo i Chernogo Morei po 
1928. dekadam). (Information on the state of the ice by ten day 

intervals in Azov and Black seas.) Biiil. pogody i sost. 
mor. Feodosiia. 1928:1-11, 33-36. 



906. U. S. S. R. 
1937. 



Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

Lo£siia Azovskogo Moria. (Azov Sea pilot.) 237 p. Dopol- 
nenie (suppl.) 3. 1940. 

907. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1926. Black Sea pilot. The Dardanelles, Sea of Marmara, Bos- 

porous, Black Sea, and the Sea of Azov. 2d ed. 474 p. 
(H. 0. 155.) 



908. Vize, V. lU. 
1927. 



Ledianoi pokrov v Dneprovsko-Bugskom limane i na Dnepre 
nizhe Khersona v zimu 1925-26 gg. Die eisdecke in den 
limanen des Dnjeprs und Bugs und auf dem unteres lauf 
des Dnjeprs im winter 1925/26. Izv. 'f^entr. gidromet. 
bIQro. 7:62-90. tables, diagrs. German summary. 



SEE ALSO: 2, 3, 1660. 



88 



16. CASPIAISi AND ARAL SEAS 

909. Berg, L. 

1902. Materiialy dlia gidrologii Aral'skago MorfS. (Nauchnye 

rezul'taty Aral'skoi ekspedifsii. Vup. 1.) (Hydrology of 
the Aral Sea. Scientific results of the Aral expedition, v. 1.) 
Izv. Turkestansk. otd. Russ. geogr. obshch. 3:1-62. 

910. Krasnova, V. S. 

1937. Khimicheskii sostov I'da Kaspiiskogo Moria. (The chemical 

composition of the ice of the Caspian Sea.) Zh. obshch. 
khim. 7:(12):1747-1748. 

911. Razumovskii, N. I. 

1930. Sostoianie I'da v severnoi chasti Kaspiiskogo Morfa zimoiQ 

1927-1928 gg. (State of the ice in the northern part of the 
Caspian Sea dm'ing the winter 1927-28.) Izv. "fSentr. 
gidromet. biQro. 9:42-66. 

912. fSurikov, V. L. 

1939. Nekotorye darmye o I'de Aral'skogo Morfa. (Some data on 

the ice of Aral Sea.) Izv. Russ. geogr. obshch. 71:1200- 
1219. 

913. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1935. Lofsifa Kaspiiskogo Mona. (Caspian Sea pilot.) 260 p. 

914. Wood, Herbert, 

1876. The shores of Lake Aral. London, Smith, Elder & Co. 352 p. 

[Ice, pp. 105 & 321.] 

SEE ALSO: 2, 3, 1645. 



89 



17. YELLOW SEA 

915. Chatley, Herbert. 

1940. The port of Tientsin, the shipping center of North China. 

Dock and harbour authority. 20:129-134. 

916. The China year book, 1939. Shanghai, North China daily news and herald, 

1939. Ltd. 

917. Chinwangtao . 

1929. Chinese economic journal. 4:162-166. 

918. France. Service hydrographique. 

1936. Mer Jaune et golfe du Petchili. Instructions nautiques. 

223 p. (11-381.) 

919. Gt. Brit. Foreign office. Historical section. 

1920. China, Japan, Siam. London. Peace handbooks. 12. 

920. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1937. China Sea pilot, vol. III. Comprising the coasts of China 

and Manchuria from Fokai Point to the Oryuku Ko; the 
north coast of Luzon; Formosa; and the western coast of 
Korea. London. 644 p. 

921. Hitch, Margaret. 

1935 . The port of Tientsin and its problems. Geogr. rev. 25 :367-381 

922. Li, Shu-T'ien. 

1933. The present status of the site of the great northern port 

J. Assn. Chin. Amer. engrs. 14(3) :l-20. 

923. The Manchukuo year book. Hsinking. 

1941. 

924. Niinomy, K. 

1927. Observations on sea ice of Dairen Bay, Manchuria. (In 

Japanese.) Chikyu (Globe). 7:354-377. 

925 . U. S. Foreign and domestic commerce bureau. 

1926. China, a commercial and industrial handbook. 818 p. (Trade 

promotion series no. 38.) 

926. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1943. Sailing directions for the Coast of China from Yalu River to 

the approach to Hong Kong — the Yangtze River — the 
coasts of Taiwan (Formosa) and the Pescadores Islands. 
4th ed. Washington, D. C. 691 p. (H. 0. 124.) 

SEE ALSO: 2, 8, 938. 



90 



18. OKHOTSK AND JAPAN SEAS 



927. 



928. 



929. 
930. 

931. 

932. 
933. 

934. 
935. 

936. 

937. 
938. 



France. Service hydrographique. 

1935. Japon et Sib^rie (c&te est) y compris la Mer int^rieure du 

Japon et les archipels et iles detach^es dans le sud, le S.W. 
et le N.E. du Japon. 491 p. (11-377.) 

Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1937. South and east coasts of Korea, east coast of Siberia, and 

Sea of Okhotsk pilot. Comprising the coast from the south- 
west extreme of Korea to Cape Shipunski on the eastern 
coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula; and Quelpart Island, 
Tsushima and Sakhalin. 3d ed. London. 650 p. 

Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1938. Japan pilot, Vol. I. Comprising Honshu (except its southern 

coast), Hokkaido, the southern coast of Karafuto, and 
Chishima Retto. 4th ed. 427 p. 

Japan. Meteorological observatories, Nemuro, Abasira, and Syana. 

1929-1937. Report of the ice-drift and freezing of sea- water. (In Japan- 
ese.) J. ocean. 1:51-53. 2:89-90, 276-277. 3:201-206, 
649-053. 5:241-250, 427-429. 6:287-288. 8:103-111. 
9:57-72. 10:233-242. 



Knipping, E. 
1893. 



Luks, K. 
1928. 

Luks, K, 
1932. 



Die deutsche bark "Coiu-ad Hinrich", Kapt. F. H. C. Brandt, 
im Okhotskischen meere vom eise besetzt, April 1879. 
Ann. hydrogr., Berhn. 21:432-435. 

Vo I'dakh fAponskogo Mona. (In the ice of the Japan Sea.) 
Vokrug sveta. 10:158-159. 

Okhotskoe More i zimnii reis 1931-1932 goda. (The Okhotsk 
Sea and winter voyage during 1931/32.) Sovetskii sever. 
3(5):72-80. 



Matumoto 
1929. 



K. 



Report on the ice-drift and freezing of the seawater observed 
at Shara and Abasiri. (In Japanese.) J. ocean. 1:125-130. 
Mecking, Ludwig. 



1931. 



*Okada, T. 
1931. 



Popov, 
1929. 



V. L. 



*Purin, A. 
1924. 



A. 



Japans hafen, ihre bezeihungen zur landesnatur und wirt- 
schaft. Mitt. Geogr. Ges. Hamburg. 42. 592 p. illus., 
plates, maps. [Includes ice.] 

The climate of Japan. Bull. Cent. met. obs. 4(2) :89-416. 
[Table of data, 1909-1928, of first and last ice dates for 72 
stations, pp. 355-356.] 

Problema Okhotskogo Moria. (The problem of the Okhotsk 
Sea.) Severnaia Aziia. 1929(3) :12-25. 

L'dy fAponskogo, Okhotskogo morei i Severnogo Ledovitogo 
Okeana. (Ice of the Japan and Okhotsk seas and the Arctic 
Ocean.) Viestnik Azii. 52 :301-333. tables. 



OKHOTSK AND JAPAN SEAS 91 

939. Rudovits, L. 

1916. Klimat Okhotskago Moria. (Okhotsk Sea climate.) Zap. 

gidrogr. 40:882-894. [Ice, pp. 892-893, with chart of 
S.W. area.] 

940. Snow, H. J. 

1897. Notes on the Kuril Islands. London, Royal geographic so- 

ciety. 91 p. 

941. Suda, K. 

1932. On the salinitj^ of sea-ice in the Nemuro Bay. (In Japanese.) 

J. ocean. 4:265-267. 

942. Suda, K. 

1932 . On the sea-ice of the Soya-strait in Aniwa Bay. (In Japanese.) 

J. ocean. 3 :438-446. 

943. Suda, K. and K. Seki. 

1932. On the first and last dates of the ice-drift and freezing of 

sea-water at several ports along the coast of the Bering Sea, 
Okhotsk Sea, and adjacent seas of Japan. (In Japanese.) 
J. ocean. 3:697-702. 

944. Taguti, K. 

1933. On the state of sea-ice in the Bering Sea, Okhotsk Sea, and 

the northern part of the Japan Sea. (In Japanese.) J. 
ocean. 4:489-508. 

945. Tarasov, N. I. 

1940. fAponskoe More (fiziko-geograficheskii ocherk). (The Japan 

Sea; a physico-geographical sketch.) Morskoi sbornik. 
1940 (8) :50^79. [Ice chart.] 

946. Uda, Mititaka. 

1941. Physical problems of the sea-ice in the northern waters adja- 

cent to Japan. (In Japanese.) Nippon setsuhyo kyokai 
zasshi. Setsu hyo. 3(1). [Unverified reference.] 

947. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1933. Lo£siia Tikhogo okeana. Chast' V. fAponskoe More berega 

lAponii. (Pacific Ocean pilot, pt. V. Japan Sea shores of 
Japan.) Leningrad. 96 p. 

948. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1934. Lofsiia Tikhogo Okeana. Chast' IV. fAponskoe More. 

Tatarskii Proliv. (Pacific Ocean pilot, pt. IV. Japan Sea. 
Tartary Strait.) Leningrad. 169 p. 

949. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1935. Lofsiia Tikhogo Okeana. Chast' II. fAponskoe More, 

vostochnyi iuzhnyi berega Korei. (Pacific Ocean pilot, pt. 
II. Japan Sea, east and south shores of Korea.) Lenin- 
grad, Gidrograficheskogo otdela U.M.S. R.K.K.A. 311 p. 

950. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1938. Lo£siia Okhotskogo Moria. (Okhotsk Sea pilot.) Leningrad. 

509 p. Dopolnenie (suppl.) 1. 1941. 



92 ICE OF NOETHEBN HEMISPHEEE 

951. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1940. Lofeia Tikhogo Okeana. Severnyi^bereg Ostrova Khonsffl, 

berega Ostrova Khokkaido, fQzhnji i vostochnyi berega 
Ostrova Sakhalina, Ostrova Sutsetso Moto i Tsisima Retto. 
(Pacific Ocean pilot. N shores of Honshu, shores of Hok- 
kaido, S and E shores of Sakhalin, Suisho Shoto and Chis- 
hima Retto.) Sost. N. A. Mamontov. Leningrad, Izd. 
Gidrogr. upr. NKVMF. 312 p. illus. 

952. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1930. .-Vsiatic pilot vol. II. The Japanese archipelago. 3d ed. 

Washington, D. C. H.O. 123. 857 p. (Suppl. pub. 1943.) 

953. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1932. Sailing directions for Siberia and Chosen from Cape Syeverni 

and WrangeU Island to the Oryoku Ko (Yalu River) including 
SakhaUn Island. 3d ed. Washington, D. C. 578 p. (H.O. 
122.) 

954. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1944. Sailing directions for Chishima Retto (Kuril Islands.) Ad- 

vance publication of Chapter II of H. O. Pub. 123A, Sailing 
directions for Japan, Vol. 1, now in preparation by the 
Hydrographic office. 118 p. map. 

955. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1944. SaiUng directions for Hokkaido. 129 p. (H.O. 123Y.) Ad- 

vance publication of Chapter III of H.O. 123A. 

956. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1944. Sailing directions for southeastern coast of Kamchatka from 

Mys Afrika to Mys Lopatka. 57 p. (H.O. 122X.) Ad- 
vance publication of part of Chapter III of H.O. 122A. 

957. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1944. Translation of Japan Pilot vol. 10-A, East and South coasts 

of Korea. [Tables of ice on navigable rivers.] 

958. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1944. Translation of Japanese saiUng directions for the Chishima 

Retto and the southern coast of Karafuto. 279 L. Mimeo- 
graphed. Partial translation only. 

959. Ushakov, P. 

1940. Okhotskoe More (fiziko-geograficheskaia spravka v svlazi s 

trekhsotletiem otkrytiia Okhotskofii moria). (The Okhotsk 
Sea; a physico-geographic report in connection with the 
tricentenary of the discovery of the Okhotsk Sea.) Morskoi 
sbornik. 1940(1) :69-92. diagrs., charts. 

960. Zhdanko, M. ^ ^ 

1908. Vremia vskrytiia i zamerzaniia nekotorykh zalivov, bukht i 

rek V predelakh Primorskoi oblasti i otchasti vne efa. (Time 
of opening and closing of some gulfs, bays and rivers of the 
coastal and offshore regions.) Zap. Obshch. izuch. Amur 
kraia. 12ioll. p. 66. 2 p. table. 

SEE ALSO: 2, 12. 



93 



19. BERING SEA, BERING STRAIT AND GULF OF ALASKA 

961. Brooks, A. H. 

1925. The value of Alaska. Geogr. rev. 15:25-50. map. [Map 

shows southern ice limit, dates of navigability around 
coasts.] 

962. Collier, A. J., F. L. Hess, P. S. Smith and A. H. Brooks. 

1908. The gold placers of parts of Seward Peninsula, Alaska. Bull. 

U.S.G.S. 328. 343 p. [Notes on ice in Bering Sea; river and 
harbor ice.] 

963. Collins, H. B., jr. 

1932. Prehistoric eskimo culture on St. Lawrence Island. Geogr. 

rev. 23:107-119. 

964. Fitton, E. M. 

1930. The climates of Alaska. Mon weath. rev. 58:85-103. 

965. France. Service hydrographique. 

1938. Alaska. Instructions nautiques. 334 p. (11-396.) 

966. Goodman, J. R., J. H. Lincoln, T. G. Thompson and F. A. Zeusler. 

1942. Physical and chemical investigations: Bering Sea, Bering 

Strait, Chukchi Sea during the summers of 1937 and 1938. 
Wash. Univ. Pubis, ocean. 3(4):105-169 and append., 
117 pp. [Ice, pp. 161-167.] 

967. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1932. South-east Alaska pilot. Comprising the coast and off -lying 

islands from Dixon Entrance to Cook Inlet. 2d. ed. 502 p. 

968. Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department. 

1940. Bering Sea and Strait pilot. Comprising the North-western 

and Northern coasts of Alaska from Cape Douglas to 
Demarcation Point, the Northern coast of Canada from 
Demarcation Point to Cape Bathurst; the Aleutian Islands; 
and the North-eastern coast of Siberia from Cape Shipunski 
to Cape Shmidta. 2d ed. 497 p. 

969. Hegemann, P. F. A. 

1890. Eis und strom im Beringsmeer. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 

18:401-425. 

970 JcDHBSS D 

1929.' Little Diomede Island, Bering Strait. Geogr. rev. 19:78-86. 

971. Page, James. 

1900. Ice and ice movements in Bering Sea during spring months. 

Publ. U.S.H.O. 116. 19 pp. map. 

972. Simpson, E. 

1890. Report of ice and ice movements in Bering Sea and the 

Arctic basin . . . under direction . . . C. H. Stockton . . . 

commanding U.S.S. Thetis. Washington. 25 p. fold, 
chart. (H. O. 92.) 



94 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

973. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1938. Lofsiia Beringova Moria, chast' I. Vostochnyi bereg Kam- 

chatki ot Mysa Lopatka do Mysa Ollutorskogo i Koman- 
dorskie Ostrova. (Sailing directions for the Bering Sea. 
Pt. I. E shores of Kamchatka from C. Lopatka to Olyu- 
torskyi and Komandorski Is.) Leningrad. 283 p. Dopol- 
nenie (suppl.) L 194L 

974. U. S. Coast and geodetic survey. 

1932. U. S. coast pilot Alaska pt. 1. Dixon Entrance to Yakutat 

Bay. 8th ed. Washington, D. C, 492 p. (Serial 545.) 

975. U. S. Coast and geodetic survey. 

1938. U. S. coast pilot Alaska pt. II. Yakutat Bay to Arctic Ocean. 

4th ed. Washington, D. C. 490 p. (Serial 607.) 

976. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1899-1902. Ice in the Bering Sea. Season 1899, 1900, 1901. Verso Pilot 
chart N. Pacific Oct. 1899, Apr. 1901, Feb. 1902. 

977. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1934. Naval air pilot, Alaska Peninsula, southern and southeastern 

Alaska. 235 p. (H. O. 188.) 

978. U. S. Hydrographic office. 

1943. Special Aleutian Islands supplement to United States coast 

pilot Alaska, pt. II. Yakutat Bay to Arctic Ocean, 4th 
(1938) ed. Prep, by U. S. C. & G. S. and pub. by the H. 0. 
230 p. (H.O. 139.) PhotoHthographed. 

979. Volkov, N. A. 

1938. Okeanograficheskie raboty v Beringovom Prolive v zimovku 

1936/37 goda. (Oceanographic work in Bering Str. during 
the winter 1936/37.) Problemy arktiki. 1938(4) :99-103. 

980. *Weightman, R. H. 

1941. Special data regarding the opening and closing of navigation 

in Bering Sea. Mon. weath. rev. suppl. 45:59. [Data for 
St. Michael Bay, Alaska, 1875-1931.] 

981 . Zeusler, F. A. 

1941. Ice in the Bering Sea and Arctic Ocean. Proc. U. S. Nav, 

inst. 67:1102-1106. 

SEE ALSO: 938, 1691. 



95 



20. RIVERS AND LAKES 
NORTH AMERICA 

982. Bell, J. M. 

1929. Great Slave Lake. Geogr. rev. 19:556-580. 

983. Blanchet, G. H. 

1926. Great Slave Lake area, North West Territories. Ottawa, 

North West Territories and Yukon branch Department of 
the interior. 1 p.L., 5-58 p. illus., tables, fold. map. 

984. Break-up of the Yukon River ice at Dawson. 

1916. Geog. rev. 2:60. 

985. Cameron, A. D. 

1910. The new north. New York, Appleton. xix, 398 p. 

986 . *Canada. Dominion bureau of statistics. 

1942. The Canada year book, 1942. Ottawa. ["Duration of the 

season of open navigation on the St. Lawrence ship channel, 
1912-1940." p. 615. For years 1881-1911 see 1934/35 ed., 
p. 756.] 

987. Canada. Dominion water and power bureau. 

1914-1944. Surface water supply of Canada. Pacific drainage. British 
Columbia and Yukon Territory. 1911/12-1936/38. 
Ottawa. Water resources paper no. 1, 8, 14, 18, 21, 23, 25, 
30, 35, 39, 43, 47, 51, 53, 59, 61, 65, 67, 72, 78, 80, 86. 

988. Canada. Dominion water and power bureau. 

1921-1942. Surface water s'jpply of Canada. Atlantic drainage (south of 
the St. Lawrence River), New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, 
Prince Edward Island. CUmatic year 1918/19-1937/38. 
Ottawa. Water resources papers 29, 37, 45, 52, 63, 69, 
73, 81, 83. 

989 . Canada. Dominion water and power bureau. 

1921-1944. Surface water supply of Canada. St. Lawrence and southern 
Hudson Bay drainage. 1919/20-1937/39. Ottawa. Water 
resources papers 28, 34, 38, 42, 58, 64, 70, 74, 76, 79, 85. 

990. Canada. Dominion water and power bureau. 

1922-1943 . Surface water supply of Canada. Arctic and western Hudson 
Bay drainage (and Mississippi drainage in Canada) in 
British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, the 
Northwest territories, and western Ontario. 1919/20- 
1937/38-1938/39. Ottawa. Water resources papers 31, 
36, 40, 44, 46, 50, 54, 57, 62, 66, 68, 71, 75, 82, 84. 

991 . Canada. Hydrographic and map service. 

1934. Sailing directions for the Saint John River from Saint John 

Harbour to Fredericton and Kennebecasis Bay. 73 p. 

992. Canada. Topographical survey of Canada. 

1934. Average date, start and end of flying season for float and boat 

planes. Ottawa. 1 map. 1 :20,000,000. 



96 ICE OF NOBTHEBN HEMISPHERE 

993. Damage from ice accumulation at Niagara Falls. 

1938. Engineering. 145;397-398. [Illustrated description of con- 

ditions in Jan. 1938.] 

994. *Dearborn, Henry and others. 

1865. Opening and closing of the Kennebec River, at Gardiner, 

Maine, from 1785 to 1865. Maine agric. rep. 10:181-182. 

995. Dyer, Jerome. 

1898. The routes and mineral resources of northwestern Canada. 

London. 268 p. fold. maps. ["Ice on rivers and lakes": 
pp. 169-172.] 

996. Ewens, W. E. 

1938. Control of ice jams in large rivers; causes of heavy ice accumu- 

lations and methods of using thermit and calcium chloride 
in reducing pressure. Some experiments with thermit con- 
ducted. Canad. engr. 74(5) :1 1-13. [Photos of Niagara 
River.] 

997. Frazier, A. H. 

1934. Effects of ice on the flow of the upper Mississippi River. Trans. 

Amer. geophys. un. 15:421-427. 

998. The Freezing of the Niagara Falls. 

1936. Scot, geogr. mag. 52:253-254. 

999. Gardiner, Frederic. 

1865. On the ice in Kennebec River. Amer. j. sci. 40:20-22. 

1000. *Gardiner, R. H. 

1858. Observations on the opening and closing of Kennebec River, 

Maine. Rep. Smith, inst. 1858 :434-436. [Data for 1785- 
1857.] 

1001. Gibbs, G. S. 

1906. The "breaking up" of the Yukon, Nat. geogr. mag. 17: 

268-272. 

1002. Henry, A. J. 

1918. Ice in rivers 1917-18. Mon. weath. rev. 46:85-95. 

1003. Kindle, E. M. 

1920. Arrival and departure of winter conditions in the Mackenzie 

River basin. Geogr. rev. 10:388-399. 

1004. Koeppe, C. E. 

1931. The Canadian cUmate. Bloomington, 111. 3 p.L., 280 p. 

• maps, diagrs. 

1005. Lloyd, Trevor. 

1943. The Mackenzie waterway, a northern supply route. Geogr. 

rev. 33:415-434. 

1006. Miller, Eric. 

1935. Dates of opening and closing of Lake Mendota and Lake 

Monona, 1851-1935. 4 p. 

1007. *Opening and closing of the Hudson River near Albany, N.Y., 1817-36. Amer. 

1837-1838. almanac (Boston). 1837. Ann. phys. 43:192. 1838. 



BIVBRS AND LAKES NORTH AMERICA 97 

1008. Parsons, W. J., jr. 

1940. Ice in the northern streams of the United States. Trans. 

Amer. geophys. un. 21 :970-973. 

1009. *Record of ice break-up on Rock Lake, Jefferson County, Wisconsin. Data 

from 1887 to 1940. (Mss. in Dept. of Wildlife management, 
University of Wisconsin College of agriculture.) 

1110. *Shipraan, T. G. 

1938. Ice-conditions on the Mississippi River at Davenport, Iowa. 

Amer. geophys. un. 19:590-594. [Tables for 1841/42- 
1934/35.] 

1011. Swenson, Bennett. 

1942. Opening and closing dates of river-navigation in the United 

States. Mon. weath. rev. 70:280. [Tables of average, 
earliest and latest closing and opening dates; average, 
maximum and minimum period of suspended navigation, 
for 14 places on 6 rivers.] 

1012. U. S. Engineer department. 

1932-1941. Annual reports of Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army. Ft. 2. 
Commercial statistics water-borne commerce of the United 
States for the calendar year 1932-1941. 10 v. [Navigation 
season included in notes for each harbor.] 

1013. U. S. Engineer department. 

1935. The Ohio River. 5th ed. rev. to June 30, 1934. Washington. 

iii, 438 p. illus., map. 

1014. U. S. Engineer department. Rivers and harbors board. 

1936. Transportation lines on the Mississippi River system, 1936. 

Washington, D. C. vii, 124 p. plates, maps. (Transporta- 
tion series no. 4.) 

1015. 'U. S. Weather bureau. 

Closing and opening dates of river navigation in the United 
States due to ice. (Mss. from unpublished data in the 
Weather bureau.) [Data for 16 places.] 

1016. *U. S. Weather bureau. 

1926. Summary of climatological data for Alaska, by sections. Sec- 

tion 2, The Interior valleys of Alaska. Bull. W. U.S.W.B. 
Vol. III. [Tables: "Date ice broke in spring and river closed 
in autumn", give data from 1882-1921 for various stations 
on Iditarod, Koyukuk, Kuskokwim, Takotna, Tanana and 
Yukon rivers. Some stations do not have data for all 
above-mentioned years.] 

1017. Wentworth, C. K. 

1932. The geologic work of ice jams in subarctic rivers. Wash. 

Univ. studies sci. tech. n. s. 7:49-80. [Dates of opening 
and closing of Yukon River, pp. 57-58.] 

1018. Wing, L. W. 

1943 . Freezing and thawing dates of lakes and rivers as phenological 

indicators. Mon. weather, rev. 71:149-157. 

SEE ALSO: 187, 188, 193, 202, 248, 632, 633, 680, 681, 695, 704-720, 962, 



98 



21. RIVERS AND LAKES 
EURASIA 

1019. Abel's, G. 

1892. Izmereniia plotnosti snega v Ekaterinburge zimofii 1890-91 g. 

(Sudden freezing of snow at Ekaterinburg . . . winter 
1890/91.) Zap. Akad. nauk. G9, prilozh. 2. 24 p. [On 
one of the Lena tributary streams. 56°49'N, 78°15'E.] 

1020. Al'tberg, V. fA. 

1931. Donnyi led i problemy Angary i Bol'shoi Volgi. (Anchor ice 

and problems of the Angara and Greater Volga.) Izv. Gos. 
gidrol. inst. 39/40:36-55. 

1021. Al'tberg, V. fA. 

1934. Geograficheskoe rasprostranenie donnogo I'da na territorii 

SSSR i gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel'stvo. (The geograph- 
ical distribution of anchor-ice in the territory of U.S.S.R. 
and its hydrotechnical construction.) Gidrotekhnicheskoe 
stroitel'stvo. 1934(6) :32-34. 

1022. Al'tberg, V. fA. 

1936. Flusseis und winterregime; sammelbericht von der UdSSR 

zum punkt 7 des programms der V. Hydrologischen kon- 
ferenz der Baltischen Staaten. Einschliesslich referate von 
S. A. Sovetov, tJber eisstaue auf der Newa; F. N. Sofronov, 
Grundlagen der vorausberechnung der eisbildung und der 
gestaltung der eisdecke in wasserlaufen. Rep. 5th Hydrol. 
conf. Baltic states. 7D. 28 p. 

1023. Al'tberg, V. fA. 

1938. Twenty years of work in the domain of under-water ice-for- 

mation (1915-1935). Bull. Int. geod. geophys. un. Assn. 
sci. hydrol. 23:373-407. 

1024. Al'tberg, V. lA., V. K.j\.rtberg, E. A. Popov i P. I. Syrnikov. 

1932. Materiialy po issledovaniffl zimnego reshima reki Volkhova 

V 1929-1931 g.g. V. raione 6-i GES. (Material on research 
of winter regime of the Volkov River 1929-1931.) Issled. 
rek SSSR. 2:3-60. illus., tables, diagrs. 

1025. Angstrom, Anders. 

1937. On the function of ice in the river Gotaalv as a function of the 

meteorological factors. Geogr. ann. 19:126-130. Bull. 
Int. geod. geophys. un. Assn. sci. hydrol. 23:343-346. 

1026. Antonov, V. S. 

1940. V nizov'iakh Eniseia (opyt Ust'-Kureiskoi ledoissledovatel'- 

skoi stan£sii.) (On the lower part of the Yenesei River. 
From Ust-Kureikin ice station). Moscow-Leningrad. 40 p. 
(Politupravlenie Glavsevmorputi. Bibliotechka "Stakh- 
anov£sy Arktiki." Kn. 31.) 

1027. *Anzahl der tage, an denen die schiffahrt auf der Elbe bei Hamburg durch eis 

gehemmt war (1815-74.) Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 3:64^65. 
From Hamburgischen borsenhalle, no. 19475, 19 January 
1875. 



BIVBKS AND LAKES — EUBASIA 99 

1028. Arenstein, Joseph. 

1849-1850. Eisverhaltnisse der Donau in Pesth in der jahren 1847-49, 
1849-50. S.B. Akad. wiss. Wien. Math.-phys. kl. 3:331-336. 
5:201-206. tables, diagrs. 

1029. Artemonov, D. S. 

1933. Deistvie ledianogo pokrova na rekakh Volzhskogo basseina 

(po prakticheskim nabliudeniiam sudokhodstva). (Work 
of the ice in the Volga River basin.) Trud. Inst, gidrotekhn. 
Shorn, ledotekh. 1:97-164. 

1030. Aufgang und zufrieren der Dwina bei Archangel in den jahren 1734-1819. 

1820. Aurora. 2:64. 

1031. Austria. Bun desministerium fiir land- und forstwirtschaft. Wasserbausektion. 

1932. Der eisstoss an der osterreichischen Donau im winter 1928/29. 

Wasserwirtschaft. 25:99-107. [Data beginning 1829/30.] 

1032. *Avinov, I. N. 

1858. Vskrytie r. Oki v Kasimovskom uezde. (Opening of the Oka 

in the district of KasimofT, 1837-1857.) Vestn. Russ. 
geogr. obshch. 22(5) :93-94. 

1033. Balashov, K. N. i I. I. Tamarskii. 

1938. Gidrologichskii ocherk reki Ebetem. (Hydrology of Ebetem 

River.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 105:51-71. [Ice conditions, pp. 
59-63. Tributary of Lena.] 

1034. Basin, M. M. 

1937. Ispytaniia soprotivoeniia ledianogo pokrova r. Sviri szhatiiii, 

srezu i islomu v period taian'ia vesnofii 1934 (Rukopis' v 
Institute gidrotekhniki.) (Tests for strength of ice of Svir 
R. to pressure, shearing and breaking during the spring 
thaw 1934. Ms. Hydrotechn. inst.) 

1035. Bayer, D. 

1893. Ein eisgang an Oberrhein. Erinnerung an selbsterlebtes. 

Allg. bauztg. 58:98-99. 

1036. Behning, Arvid. 

1926. Der eisgang der Wolga 1926. Int. rev. hyrob. 16:272-275. 

1037. *Bernadskie, N. M. i V. M. Bernadskie. 

1924. Vskrytie i zamerzanie reki Volkhova. (Breaking up and 

freezing of the Volkhov River.) Materiialy po issledovaniiQ 

. reki Volkhova i ego basseina. 1:27-71, 205-217. illus. 

[Data 1881-1920. Novgorod, Volkhovo, Gostinopol'e i 

Novoladoga.] 

1038. Bessonov, E. A. 

1914-1923. Issledovanie I'da r. Tomi pred ledokhodom 1913-1915 gg. 
(Ice observations on the river Tom during ice years 1913- 
1915.) Izv. Tomsk, tekhnol. inst. 35:1-6. 1914. 43(3): 
26-27,27-28. 1923. 

1039. Blanchard, Raoul and R. E. Crist. 

1935. Geography of Europe. New York, Henry Holt. 490 p. 

1040. Bogardus, J. F. 

1934. Europe, a geographical survey. New York, Harper & Brothers. 

713 p. 



100 



ICE OF NOKTHEBN HEMlSi-HEKE 



1041 . Bogdanov, D. A 



1042. 



Materifaly po lotsii iDzhno-Taimyrskogo vodnogo puti. (Ma- 
terial for sailing the S. Taimyr waterways.) Leningrad, 
Glavsevmorputi. 117, 2 p. illus. [Rybnaya River, Noril- 
skaya River, Piasin River and Lake, Avamo-Tachenarsky 
portage.] 

Ledokhod na Severnoi Dvine v 1923-1924 gg. i nekotorye 
vyvody. (Floating of the ice in the North Dvina 1923-1924 
and some results.) Severnoe khoziaistvo. 7:51-67. 

1043. *Boguslawski, G. H. von. 

1873. Uebersicht der tage, an welchen die miindungen der Oder 

(Peene, Swine, Divenow) vom eise des winters freigeworden 
sind (von 1828 bis 1873). Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 1:78-80. 



1044. 

1045. 

1046. 
1047. 

1048. 
1049. 

1050. 

1051. 
1052. 



1936. 



Bogovoi, I. 
1924. 



Borodai, N. I. 
1939. 



Botkin, A. 
1900. 



Materiialy k izuchenim stroeniia ledianogo pokrova Baikala. 
(Materiaux pour I'^tude de la structure de la nappe de 
glace du Lac Baikal.) Trud. Baikal'sk. limnol. stants. 
9:71-114. 



Materiialy dlia izucheniia ozera Baikal. (Material for the 
study of Lake Baikal.) St. Peterburg, Izd. Morskogo 
ministerstva. 



Braun, Gustav. 

1916. Deutschland. Berlin, Gebruder Borntraeger. 363 p. 

Bregman, G. R. 

1940. Atlas of the opening and freezing of rivers of the European 

part of USSR. (In Russian.) (Ms. in State Hydrological 
Institute, Leningrad.) 



Briest. 
1907. 



Bydin, F. I. 
1931. 



Bydin, F. I, 
1932. 



Bydin, F. I. 
1933. 



Bydin, F. I. 
1933. 



Ueber die eisverhaltnisse des Ryck unfern des Greifswalder 
bodden. Met. z. 24:129. 



K voprosu ob issledovanii ledokhodnogo rezhima rek. (On 
questions concerning research in the ice regime of rivers.) 
Zap. Gos. gidrol. inst. 4:5-19. 2 tables. French rdsum^. 



Izuchenie rosta I'dav prirodnykh uslovifakh. (Study of ice 
formation under natural conditions.) Izv. Inst, gidrotekhn. 
4:175-183. English summary. [Study of river Svir.] 

Zimnii rezhim rek i metody ego izucheniia. Regime hivernal 
des fleuves et les mdthodes de son 6tude. Issled. rek SSSR. 
5. 237, 2 pp. illus., fold, diagrs. [Ice regime, pp. 89-115.] 

Nekotorye kharakteristiki letnego i zimnego rezhima r. Volgi. 
(Some characteristics of summer and winter regimes of the 
Volga River.) Issled. rek. SSSR. 6:21-73. illus., fold, 
diagrs. [Data on N.-Novgorod and Samara-Luki regions.] 



RIVERS AND LAKES EURASIA 101 

1053. Bydin, F. I. 

1934. Bor'ba so I'dom na r. Sviri. (Struggle against the ice on the 

river Svir.) Svir'stroi. 158 p. English summary. 

1054. Bydin, F. I. 

1934. Ice-formation on the Svir River and its peculiarities. (In 

Russian.) Izfflsk. issled. SAdrstr. 3:111-147. [Unverified 
reference.] 

1055. Bydin, F. I. 

1934. Opyt dolgosrochnogo prognoza zamerzanifa vodoemov po 

SSSR v zimu 1934-35 g. (Attempt at long-range forecasting 
of freezing of the basins of the USSR during winter 1934- 
35.) Izv. Gos. gidrol. inst. 66 :52-62. [Tables include 78 
rivers.] 

1056. Bydin, F. I. 

1935. Skhema raionirovaniia tolshchin I'da po SSSR. (A scheme to 

district the ice-thickness over USSR.) Gidrotekhnicheskoe 
stroitel'stvo. 1935(10) :34-38. 

1057. Bydin, F. I. 

1937. Thermal and ice-regime of some rivers in USSR and the con- 

ditions of foreseeing the same. Bull. Int. geod. geophys. 
un. Assn. sci. hydrol. 23:245-273. tables, diagrs. 

1058. Bydin, F. I. 

1939. Termicheskii i ledovyi rezhim nekotorykh rek SSSR i uslovifa 

ego predskazaniia. (Thermal and ice regime of some rivers 
of USSR and conditions of forecasting same.) Trud. Gos. 
gidrol. inst. 9 :14-28. 

1059. Bydin, F. I. i N. N. Petrunichev. 

1932. Issledovanie formuly inzh. Poryvkina po narastanif^ pover- 

khnostnogo I'da. (Investigation of the formula of growth 
of surface-ice proposed by M. P. Porivkin.) Izv. Inst, 
gidrotekhn. 4:184-195. [Tables for rivers Volkhov and 
Volga.] 

1060. *Champoiseau, Ch. 

1875. Tableau des prises et des debacles du Danube k Galatz, pen- 

dant les quarante derni^res ann6es. (1836-1975.) C.R. 
Acad. sci. Paris. 80(1) :1034-1035. 

1061 . Clarinval, A. 

1872. Remarques sur la formation des premiers glafons sur les 

rivieres. Bull. Assn. sci. France. 9:379-381. [On the 
Moselle River.] 

1062 . Commission du ^gime des eaux du Danube. 

1934. Etude sur le regime des glaces du Danube. Avec une pre- 

face de M. Carlo Rossetti. Mailand. 165 p. 41 tables. 

1063. Danilov, L. G. 

1908. zamerazanii Volzhsko-Kamskago basseina. (On freezing in 

the Volga-Kama basins.) Met. vestn. 18:56-57. 



102 ICE OF NOKTHEEK HEMISPHERE 

I 

1064. ♦Davydov, L. K. 

1939 . Vskrytie rek arkticheskoi i subarticheskoi zony SSSR. (Break- 

ing up of the rivers of the Soviet Arctic and subarctic zones.) 
Problemy arktiki. 1939(1) :15-31. [Tables of dates of open- 
ing and freezing of 48 rivers.] 

1065. Devik, Olaf. 

1931. Thermische und dynamische bedingungen der eisbildung in 

wasserlaufen auf Norwegische verhaltnisse angewandt. 
Geofys. publ. 9(1). 100 p. 

1066. Devik, Olaf. 

1932. Die berechnung des langenprofils eines fliisses und dessen 

anderung bei einsetzender eisbildung. Beitr. phys. fr. atm.. 
19:220-232. [Theoretical study based on Norwegian and 
Swedish streams.] 

1067. Devik, Olaf. 

1938. tlber wasserstandsanderung eines fliisses bei eisbildung, auf 

Gotaalv angewandt. Rep. 6th Hydrol. conf. Baltic states. 
3B. 5 p. [Unverified reference.] 

1068. Devik, Olaf. 

1944. Ice formation in lakes and rivers. Geogr. j. 103:193-203. 

1069. Der Diesjahrige eisgang auf der Weichsel. Zbl. bauverw. 3:143-145. 

1883. 

1070. Dits, F. 

1924. Dormyi led v praktike eksploata£sii Arkhangel'skoi gorodskoi 

elektricheskoi stanfsii. (Practical aspects of bottom ice in 
Archangel elec. station.) Severnoe khoziaistvo. 1:37-40. 
[Ice in pipes on bottom of North Dvina.] 

1071. Duf our, Charles. 

1904. Les 6poques d'apparition des premieres glaces au Japon. 

Annu. soc. m^. France. 52:203-204. 

1072. Dybovskii, V. i V. Godlevskii. 

1897. Fiziko-geograficheskie issledovaniia na Baikale v 1869-1876 

gg. (Physico-geographical research on Baikal 1869-1876.) 
Trud. Vost.-Sib. otd. Russ. geogr. obshch. 1:1-62. Bai- 
kal'skii sbornik. 1. [Ice, pp. 12-17.] 

1073. Ebeling, E. 

1929. Die eisverhaltnisse der Elbe in Sachsen. Mitt. Ver. erdk., 

Dresden. 1929:107-136. 

1074. Die Eisbildung bei Frankfurt a. M. am 28. XII. 1890. Zbl. bauverw. 

1891. 11:79. 

1075. K. Elbstrombauverwaltung in Magdeburg. 

1898. Der Elbstrom, sein stromgebiet und seine wichtigsten neben- 

fliisse. Berlin. 3 v. Atlas of 30 charts. 

1076. Encyclopedia of Soviet Siberia . . . (In Russian.) Novosibirsk. 3 v. 

1929-1932. 



RIVERS AND LAKES EURASIA 



103 



1077. Fanner, Gottlieb. 



1078. 
1079. 
1080. 
1081. 

1082. 

1083. 
1084. 
1085. 
1086. 

1087. 
1088. 

1089. 



1888. 

Fickeler, Paul. 
1926. 



Fickeler, Paul. 
1927. 



Der eisstoss der Donau. 
13(34) :301-304. 



Wschr. Osterr. ing. archit.-ver. 



Die winterliehen eisbildungen in Mittelasien. 
mitt. 72:247-253. 



Petermanns 



Der Baikalsee. Naturwissenschaften . 
on ice conditions.] 



15:84-90. [Remarks 



Fuiiwara, S. and R. Sekiguti. , ^ , c /t t 

1936 Analysis of the data for freezmg of Lake Suwa. (In Japanese, 

English summary.) J. Met. soc. Jap. n.s. 14:587-591. 

♦Finland. Valtion meteorologinen laitos. x.- , j j * i-i • „„ 

1904-1907 Etat des glaees et des neiges en Fmlande pendant 1 hiver 
1892/93-1897/98. Kuopio & Helsinki. Contmued to date, 
in Finnish Meteorologisches jahrbuch, 1901+. 



Fischer, Karl. 
1911-1912. 



Fischer, Karl. 
1913-1914. 



Forel, F. A. 
1880. 



Fritsch, Karl. 
1855. 



♦Fritsch, Karl. 
1864. 



*Fritsch, Karl, 
1867. 

Fritsch, Karl. 
1867. 



Fritsch, Karl. 
1868. 



Die wasserstands- und eisverhaltnisse in den Norddeutschen 
stromgebieten im Dezember 1910, Januar-September 1911, 
Januar-Marz, 1912. Zbl. bauverw. 31:44,116,196,236,308, 
352,472,504,624. 32:84,198-200. 

Die wasserstands- und eisverhaltnisse in den norddeutschen 
stromgebieten im jahre 1913. Zbl. bauverw. 33:88,140, 
192,244,335,348,484,531,612,684. 34:24. 

La congelation des lacs Suisses et Savoyards pendant I'hiyer 
1879-80. L'Echo des Alpes, Geneve. 1880(2):94-112, (3): 
149-107. 

Uber die constanten verhaltnisse des wasserstandes der Donau 
bei Wien. S.B. Akad. wiss. Wien. Math.-nat. kl. 15:169- 
199. [Ice on the Donau, pp. 180-188.] 

Die eisverhaltnisse der Donau in Osterreich ob und unter 
der Ems und Ungarn in den jahren 1851/52 bis 1860/61. 
Denk. Akad. wiss. Wien. Math.-nat. kl. 23(l):121-244. 
[Tables of 1st and last and greatest ice, pp. 231-244.] 

Die eisverhaltnisse der Donau bei Wien, 1853-1862. S.B. 
Akad. wiss. Wien. Math.-nat. kl. 46(2) :4 13-461. 1 map. 

Die eisverhaltnisse der Donau in den beiden jahren 1860/1 
und 1861/2. S.B. Akad. wiss. Wien. Math.-nat. kl. 55(2): 
432-479. tables, diagrs. 

Die eisverhaltnisse der Donau in den beiden jahren 1862/3 
und 1863/4. S.B. Akad. wiss. Wien. Math.-nat. kl. 57(2): 
115-163. 



104 



ICE OF NOfiTHEBN HEMISPHERE 



1090. 



1091. 



Fritsch, Karl. 
1868. 



Die eisvethaltnisse der Donau in den jahren 1864/5 bis 
1867/8. S.B. Akad. wiss. Wien. Math.-nat. kl. 58(1): 
1015-1024. 



*Fritsch, Karl. 
1874. 



1092. 



1093. 



Die eisverhaltnisse der Donau im lande Osterreich ob und 
unter der Ems in den jahren 1868/9 bis 1872/3. S.B. Akad. 
wiss. Wien. Math.-nat. kl. 69:677-709. [Tables include amt. 
of ice, water level, and air temperature.] 

Gapanovich, I. I. 

1934. Russia in northeastern Asia. (In Russian.) Peking, Press of 

the Russian Peking Mission. 2v. 186 & 202 p. T.-p. in 
Russian and EngHsh. 

Geistbeck, Alois. 

1886. Die eisverhaltnisse der Isar und ihrer nebenfliisse. 

Jber. Geogr. ges. Miinchen. 10:1-7. 



1094. Germany's inland water communications. 

1940. Bulletin of international news. 17:66-75. 

1095. Giandotti, M. 

1929. La formazione dei ghiacci nel Po nell inverno 1929. (Ice for- 

mation on Po River, winter 1929.) Annali dei Lavori pub- 
bUci. 67:755-771 incl. photos. [Air and water tempera- 
ture data Jan /Feb 1929.] 

1096.* Gorod Eniseisk. (The Yenisei route.) (In: Einseiskii okrug i ego zhizn. Ch. 7.) 
1863. Zap. Russ. geogr. obshch. 4:94-109. [Tables of opening 

and freezing of the Yenisei River, 1790-1805, 1821-1859. 
pp. 96-97.] 



1097. 



Gorz, M. 

1888. 



Die eisbrecharbeiten im Weichselstrom. Z. bauw. 38:351-376. 



1098. Gosudarstvennoe russkoe geograficheskoe obshchestvo. Kommissii po izu- 

1905. cheniui donnago I'da. 

Otchet . . . ob eia rabotakh v 1904 gody. (Report of the work 
of 1904, carried out by the Commission for the study of 
anchor ice of the Russian geographic society.) Izv. Russ. 
geogr. obshch. 41(2):289-396. tables, map of distribution 
of anchor ice in Russian territories. 

1099. Gotzinger, Gustav. 

1909. Studien iiber das eis des Lunzer Unter- und Obersees. Int. 

rev. hydrob. 2:386-396. 

1100. Gravelius, H. 

1901. Die eisverhaltnisse des Dnjepr. Zeit. f. gewasserkde. 4(2): 

103-108. 

1101. *Gt. Brit. Naval staff. Naval intelligence division. 

1920. A Handbook of Siberia and Arctic Russia. Vol. I. General. 

London. 384 p. (I.D. 1207.) ["Freezing and thawing of the 
rivers of Siberia": pp. 38-43.] 



RIVERS AND LAKES EURASIA 105 

1102. Guttenbergen, Heinrich. 

1930. Eisgang und hochwasserkatastrophe 1830. Unsere heimat. 

n.f. 3(3) :70-90. [Vienna and its suburbs.] 

1103. Haidinger, Wilhelm von. 

1847. Betrachtungen iiber den eisgang der flusse. Ber. mitt. 

Freunde. naturw. Wien. 2:278-282. 

1104. Haidinger, Wilhelm von. 

1848. Beobachtungen der veranderungen an der Donau wahrend der 

bildung und zerstorung der eisdecke. Ber. mitt. Freunde. 
naturw. Wien. 4:142-148. 

1105. Haidinger, Wilhelm von. 

1849 . Ueber das eis der Donau in dem gegenwartigcn winter 1848-49. 

S. B. Akad. wiss. Wien. Math.-phys. kl. 2:24-28. 

1106. *Haidinger, Wilhelm von. 

1854 . Tabelle der eisbedeckung der Donau bei Galacz (45°26' N. Br., 

25^43' 0. L. von Paris) in den jahren 1836 bis 1853. S. B. 
Akad. wiss. Wien. 12:9-11. Ann. phys. 92:496. 

1107. Haidinger, Wilhelm von. 

1860. Bericht iiber die eisdecke der Donau in Ungarn im winter und 

ihren bruch im Marz 1858. Denkschr. Akad. wiss. Wien. 
Math.-naturh. kl. 18:1-8. fold, chart. 

1108. *Haidinger, Wilhelm von. 

1860. Die eisverhaltnisse der Donau in den jahren 1851-1860. S.B. 

Akad. wiss. Wien. 42:739-741. 

1109. Hamberg, Axel. 

1919. Observations on the movement of lake ice in Lake Sommen 

in 1918 and remarks on the geographical distribution of 
similar phenomena. Bull. Mineral.-geol. inst. Upsala univ. 
16:181-194. 

1110. *Hambruch, Paul. 

1905. Die eisverhaltnisse auf der Unterelbe. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 

33:435-454. tables, diagr. [Ice occurrence at Hamburg 
1870-1904.] 

1111. Hassert, K. 

1931. Allgemeine verkehrsgeographie. Bd. 1. Berlin, W. de 

Gruyter. 

1112. Heinrichs, Axel. 

1892-1898. Sno- och isforh^Uandena i Finland kr 1890-1892. Bidr. Finl. 
nat. folk. 51 :231-284. 1892. 54:73-154. 1894. 57:221-625. 
1898. diagrs., fold. maps. 

1113. Herpich, Hans. 

1910. Die eisverhaltnisse in den Siidbayerischen seen. Miinchener 

geogr. stud. 26. 89 p. tables, 3 charts. (Inaug.-diss.-Tech. 
hochschule, Munchen.) 

1114. *Hildebrandsson, H. H. et C. A. Rundland. 

1879. Prise et debacle des lacs en Su6de automne 1871-printemps 

1877. Nov. acta Vetensk.-soc. Upsala. s.3, 10, pt. 2 (7). 
8 p. tables, charts. 



106 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



1115. Hohnschild, Fritz. 

1936. Der einfluss der witterung auf den verkehr der Markischen 

wasserstrassen in den jahren 1928 bis 1933. Giessen, Buch- 
druckerei Meyer. 101 p. [Ice, pp. 20-25.] 

1116. Holmsen, Andreas. 

1901. Isforholdene ved de norske indsj0er. (Ice conditions of Nor- 

wegian lakes.) Skr. Norsk, vidensk.-akad. Mat.-natur. kl. 
4. 271 p. French r^sum^. [Diagrs. cover data 1870-1899.] 



1117. *Hulphers, A. A. 
1765. 



Observationer p§, is-lossningen i Malaren, vid WesterS,s, 
sedan kv 1712. (1712-1765.) Handl. Svensk. vetensk. 
akad. 26:116-118. 



1118. 



lAchevskii, L. 
1904. 



1119. 



1120. 



K voprosu ob obrazovanii rechnogo I'da i o ego vUianii na 
skul'pturu beregov reki. (On the question of river ice and 
its action in sculpturing the courses of the streams.) Geol. 
issled. zolot. obi. Sib. 5:53-132. illus. French r6sum6, 
pp. 129-132. 

lAroslavtsev, G. G. 

1925. Burnyi ledokhoda na Rione v lanvare 1925 g. (Stormy ice- 

drive on the Rion River Jan. 1925.) Izv. T^entr. gidromet. 
biiiro. 5:182-184. illus. [Black Sea area.] 



1121. 



Idman, 
1894. 



Ihrig, D. 
1935. 



S. och Einar Meinander. 

Solflackarnes infiytande pS. islossningstiderna i Finlands floder 
och pk vattenst&ndet i finska viken. Einfluss der soimen- 
flecken auf die aufgangszeiten der fliisse Finnlands und den 
wasserstand in Finnischen meerbusen. Fennia. 9(4). 
22 p. tables. 

Az 1935. Evi Februari Mohacsi jeges arviz. Das eishoch- 
wasser bie Mohacs im Februar 1935. Viziigyi kozlem^nyek. 
17:483-495. German, English, French and Italian ab- 
stracts. [Description of ice barrier in Mohacs, Bezdan 
reach of Danube; cause of formation of ice barriers.] 



1122. 
1123. 

1124. 
1125. 



lUrev, B. N. 
1934. 



Jackson, J. R. 
1835. 



*Jackson, J. R. 
1838-1841. 

Jakushov, P. 
1934. 



Navigatsiia k ust'iu reki Pechory. (Navigation of the mouth 
of the Pechora River.) Khoziaistvo severa. 1934(5) :73-83. 
5 tables. 

Congelation of the Neva at St. Petersburgh and temperature 
of its waters when covered with ice. J. Roy. geogr. soc. 
5:1-22. diagrs. [Chronological table of freezing and open- 
ing from 1718-1834.] 

Uebersicht der auf- und zugange der Newa, 1718-1840. Ann. 
phys. 43:426-430. 1838. 52:638-641. 1841. 

Beispiel eines einfriervorganges, eisstosses und einer wasser- 
standserhohung im Newafluss. Wasserwirtschaft. 27: 
217-219. 



RIVERS AND LAKES EUBASIA 



107 



1126. 



1127. 



1128. 



Jakushov, P. 
1934. 



Jakushov, P. 
1934. 



tJber die eisverhaltnisse im Newa- und im Swirfiuss. Wasser- 
wirtschaft und technik. n.s. 1:59-61. [Blockade of ice 
1928/29.] 



Das winterregime des Wolchowflusses. Wasserwirtschaft und 
technik. n.s. 1 :27-30. 



Johanson, E. I. 
1927. 



1129. 



1130. 



Zimnii rezhim r. Volkova i oz. Ihnen'. (Winter regime of 
Volkhova River and Lake Ilman.) Materifaly po issledovanifQ 
reki Volkhova i ego basseina. 14. 187, 77, VI pp. 15 fold, 
charts. 

*Johansson, 0. V. 

1932. Isforh&llandena vid Ule&borg och i Torne alv. Bidr. Finl. nat. 

folk. 84(3). 45 p. [Various tables covering ice conditions 
of several rivers for many years.] 

Keopeczi-Nagy, Z. von. 

1940. Die eisverhaltnisse der fliisse in Ungarn im winter 1939/40. 

Idojaras. 44:102. 



1131. Khmyznikov, P. K. 

1930. Predvaritel'nyi otchet o rabote lAnskogo gidrologicheskogo 

otriada fAkutskoi ekspedifsii 1927-1929 godov i voprosy 
sudokhodstva po reke lAne. (Preliminary report on work 
of Jakutsk hydrological expedition to the Jana in 1927-29 
and problems of navigation of the Jana.) Mater. Kom. 
flkutsk. A.S.S.R. 35. 48 p. illus. [Table of freezing and 
opening of Jana, p. 41.] 

Khmyznikov, P. K. 

1934. Gidrologiia basseina reki fAny. (Hydrology of the Yana 

River basin.) Akad. nauk. Sovet izuch. prirod. resursov. s. 
fAkutsk. 19. 251 p. 35 figs. 85 tables, charts, diagrs. 



1132. 



1133. 



Kolupaila, S. 
1937. 



Le Niemen, ^tude hydrologique. 
381-409. 



Rev. g^ogr. alpine. 25: 



1134. *Komarnitski, S. 
1923. 



1135. 



L'odove vskrittia r. Desni bilia m. Chernigova. (Breaking 
up of the ice in river Desna near the city of Chernigov.) 
Inform, biul. ukrmetu, Kiev. 1/3:40-44. [Data in tables 
and graphs for 1884-1921.] 

Koposov, V. V. 

1929. Ledianoi pokrov na reke Neve v raione Ivanovskikh porogov 

V febrale 1929 g. (Ice cover of Neva River at Ivanov 
bridge in Feb. 1929.) Zap. gidrogr. 56:168-170. 



1136. Korovkin, I. P. 
1940. 



Materifaly po gidrologii reki Khatangi. (Hydrologic material 
on river Khatangi.) Severnyi. morskoi put'. 16:79-98. 
[Ice regime: pp. 83-84.] 



108 

1137. 



1138. 



1139. 



1140. 



1141. 



1142. 



1144. 



1145. 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHEBB 



Korzhavin, 
1938. 



K. N. 



Nabliudeniia nad izmeneniem prochnosti I'da r. Obi u r. 
Novosibirska k periodu vesennego ledokhoda 1934 g. (V 
sviazi s rabotoi ledorezov mosta). (Observations on the 
changes of strength of ice in the river Ob' at Novosibirsk 
during the period of spring ice-drifting of 1934.) Trud. 
Novosibirsk, inst. voen. inzh. zhel.-dorozhn. transp. 3: 
G8-76. [Unverified reference.] 



Korzhavin, 
1938. 



K. N. 



The work of ice-cutters of bridge-piers under the conditions of 
ice-drifting in Siberian rivers. (In Russian.) Trud. Novo- 
sibirsk, inst. voen. inzh. zhel.-dorozhn. transp. 3:3-54. 
[Unverified reference.] 



Laptev, S. N. 
1925. 



L^szl6ffy, W. 
1934. 



Donnyi led i ego obrazovanie na r. Angare. 
otd. Russ. geogr. obshch. 6:94-96. 



Bmi. Vost.-Sib. 



A foly6k jegviszonyai, kueloenoes tekintettel a magyar 
Dunara. (Ice conditions on rivers, especially in regard to 
Hungarian Danube.) Viziigyi kozlemenyek. 16:369-435. 
plates. 



Lebedev, V. N. 
1911. 



Predvaritel'nyi otchet ob izsledovanii vod Kamchatki v 1908- 
1909 g. (Preliminary report on exploration of Kamchatka 
waters 1908-09.) Izv. Russ. geogr. obshch. 47:27-81. 
Chart of mouth of Kamchatka River. 



Lebedev, V. 
1936. 



Materifaly po gidrologii r. PfS,siny. (Material on hydrology 
of Piasina River.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 75. 47 p. illus. [Ice 
conditions, pp. 26-31.] 



1143. Leningrad. Vsesofiiznyi arkticheski institut. 



1934. 



Leopold, E. 
1930. 



Leopold, E. 
1935. 



Materiialy po lofsii lUzhnotaimyrskogo vodnogo puti. Reka 
Rybnaia, reka Noril'skaia, ozero Pfasino, reka Piasina, 
Avamo-Tachenarskii volok. (Sailing directions material for 
the S. Taimyr waterways. Rybnaya River, Norilskaya 
River, Lake Piasin, Piasin River, Avamo-Tachenarsky port- 
age.) Leningrad. 60 p. Suppl. to "Atlasu lotsmanskoi 
karty". [Results of Hydrographic section of S. Taimyr 
expedition of the Glavsevmorputi, 1933.] 

Uber die behinderung der binnenschiffahrt durch elementare 
naturvorgange. 1. Frostsperren. Deutsche wasserwirt- 
shaft. 25:71-77. [Number of days interruption of shipping 
on German rivers.] 

The role of inland waterways in the general transportation 
network of a country. Rep. 16th Int. congr. navig., Brus- 
sels, 1935. 53. 



RIVERS AND LAKES EURASIA 



109 



1146. Levanen, S. 
1889. 



1147. *Levanen, S. 
1890. 



1148. Liljequist, G. 
1941. 



1149. Listov, IB. A. 
1879. 



1150. Lohr, A. 
1929. 



1151. Lokhtin, V. 
1906. 



1152. Lokhtin, V. 
1908. 



1153. Lorenzi, Arrigo. 
1906. 



1154. Lorenzi, Arrigo. 
1908. 



Medelepokerna jamte deras sekulara forandringar for islosa- 
ningen och islaggningen i Kumo elf. Fennia. 1(8). 10 p. 
tables. 



Bearbetning af tiderna for islossningar i Aura k. Calcul des 
donn6es sur I'^poque de la debacle de la riviere d'Aura. Fen- 
nia. 3(10). 6 p. French r&um^. [Table of data 1740- 
1764.1 



Winter temperatures and ice conditions on Lake Vetter. 
Geogr. ann. 23:24-52. Medd. Svensk. Met.-hydrogr. 
anstalt. 35. 29 p. 

Nablfildeniia nad zamerzaniem solfanago ozera bliz g. Iletska, 
Orenburgskoi gubernii. (Observations on the freezing of a 
salt water lake near Iletzk, government of Orenburg.) 
Zap. Russ. geogr. obshch. 8:229-248. 

Eisbeobachtungen auf der Elbe vom flugzeug aus. Ann. 
hydrogr., Berlin. 57 :219-222. 

Ledianoi nanos i zimnie zatory na r. Neve. (Floating ice and 
winter block on the Neva River.) St. Peterburg. 85 p. 
illus. (Mater, opis. russk. rek. 10.) 

Zamerzanie rek. (Freezing of rivers.) Izv. sobr. inzh. put. 
soobshch. 25 :26-31, 43-48. 

Alcune notizie sul gelo dell'Adige nel gennaio del 1905. Monde 
sotter. 2:32-33. 

La congelazione del I'Adige a Boara nel gennaio del 1907. Atti 
VI Congr. geogr. ital. 2:89-94. 



1155. *Loveiko, M. V. 
1930. 



Sinopticheskie uslovifa vskrytifa rek v Evropeiskoi chasti 
SSSR. (Synoptic conditions of the breaking-up of the 
rivers in European Russia.) Geofiz. shorn. 7(2):95-117. 
charts. EngUsh summary. [Data 1881-1910.] 



1156. Ludensee, S. 
1929. 



1157. Lyde, L. W. 
1930. 



Eisbeobachtungen aui see vom flugzeug aus wahrend eines 
eiserkundigungsfluges am 2. Marz 1929. Ann. hydrogr., 
BerUn. 57:232-233. 



The continent of Europe. 4th ed. London, Macmillan. 
456 p. 



IIU 



ICE OF NOBTHEBN HEMISPHERE 



1158. 



1159. 



1160. 



*Maass. 

1877. 



t)ber den eisgang der Elbe. 
[Data for Barbyer, 1844/45- 
1874/75.] 



Z. bauw. 27:175-190. tables. 
1874/75; Magdeburg, 1829/30- 



*Madler, J. H. 
1856. 



1162, 



1163. 



1164. 



1165. 



1166. 



1167. 



Die eisbedeckung des Embach in Dorpat (1840-1853.) Arch, 
naturk. Dorpat. s.2. 1 :351-352. [Table lists day of ap- 
pearance, disappearance and number of days occurrence.] 

Maillet, Edmond. 

1909. Etudes relatives k la formation des glaces sur le fleuve de la 

Neva. Annu. Soc. m6t. France. 57:73-74. [Review of 
Timonov and Tsionglinski. Mem. Congr. navig. XL, 1908.] 



1161. Maillet, Edmond. 



1169. 



1914. 



Maksimov, A. 
1929. 



Sur les conditions de la prise par les glaces de la Seine k Paris. 
Annu. soc. m6t. France. 62 :97-98. 



vskrytii i zamerzanii r. Sosvy u Berezova. (On the break- 
ing-up and freezing of the Sosva River at Berezova.) Bfiil. 
Obshch. izuch. kraia Muz. Tobol'sk. severa. 2(4) :21-23. 



Matseino, A. I. 

1922. Snegomernaia s'emka v basseine r. Lavy, Novoladozhskogo 

uezda, Petrogradskoi gub. (Snow survey of the Lava River, 
Novoladozhk section, St. Petersburg Gulf.) Bfiil. Gos. 
gidrol. inst. 5:4-5. 



Matusewicz, 
1939. 



Maurer, J. 
1929. 



Meier, H. 
1891. 



Meier, H. 
1892. 



Badania nad zlodzeniem jezior w Polsce. (Etude du regime 
des glaces des lacs en Pologne.) Zes. Pol. Wiad. sluz. 
hydrogr. 1 :49-59. 



Der strenge winter und die grossen seegefrorne Februar/Marz 
1929 in der Schweiz. Das Wetter. 46:97-101. 



Ueber grundeisbildung. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 
[Data on the Elbe River near Hamburg.] 



19:137-141. 



Weiteres iiber grund- und siggeis. Ann. hvdrogr. 
20:297-302. [Data on Elbe River near Hamburg.] 



Berlin. 



1168. Melin, Ragnar. 
1938. 



♦Mel'nikov, S. 
1856. 



Investigations regarding the formation and breaking up of the 
ice and of its thickness on lakes and rivers in Sweden. 
Bull. Int. geod. geophys. un. Assn. sci. hydrol. 23:341-342. 



O vskrytii Volgi v Jaroslavle s 1766-1786 gg. (Opening of the 
Volga at Jaroslavl 1766-1786.) Vestn. Russ. geogr. obshch. 

18(5) :25. 



BIVERS AND LAKES EUBASIA 



111 



1170. 



1171. 



1172. 



Merlin, M. 
1929. 



L'hiver 1929 et la navigation rhenane. 
Rhin. 7:114-121. illus. 



La Navigation du 



1173. 



Molodykh, I. F. 

1927. Puti soobshchenjja fAkutii. (Ways of communication in 

lakutia.) (In: lAkutiia. Leningrad, Akad. nauk. pp. 575- 
673. fold, diagrs., map.) 

Mozheiko, L. J. 

1934. On ice-phenomena on Lake Ladoga in the region of the 

Osinovets lighthouse. (Li Russian.) Shorn. Leningrad, 
nauchn.-issled. inzh. inst. vodosn. kanal. gidrotekhn. soor. 
inzh. gidrogeol. 1:24-31. [Unverified reference.] 

*Mullner, Johann. 

1903. Die vereisung der Osterreichischen Alpenseen in den wintern 

1894/95 bis 1900/01. Geogr. abh. 7:49-200. tables. 



1174. ♦Neese, Nicolaus. 



1175. 



1176. 



1177. 



1854. 



Nei, E. 
1907. 



Netherlands. 
1889-1930. 



Einfrieren der Duna bei Riga. (1601-1852.) 
m6t6rologique. 1853 :xiv. 



Correspondance 



Vskrytie i zamerzanie Volgi. (Opening and freezing of the 
Volga.) Trav. Cab. geogr. phys. Univ. St. P. 3:95-121. 
illus. French r^sum^, pp. 118-121. 

Department van waterstaat. 
Verslag van het voorgevallene tijdens den ijsgang op de 
Nederlandsche rivieren in den winter 1887/88, 1890/91, 
1928/29. (Title varies.) (Other reports have been issued; 
not located.) 



Obruchev, V. A 
1892. 



1178. 



1179. 



1180. 



Odenwall, E. 
1936. 



Nashi svedeniia ob obrazovanii Angarskogo i Baikal'skogo 
I'da. (L^nsere kenntnisse ueber bildung und eigenschaften 
der eisdecke der Angara und des Baikalsees.) Izv. Vost.- 
Sib. otd. Russ. geogr. obshch. 23(4) :l-42. German sum- 
mary. 

Lake Lappajarvi. Bathymetric charts, notes on thermal con- 
ditions, etc. Comm. 5th Hydrol. conf. Baltic States. 2A. 
24 p. [Ice, pp. 17-18. Table data for 1911-1931 of number 
of continuous ice-cover days.] 



Oettingen, H. von. 

1907 . Ueber die grundeisbildung in unseren gewassern. 

9:68-69. 



Bait, wschr. 



Ogievskii, A. 
1929. 



Nekotorye dannye o zimnem i ledovom rezhime Ukrainskikh 
rek i ego izuchenii. (Some data on the winter and ice 
regimes of the Ukrainian rivers.) Trud. 2. Vse. gidrol. s'ezd, 
Leningrad, 2:84-89. 



112 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

1181. Ogievskii, A. V. 

1929. Zagal'ni risi stanu I'dovogo vskrytifa za zimovii period 1906- 

1926 rr. na richkakh vodozboriv Ukraini. (General condi- 
tions of freezing and ice on river reservoirs of the Ukraine 
during the period 1905-1926.) Mat. Gidrol. sluzhbi 
1925-26 gidrol. Kiiv. Gidromet. shchorichnik. 4:56-57. 
chart. [Unverified reference.] 

1182. Ohti, S. 

1925. On the freezing of rivers in Korea and southern Manchuria. 

(In Japanese.) J. Met. soc. Jap. s.2, 3:211-221. illus. 
English summary, pp. 26-27, in Reviews and abstracts sec- 
tions. [Dates of complete freezing for 20 years at 5 sta- 
tions for rivers Liau, Ohryokuko, Daidoko and Kanko.] 

1183. Ovodov, A. 

1875. Zametka o vremeni vskrytifa i zamerzanifa vod v nekotorykh 

mestnostoakh Ufimskoi gubernii. (Notes on freezing and 
opening of waters in the government of Ufa.) Zap. Russ. 
geogr. obshch. Orenburgskii otd. 3:449-457. tables. 

1184. Paczoska, Zofia. 

1938. Congelation des fleuves en Pologne. Rep. 6th Hydrol. conf. 

Baltic States. 3C. 35 p. [Unverified reference.] 

1185. Paczoska, Zofia. 

1937-38. Zamarzanie rzek w Polsce. (Freezing of the rivers in Poland.) 
Zes. Pol. Wiad. sluz. hydrogr. 5:187-205. Badania geo- 
graficzne. 18/19:29-69. 1937. French summary. 

1186. Pavlov, P. A. 

1926 . Freezing and breaking up of the ice on the Sungaree at Harbin, 

1898-1925. Trud. Sungari. biol. sta. 1(3), s.B., pp. 1-12. 

1187. Pawlowski, Stanislaw. 

1912. Zlodzenie g6rnej Wisly, gornego Dniestru, oraz ich doplyw6w. 

(Freezing of the upper Vistula and Dniester rivers and their 
tributaries.) Sprawozdanie Dyrekcji Akad. handlowej we 
Lwowie 1911/12:1-50. 

1188. Redder, A. It. 

1929. Nablfiidenifa nad krepost'fii I'da reki Angary. (Observations 

on the strength of the ice of the Angara River.) Zh. geofiz. 
met. 6:69-76. tables. [Describes experiments 1925-28 on 
breaking rectangular strips of Angara ice and gives observed 
values of resistibility for 57 separate determinations.] 

1189. Redder, A. It. 

1929. Opredelenifa prochnosti I'da r. Angary. (Accurate ice fore- 

casting for river Angara.) Zh. geofiz. met. 1:70-76. 

1190. Peppier, W. 

1929. Zur frage des zufrierens von binnenseen. Ann. hydrogr., 

Berlin. 57:215-218. 

1191. Persilanov, V. V. 

1908. K voprosu o zamerzanii rek i o proiskhozhenii ledfanykh 

zatorov. (On the question of freezing of rivers and occur- 
rence of blocking by ice.) Zh. Min. put. soobshch. 1908 
(9):125-131. 



BIVERS AND LAKES EUBASIA 113 

1192. Piskacek, Ottokar. , „ . t.^ , 

1917. Die Donau . . . Wien und Leipzig, Waldheim-Eberle a.g. 87 p. 

plates, maps, diagrs. 

1193. Popesco, Georges. . ,rxu t ^ 

1931 . Inland ports, general dispositions . . . Rep. 15th Int. cong. 

navig., Venice, 1931. 49. 

1194. Poryvkin, N. P. ^ , .. , j 

1926. Formula narastanifa I'da v sviazi s dannymi issledovamia r. 

Volkhova. (Formula for the formation of ice in connection 
with data of investigations made on the Volkhov River.) 
Biiil. Volkhov, gidro-elek. sil. ust. 7:84-110. 

1195. Prussia. Wasser-ausschuss. 

1896 . Der Oderstrom, sein stromgebiet und seine wichtigsten neben- 

flusse. Berlin, D. Reimer. 3 v. illus., tables. 

1196. Prussia. Wasser-ausschuss. 

1899. Memel-, Pregel-, und Weichselstrom, ihre stromgebiete und 

ihre wichtigen nebenflusse . . . Berlin, D. Reimer. 4 v. 
[Ice conditions for rivers and lakes and for the river mouths.] 

1197. Ratz, Friedrich. , „^ 

1930 Eisverhaltnisse an der mainstufe Viereth bei Bamberg. Wasser- 

kraft und wasserwirtschaft. 25:25-29. [Diagr. of data for 
Main at Bischberg 1904-1929.] 

1198. Reinberg, A. M. . , , . r /tt j , * 

1938. Materiialy po gidrologu mzov'ev reki Leny. (Hydrology of 

lower reaches of the Lena River.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 105 : 
7-50. [Ice conditions, pp. 32-38.] 

1199. Renqvist, H. ,..,,, 

1936. The inland waters of Finland. Comm. 5th Hydrol. conf. 

Baltic States, 1936. 1. 55 p. [Remarks on ice : p. 23.] 

1200. Reymann, F. • • , u j 

1910. Die eisverhaltnisse der Mur und Drau. Ein kritisch method- 

ische untersuchung. Mitt. Geogr. ges. Wien. 53:509-579. 
tables. [Data for 1896 /97-1905 /06.] 

1201. Rodevich, V. M., ed. 

1937. Gidrologiia rek Sovetskoi arktiki. Vup. 3. Materiialy po 

gidrologii reki Anabar. (Hydrology of the rivers of the 
Soviet Arctic. Vol. 3. Hydrological material on the Anabar 
River.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 106. 53 p. [Includes tables of 
icing and breaking up.] 

1202. Rouch, J. 

1929. Le gel du Rhin en 1929, Rev. sci. 67:385-393. illus. 

1203. Rouch, J. 

1929. Le Rhin navigable. Rev. sci. 67:747-758. 

1204. Rykachev, M. A. 

1866. Dates moyennes de la debacle et de la congelation des nvieres 

et des lacs de la Russie. Ann. Soc. m6t. France. 14 :154- 
158. 



114 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



1205. 



1206. 



Rykachev, M. A. 

1887. Uber den auf- und zugang der gewasser des Russisches reiches. 

Repert. m^t. suppl. 2. 103, 309 p. plates. 

Rykachev, M. A. 

1909. Otzyv o trade V. M. Lokhtina: "Ledianoi nanos i zimnie 

zatory na r. Neve". (On V. M. Lokhtin's article: Ice drift- 
ing and blocking of river Neva by ice.) Shorn, otch. prem. 
i nagrad. Akad. nauk. 1908:1-15. 



1207. Samhurenko, I. Z. 



1208. 



1209. 



1210. 



1211. 



1938. 



Samel, J. U. 
1938. 



Materiialy po gidrologii nizov'ev reki Kolymy. (Hydrology 
of lower reaches of Kolyma River.) Trad. Arkt. inst. 105: 
183-241. [Ice conditions: pp. 220-235.] 



Der wasserhaushalt der flusse im nordlichen und mittleren 
Schweden. Wiss. veroff. Mus. landerk. n.f. 5:99-140. 



♦Schmid. 

1858. 



Samoilov, B. L. 

1939. The ice on the Don at the beginning of April. (In Russian.) 

Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika. 10/11:39-41. 
[Unverified reference.] 

Satow, G. 

1930. Das bodeneis in der Arktis. Tatsachen und hypothesen. 

Arch Dtsch. seewarte. 49(5). 43 p. 

Nachrichten iiber die strome des preussischen staats. 3. Der 
Weichselstrom. Z. bauw. 8:185-194. [Tables of ice ap- 
pearance and disappearance in 1809-1859.] 

Eisverhaltnisse im Rigaschen meerbusen. Rep. 2d Hydrol. 
conf. Baltic states. 12. 8 p. illus. [Data for 1925/26- 

1927/28.] 

Schwalbe, Gustav. 

1927. tlber eisbildung und eisabgang auf fliissen und iiber die eis- 

verhaltnisse der Deutschen strome und flusse. Arch. Dtsch. 
seewarte. 44(2):27-28. 

1214. Schwalbe, Gustav. 

1929. Die eisverhaltnisse der Elbe bei Magdeburg im winter 1928/29 

im vergleich zu friiheren jahren. Das Wetter. 46:254-256. 
[Data for 1813 /14-1928 /29.] 



1212. Schmulders, V. 
1928. 



1213. 



1215. Schwalbe, Gustav. 

1930. Eisverhaltnisse und temperaturverteilung der Deutschen 

fliisse. Erde und wirtschaft. 3:62-67. 

1216. Schwartekopp, Maria. 

1930. Die eisverhaltnisse im Dortmund-Ems Kanal. Emsdetten, 

H. & J. Lechte. 34 p. Inaug.-diss. — Miinster i. Westfalen. 

1217. Semenov-Tfan'shanskii, I. P., comp. 

1863-1885. Geographical-statistical encyclopedia of the Russian Empire. 
(In Russian.) St. Petersburg. 4 v. 



BIVEES AND LAKES EURASIA 115 

1218. Semenov-Tfan'shanskii, I. P., ed. 

1913. Russia, a complete geographical description of our country. 

(In Russian.) St. Petersburg. 19 v. 

1219. Semenov-Tfan'shanskii, I. P. 

1939. predskazanii srokov vskrytiia rek po metodu mirovoi 

pogody. (On predicting data of break-up of a river by 
weather prediction methods.) Trud. Gos. gidrol. inst. 
9:29-45. 

1220. Shaposhnikov, D. G. 

1939. Zimnii rezhim kanalov. (Winter regime of canals.) Trud. 

Novockerkassk. inzh.-meliorat. inst. 3 :95-125. 

1221. Shchukin. 

1846 . Obrazovanie I'da na dne reki Angary i drugikh rek Vostochnoi- 

Sibiri. (Formation of ice on the bottom of the Angara River 
and other rivers of eastern Siberia.) Otechestvennyia za- 
piski. 49 (VIII): 15-21. 

1222. Shipchinski, V. 

1916. K voprosu ob izmenenii normal'nago rezhima kolebanii 

urovnia reki S. Dviny u goroda Arkhangel'ska pod vliianiem 
vesennikh polovodii. (On the change in the normal water 
level of the N. Dvina River at Archangel under influence of 
the spring floods.) Izv. Arkhangelsk, obshch. izuch. russ. 
severa. 1916:477-483. [Table of date of opening of the 
ice 1901-1916, p. 479.] 

1223. *Shirkina, N. A. 

1930. Sinopticheskie usloviia zamerzaniia rek Evropeiskoi chasti 

SSSR. (Synoptic conditions of freezing of the rivers of 
European Russia.) Geofiz. shorn. 7(2):73-94 incl. charts, 
English summary. [Data 1881-1910.] 

1224. Shostakovich, V. B. 

1903. O vskrytii i zamerzanii rek. (On opening and freezing of 

rivers.) Met. vestn. 13:174-180. 

1225. Shostakovich, V. B. 

1904. O prichinak pozdniago zamerzaniia r. Atary. (Reason for 

late freezing of Atara River.) Izv. Vost.-Sib. otd. Russ. 
geogr. obshch. 34(1):1-18. [Unverified reference.] 

1226. Shostakovich, V. B. 

1904. Tolshchina ledianogo pokrova na vodoemakh vostochnoi 

Sibiri. (Strength of ice on eastern Siberian waters.) Izv. 
Vost.-Sib. otd. Russ. geogr. obshch. 34(2):105-113. [Un- 
verified reference.] 

1227. Shostakovich, V. B. 

1904. Vskrytie i zamerzanie rek Vostochnoi Sibiri v 1902 g. (Open- 

ing and freezing of E. Siberian rivers in 1902.) Izv. Vost.- 
Sib. otd. Russ. geogr. obshch. 34(2): 114^127. [Unverified 
reference.] 

1228. Shostakovich, V. B. 

1907. temperature rek Vostochnoi Sibiri. (Temperature of the 

eastern Siberian rivers.) Mem. Akad. nauk. s. 8 Math.- 
phys. 20(4). 57 p. 



116 ICE OF NOBTHEBN HEMISPHERE 

1229. Shostakovich, V. B. 

1908. Led na ozere Baikal. Lotsiia ozera Baikal. Chast' II. 

Fiziko-geograficheskii ocherk Baikala. (Ice on Lake Baikal. 
Baikal pilot, pt. II. Physical-grographical sketch of Baikal.) 
St. Peterburg, Izd. Glavn. gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1230. •Shostakovich, V. B. 

1908. Vskrytie i zamerzanie vod v Aziatskoi Rossii (po 1902 god). 

(Opening and freezing of waters of Asiatic Russia to 1902.) 
Izv. Akad. nauk. s. 6, 2(7) :497-510, 553-570. [Tables of 
dates, numbers of days, etc. also charts showing isochrons 
for both opening and freezing. Rivers and lakes.] 

1231. Shostakovich, V. B. 

1909. Materifaly k klimatologii Aziatskoi Rossi. I. Vskrytie i 

zamervanie vod Aziatskoi Rossii. (Material on the clima^ 
tology of Asiatic Russia. I. Opening and closing of the 
Asiatic Russian waters.) Izv. Vost.-Sib. otd. Russ. geogr. 
obshch. 37:1-33, 1-179, i-xi. charts. 

1232. Shostakovich, V. B. 

1913. Ozero Baikal. (Lake Baikal.) Met. vestn. 23:136-143. 

1233. Skopinzev, B. A. 

1940. Podlednyi zimnii gidrokhimicheskii rezhim Volgi za vremia s 

1908 po 1939 g. (K vyiasneniiii prichin zamora na r. 
Volge zimoi 1939 g.) (Winter hydrochemical regime of 
the river Volga under ice, for the period between 1908-1939.) 
Met. i. gidrol. 6(5/6) :62-70. 

1234. Skvortsov, E. F. 

1930. Meteorologicheskie nabliQdeniia vo vremia Lensko-Kolym- 

skoi ekspeditsii 1909 g. (Meteorological observations on 
the Lena-Kolyma expedition 1909.) Trud. Kom. lAkutsk. 
ASSR. 15:288-298, 380. 

1235. Slyunin, N. V. 

1900. Okhotsk-Kamchatsk region; natural historical sketch. (In 

Russian.) St. Petersburg. 2 v. 

1236. Sokolov, A. 

1846. Opis' Udskago berega i Shantarskikh ostrovov, Poruchika 

Kosmina, v 1829, 1830 i 1831 godakh. (Description of the 
Udskoe shores and the Shantar Is. by Lt. Kozmina, 1829- 
1831.) Zap. Gidrogr. dept. 4:1-78. tables. [Ice on the 
Uda River and estuary.] 

1237. Sokolovski, Ivan. 

1862. Zeit des gefrierens und aufgehens der Wolga bei Kostroma 

nach den beobachtungen Ivan Sokolovski (1815-1859). 
Repert. met. Dorpat. 2:194. 

1238. Speranski, M. 

1922. Ledfanoi pokrov na Onezhskom ozere v zimu 1919-20 goda 

i svlaz' zamerzaniia vodoemov s meteorologicheskimi 
usloviiami. (The ice cover of Lake Onega 1919-20 and 
the relation of freezing to meteorological conditions.) Met. 
vestn. 32:95-97. 



EIVERS AND LAKES — EURASIA 



117 



1239. 



1240. 



1241. 



1242. 



1243. 



Stakle, Peter. 
1927. 



Stakle, Peter. 
1938. 



Str0m, K. M. 
1934. 



Str0m, K. M. 
1932. 



Str0m, K. M. 
1933. 



Geodatische ermittlungen auf den gewassern Lettlands. Rep. 
1st Hydrol. conf. Baltic states, pp. 19-22. [Photos of ice 
on the Diina and Windau in 1926.1 



Frazil and anchor ice in the rivers of Latvia. Bull. Int. geod. 
geophys. un. Assn. sci. hydrol. 23:351-366. 



Flakevatn. A semi-Arctic lake in central Norway. Skr. 
Norsk, vidensk.-akad. Mat.-naturv. kl. 1934(5). 28 p. 



Tyrifjord, a limnological study. Skr. Norsk, vidensk.-akad. 
Mat.-naturv. kl. 1(3). 84 p. 



1244. 



1245. 



1246. 



1247 



Str0m, K. M. 
1938. 



Suslov, I. M. 
1937. 



Nordfjord lakes, a limnological survey. Skr. Norsk, vidensk.- 
akad. Mat.-naturv. kl. 1932(8). 56 p. [Ice cover, pp. 41-42.] 

Moskenesoy: a study in high latitude cirque lakes. Skr. 
Norsk, vidensk.-akad. Mat.-naturv. kl. 1938fl). 32 p. 
[Ice cover, pp. 25-28.] 

Reka Olenek. Leningrad, Izd. Glavsemorputi. 165, 5 p. 
illus., tables. [Breaking-up and freezing of the river, pp. 
31-39.] 

Svedeniia o vremeni vskrytiia i zaraerzaniia Priladozhskikh kanalov za pos- 
1912. ledniia 10 let. (Information on time of opening and freezing 

of Ladoga canal for the last 10 years.) Bfiil. St.-P. okr. 
put. soobshch. 1912(6)10-11. 

*Svedeniia o vskrytii i zamerzanii reki Eniseia u g. Eniseiska. (Notes on the 
1878. freezing and opening of the Jenissei River.) Izv. Russ. 

geogr. obshch. 14:253. [Data for 1790-1875.] 

1248. *Swarowsky, Anton. 



1249. 



1250. 



1251. 



Die eisverhaltnisse der Donau in Bayern und Osterreich von 
1850-1890. Geogr. abh. 5:1-68. tables. 

Die eisverhaltnisse an der Elbe und ihren nebenfliissen. 30 p. 
Inaug.-diss.- Halle-Wittenberg. 

Nachricht an welchen tagen die Newa zeit 1718 bis 1780 auf- 
und zugegangen ist. Wittenb. wbl. 14:36-38. [Author 
only unverified.] 

Toorn, J. van der. 

1885 Uber eis und eisaufraumung in den hollandischen fliissen. 

Tijdschr. K. Inst. ing. 1884/85:125-129, 146-149. 



1891. 

Thielmann. 
1907. 



Titius, J. D. 
1781. 



118 
1252. 



1254. 



1255. 



1256. 



1257. 



1258. 



1259. 



1260. 



1261. 



Treskov, 
1926. 



A. A. 



ICE OF NOETHEEN HEMISPHEEE 



O zavisimosti mezhdu naibol'shei tolshchinoi I'da i tempera- 
turoi zimy na Baikale. (The relation between the thickest 
ice and the temperature during the winter on Lake Baikal.) 
Trud. Irkutsk, magn. met. obs. 1. 



1253. fSionglinskii, M. 



1905. O nabliudeniiakh nad zamerzaniem rek Nevy i izsledovaniiakh 

zatorov na nei, proizvedennykh v 1903 g. po prouchenifii 
Pravleniia S.-Petersburgskago okruga putei soobshcheniia. 
(Observations on freezing of the Neva and formation of ice 
blocks, taken in 1903, for St. Petersburg district Ministry 
of communications.) St. Peterburg. 48 p. 3 tables. 



■fSurikov, V. 
1939. 



"fSurikov, V. 
1939. 



NabliUdeniia nad ledianym pokrovom fiizhnogo Baikala v 
1934 g. (Observations sur la nappe de glace du Baikal.) 
Trud. Baikal, limnol. stant. 9:23-43. 



Tumonov, V. 
1933. 



E. 



Neskol'ko zamechanii otnositel'no formul narastaniia ledianogo 
pokrova. (Einige bemerkungen iiber die formeln der eis- 
• bildung.) Trud. Baikal. Hmnol. stant. 9:115-125. 

Ob ustroistve na r. Neve postoiannoi raionnoi ledoissledovatel' 
skoi stanfsii. (On the establishment on the Neva River of 
a permanent regional ice observation station.) Trud. Inst, 
gidrotekhn. Shorn, ledotekhn. 1 : 177-220. illus. 

U.S.S.R. Gidrologicheskoe upravlenie. Gidrometeorologicheski sluzhby. 
1919. River ice bulletins of the Dvina River for 1919. Arkhangel'sk. 

(In Russian.) (Mss. in Weather Bureau hbrary.) 

Uspenskii, L. 

1930. Vremia ledostava i vskrytiia reki Volgi na protiazhenii riada 

let. (Season of ice and breaking up of ice on the Volga over 
a long number of consecutive years.) Shorn. Morsk. 
kraeved. obshch. fAroslavl'. 1(10). [Unverified reference.] 



Val'man, V. 
1933. 



N. 



Zimnii rezhira r. Sviri (po issledovaniiam, proizvedennym 
Svirskim stroitel'stvom v 1928- 1930 gg.) (Winter regime 
of the Svir River from observations of the Svir plant during 
1928-30.) Trud. Inst, gidrotekhn. Shorn, ledotekhn. 
1 :74-96. 

Van Valkenburg, S. and E. Huntington. 

1935. Europe. New York, John Wiley & sons, x, 651 p. maps, 

diagrs. 

Veen, J. van. 

1939. Vermindering der ijsperioden op de Nederlandsche rivieren 

sinds 1879. De Ingenieuer. no. 18. 



EIVEKS AND LAKES — EURASIA 



119 



1262. 



1263. 



1264. 



1265. 



1266. 



Vendrov, S. L. 

1933. Kratkii otchet o rabote G.G.I, po izucheniiu osenne-zimnego 

ledostava i zazhora na r. Neva v 1932-33 g. (Brief account 
of the work of the State Hydrological institute on research 
into the stoppage of the ice floe and sub-ice water of the 
Neva River during autumn-winter of 1932-33.) Izv. Gos. 
gidrol. inst. 55:63-72. 

Vereshchagin, G. lU. 

1936. Baikal. Spravochnik po vodnym resursam SSSR. Leno- 

Eniseiskii raion. 16(1). 

Vereshchagin, G. lU. 

1939. Ledianoi pokrov Baikala v arione istoka Angary. (La nappe 

du Lac Baikal dans la region de sortie de la riviere Angara.) 
Trud. Baikal, limnol. stant. 9:45-69. 

Vereshchagin, G. lU. 

1939. Raboty Baikal'skoi Hmologicheskoi stanfsii po izuchenifii 

ledianogo pokrova Baikala. (Travaux de la station Hm- 
nologique du Lac. Baikal sur la nappe de glace du Lac 
Baikal. Trud. Baikal, limnol. stant. 9:5-21. 

*Vesselovsky, K. S. 

1856. fipoques des d^bScles de la prise par les glaces de la Dwina 

k Arkhangel. Bull. Akad. nauk. hist.-phil. 13:209-216. 
[Data for 1734-1854 on freezing and opening dates and 
number of navigable days.] 



1267. 



1268. 



1269. 



Vize, V. lU. 
1927. 



Vladimirov, L. 
1904. 



Vladimirov, L. 
1904. 



KUmat lAkutii. (The climate of Jakutsk.) (In: lAkutiia. 
Leningrad, Akad. nauk. pp. 241-273.) [Tables on opening 
and freezing of rivers taken from Shostakovich 1908.] 

L. 

Obrazovanie I'da na dne rek; lavlenie ledokhoda ot vsplyvaniia 
donnago I'da. (Formation of ice on bottom of rivers; the 
ice-drive as a consequence of rising anchor-ice.) St. Peter- 
burg, viii, 42 p. iUus. 



Usloviiii zamerzaniia reki Nevy. Vozmozhnost udlinit' navi- 
gatsiui i predupredit' obrazovanie podvodnykh zatorov I'da. 
(V prilozhenii: Dannyia o Ladozhskom ledokhode i grafiki 
temperatur pochvy i vody r. Nevy.) (Freezing conditions 
for Neva River. The possibiUty of prolonging navigation 
season and preventing the ice from blocking. With an 
appendix : Data on Ladoga ice-drive and temperature graph 
of earth and Neva River water.) St. Peterburg. 57 p. 
tables. 



1270. Madimirov, L. L. 



1907. Noviia pomatiia o protsessakh zamerzaniia rek i ob obrazo- 

vanii zimnikh zatorov I'da. (New consideration of process 
of freezing of rivers and the formation of winter ice block). 
Zh. Min. put. soobshch. 2:133-163. 3:3-45. 



120 
1271. 



Vlasov, 
1908. 



V. A. 



1272. 

1273. 
1274. 



Voekov, A. I. 
1881. 



Voekov, A. I. 
1907. 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



Otchet o meteorologicheskikh usloviiakh v pribrezhnoi polose 
zapadnoi Ladogi, o protsesse zamerzaniia vody i o lavlenii 
donnago I'da zimofii 1906-1907 gg. (Report on meteoro- 
logical conditions on western shores of Lake Ladoga and on 
the freezing process and anchor ice formation in winter 
1906-1907.) (In: Spindler, I. B. Otchet po fiziko-geogra- 
ficheskomu izsledovanifQ fiigo-zapadnago raoina Ladozh- 
skado Ozera. St. Peterburg. pp. 25-63.) 



Congelation d'un lac sale. Arch. sci. phys. nat. Geneve, s.3, 
6:413-417. [Lake Ilezk near Orenburg, for 1878.) 



Temperatur des Ural. Met. z. 24:114r-119. 



1275. 



1276. 



1277. 



Vorontsov, B. S. 

1929. Ledokhod 1928 goda na rekakh Severnogo basseina. Ch. 2. 

Reki Severnogo basseina. Arkhangel'sk, Izd. Gidro- 
meteorol. otd. Ubeko-Severnogo biuro pogody. 47 p. 
3 charts. [Time of the ice-drive in 1929 on the rivers of the 
Arctic basin. Pt. 2. Rivers of the Arctic basin.] 

Voznesenskii, A. V. 

1938. Some observations on the obstruction of the Angara River at 

Irkutsk through ice in the winters of 1907 and 1908. (In 
Russian.) Trud. Leningrad, otd. Vse. nauchn. inzh.-tekhn. 
obshch. vodn. transp. 2/3:31-50. [Unverified reference.] 

Vremia zamerzaniia i vskrytiia rek i ozer lAkutii po dannym s.-kh. sektory 
1928 lAkutskogo statupravleniia. (Season of freezing and 

breaking-up of the rivers and lakes of Jakutsk.) Izv. 
lAkutsk. otd. Russ. geogr. obshch. 3:61-81. 

Vskrytie i zamerzanie rek i ozer na territorii IASSSR po dannym korres- 
1928, pondentov lAkutskogo otdeneniia Geograficheskogo Ob- 

shchestva za 1916 god. (Breaking-up and freezing of the 
rivers and lakes in the territory of the Jakutsk ASSR from 
data of Jakutsk correspondents of the Russian Geographic 
society for 1916.) Izv. lAkutsk. otd. Russ. geogr. obshch. 
3:88-91. 



1278. 



1279. 



1280. 



Wall^n, Alex. 
1930. 



Welner, A. 
1936. 



Wendling, P. 
1929. 



Climate of Sweden. Stockholm, Statens meteorologisk hydro- 
grafiska anstalt. 65 p. iUus. (Nr. 279.) 

Die wasserstande und eisverhaltnisse des Narvaflusses. Rep. 
5th Hydrol. conf. Baltic States. 7A. 

Der Eisbrechdienst auf der Unterelbe unter besonderer 
beriicksichtigung des eisganges im winter 1928-29. Werft, 
reederei, hafen. 10:432-434. 



BIVEBS AND LAKES — EUBASIA 121 

1281. Wendling, P. 

1929. Die eisverhaltnisse auf der Unterelbe unter besonderer 

beriicksichtigung des winters 1928-29. Ann. hydrogr., 
Berlin. 57:405-411. 

1282. Williams, F. M. and F. P. Williams. 

1926. Steps taken during recent years in order to reduce the periods 

of closure on canals and canalized rivers. Rep. 14th Int. 
congr. navig., Cairo, 1926. no. 24. 

1283. *Zaburin, A. I. 

1870. Vskrytie, pokrytie i pr. Volgi u Astrakhan!. (Freezing and 

opening of the Volga at Astrachan.) Izv. Russ. geogr. 
obshch. 6(2) :24-28. [Data for 1827-1867.] 

1284. Zamerzannia ta skres riclok Ukraini 1925-26 gidrol. roku. Zamerzannia ta 

1929. skres ozer i stavkiv Ukraini 1925-26 r. (Freezing and 

opening of Ukrainian rivers during 1925-26. Freezing and 
opening of lakes and pools of the Ukraine 1925-26.) Mat. 
gidrol. sluzhbi 1925-26 gidrol. r. Kiiv. Gidromet. shchorich- 
nik. 4. 3 unnumb. p. [Unverified reference.] 

1285. *Zeit der bedeckung der Weichsel mit eis (1725-1838). Repert. met. Dorpat. 

1862. 2:235-236. 

1286. Zhadin, V. I. 

1923. Ocherk reki Oki u gor. Muroma. (Sketch of the Oka River 

near Murom.) Rab. Okskafa. biol. sta. 2(2) :7-12. [Mater- 
rial on freezing and breaking-up of ice.] 

1287. Zhukov, N. 

1939. Ledovaia razvedka. Leningrad, Izd. Glavsevmorputi. 24 p. 

illus. [Ice research in Arctic seas, 1933-1936, by aero- 
reconnaisance.] 

1288. Zhukov, N. 

1939. Opyt ledovoi (avia-) razvedki. (Ice aero-reconnaisance.) 

Sovetskafa Arktika. 1939(5) :38-46. 

1289. Zubrzycki, T. 

1927. eriod de congelation des eaux en Pologne. Etudes m6t6oro- 

logique et hydrographique, Warsaw. 4. 

1290. *Zufrieren und aufthauen der unteren Donau zwischen der miindungen des 

1879. Lereth und Pruth. (1837-1879.) Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 

7:476-477. 

1291. Zufrieren und eisgang der Donau bei Galatz (1836-75.) Z. met. 10:192-193. 

1875. [Data is for 10 year averages only.] 

1292. Zusammenstellung der gefrier- und aufthauzeiten der Russischen gewasser, 

1873. 1873. Ann. hydrogr., BerUn. 1:215-216. 

SEE ALSO: 2, 805, 814, 817, 819, 852, 887. 



122 



GENERAL REFERENCES 

1293. Abramov, N. T. 

1916. Propri^t^s mecaniques de la glace. (Resum6 only.) Izv. 

Donsk. politekhn. inst. 5, suppl. pp. 1-16. 

1294. Afonas'ev, V. I. 

1897. Ledokoly. (Ice breakers.) Kotlin (Kronstadt newspaper). 

49:318. 

1295. Afonas'ev, V. I. 

1897. Prokhozhdenie tolstykh I'dov. (Crossing thick ice.) Kotlin 

(Kronstadt newspaper). 105:374. 120:389. 122:391. 

1296. Aitken, J. 

1917. Ground-ice. J. Scot. met. soc. Edinb. 18:13-18. 

1297. Al'tberg, V. lA. 

1916-1917. Issledovanie donnago I'da v laboratornykh i v prirodnykh 
usloviiakh. I-II. Sur la reproduction du ph^nomene de 
la glace de fond par un proc6d6 de laboratoire. Geofiz. 
sborn. 3(l):77-90. (2):21-39. 

1298. Al'tberg, V. lA. 

1921 . Novoe o prirode donnogo I'da. (New information on anchor 

ice.) Izv. Gos. gidrol. inst. 1 /3 :40-69. 

1299. Al'tberg, V. lA. 

1922. prichinakh obrazovaniia I'da na dne rek i ozer. (On bottom 

ice formation on rivers and lakes.) Izv. Gos. gidrol. inst. 
4:75-88. German summary: Ueber die ursachen der bil- 
dung des grundeises. 

1300. Al'tberg, V. lA. 

1924. Die physikaHschen bedingungen der eisbildung auf dem 

grunde von fliissen und seen. Ann. hvdrogr., Berlin. 
52:225-229, 273-275. 

1301. Al'tberg, V. lA. 

1928. Donnyi led i perspektivy bor'by s nim. (Anchor ice and 

possible measures against it.) Klimat i pogoda. 6(21) : 
161-171. 

1302. Al'tberg, V. ik. 

1931. Donnyi led. (Bottom ice.) Leningrad-Moscow, Izd. Gos. 

gidrol. inst. 76 p. 

1303. Al'tberg, V. lA. 

1932. Anchor-ice and conditions of its formation. (In Russian.) 

Khmat i pogoda. 8:65-75. [Unverified reference.] 

1304. Al'tberg, V. lA. 

1932. Est' li osnovaniia dlia zameny poniatiia "donnyi led" "nanos- 

nym"? (Are there reasons for changing the term "anchor- 
ice" to "deposited ice"?) Issled. rek SSSR. 2:69-74. 
French r&umd. 



GENEBAL REFERENCES 123 

1305. Al'tberg, V. lA. 

1933. Donnyi led i ego priroda. (Anchor-ice and its nature.) Pri- 

roda. 22(7):12-22. 

1306. Al'tberg, V. lA. 

1934. podvodnom (donnom) I'de. Sur la glace de fond. C. R. 

Akad. nauk n.s. 1934(2) :168-172. 

1307. Al'tberg, V. LA. 

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124 ICE OF NOKTHEBN HEMISPHBBB 

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126 ICE OF NORTHEBN HEMISPHEKE 

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1438. Karelin, D. B. 

1940. Taianie I'da v Arktike pod vliianiem temperatur vozdukha. 

(Melting of Arctic ice as influenced by air temperature.) 
Met. i. gidrol. 6(4):71-75. [Marine.] 

1439. Karelin, D. B. 

1940. Znachenie nabliiidenii "Sedova" dha ledovykh prognozov. 

(Significance of the "Sedov" observations for iceforecasting.) 
Problemy arktiki. 1940(2) :1 11-1 13. 



GENEBAL BEFEEEN0E8 133 

1440. Karelin, D. B. i I. G. Ovchinnikov. 

1940. Kratkosrochnye ledovye prognozy. (Short-term ice forecast- 

ing.) Problemy arktiki. 1940(3) -.55-68. 

1441. Katanskii, V. 

1917. Transmission of freight wagons along the track laid on the ice 

of r. Volga near Saratov in the winter 1915-16 and execu- 
tion of observations on the influence of a load on the state 
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1442. Khrenov, A. F. 

1939. Ledovye perepravy. (Crossing on ice.) Tekhnika i vooru- 

zhenie. no. 22. 

1443. Kitsinskii, A. A. 

1907. Donnyi led, ego rol' i znachenie v vodnom dele. (Anchor- 

ice, its role and significance in hydraulic industry.) Vodnoe 
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1444. Knudsen, Martin. 

1903 . Gefrierpunkttabelle fur meerwasser. Publ. circ. Cons, explor. 

mer. 5:11-13. 

1445. Koch, H. 

1935. Die schiffahrt im eis. Der Seewart. 4:60-63. 

1446. Koch, K. R. 

1885, ijber die elastizitat des eises. Ber. Naturf. ges. Freiburg. 

1913-1914. 8(3):314-329. 1885. Ann. phys. s.4, 25:438-450. 1885. 
41:709-727. 1913. 45:237-258. 1914. 

1447. Koch, L. 

1903-1905. Die eisbedeckung der fliessenden gewasser im winter. Dtsch. 
rdsch. geogr. stat. 25:272-274. 1903. Allg. fischereiztg. 
30:45-47. 1905. 

1448. Kolesnikov, A. G. 

1940. skorosti narastaniia I'da v more. (On rapid formation of 

sea ice.) Problemy arktiki. 1940(9) :19-26. 

1449. Komarovsky, A. N. 

1932. Struktura i fizicheskie svoistva ledianogo pokrova presnykh 

vod. (Structure and physical properties of the ice cover 
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1450. Kondrat'eva, E. A. 

1940. Podbor i analiz predveshchaiHshchikh ledoobrazovanie tem- 

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1451. Korunov, M. M. 

1940. Raschet ledianykh pereprav. (Calculations for crossing on 

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134 
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1938. Observations on the changes of strength of ice in the river 

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1940. 



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1455. Krasnova, V. S. 
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Krilov, A. N. 
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Krylov, M. M. 
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Issledovanie mekhanicheskikh svoistv rechnogo I'da. (Investi- 
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metodike opredeleniia skloneniia na dreifufushchem I'du. 
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K voprosu o khimicheskom sostave morskogo I'da. (Contri- 
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Makarov, S. 0. Ermak vo I'dakh. St. Peterburg. pp. 
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Zimnee namorazhivanie I'da. (Winter freezing of ice.) 
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1459. Kuznetsov, P. A. 



1939. Deistvie I'da na sooruzheniia morskikh portov i zashchita ot 

nego. (The action of ice on port constructions and measures 
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1460. Laktionov, A. F. 
1931. 



O svoistvakh morskogo I'da. (Properties of ocean ice.) Trud. 
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1461 . Laktionov, A. F. 
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Lappo, S. D. 
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O metodike ledovykh prognozov po planktonu. (On method 
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Uluchshit' delo ledovykh prognozov. (Improvement in ice 
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GENERAL BEFEBENCES 135 

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1938. Rost I'da v arkticheskikh rekakh i moriakh v zavisimosti ot 

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1464. Lebedev, V. V. 

1940. Novye formuly rosta I'da v arkticheskikh rekakh i moriakh. 

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1936. O kreposti morskogo I'da. (On the firmness of the sea ice.) 

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1935. Atlas of sea ice. Geofys. publ. 10(11). 17 pp. 40 figs, 

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1909. Das eis des meeres. Meereskunde. 3(11). 



136 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

1477. Merkushev, G. 

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1925. stroenii i strukture ozernogo I'da v sviazi s meteorologi- 

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1481. Mordovin, P. 

1868. Ob obrazovanii I'da v moriakh, ozerakh i rekakh. (On the 

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1870. On the mechanical properties of ice. Phil. mag. 39:1-8. 

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1926. Problematisches im vereisungsbeginne der binnenseen. Geogr. 

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1921 . The ice problem in Canada . . . with comments and explana- 

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1938. K izuchenifii svoistv morskogo I'da. (Studies on the proper- 

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1938. Nekotorye dannye o skorosti dreifa I'da pod deistviem vetra. 

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1488. Nazarov, V. S. 

1938. Nekotorye dannye o skorosti poverkhnostnogo techeniia i 

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1489. Nazarov, V. S. 

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1491 . Nazarov, V. S. 

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1493. Organization m6t6orologique Internationale, Secretariat de. 

1936. Les messages synoptiques du temps, fasc. 1. Manual des 

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1925. Mikroorganizmy, kak razrushiteli morskikh I'dov. (Mik- 

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1496. Pasqueau, A. 

1881. Les emb&cles de glaces en 1879-80. Conference faite k la 

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1497. Pedsi, Albert. 

1909. J^gkdpzod^s a foly6vizekven. (Ice formation in rivers.) 

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1498. Petrichenko, A. 

1940. novyshenii kachestva nablfiidenii nad I'dami. (On the 

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1499. Petrunichev, N. N. 

1934. Uchet ubyli I'da za schet skorostei techeniia. (Reduction of 

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1500. Pettersson, Otto. 

1883. On the properties of water and ice. Vega-expeditionens veten- 

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1922. Sea ice definitions. (In: C. S. Wright and R. E. Priestley. 

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1922. Istryck vid temperatur hogningar. (In: Hyllmingskrift 

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1929. Nomenklatura I'dov, vyrabotannaia Osoboi Komissei pri 

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1870. znachenii nablmdenii nad vskrytiem i zamerzaniem rek i 

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1928. K kharakteristike fizicheskikh svoistv vody, snega, i I'da . . . 

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Shchurnikov, V. L. 

1940. O novom metode izucheniia vnutrennikh naprfazhenii ledla- 

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1940. Skorost' narastanifa presnogo I'da pri zadannoi temperature 

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Shimanskii, lU. A. 

1938. Uslovnye izmeriteli ledovykh kachestv sudna. (Conditional 

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1637. Shokalskii, iB. M. 

1910. postanovke nablfiidenii nad sostoianiem ledfanogo pokrova 

V russkikh vodakh. (On the organization for ice observa- 
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1538. Shokalskii, f&. M. 

1917. Okenografiya. Petrograd. [Ch. 6, pt. 2: The freezing of 

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1539. Shostakovich, V. B. 

1926. tJber den auf- und zugang der fliisse. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 

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1540. Shuleikin, V. V. 

1932. Temperature volny v ledovom pokrove morfa. (The tem- 

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1541. Shuleikin, V. V. 

1933 . Termit i ammonal, kak sredstva bor'by so I'dom. (Thermite 

and ammonal use in struggle against ice.) Trud. Gos. 
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1542. Shuleikm, V. V. 

1937. Dreif ledfanykh polei. (Drift of Polar ice.) Izv. Akak. nauk. 

s. geogr. i geofiz. 1 :3-22. English summary. 

1543. Shuleikin, V. V. 

1938. The drift of ice-fields. (Soviet Polar drift station.) C. R 

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1544. Shuleikin, V. V., N. I. Rusanov i V. A. Riabchikov. 

1931. Zavisimost' mezhdu teploprovodnost'fil I'da i ego strukturoi. 

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1545. Simmersbach, Bruno. 

1909. Betrachtungen uber eis und eisbildung. Prometheus. 20: 

583-585, 599-603, 619-622. 

1546. Smirnov, D. A. 

1906. K voprosu o donnom I'de. (On the anchor-ice question.) 

Met. vestn. 16:177-187. 

1547. Smith, E. H. 

1932. Ice in the sea. Physics of the earth, v.5. Oceanography. 

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1648. Sofronov, F. N. 

1933. On forecasting ice-phenomena on rivers and channels. Rep. 

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1549. Sofronov, F. N. 

1938. Forecasting the formation of ice and ice-cover on rivers and 

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142 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

1550. Soley, J. C. 

1915. Currents in Arctic and Antarctic Oceans, with attention to 

water temperatures, color and formation of ice, and other 
physical conditions. Verso Pilot chart N. Atlantic Ocean. 
1400. N. Pacific Ocean. 1401. 

1551. Solov'ev, I. A. 

1939. Oput primeneniia ruchnogo ledobura pri promerakh so I'da. 

(An attempt to utilize a hand ice-borer in measurements of 
ice.) Met. i. gidrol. 5(2):116-118. 

1552. Somov, M. M. 

1939. K voprosy o srednei tolshchine I'da v okrainnykh moriakh. 

(On the problem of the mean thickness of the ice in border- 
ing seas.) Problemy arktiki. 1939(6) :1 1-20. 

1553. Somov, M. M. 

1939. Po povodu stati V. Nazarova i N. Belinskogo "Problemy 

ledovykh prognozov arkticheskikh morei." (Apropos 
Nazarov and Belinski's article "Problems of Arctic Ocean 
ice-forecasting.") Problemy arktiki 1939(5) :46-49. 

1554. Somov, M. M. 

1940. putiakh razvitiia ledovykh prognozov. (Ways of develop- 

ing ice forecasting.) Problemy arktiki. 1940(1) :13-18. 

1555. Speerschneider, C. J. H. 

1926. Arctic ice. Mar. obs. 3:73-77. 

1556. Speranskii, M. I. 

1929. Novyi kod dlia ledovykh soobshchenii (proekt, vyrabotannyi 

osoboi komissiei pri Gidrograficheskom upravlenii.) (A 
new code for ice information.) Trud. 2d Vse. gidrol. s'ezd. 
Leningrad. 2:431-433. 

1557. Starokadomskii, L. 

1930. Termit — novoe sredstvo bor'by s ledianymi peremychkami i 

nagromozhdeniiami I'da vo vremia plavaniia sudov v 
poliarnykh vodakh. (Thermite — a new means of com- 
batting ice during navigation season in Polar waters.) 
Zap. gidrogr. 59:73-76. 

1558. Stefan, I. 

1891. Uber die theorie der eisbildung insbesondere iiber die eis- 

bildung im Polarmeere. Ann. phys. n.f. 42:269-286. 

1559. Suda, K. 

1931 . On the nomenclature of ice forms. (In Japanese.) J. Ocean. 

2:752-757. [A review.] 

1560. Sukhorukov, A. J. 

1938. The types of ice-breakers and their shape. (In Russian.) 

Trud. Leningrad, otd. Vse. nauchn. inzh.-tekhn. obshch. 
vodn. transp. 1938(2/3):! 17-148. 

1561. Sychev, K. 

1940. Registrator tolshchiny I'da. (Register for thickness of ice.) 

Sovetskaia arktika. 1940(5) :92. 



GENERAL REFERENCES 143 

1562. Takeuchi, T. & T. Inai. 

1936. Specific volumes of heavy water and its ice at freezing point. 

Jap.j.phys. ll(2):67-68. 

1563. Tamura, S. T. 

1905. Mathematical theory of ice formation. Mon. weath. rev. 

33:55-59. 

1564. Tarshis, M. K. 

1938. Nauchnye itogi issledovaniia prochnosti ledokol'nykh sudov. 

(Scientific investigations of the strength of icebreakers.) 
Problemy arktiki. 1938(2) :1 15-143. 

1565. Thoulet, Jules. 

1890. Oc^anographie. (Statique) Paris. [Pt. V: "Les glaces". 

Ch. 2: La glace dans la natur. "Synonymie des termes 
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cStiferes", pp. 468-483.] 

1566. Thoulet, Jules. 

1904. L'Oc^an: ses lois et ses problemes. Paris. [Ch. 10, "La 

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1567. Thoulet, Jules. 

1922. L'Oc^anographie. Paris. ["La glace". "La glace de pack" 

and "Glaces cSti^res", pp. 212-216.) 

1568. Timonov, V. E. 

1935. K voprosu o teoreticheskikh obosnovaniiakh glavneishikh 

ledovykh profsessov v vodoemakh. On the theoretical 
basis for the establishment of a working hypothesis for ex- 
planation of ice phenomena in lakes and rivers. Izv. Inst, 
gidrotekhn. 16:15-53. Enghsh abstract, pp. 50-53. 

1569. Timonov, V. E. 

1938. On the establishment of a working hypothesis of ice pheno- 

mena in lakes and rivers. Bull. Int. geod. geophys. un. 
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1570. *Transehe, N. A. 

1928. The ice cover of the Arctic Sea, with a genetic classification of 

sea ice. Spec. publ. Amer. geogr. soc. 7:91-123. 

1571. Trufanov, A. 

1939. krivoi skorostei dlia potoka, poverkhnost' kotorogo pokryta 

I'dom ili sherokhovatoiu plenkoiu. (On the curve of the 
velocity for a stream, the surface of which is covered with 
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1572. fSurikov, V. L. 

1938. O vliianii snega na narastanie morskogo I'da. (Influence 

of snow on formation of marine ice.) Met. i gidrol. 4(7) : 
113-127. 

1573. fSurikov, V. L. 

1939. O narastanii morskogo I'da. (On growth of marine ice.) 

Severnyimorskoiput'. 14:38-53. 



144 ICE or NORTHEEN HEMISPHERE 

1574. fSurikov, V. L. 

1940. K voprosu o prochnosti I'da. (On the question of the solidity 

of ice.) Severnyi morskoi put'. 16:45-74. 

1575. fSurikov, V. L. 

1940. novom metode izucheniia vnutrennikh naprfSzhenii ledia- 

nogo pokrova. (New method of measuring internal strain 
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1576. Ulmer, Joseph. 

1931. Movements of icefloes in the Arctic. Arktis. 4:25-27. 

1577. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1937. Svod- shifrov meteorologicheskikh i ledovykh telegramm. 

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izd. G. U. UMS RKKA. xiv, 263 p. charts (part fold.) 

1578. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

1938. Kody meteorologicheskikh i ledovykh telegramm. (Code 

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1579. U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. Gidrometeorologicheskii otdel. 

1930. Al'bom ledovykh obrazovanii. (Album of ice forms.) 40 figs. 

1580. U.S.S.R. TSentralnoe upravlenie edinoi gidro-meteorologicheskoi slyzhby. 

1935. Rudovodstvo k sostavlenilU sudovykh meteorologicheskikh 

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1581. U.S.S.R. TSentral'noe upravlenie edinoi gidrometeorologicheskoi sluzhby, 

1942. Krasnoi armii. 

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1582. U. S. Hydrographic Office. 

1913. Influence of icebergs and land on temperature of the sea. 

Verso Pilot charts N. Pacific and Indian Mar. 

1583. U. S. Hydrographic Office. 

1913. Temperature of the sea in the vicinity of icebergs and other 

parts of the ocean. Verso Pilot chart N. Atlantic Sep. 

1584. U. S. War department. 

1941. Operations in snow and extreme cold. Field manual 31-15. 

Rev. ed. Sep. 

1585. Usachev, P. I. 

1938. Biological analysis of ice-floes. C. R. Akad. nauk. n.s. 

19:645-648. 

1586. Variation de la temperature et de la salinity de I'eau de mer au voisinage d'un 

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1587. Vasenko, B. P. 

1899. Ice. (In Russian.) Shorn. Inst. inzh. 50:497-528. 



GENERAL BBFEBENOES 



145 



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1591. 



1593. 



1594. 



1596. 



1596. 



1597. 



1598. 



1599. 



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Veinberg, P. 
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Veinberg, P. 
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Veinberg, B. 
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On the gro^vi,h and sustaining power of ice. J. Franklin inst. 
140:355-370, 437-455. 

tjber die innere reibung des eises. Ann. phys. 18:81-91.1905. 
22:321-332. 1907. 

vnutrennem trenii I'da. (On the internal friction of ice.) 
Zh. Fiz.-khim. obshch. chast'. fiz. 38:186-224, 256-281, 
289-394. English abstract. 

Pribory dlia bystrogo i dostatochno tochnogo opredelenifa 
udel'nogo vesa I'da i soprotivleniia ego na izlom. (Ap- 
paratus for rapid and accurate determination of specific 
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1592. Veinberg, B. P. 
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Veinberg, B. 
1936. 



Veinberg, B. 
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Veinberg, B. 
1936. 



Veinberg, B. 
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Veinberg, B. 
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VHianie temperatury na mekhanicheskoe soprotivlenierechnogo 
I'da. (Influence of temperature on mechanical resistance of 
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Izuchenie svoistv I'da v svete osvoenifa trassy severnogo 
morskogo puti. (Studies of the properties of ice and the 
mastery of the Soviet Arctic.) Bai. Arkt. inst. 1936(8/9): 
369-375, 430-431. [Table 4: solidity of ice, values for 
crushing, bending, tearing, shear, and twisting. Table 5: 
Influence of temperature on strength.] 

Ob izuchenii soprotivlenifa I'da na izlom v estestvennykh 
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ing under natural conditions.) Met. i gidrol. 2(11/12): 
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P. 



Sneg, inei, grad, led i ledniki, izdanifa. (Snow, hoar-frost, 
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Mechanical properties of ice. Bull. Int. geod. geophys. un. 
Assn. sci. hydrol. 23:509-536. 



Veinberg, B. 
1939. 



Veinberg, B. 
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P. 



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Vestn. znaniiS. 



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Izuchenie mekhanicheskikh svoistv ledianogo i snezhnogo 
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146 



ICE OF NOBTHERN HEMISPHERE 



1600. 



1601. 



1602. 



1603. 



1604. 



1605. 



1606. 



1607. 



1608. 



1609. 



1610. 



1611. 



♦Veinberg, B. P. 

1940. Led; svoistva, vozniknovenie i ischeznovenie I'da. (Ice: 

properties, breaking-up and disappearance of ice.) Moskva- 
Leningrad, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo Tekhnikoteoreti- 
cheskoi literatury. 524 p. illus. 

Veinberg, B. P. and S. M. Andreev. 

1939. The limit of placticity of river-ice. (In Russian.) Trud. 

Sibirsk. fiz.-tekhn. inst. 5(3) :15-31. [Unverified reference.] 

Vennikov. M. I. 

1881. toplote i zamerzanii vody V ozerakh. (On the temperature 

and freezing of the water in lakes.) Izv. Russ. geogr. 
obshch. 17:59-71. 

and N. P. Shandrikov. 
Nekotorye issledovaniia mekhanicheskoi prochnosti I'da. 
(Some investigations on the mechanical strength of ice) 
Trud. Arkt. inst. 110:83-100. 



Vitman, F. F. 
1938. 



Vize, V. Itr. 
1924. 



Vize, V. lU. 
1924. 

Vize, V. lU. 
1930. 

Vize, V. iTJ. 
1936. 

Vize, V. fi}. 
1937. 



Vize, V. lU. 
1940. 



Voeikov, A. A. 
1935. 



Volkov, G. 
1940. 



L'dy V poliarnykh morfakh i obshchaia {sirkula£siia v atmos- 
fere. (Ice in the Polar seas and the general circulation of 
the atmosphere.) Zh. geofiz. i met. 1:78-84. English 
summary. 



Polareis und atmospharische schwankungen. Geogr. 
6:273-299. 



aim. 



Zur kenntnis der salze des meereises. Ann. hydrogr., Berlin. 
58:282-286. 



Mezhdunarodnyi ledovyi kod. (International ice code.) 
Biul. Arkt. inst. 1936(8/9) :400-404. 



Sovremennoe sostoianie voprosa o ledovykh prognozakh. 
(Present status of the problem of ice-forecasting.) Prob- 
lemy arktiki. 1937(1) :67-80. 

Po povodu stat'i M. M. Somova "0 putfakh razvitifa ledo- 
vykh prognozov". (In regard to M. M. Somov's "Ways of 
developing ice forecasting.") Problemy arktiki. 1940(1): 
19-23. 

Parovoi bur dlfa I'da i rabota s nim. (Steam borer for the ice 
and its use.) Severnyi morskoi put'. 2:101-106. English 
summary. 

Ledovye aerodromy. (Airdromes on ice.) Morskoi sbornik. 
1940(3) :77-88. illus., diagrs. [Strength, properties, etc. of 
ice.] 



GENERAL REFERENCES 147 

1612. Volkov, N. A. 

1940. priblizhenii ledovykh prognozov k trebovaniiam praktiki. 

(On the approach of ice prediction to practical require- 
ments.) Problemy arktiki. 1940(1) :29-35. 

1613. Von Engeln, 0. D. 

1915. Experimental studies and observations on ice structure. Amer. 

j. sci. s.4, 40:449-473. 

1614. Waidner, C. W., H. C. Dickinson and J. J. Crowe. 

1913. Observations on ocean temperatures in the vicinity of ice- 

bergs and in other parts of the ocean. Bull. U. S. Standards 
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1549. tables. 

1615. Walker, David. 

1860. Ice observations. J. roy. soc. Dubhn. 2:371-380. Proc. 

Roy. soc. 9:609-611. 1858. (Abstract). [On freezing 
of sea water and salinity changes.] 

1616. Wemelsfelder, P. J. 

1940. De invloed van het ijs op de waterstanden der groote rivieren. 

Ingenieur. 55(7):A57-59. [Influence of ice on water levels 
of large rivers; theoretical discussion.] 

1617. Weyprecht, Karl. 

1897. Die metamorphosen des polareises. Oesterreichisch Ungar- 

ische Nordpol-e.xpedition in den jahren 1872-1874. Vienna, 
M. Perles. 284 pp. [Chap. I, "Verschiedene formen des 
eises und deren ursprung."] 

1618. Whitman, W. G. 

1926. The elimination of salt from sea-water ice. Amer. j. sci. 

11:126-132. 

1619. Wood, R. W. 

1891. Effects of pressure on ice. Amer. j. sci. 40:30-37. Nature. 

43:309. 

1620. Wordie, J. M. and B. B. Roberts. 

1944. Sea ice: terminology, formation and movement. Polar 

record. 4(27):126-133. ["The Hydrographer has recently 
made a revision of the sections on sea ice for future editions 
of the Antarctic Pilot and the . . . Arctic Pilot . . . The article 
which follows ... is published by permission of the Hydro- 
grapher". — Note.] 

1621 . Wright, C. S. 

1926. The detection of icebergs. Nature. 119:750-751. 

1622. Wiist, Georg. 

1934. Neue anschauungen iiber eisberge. Petermanns mitt. 80: 

176-177. 

1623. Zil'berman, A. N. 

1935. donnom I'de. (On anchor ice.) Met. vestn. 1935(3/4): 

16-22. 



148 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



1624. Zubov, N. N. 
1932. 



1625. Zubov, N. N. 
1934. 



1626. Zubov, N. N. 
1935. 



1627. Zubov, N. N. 
1935. 



1628. ♦Zubov, N. N. 
1938. 



1629. Zubov, N. N. 
1938. 



1630. Zubov, N. N. 
1939. 



1631. Zubov, N.N. 
1939. 



1632. Zubov, N. N. 
1940. 



1633. Zubov, N. N. 
1940. 



1634. Zubov, N.N. 
1942. 



Nekotorye svoistva morskogo I'da. (Some properties of 
marine ice.) Moskva, Gidro-meteorologicheskii komitet. 
43 p. (Komitet po provedenifii 2-go Mezhdunarodnogo 
poliarnogo v SSSR.) 



K voprosu o dvizhenii I'dov pod vliianiem vetra. (On the 
motion of ice under the influence of winds.) Severnyi mor- 
skoi put'. 1 :78-83. English summary. 



biologicheskikh svoistvakh morskogo I'da. (Biological 
characteristics of marine ice.) Severnyi morskoi put'. 
2:45-51. English summary. [Possibility of predicting by 
the plankton, the approach to the ice edge; factors deter- 
mining the abundance of organic life in vicinity of melting 
ice.] 



Soobrazheniia o dvizhenii I'dov pod vliianiem vetra. (tjber 
die eisbewegung unter einfluss des windes.) Issled. mor. 
SSSR. 21:113-119. 



Morskie vody i I'dy. (Marine water and ice.) Moscow, 
Gidrometeoizdat. 453 p. illus., tables, diagrs. "Litera- 
tura" : pp. 433-447. 

predel'noi tolshchine morskikh mnogoletnikh I'dov. (Thick- 
ness limit of marine Polar ice.) Met. i gidrol. 4(4) :123-131. 

normal'noi tolshchine morskikh I'dov v raionakh ikh 
vynosa. (On the normal thickness of marine ice in region 
where it is carried off.) Problemy arktiki. 1939(5) :43-45, 

pokazatele zamerzaniia morfa. (Index of freezing of sea- 
water.) Problemy arktiki. 1939(4) :5-12. 

skorosti taianiia I'dov. (Speed of melting of ice.) Problemy 
arktiki. 1940(5) :13-18. 

vertikal'nykh dvizheniiakh I'dov v sviazi s izmeneniam 
ikh tolshchiny. (On the vertical movement of ice in con- 
nection with modification of its thickness.) Problemy 
arktiki. 1940(12) :42-50. 

Osnovy ustroistva dorog na ledlanom pokrove. (Funda- 
mentals of road construction on ice.) Moskva, Gidrome- 
teoizdat. 73 p. (SSSR. Glavnoe upravlenie gidrometeoro- 
logicheckoi sluzhby, Krasnoi armii.) 



149 



1635. 
1636. 

1637. 
1638. 
1639. 
1640. 
1641. 
1642. 
1643. 



1644. 



1645. 



1646. 



of ice.) Zap. 



(On pancake ice.) Zap. 



ADDENDA 

Al'tberg, V. H. 

1918. donnom I'de. (On anchor ice.) Zap. gidrogr. 41:833-853. 

Al'tberg, V. tX. 

1939. Fiziko-khimicheskie osnovy profsessa ledoobrezovaniiS, v 

gidrosi'ere. (Physico-chemical basis of the process of ice- 
formation in the hydrosphere.) Priroda 28(1):7-13. 

Bachmanov, B. M. 

1933. Sfericheskie formy I'da. (Spherical form 

gidrogr. 1933(1) :85-86. 

Bachmanov, B. M. 

1934. K voprosu o blinchatom I'de. 

gidrogr. 1934(1) :115-116. 

Barnes, H. T. and A. S. B. Lucas. 

1904. The growth of ice crystals in the Bunsen ice calorimeter. 

Trans. Roy. soc. Can. s.2, sec. 3, 10:33-39. 

Bel'chenko, K. A. 

1943. MekhanizaCsia promera so I'da. (Mechanical measuring of 

ice.) Zap. gidrogr. 1943(1) :115-116. 

Benedicks, C. und P. Sederholm. 

1943. Regarding the formation of anchor (ground) ice. Arkiv f. 

matematik, astronomi och fysik. 29 A(22). 7 p. chart. 

Blackwelder, E. 

1938-1940. The hardness of ice. Amer. j. sci. 237:146-148. 238:61-62. 
240:449. [Mountain, fresh-water and glacier ice.] 



Blizniak, 
1915. 



E. V. 



Brown, E. W. 
1932. 



Biidel, Julius. 
1943. 



Fiziko-geograficheskoe opisanie r. Enisefa. Kolebanifa gori- 
zontov vody, zimnei sostofanie, zamerzanie i vskrytie, 
skorosti techenifa, raskhody vody. (Enisei ot Minusinska 
do Krasnofarska.) (Physico-geographical study of the 
Yenisei River. Fluctuation of water level, winter condi- 
tions, freezing and breaking up, speed of current, volume 
of water. Yenisei River from Minusinsk to Krasnoyarsk.) 
Materialy dlfa opisaniia russkikh rek. 57(1). 

Ice thrust in connection with hydroelectric plant design with 
special reference to the plant at Island Falls on the Church- 
ill River. J. Engineering inst. Canada. 15:18-25. [Pres- 
sure exerted by ice in expanding as its temperature rises. 
Cube of ice allowed to rise gradually in temperature while 
held in a testing machine.] 



Das eis im Kaspisee. Ann. 
illus., col., fold, chart. 



hydrogr., Berlin. 71:118-121. 



Chernigovski, N. T. 

1935. Some experiments on radiation properties of snow and ice of 

the Kara Sea at the Uedinenifa Island in 1935. Arctica. 
4:137-142. 



150 
1647. 

1648. 

1649. 

1650. 
1651. 
1652. 



ICE OF NOBTHEBN HEMISPHEBE 

Chernigovski, N. T. 

1938. radia{sionnykh svoistvakh snega i I'da v prolive Borisa 

Vil'kitskogo u Mysa Chelfiiskina. (Radiation properties of 
snow and ice at Vilkitsky Str. near Cape Cheliuskin.) 
Problemy arktiki. 1938(1) :47-51. English summary. 

Chernogovski, N. T. 

1939. O radia£sionnykh svoistvakh snegovogo pokrova i I'da ark- 

ticheskikh morei. (Radiation properties of snow cover and 
of ice in Arctic seas.) Problemy arktiki. 1939(6) :31-37. 

Cholnoky, Eugen von. 

1909. Das eis des Balatonsees. Resultate der wissenschaftlichen 

erforschungen des Balaton. 1(5) sec. 4. 113 p. illus., plates 
(photos.) diagrs. 

Corder, Henry and E. L. Kelting 

1940. The freezing of a tidal river. Met. mag. 75:55-56, 87. [In 

England.] 

Daly, R. A. 
1900. Drift ice and theory of ocean currents. Mon. weath. rev. 

28:433-434. 



Devik, Olaf. 
1942. 



Supercooling and ice formation in open waters. Geofys. 
publ. 13(8). [Unverified reference.] 



1653. Domrachev, P. F. 



1930. 



1654. 



1655. 



Eberlin, P. 
1889. 



Embo, E. 
1917. 



Nekotorye rezul'taty nablfiidenii gidrometeorologicheskogo 
posta na Oz. Il'mene za 1925-1927 g.g. (Some results 
of hydrometeorological observations made at Lake Ilmen 
1925-1927.) Izv. Gos. gidrol. inst. 29:85-94. tables. [In- 
cludes ice thickness for ten-day periods Dec-Apr., 1923/24- 
1926/27.] 

Storisens transport af ler, grus og sten. (Transport of clay, 
gravel and rock by field ice.) Medd. om Gr0nland. 9:264- 
270. French summary. 

Led i ego vhlanie na zimnii raskhod vody v rekakh Severo- 
Amerikanskikh Soedinennykh Shtatov. (Ice and its rela- 
tionship to winter volume of water in rivers of the U. S. A.) 
Puti soobshchenifa rossii. 1917(1) :67-72. 



1656. Fedorov, Evgeny 



1657. 



1939. 



Germany. 
1940. 



On the drifting ice : a short description of the life of the North 
Pole scientific expedition. Moscow-Leningrad. 89 p. 

Oberkommando der kriegsmarine. 

Die naturverhaltnisse des Sibirischen seeweges . . . Hamburg. 
169 p. illus., plates, charts (part fold.) Fold, charts in en- 
velopes mounted on front and rear covers. [Ice, pp. 75-164; 
temperature, salinity for Kara Sea; surface salinity E. 
Siberian Sea; surface currents for whole area.] 



ADDENDA 151 

1658. Germany. Oberkommando der kriegsmarine. 

1942. Ubootshandbuch der Oskiiste Kanadas (atlas). Berlin. 

232 p. illus., charts (part col., part fold.) (M.Dv.nr. 299, 
atlas.) [Ice, pp. 217-229.] 

1659. Germany. Oberkommando der kriegsmarine. 

Nov. 1942. Merkblatt fiir die eiserkundung durch flugzeuge. Ausgabe 
fiir Europaisches Nordmeer und Nordpolarmeer. Bearb. 
von der Deutschen seewarte. 15 p. illus., photos. (Nr. 
2199A.) [Illustrates various kinds of sea ice, viewed from 
airplane.] 

1660. Germany. Oberkommando der kriegsmarine. 

Jan. 1945. Merkblatt fiir die eiserkundung durch flugzeuge. Ausgate 
fiir Nordsee, Ostsee und Schwarzes Meer. Bearb. von der 
Deutschen seewarte. 26 p. illus., photos. (Nr. 2310.) 
[Illustrates various kinds of sea ice, viewed from airplane.] 

1661. Gt. Brit. Meteorological office. 

1941. Weather in home waters and the North-eastern Atlantic. 

Vol. II. pt. 7. The Norwegian and Barents seas. 196 p. 
(M. 0. 446b.) [Ice: p. 111-117.] 

1662. Gt. Brit. Meteorological office. 

1942-1943. Ice charts of the Western North Atlantic, Jan.-Dec. 1943. 
12 charts. (M.O. 262B.) 

1663. Gt. Brit. Meteorological office. Marine branch. 

1944. Monthly ice charts Western North Atlantic, lat. 37°N to 

53°N, long. 35°W to 72°W. 29 p. incl. charts and inside 
back cover. (MOM 465.) [Includes: "Descriptive terms 
and reporting of ice", p. 2.] 

1664. Kalitin, N. N. 

1932. Neskol'ko opytov nad radiatsioimymi svoistvami I'da. 

(Quelques experiments sur la transparence de la glace par 
rapport k la radiation.) Izv. Glavn. geofiz. obs. 1932(1/2): 
37-44. French r6sum6. 

1665. Kalitin, N. N. 

1935. Quelques donn6es sur la transparence de la glace pour la 

radiation ultra-violette du soleil. C. R. Akad. nauk. n. s. 
9:145-146. 

1666. Kalitin, N. N. 

1936. prozrachnosti I'da dlia ul'trafioletovoi radiafsii soln£sa. 

(On the transparency of ice to the ultra-violet radiation of 
the sun.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 39:55-70. French r6sum6. 

1667. Knipovich, N. M. 

1938. Gidrologiia morei i solonovatykh vod (v primenenii k promys- 

lovmu delu). (Hydrology of oceans and brackish water as 
applied to their economy.) Moskva-Leningrad. [Ice, pp. 
155-165.] 

1668. Lange, E. 

1943. Polarisationseinflusse auf voltapotentiale und reifschichten. 

tl. 2. Gleichsinnige und gegensinnige polarisation, wider- 
stand und dielektrische eigenschaften von eis. Met. z. 
60:303-314. tables, diagrs. 



152 ICE OF NOBTHEBN HEMISPHERE 

1669. McConnell, J. C. and D. A. Kidd. 

1888. On the plasticity of glacier and other ice. Proc. Roy. soc. 

Pt. A. 44:331-367. [Lake ice included.] 

1670. Maslennikov, N. I. 

1930. Nablfiidenifa nad ledianym pokrovom Oz. Kaban v zimy 

1926/27 i 1927/28 godov. (Observations on the ice of Lake 
Kaban 1926/27-1927/28.) Izv. Gos. gidrol. inst. 26/27: 
57-67. tables, diagrs. 

1671. Nagel', A. A. _ 

1939. Materialy k izuchennosti ozer LVkutskoi ASSR. (Material 

for the study of lakes of the Yakutsk Repubhc.) Izv. Russ. 
geogr. obshch. 71:1386-1391. 

1672. Papanin, I. 

1939. The Soviet wintering station on the drifting ice. Moscow, 

Foreign languages pubhshing house. 31 p. incl. illus. 
(photos.) 

1673. Patrols of the Royal Canadian mounted police, 1942-1943. 

Jan. 1945. Polar record. 4:213-220. ["Nascopie" records.] 

1674. Ratmanov, G. E. 

1930. Kratkii predvaritel'nyi otchet o gidrologicheskikh rabotakh 

ekspedifsii "Litke". (Short rdsum^ of hydrological work of 
Litke expedition.) Izv. Gos. gidrol. inst. 26/27:144-147. 
[East Siberian Sea in 1929. Includes state of ice.] 

1675. Remus, K. 

1903. tjber eisbildung. Prometheus. 14:765-767. 

1676. Robinson, J. L. 

Feb. 1945. Conquest of the Northwest Passage by R.C.M.P. Schooner 
St. Roch. Canad. geogr. j. 30:52-73. illus., photos., charts. 
[From Halifax, N. S. to British Columbia, during 1940- 
1944.] 

1677. Roman, Irwin. 

1938. Electrical resistivity of snow and ice. Bull. Int. geod. geophys. 

un. Assn. sci. hydrol. 23:483-491. 

1678. Russia. Glavnoe upravlenie voennykh soobshchenil. Otdel vodnykh, shos- 

1916. selnykh i gruntovykh putei soobshchenifa. 

Svedenifa o naibolee vysokikh i naibolee nizkikh stofanifakh 
urovnfa vody i o vskrytii i zamerzanii rek basseJnov 
Chernogo i Baltiiskogo Morei po nablfiideniiam vodomer- 
nykh postov s 1881 po 1910 god. Sbornik I. (Information 
on the highest and lowest water level and on the break- 
ing up and freezing of river basins of the Black and Baltic 
seas from observations of hydrometers from 1881 to 1910. 
Symposium I.) Kazan. 323 p. illus., graphs. 

1679. Selfakov, N. J. 

1937. The nature of ordinary ice. C. R. Akad. nauk. n. s. 14: 

183-186. 

1680. Selfakov, N. J. 

1936. Some remarks on a- and p-ice. C. R. Akad. nauk. n.s. 

2(6):227. 



ADDENDA 153 

1681. Selfakov, N. J. 

1936. To what class of symmetry does ordinary ice belong? C. R. 

Akad. nauk. n.s. l(7):293-294. [Experiments on distilled 
water.] 

1682. Shipchinski, V. 

1917. Kratkii otchet o rabotakh na r. Severnol Dvine v ralone 

Arkhangel'skogo porta zimofii 1915-16 g., proizvedennykh 
"fSentraFnoI stanfsiei Gidro-meteorologicheskol sluzhby 
Severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana i Belogo Morfa i pred- 
varitel'nyl plan rabot na zimu 1916-17 g. (Brief sketch of 
the work on the North Dvina River in the region of Arch- 
angel during the winter of 1915-16, carried out by the 
Central stations of the Hydro-meteorological service of the 
Arctic Ocean and White Sea, and preliminary plans for 
1916-17.) Leningrad. 36 p. 2 charts. 

1683. Shipchinski, V. 

1917. Vskrytie r. Severnoi Dviny v 1917 godu i organizatsifa 

sluzhby po preduprezhdeniiil o momente vskrytiia reki u 
G. Arkhangel'ska. (The breaking up of the North Dvina 
river in 1917 and organization of the service to warn of the 
moment of breaking up of the rivers near Archangel.) Izv. 
Arkhangel'sk. obshch. izuch. russ. severa. 6:232-243. 

1684. Shostakovich, V. B. 

1917. Donnyi led. (Anchor ice.) Priroda. 1917:158-174. 

1685. Shuleikin, V. V. 

1927. Metod opredelenifa udel'nogo vesa I'da. (Method of deter- 

mination of the specific weight of ice.) Zh. prikl. fiz. 
4(3) :75-77. 

1686. Smellie, J. and A. Watt. 

1916. On a curious case of "ground-ice". J. Scot. met. soc. Edinb. 

17:166-173. [Anchor ice in Scotch lakes.] 

1687. Sovetov, S. A. 

1917. Fiziko-geograficheskii ocherk Onezhskago Ozera. (Physico- 

geographical sketch of Lake Onega.) Zap. gidrogr. 41 :231- 
262, 431-562. illus., tables, charts, diagrs. [Ice cover of 
Lake Onega, pp. 527-552.] 

1688. Timonov, V. V. 

1944. vozmozhnosti uluchshanifa i uproshchenifa schislenifa pri 

plavanii vo I'du. (On the practicability of improvement 
and simplification of reckoning for navigation of ice.) Zap. 
gidrogr. 1944(1) :142-148. 

1689. Trofimov, A. B. 

1935. Podlednala i podvodnafa osveshchennost' v verkhnikh gori- 

zontakh moria. (The sub-ice and sub-water illumination 
in the upper strata of the sea.) Zh. geofiz. 5:444-465. 
[For White and Caspian seas.] 

1690. U.S. Army air forces. Weather information branch. 

June 1943. Glossary of ice terms, with Russian equivalents. 22 p. 
(Rep. 386.) 



154 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

1691 . U. S. Hydrographic ofl&ce. 

1942-1943. Ice in the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea. Verso Pilot chart 
North Atlantic Ocean, Jan. 1942, Aug. 1943; Northern 
North Atlantic Ocean, May 1942; Greenland and Barents 
seas, Aug. 1943. 

1692. U.S. Weather bureau. 

1919-1943. Weekly weather and crop bulletin with snow and ice data. 
Dec. 1919-Mar. 1943. [Snow and ice data for weeks of 
Dec-Mar., issued irregularly from 1919-1943.] 



1693. Veinberg, B. P. 

1938. 

1694. Veinberg, B. P. 

1938. 



1695. 



1697. 



1698. 



1700. 



Rezheliatiia I'da i snega. (On the regelation of ice and snow.) 
Trud. Arkt. inst. 110:5-13. 



Vinokurov, G. 
1938. 



The role of regelation in the condensation of the snow cover. 
Bull. Int. geod. geophys. un. Assn. sci. hydrol. 23:492-508. 

A. 

K voprosu o sposobnosti vody k samoproizbol'noi kristalli- 
zafsii. (Contribution to the question of the capacity of 
water to arbitrary crystallisation.) Trud. Arkt. inst. 
110:39-41. 

1696. Vlasov, L. fA. i P. N. Uspenski. 

1931. Zavisimost' teploprovodnosti chistogo I'da i poristogo I'da, 

soderzhashchego uglekislyi gaz, ot davlenifa. (Variation of 
thermal conductivity of ice with pressure.) Zh. geofiz. 
1:187-192. English summary. [Experiments on porous ice 
from mineral water.] 

Vremfa zamerzaniia i vskrytiia rek v 1913-14 godu po basselnam i po uezdam 
Chernigovskoi gubernii. (Time of freezing and breaking 
up of rivers for 1913-14 in the basin and district of Cherni- 
gov.) (In: Sel'sko khozfaistvennyl obzor Chernigovskoi 
gubernii za 1914 g. Chernigov, pp. 3-4. tables.) [Desna 
River system.] 



Zhdanko, M. 
1914. 



1699. Zhukov, V. K. 



1940. 



Zubov, N. N. 
1930. 



Spasatel'naia ekspedi&ia na sudne "Gerta" dlfa poiskov star- 
shago leitenanta Sedova i ego sputnikov. (Rescue expedi- 
tion of the Gerta in the search for Lt. Sedov and his com- 
panions.) Zap. gidrogr. 38:615-620. chart. [Barents Sea 
west of Novaya Zemlya to Franz Josef Land; ice chart.] 

Opyt vymorozki sudov. (Experiments in freeing ships of ice.) 
Leningrad, Glavsevmorputi. 79 p. illus., tables. 

Srednie temperatury gidrologicheskikh razrezov po Kol'skomu 
Meridianu i ledovitost' Barentseva Morfa. (Monthly tem- 
peratures of the hydrologic section along the Kola Meridian 
and state of the ice in the Barents Sea.) Zap. gidrogr. 
59:66-71. tables, charts. [Chart of mean ice limits from 
1890-1922.] 



155 



INDEX OF SUBJECTS 

Item 

Acoustical phenomena. - 1377 

Air temperature and relationship to ice - - 26, 65, 77, 83, 162, 165, 405, 412 ^ 

Airplane ice patrols... 58,90,847, 1156, 1287, 1288, 1469, 1659, 1660 

Airplanes landing on ice 47, 1483, 1611 

Anchor ice 1023, 1268, 1296, 

1297, 1298, 1299, 1300, 1301, 1302, 1303, 1304, 1305, 1306, 1309, 1321, 1322, 1324, 1325, 
1326, 1327, 1355, 1372, 1374, 1386, 1387, 1402, 1409, 1424, 1428, 1429, 1443, 1514, 1522, 
1531, 1532, 1536, 1546, 1623, 1635, 1641, 1684 

Angara 1020, 1139, 1221 

Baltic Sea 846, 1179 

Canada 1486 

Elbe 1166, 1167 

Ladoga 1536 

Lakes 1296, 1389, 1686 

Latvia 1240 

Svir' 1373, 1536 

U.S.S.R. 1021, 1098, 1221 

Volga 1020 

Army field manual 1584 

Atmospheric pressure in relation to ice 261 '^' 

Biology of ice 173,468,589,590, 1357, 1461, 1495, 1585, 1626^ 

Chemical properties of ice. 737, 1362, 1455, 1562, 1628 

Color of ice, see Optical and radiational properties. 

Crossing on ice. 1361, 1441, 1442, 1451, 1491, 1634 

Crystallography of ice 475, 476, 1637 

Currents in relation to ice 10, 36, 209, 

218, 225, 231, 234, 247, 286, 297, 329, 430, 493, 1488, 1499, 1501, 1502, 1519, 1651 

Density and porosity of ice. 335, 455, 456, 476, 581, 1312, 1313, 1329, 

1337, 1339, 1342, 1360, 1416, 1417, 1420, 1449, 1472, 1505, 1574, 1593, 1600, 1628, 1685 

Drift ice 1349,1404,1417,1651 

Arctic Ocean 54 

Greenland Sea 284 

North Atlantic . 182,186,229,233,234,310,319 

Drift of ice 10,398, 1410, 

1411, 1454, 1487, 1488, 1515, 1543, 1625, 1627 

Arctic Ocean 22, 27, 32, 

40, 41, 42, 43, 46, 50, 53, 75, 83, 88, 98, 111, 118, 119, 136, 137, 142, 146, 159, 164, 174, 
175, 176, 177, 179, 1542, 1576 

Atlantic Ocean 184, 195, 207, 

209, 213, 223, 225, 235, 239, 240, 242, 250, 254, 330 

Barents Sea 398 

Beaufort Sea 600 

Canadian Arctic 624, 675 

Greenland Sea... 286,291,296 

Kara Sea... 480,501,504 

Laptev Sea 530,540 

Siberian Sea 558 

Tidal influence. 540 

Elasticity, see Mechanical properties. 

Electrical properties 1329, 1668, 1677 



156 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

Item 

Forecasting ice, see aiso Periodicity. 1357, 1375, 1434, 

1435, 1436, 1439, 1440, 1461, 1462, 1489, 1490, 1494, 1554 

Angara, Reka _ 1189 

Arctic Ocean 74, 89, 91, 

124, 125, 1492, 1553, 1608, 1609, 1612 

Atlantic Ocean... 219, 238 

Barents Sea 367, 

404, 406, 407, 409, 420 

Eniseiskiy Zaliv 498 

Gulf of Finland 367, 883, 885 

Kara Sea 367, 406, 407, 420 

Lake Ice 1466, 1581 

River Ice. 1022, 1055, 1057, 

1058, 1219, 1450, 1466, 1548, 1549, 1581 

White Sea 367, 449 

^Formation of ice 98, 267, 312, 

581, 1358, 1366, 1369, 1388, 1392, 1400, 1426, 1448, 1467, 1529, 1545, 1550, 1558, 1563, 
1688, 1598, 1615, 1628, 1631, 1636, 1652, 1675, 1695 

Currents, Influence of 1499 

Growth of ice 74, 1573, 1639 

River ice 1059, 1463, 1464,1533 

Lake ice ' 1068, 

1255, 1423, 1477, 1484, 1536, 1602 

Regelation.. 1693, 1694 

River ice 1008, 

1061, 1065, 1066, 1067, 1068, 1194, 1270, 1307, 1321, 1327, 1338, 1355, 1367, 1386, 1387, 
1424, 1485, 1531, 1532, 1536 

Snow, Influence of 1354, 1477, 1572 

Frazil ice 1167, 

1296, 1321, 1323, 1326, 1386, 1387, 1485, 1514 

Freeing ships of ice 1699 

General texts 1341, 

1369, 1371, 1385, 1538, 1595, 1600, 1628 

Ground ice (Subterranean ice) 1210 

Growth of ice, see under Formation of ice. 
Grundeis, see Anchor ice. 

Hummochs, Measuring of ^. 1315 

Ice cutters 1138 

Ice codes 728, 

782, 783, 1493, 1556, 1577, 1578, 1580, 1607 

Ice control 1314, 

1378, 1383, 1459, 1508, 1541, 1557 

Icebergs 1333, 

1336, 1337, 1339, 1340, 1341 

Rivers and lakes 996, 

1053, 1097, 1138, 1269, 1282, 1301, 1338, 1340, 1341, 1372, 1374, 1383, 1393, 1479 

Ice patrols and observation 1 406, 

1465, 1498, 1518, 1537, 1580 

U.S.S.R 68, 69, 168, 577 

USA. 185, 

191, 212, 236, 241, 257 

loe pressure 169, 1525 

Ice scales 1347, 1405, 1425, 1507 



INDEX OF StIBJBOTS 157 

Ice services, see also Ice patrols and observations. Item 

Baltic Sea. - 844, 857 

Danzig 857 

Denmark - - - 763, 854, 867 

Estonia 857 

Finland ..- - 857 

Germany _ -- 826, 857 

Latvia 857 

Lithuania 857 

Poland ..- - - 857 

Sweden -- 867 

U.S.S.R.. - 68, 

69, 168, 577, 736, 857, 1256 

Biireau of ice forecasting - 89, 1435, 1436 

Ice structure 735, 

1362, 1394, 1417, 1449, 1544, 1613, 1628 

Ice temperature, see also Thermal properties 205, 

512, 581, 1368, 1390, 1472, 1526, 1540, 1592, 1593, 1628 

Icebergs 10,59,1330,1332, 

1333, 1334, 1336, 1337, 1339, 1341, 1380, 1381, 1417, 1456, 1682, 1583, 1586, 1614, 1622 

Barents Sea .-. 413 

Detection 1359, 1378, 1528, 1621 

Greenland 306 

Kotzebue Sound 579 

Vlurman Coast 362 

«forth Atlantic 191, 

197, 211, 213, 214, 215, 217, 218, 219, 223, 224, 238, 245, 256 

Norway 391,392,411 

Sevemaya Zemlya (Northland) 491 

Svalbard (Spitzbergen) 1417 

Icebreakers 19, 

726, 782, 1294, 1340, 1347, 1379, 1413, 1471, 1534, 1560, 1564 

Impact of ship on ice 1379 

Keimeis, see Anchor ice. 

Lake ice (For occurrence, see names of lakes and countries.) 1190, 

1331, 1351, 1389, 1390, 1423, 1463, 1480, 1481, 1484, 1520, 1568, 1569, 1602, 1686 

Melting 1331, 1351, 1408 

Movement.. 1109 

Plasticity ; 1669 

Measurement of ice (For amounts of ice, see Ice scales) 1610, 1640 

Hummocks 1315 

Internal strain 1675 

Thickness 1318, 

1376, 1551, 1552, 1561, 1629, 1630 

Mechanical properties, see also Strength of ice — 1293, 

1360, 1449, 1453, 1472, 1482, 1597, 1599, 1600, 1611, 1624, 1628, 1634 

Elasticity 46, 

1329, 1350, 1397, 1398, 1399, 1421, 1446, 1511, 1588 

Expansion and contraction 1329, 

1343, 1390, 1391, 1416, 1420, 1525, 1588, 1644 

Friction.. 1316, 

1317, 1345, 1416, 1420, 1421, 1589, 1590 

Internal tension 1530, 1575 

Plasticity 1329, 

1418, 1503, 1601, 1669 



158 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

Item 

Melting of ice 237, 

570, 581, 589, 1120, 1310, 1330, 1331, 1332, 1334, 1351, 1366, 1368, 1369, 1384, 1400, 
1408, 1416, 1417, 1420, 1437, 1438, 1501, 1519, 1600, 1619, 1628, 1632, 1633 
Meteorological observations 

Arctic Ocean 23, 

53, 87, 123, 153 

Baffin Bay - 644 

Barents Sea 337, 368, 483 

Bolshoy Liakhovskiy Ostrova 554 

Chukchi Sea 583 

Hudson's Bay 679 

Kara Sea 483 

North Polar Basin 636 

Prince Regent Inlet 644 

Mjcrothermograph 1330, 1331, 1337 

Navigation, Ice 67,68, 172, 

197, 1341, 1344, 1347, 1349, 1379, 1414, 1415, 1445, 1457, 1507, 1509, 1528, 1688, 1699 

Optical and radiational properties 1339, 

1360, 1449, 1600, 1628, 1646, 1647, 1648, 1664, 1665, 1666, 1689 

Color 589, 1337, 1550 

Pack ice (Field ice) 169, 228, 272, 317 

Pancake ice 1638 

Periodicity of ice cover 1370, 1433 

Plankton, see Biology of ice. 

Polynyas.-.. - 82, 1395 

Port constructions, Action by ice 1459, 1527 

Porosity, see Density and porosity of ice. 
Regelation, see under Formation of ice. 

Research programs - 1596 

River ice (For occurrence, see names of rivers and coimtries; see also Forecasting ice. Formation 

of ice. Strength of ice. Water levels in rivers.) - 1008, 

1049, 1051, 1066, 1103, 1152, 1191, 1224, 1270, 1382, 1383, 1393, 1409, 1422, 1430, 1431, 
1447, 1481, 1496, 1497, 1505, 1521, 1539, 1568, 1569, 1616, 1650 

Geological work of 1017, 1118 

Hydraulics 1346, 1571, 1655 

Melting 1008, 1408 

Research methods 1352, 1356 

Salinity of sea water in relation to ice 472 

Salinity of ice 335, 

455, 533, 1329, 1369, 1426, 1460, 1472, 1510, 1512, 1526, 1606, 1615, 1618, 1624, 1628 
Siggeis, see Frazil ice. 

Sludge-ice (TeUereis; Shugi) .- 1311, 1506 

SoUdity of ice, see Density and porosity of ice. 

Steam borer 1610 

Strength of ice, see also Airplanes landing on ice; Crossing on ice - -. 336, 

455, 462, 475, 732, 737, 875, 1360, 1365, 1403, 1441, 1457, 1472, 1491, 1574, 1594, 1600, 
1603, 1611, 1624, 1628, 1634 

Bending 475, 1473, 1486, 1591, 1592, 1593 

Crushing 222,475, 1335,1343, 1470, 1486, 1513, 1588, 1593 

Drift ice _.. 1349 

Methods - I486, 1591 

River ice 1034, 1137, 1188, 1295, 1365, 1449, 1452, 1504, 1592, 1642 

Tensile strength 475, 1329, 1343, 1398, 1513, 1588, 1593 

Twisting.. 1593 



INDEX OF SUBJECTS 159 

Item 
Submerged ice.. - 1308 

Tellereis, see Sludge-ice. 

Temperature of sea water in relationship to ice 212, 

227, 240, 511, 1330, 1332, 1381, 1412, 1456, 1582, 1583, 1586, 1614 

Terminology -- 197, 

279, 312, 383, 533, 753, 782, 1320, 1347, 1348, 1396, 1407, 1425, 1432, 1474, 1475, 1478, 
1508, 1517, 1547, 1659, 1565, 1566, 1567, 1570, 1579, 1617, 1620, 1628, 1690 

Thermal properties 1328, 

1329, 1339, 1360, 1412, 1420, 1472, 1526, 1600, 1624, 1628 

Anchor ice 1324 

Frazil ice 1323 

Freezing point 1321, 

1322, 1444, 1562, 1631 

Thermal conductivity 1319,1544,1696 

Thermit 1336, 

1337, 1339, 1340, 1341, 1509, 1541, 1557 

Thickness of ice 205, 

298, 320, 1629, 1630, 1633 
Transparency of ice, see Optical and radiational properties. 

Water levels in rivers, Effect of ice 1067, 

1125, 1525, 1643, 1655, 1678 

Weather and ice relationship 203,204,226,263, 

299, 302, 327, 344, 405. 824, 882, 1025, 1238, 1353, 1363, 1364, 1419, 1523, 1604, 1605 

Wind and ice relationship - _ - 98, 

123, 146, 174, 305, 326, 1625, 1627 



160 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Item 

Abel's, G 1019 

Abramov, N. T. 1293 

Adams, Capt 181 

Adams, J. Q -601 

Afonas'ev, V. I 1294, 1295 

Ahlmann, H. W 333 

Aitken, J 1296 

Alabama expedition to Greenland, 1909- 

1912.. 300 

Al'banov, V. I 334 

Alekseev, A 16 

Alekseev, N. N 453,565 

Alert and Discovery, 1875-1876 62, 652, 654 

Alexander 664 

Alexandrou, L 892 

Allen, R. C 602 

D'Allinge, H. L 720,721 

Al'tberg, V. IA 1020, 

1021, 1022, 1023, 1024, 1297, 
1298, 1299, 1300, 1301, 1302, 
1303, 1304, 1305, 1306, 1307, 
1308, 1309, 1635, 1636 

Al'tberg, V. K 1024, 1309 

American geographical society, New York 17 

Amundsen, Roald 18, 

99, 603, 604 

Anadyr. 85 

Anderson, J. W 605, 606 

Anderson, R. M 607 

Andreev, S. M 875, 1601 

A7idromeda 461 

Angstrom, Anders 1025 

Antonov, V. S 1026, 1310 

Anufriev, I. P 19, 

428, 429, 430, 454 

Arctic C.G.S_._. 682-683 

Arctic (whaling ship) 181 

Arenstein, Joseph 1028 

Armstrong, Sir Alexander 608 

Amgol'd, E. E 20 

Arnold-Aliab'ev, V. I 335, 

336, 455, 456, 722, 723, 724, 725, 
726, 727, 728, 729, 730, 731, 732, 
733, 734, 735, 736, 737, 738, 739, 
875, 880, 1311, 1312, 1313, 1314, 
1315, 1316, 1317, 1318 

Artemonov, D. S... 1029 

Arzybyschev, S 1319 

Assistance 602, 610 

Austria. Bundesministerium fiir land- 

und forstwirtschaft. Wasserbausektion. 1031 



Item 

Avinov, I. M.. 1032 

Bachmanov, B. M.. 740, 

741, 1320, 1637, 1638 

Badigin, K. S 21, 22, 23 

Bajkov, A. D 678 

Balashov, K. N 1033 

Ballantyne, R. M... 642 

Barabanov, G 742 

Barents, William 156 

Barnes, H. T 1321, 

1322, 1323, 1324, 1325, 1326, 
1327, 1328, 1329, 1330, 1331, 
1332, 1333, 1334, 1335, 1336, 
1337, 1338, 1339, 1340, 1341, 
1342, 1343, 1639 

Barnes, Kathleen 24 

Bartlett, R. A 609, 1344 

Baschin, O... 182 

Basin, M. M :.. 1034 

Bayer, D 1035 

Belining, Arvid 1036 

Bekasov, N. M 25 

Bel'chenko, K. A 886, 1640 

Belcher, Sir E 610 

Belgica 381,382 

Belinski, N 1492, 1553 

Belknap, R. L 183 

Bell, C. N 679 

BeU, Evans 610 

Bell, J. M 982 

Bell, Robert 680,681 

Bellot, J. R 611,612 

Belokon', P. N 1345, 1346 

Belousov, M. P 1347 

Belukha 497 

Bencker, H 1348 

Berdennikov, V. P 1349 

Benedicks, C 1641 

BerezUn, VI. A 337,431 

Berg, L 909 

Bernadskie, N. M 1037 

Bernadskie, V. M 1037 

Bernier, J. E 682,683 

Bessonov, E. A 1038 

Bethune, W. C 613 

Bevan, Benjamin 1350 

Biasutti, R 26 

Bienenkorb 268 

Binney, George 684 

Birge, E. A 1351 

Biriulin, G. M 530 



IKDBX OF NAMES 



161 



Item 

Bitte, M. P 548 

Blackwelder, E - 1642 

Blanchard, Raoul 1039 

Blanchet, G. H 983 

BUzniak, E. V 1352, 1643 

Bluthgen, Joachim 27, 743, 744, 

745, 746, 747, 748, 1353, 1354 

Bodnarski, M. S 28 

Bogardus, J. F 1040 

Bogdanov, D. A 457, 1041, 1365 

Bogdanov, N. F 1356 

Bogorov, V. G.- 1357 

Bogovoi, I 1042 

Boguslawski, G. H. von 1043 

Borisov, A. A 458 

Borodai, N. I 1044 

Bossolasco, M 1358 

Botkin, A 1045 

Bowditch, N 184 

Bowie, E. H 185 

Boyd, L. A 260 

Boyle, R. W... 1359 

Bragg, Wm 1360 

Brandes, Karl 614 

Braun, Gustav 749, 1046 

Bregman, G. R- 1047, 1361 

Briest 1048 

Breitfuss, L. L 29, 

30, 31, 32, 33, 459, 460, 461 

Brennecke, Wilhelm 186,261,262 

British Arctic air route expedition 331 

British Arctic Expedition 1875-76, see 
Alai and Discovery, 1875-1876. 

Brodskii, A. I 1362 

Brooks, A. H... 961,962 

Brooks, C. E. P 263, 

1363, 1364, 1419 

Brounshtein, V 34 

Brown, Alec 46 

Brown, E. W 1365, 1644 

Brown, John 615 

Brown, R. N. R 35, 36 

Brown, W. E 616 

Bruce, W. S. 35, 37 

Bruns, B. P 462, 1366 

Brusilov, G. L. 38 

Bryce, George 39 

Bubendey, J. F 1367 

Buchanan, J. Y 1368, 1369 

Budel, Julius 1645 

Buinitskii, V. KH 41, 42, 43 

Burke, A 432, 

433, 1370, 1371 
Burkhov, P. I 338 



Item 

Burmakin, E. V.. 463 

Burwash, L. T 617 

Bydin, F. I 1049, 

1050, 1051, 1052, 1053, 1054, 
1055, 1056, 1057, 1058, 1059, 
1372, 1373, 1374, 1375. 

Cameron, A. D 985 

Canada. Department of transport 686 

Canada. Dominion bureau of statistics.. 986 
Canada. Dominion water and power 

bureau..- 987, 

988, 989, 990 

Canada. Hydrographic and map service. 187, 

188, 189, 190, 687, 705, 706, 707, 

708, 709, 991. 

Canada. Topographical survey of Canada 992 

Champoiseau, Ch 1060 

Chaplygin, E. I 44, 

1376, 1410, 1411 

Charcot, J 264 

Chatley, Herbert.. 915 

Chausov, A. K 549 

Chavanne, J 45 

Cheliuskin expedition, 1933-1934 46,528 

CheJxuskin 46, 

57, 121, 486, 508, 528, 532, 534 

Chernigovski, N. T 464, 

1646, 1647, 1648 

Chikachev, M. P 887 

Chipman, K. G 618 

Chirikhin, J. D 529 

Chirvinsky, P. N.. 1377 

Cholnoky, Eugen von 1649 

Clarinval, A 1061 

CoUier, A. J 962 

CoUins, H. B. jr 963 

CoUinson, Richard. 595,596 

Collinson, T. B... 596 

Commission du regime des eaux du 

Danube 1062 

Conger, N. B.. 710 

Conrad Hinrich 931 

Cooke, H. L 1342 

Copland, M 1378 

Corder, Henry 1650 

Cormie, J. A 688 

Cormn 573,574,575 

Cox, J. R... 618 

Crary, A. P 1397 

Crawshay, L. R 224 

Crist, R. E 1039 

Crowe, J. J iei4 

Cyria, R. J 619 

Czekanska, M.. 750 



162 



ICE OF NOETHEBN HEMISPHEEB 



Item 

DalTievostochnik^- 585 

Daly, R. A 1651 

Danilov, B. 1 465 

Danilov, L. G 1063 

Danish Expedition to King Christian X 

Land - - 289 

Danmark, 1906-1908 320 

Davydov, B. V 550 

Davydov, L. K 1064 

Davydov, V. V 1379 

Dawson, W. B 1380, 1381 

Dearborn, Henry 994 

Defant, A. 191 

Delong, G. W 531,551 

Demme, N. P 466 

Denmark. Meteorolgiske institut.- 1, 751, 752 
Denmark. Ministeriet for handel og 

fiskeri 753 

Denmark. K. S0kort-arkivs 754,765 

Denmark. Statens isbridnings og ismel- 

dingstjeneste 756 

Derjugin, K. M 434, 462 

Deutsche Gronland - expedition Alfred 

Wegener, 1929 und 1930-1931 298 

Deutsche Nordpolexpedition, 1868 305 

Deutsche Nordpolexpedition, 2., 1869- 

1870 - 180 

Deutsche seewarte, Hamburg 2, 265, 

339, 340, 757, 758, 759, 760, 761 

Devaux, J 266 

Devik, Olaf. 267, 

1065, 1066, 1067, 1068, 1382 

Diana 703 

Dibos, M 1383 

Dickinson, H. C 1614 

Diesen, G. van 1384 

Dits, F 1070 

Dobrowolsky, A. B 1385, 1386, 1387 

Domrachev, P. F -- 1653 

Dorst, F. J 268 

Douglas, M 531 

Drygalski, E. von.-.- 1388,1389 

Dubravin, A. I 47 

Dufour, Charles. -. 1071 

Du Hamel, N. Y 712 

Dumble, J. H 1391 

Dunin-Gorovi6, A 48 

Duplitskii, D. S 566, 

583, 584, 589 

Dybovskii.V. 1072 

Dyer, Jerome 995 

Dzerdzeyevski, B. L 467 

Ebeling, E.... 1073 

Eberlin, P.. 1654 



Item 

Edlund, E.-. 1392 

Efremov, A. G 49 

Egorova, A. A 468 

Eichstadt, Franz 762 

Eira 371,372 

Ekama, Henri 513 

Ekblaw, W. E 269, 306 

Ekwall, A 1393 

Embo, E 1655 

Engeln, O. D. von 1394 

Ennes, Fr 763 

Enterprise 595, 596 

Erebus 627 

Ermak 34, 

67, 294, 1457 

Estifeev, A. M 1396 

Estonia. Bureau central de statistique.. 765 

Ett«, Henry 270 

Evgenov, N.I. ...342,469, 

470, 471, 472, 552, 567, 668, 569 

Ewens, W. E 996 

Ewing, M 1397 

Exler, I 50 

Expedition Polaire Russe, 1900-1903.. 149, 485 

Fabian, Oskar 1398 

Fakidov, I. G 1399,1400 

Fakidov, I. S 46 

Fanner, Gottlieb 1077 

Fedorov, Evgeny 134, 135, 1656 

FeUden, H. W 654 

Fickeler, Paul 1078,1079 

Finland. Havforskningsinstitutet 766 

Finland. Valtion meteorologinen laitos. . 1081 

Finlayson, J. N 1401 

Fischer, Carl 1082,1083 

Fitton, E. M 964 

Flaherty, R. J 689 

Forel, F. A 1084 

Forlorn Hope 646 

Fox 615, 

642, 643, 644 

Fram, 1893-1896 97,98 

France. Service hydrographique 192, 

193, 194, 271, 343, 767, 768, 769, 
770, 888, 918, 927, 965 

Francis, J. B 1402 

Frankcom, C. E. N 771 

Franklin, Sir John 596, 

596, 608, 610, 611, 612, 614, 619, 
620, 621, 623, 626, 627, 628, 631, 
635, 636, 637, 640, 642, 643, 645, 
646, 653, 663, 665, 666, 667, 669 

Frazier, A. H 997 

Freeman, J. R -- 713 



IKDEX OF NAMES 



163 



Item 

Freuchen, Peter.. 622 

Frisch, K 772, 773, 774 

FrJtach, Karl 1085, 1086, 

1087, 1088, 1089, 1090, 1091 

Frommeyer, Maria 344 

Fruhling, A 1403 

Fuchs, V. E 272 

Fujiwara, S 1080 

Gain, L_....^ 1404 

Gakkel, fA. lA 51,52, 

53, 486, 508, 532, 1405, 1406,1407 

Galle, P. H 775 

Gapanovioh, I. I 1092 

Garbett, L. G 195 

Garde, T. V 54, 273 

Gardiner, Frederic 999 

Gardiner, R. H 1000, 1408 

Gay-Lussac, J. L 1409 

Geistbeck, Alois 1093 

Gel'vai'd, V. B 55 

Geographical society of Finland 776 

Georgievskii, N 570 

Germany. Oberkommando der kriegs- 

marine 274, 

345, 435, 473, 777, 778, 779, 780, 
781, 889, 1657, 1658, 1659, 1660 
Germany. Oberkommando der ICriegs- 

marine. Chef Marinewetterdienst 3 

Germany. Reichs marine amt 275 

Gerta 361 

Gevorkian, R. G 1410, 1411 

Giandotti, M 1095 

Gibbs, G. S. 1001 

GUder, W. H 623 

Gittermann, K. E 1412 

Gj0a, 1901 99,603,604 

Glen, A. R . 346,347 

Godlevskii, V 1072 

Golitzin, B 474 

Golovkov, M. P 475,476 

Gomoiunov, K. A 477,553 

Goodman, J. R 966 

Gordeev, V. K 57,1413 

Gordon, A. R 690,691,692 

Gorz, M 1097 

Gotaalf _. 720 

Gotzinger, Gustav 1099 

Graah, W. A.. 277 

Granqvist, Gunnar 782 

Granqvist, H.. 783 

Gratsianskii, A 58 

Gravelius, H 1100 

Gray, R. W 59 

Gt. Brit. Admiralty. Naval Intelligence 

Division 784 



Item 
Gt. Brit. Foreign office. Historical section 919 

Gt. Brit. Hydrographic department 4, 5, 

6, 60, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 
201, 202, 278, 279, 280, 785, 786, 
787, 788, 789, 890, 920, 928, 929, 
967, 968, 1414. 

Gt. Brit. Meteorological Committee 1415 

Gt. Brit. Meteorological office... 624, 

1661, 1662 
Gt. Brit. Meteorological ofiice. Marine 

branch 1663 

Gt. Brit. Naval meteorological branch.. 281 
Gt. Brit. Naval Staff. Naval intelligence 

division 1101 

Gt. Brit. Parliament 61, 

62, 625, 626, 627 

Greely, A. W 63, 

64, 628, 629 

Green, Fitzhugh 630 

Griunell, H 666 

Grinnell expeditions 637, 666 

Griper 656 

Groissmayr, F. B 203 

Gromov, B. V 348,571 

Grum-GrzhimaUo, M.M 572 

Gunther, Siegmund 1416 

Gusev, A. M 65 

Guttenbergen, Heinrich 1102 

Habenicht, W 204 

Hahn, O 349 

Haidinger, Wilhelm von 1103, 

1104,1105,1106,1107,1108 

Hale, R. T 609 

Hall, C. F 631 

Hamburg, Axel 282, 1109, 1417 

Hambruch, Paul 1110 

Hammer, R. R. J. 205 

Hango. Committee of traffic 791 

Hansen, Godfred 18, 604 

Harrison, A. H 632,633 

Hassert, K 1111 

Hautreaux, A 206,207 

Hayes, I. I 634 

Hayward, J. W . 1343 

Healy, M. A 573 

Hecla 656 

Hedin, Sven 506 

Hegemann, P. F. A 969 

Heinrichs, Axel 792, 1112 

Helaakoski, O. R 793 

HeU, Hans 1418 

Hellstrom, R. H 794, 

795, 796, 797 

Hellwald, Friedrich von . 283 

Helsinki, Finland. Harbour board 798 



i64 



ICE OF KOBTHEBN HEMISPHEKB 



Hennig, R 799 

Hennessy, J 7, 208 

Henry, A. J 1002, 1419 

Herald 665 

Herpich, Hans 1113 

Herrmann, Ernst..- 66 

Herrmann, J 478 

Hess, D 1420 

Hess, F. L 962 

Hess, H 1421 

Hildebrandsson, H. H 1114 

Hitch, Margaret- 921 

Hoel, Adolph 350,351,352 

Hoffmeyer, N 284 

Hohnschild, Fritz 1115 

Holmsen, Andreas 1116 

Honigmann, E. J. M. 1513 

Hooper, C. L 574,575 

Hooper, W. H 635 

Hoppu, K. W 800 

Horn, Gunnar.. 353 

Hovgaard, A 479 

Howard, A. G. W 209 

Hiibner, H. 1422 

Hudgins, Bert 714 

Hulphers, A. A 1117 

Hudson's Bay expeditions 1884-1886 690, 

691,692 

Humphreys, W. J 1423 

Huntington, E 1260 

Huntsman, A. G 210 

Ilchevskii, L 1118, 1424 

lAkobi, N. O 1309 

fAroslavtsev, G. G 1119 

Idman, S 1120 

Ihrig, D 1121 

Inai, T 1562 

Inglefield, E. A 602,636 

Innes, H. A 693 

International ice observation and ice 

patrol service 212,213,214 

International Polar Year expedition, 

1882-1883.. 293,597 

International Polar Year expedition, 2d, 

1932-33 568, 

572, 576, 585, 586 

Irminger, C.. 285,286 

Isabel... 602 

Isabella 664 

Isachsen, Gunnar 353,354 

Isbjom 370 

Isliamov, I. I. 67 

Iten, Vivian.. 1425 

lUdin, O. 480 

lUrev, B. N.. 1122 



Item 

Ivanov, B 68,69,70 

Ivanov, G. S 1426 

Ivanov, I. M 71,356 

Iveraen, Th 287, 1427 

Jackson, F. G... 357 

Jackson, J. R 1123, 1124 

Jakushov, P 1125, 

1126, 1127, 1428, 1429, 1430 

Jansen, Capt 358 

Japan. Hydrographic department 215 

Japan. Meteorological observatories, 

Nemuro, Abasira, and Shana 930 

Jasmund, R 1431 

Jeannette 531, 551 

Jenness, D 970 

Jennov, J. G.. 288 

Joeden, U. v 801 

Johannsen, E. H 481, 482 

Johanson, E. I 1128 

Johansson, O. V 1129 

Johnston, C. E 1432 

Jurva, Risto 782, 

802, 803, 804 

Jushakov, V 1319 

Kalitin, N. N 1664, 1665, 1666 

Kaminskii, A. A 805, 

Kane, E. K 637,638,639 

Karelin, D. B 72,73,74,75, 

76, 77, 359, 577, 1433, 1434, 1435, 
1436, 1437, 1438, 1439, 1440 

Karluk 609 

Karsten, G 806 

Karsten, Hugo 807 

Katanskii, V 1441 

Kedrolivanskii, V. N 483 

Kelting, E. L 1650 

Kennedy, William 640 

Keopeczi-Nagy, Z. von 1130 

Khrenov, A. F. 1442 

Khmyznikov, P. K 46, 

484, 532, 533, 578, 1131, 1132 

Kidd, D. A 1669 

Kindle, E. M 216, 

694, 695, 1003 

King, Richard 78 

Kirde, K 774 

Kissler, F 79 

KU 461 

Kitsinskii, A. A. 1443 

Knipping, E 931 

Knipovich, N. M 80, 360, 1667 

Knudsen, Martin 1444 

Koch, Harry 809, 1445 

Koch, K. R 1446 

Koch, Lauge. 81,289,1447 



INDEX OF NAMES 



165 



Item 

Koeppe, C. E 1004 

Kogan 361 

Kolchak, A 82,485 

Koldewey, Klarl. 290 

Kolesnikov, A. G 1448 

Kolupaila, S 1133 

Komarnitski, S 1134 

Komarovsky, A. N 1449 

Komov, N. N 486 

Komova, O. N.. 486 

Konczak, Stanislaw 810 

Konkrat'eva, E. A 1450 

Koposov, V. V 1135 

Koppen, W 891 

Kopytov, N. L. 437 

Korovkin, I. P 1136 

Korunov, M. M 1451 

Korzhavin, K. N 1137, 

1138, 1452, 1453 

Koshkin, V. N 487,488 

Kosoi, A. I 1454 

Kotel'mkov, D. F 362 

Kotzebue, O. E. von 579 

Krasin 122, 

128, 335, 337, 341, 394, 537, 547, 
566, 567, 581, 683, 584, 589 

Krasnoarmeets 586 

Krasnova, V. S 910, 1455 

Krebs, Wilhelm 83,1456 

Kreps, G 438 

Kreuschner, C. R 217 

KrUov, A. N 1457 

Kronstadt 294 

Krylov, M. M 1458 

Kulerich, A 641 

Kushakov, P. G 84 

Kuz'min, D. N 85 

Kuznetsov, P. A 1459 

Lady Franklin 673 

Lady Franklin Bay expedition, 1881-1884 628, 

629 

Lakowitz, C 811 

Laktionov, A. F 86, 87, 88, 

219, 291, 292, 363, 364, 365, 439, 
489, 490, 491, 1407, 1460, 1461 

Lange, E 1668 

Lappo, S. D 89,90, 

91, 92, 492, 493, 534, 535, 1462 

Laptev, S. N 1139 

L4szl6ffy, W 1140 

Latham 47 264 

Latvia. Jurniecibas departmenta hidro- 

grafiska nodala 812 

Lavrov, A. M 366,494,536 

Lebedev, V. N 1141, 1142 



Lebedev, V. V 1463, 1464 

Lednev, V. A 1465 

Leith, A. T 696 

Leith, C. K... 696 

Lemke, M.._ 8 

Lenin 540, 541 

Leningrad. Glavnafi geofizicheskaia ob- 

servatorifa. Institut klimatologii 554 

Leningrad. Gosudarstvennyi gidrologi- 

cheskii institut 1466 

Leningrad. Vsesoiuzn5d arkticheskii in- 
stitut -. 368, 1143 

Leopold, E 1144, 1145 

Leppik, E 813 

Leshaft, Emil 93, 

440,441,495,496 

Leslie, Alexander 94 

Leslie, Sir John 642 

Levanen, S 814, 1146, 1147 

Li, Shu-T'ien 922 

Lfikhnitskii, V. E 452 

Lieckfeldt 1467 

Lied, Jonas 100 

Lt. Sedov expedition 84, 500, 522 

Liljequist, G_ 1148 

Lincoln, J. H 966 

Lindgren, K. R 815 

Linssen, Rudolph 220 

Listov, fD- A 1149, 1468 

Lithuania. Susisiekimo ministerija 816 

Litke 163, 

546, 552, 557, 568, 1674 

Lloyd, Trevor 1005 

Loewe, Fritz 221 

Lofoten.. 294 

Lohr, A 1150 

Lokhtin, V. M. 1151, 1152, 1206 

Lomonosov 364, 489 

Lord, J. C. ._. 666 

Lorenzi, Arrigo 1153,1154 

Loveiko, M. V... 1155 

Low, A. P 697 

Lucas, A. S. B 1639 

Ludensee, S 1156, 1469 

Ludlow, William 222, 1470 

Luigi, Duke of the Abruzzi 369 

Luks, K 932,933 

Luksch, J 293 

Lyde, L. W 1157 

Maass 1158 

McClintock, F. L 643,644 

McConneU, J. C. 1669 

McCormick, Robert 645 

M'Dougall, G. F 646 

McGahan, J. A 647 



166 



ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 



Item 

McLean, N. B 698 

M'LeUan, A. G 223 

McLeod, Norman 1343 

McMiUan, D. B 648.649,650 

Macy, R. H. 1471 

Madler, J. H. 1159 

Maillet, Edmond 1160, 1161 

Makarov, S. O 294, 1457 

Maksimov, A 1162 

Malmgren, Finn 1472 

Malygin 366, 

387, 388, 410, 418, 455, 456, 475 

Mariolopoulos, E. G 892 

Marion 243 

Marmtin, T. P 376, 1473 

Markham, A. H 370, 

651, 652, 653, 699 

Markham, C.R 371,372,1474 

Maslennikov, N. I 1670 

Mason, Kenneth 95 

Matador, 1900-1901 339 

Mathiassen, Therkel 622 

Matseino, A. I 817,818,1163 

Matthews, D. J 224 

Matumoto, K 934 

Matusewicz, J 1164 

Maud 18, 542 

Mauer, J 1165 

Maurstad, A 1475 

Mead, W. R 819 

Mecking, Ludwig 107, 

225, 226, 295, 700, 935, 1476 

Meier, H 1166, 1167 

Meinander, Einar 1120 

Meinardus, Wilhelm 297,298 

Mehn, Ragnar 1168 

Mel'mkov, S. 1169 

Merkushev, G 1477 

Merlin, M 1170 

Mesfatsev, J. J 373 

Meyer, H. A 820 

Meymier, A 1478 

Mezin, M 299 

Mikkelsen, Einar 96,300,301 

MiE, H. R 1474 

MiUer, Eric 1006 

Mills, J. C 715 

Moesveld, A. L. T 1479 

Molchanov, ]. V 1480 

Molodykh, 1. F 1171 

Montgomery, R. B 1515 

Mordovin, P 1481 

Morozov, N 442 

Morozov, R 537 

Moseley, Henry 1482 



Item 

Moskatov, K. A... 1483 

Mossman, R. C 302 

Mozheiko, L. J 1172 

Mukhanov, L 374 

MuUner, Johann 1173, 1484 

MurmaneU 487 

Murphy, John 1485 

Murray, H 642 

Nadein, 1. K 9 

Nagel', A. A 1671 

NaUvaiko, G 375,376 

Nansen, Fridtjof 97, 

98, 99, 100, 377, 531 

Nares, G. S 654 

Nascopie.. 605,606, 1673 

Nathorst, A. G. von 282,303 

Nazarov, V. S... 101, 

498, 1486, 1487, 1488, 1489, 1490, 
1491, 1492, 1553. 

Nederlandsch meteorologisch instituut 227 

Neese, Nicolaus 1174 

Nei, E 1175 

Neptune 697 

Nerpa 487,488 

Netherlands. Department van water- 

staat 1176 

Neupokoev, K. K 555 

Niinomy, K... 924 

Nord, B. P -_ 378 

Nordenskiold, A. E 102, 

103, 104, 379, 531 

Nordenskiold, Otto 105, 

106, 107, 108 

NordOand 481 

Norman-Jones, Gerald 228 

Northland 245 

Norway. Norges sj0kartverk 304,380 

Norwegian North Polar Expedition, 1893- 
1896, see Fram, 1893-1896. 

Noskov, 1 487 

Notkin, A. I 109 

Obruchev, V. A 1177 

Odenwall, E 1178 

Oellrich, H 822,827 

Oettingen, H. von 1179 

Ogievskii, A. V 1180, 1181 

Ohti, S 1182 

Okada, T.. 936 

Organization m^t^orologique intematio- 

nale, Secretariat de 1493 

Orleans, Louis Phillipe Robert, Ducd'.. 381, 382 
Osterreichisch-Ungarische Nordpolarex- 

pedition, 1872-1874 349 

Ostman, C. J 823,824 

Ovchinnikov, L G 580, 1440, 1494 



INDEX OF NAMES 



167 



Item 

Ovodov, A 1183 

Oxford University Arctic expedition to 

NortheaBt Land, 1935-36 346,347 

Owen, Prof-.. 610 

Paczoska, Zofia . 1184, 1185 

Padchenko, N. P 1362 

Page, James 971 

PaUhin, 1 1495 

Palmen^HE 825 

Palmer, F 701 

Pandora 677 

Panov, D. G Ill 

Papanin, I 112, 1672 

Parry, W.E 656,657 

Parsons, W. J. jr 1008 

Pasqueau, A 1496 

Pavlov, P. A 1186 

Pawlowaki, Stanisiaw 1187 

Payer, Julius.. 383 

Peary, R. E 113, 

114,115,116 

Pecsi, Albert 1497 

Pedder, A. fu 1188, 1189 

Peppier, W 1190 

Perov, B. A 893 

Persiianov, V. V 1191 

Pervaia 537, 547 

Petermann, August 117,305 

Petersen, P 826, 827 

Petrichenko, A. N 118, 119, 1498 

Petrunichev, N. N 1059, 1499 

Pettersen, Karl 384, 385, 386 

Pettersson, Otto 229, 

499, 1500, 1501, 1502 

Pfaff, Fr.. 1503 

Philippson, A 894 

Pinegin, N. V 387, 

388, 500, 1504 

Pioneer 543 

Piatrovich, V. V 581, 1505 

Piskacek, Ottokar 1192 

Piatt, R. R.. 120 

Plover 635 

Pobedonostsev, B. D 1506 

Pogachev, I. M 1507 

Pohle, Richard. 444 

Pokrovskaia, T. V 123 

Polar Bear, see Isbjom. 

Polar Star 369 

Polaris 651,675,676 

Polevala, N. P 1426 

Popesco, Georges 1193 

Popov, A, M 538 

Popov, E. A 1024 

Popov, V. L 937 



Item 

Porsild, M. P 230,306 

Poryvkin, N. P 1194 

Potoehkii, P. 895 

Pravda 537,547 

Priestley, R. E. 1508 

Prince Albert 602, 

612, 640, 669 

Prishletsov, V. I 896, 1465 

Proskurfakov, B. V 136 

Protopopov, 1. D 556,582 

Prufer, G_ 835 

Prussia. Wasser-ausschuss 1195,1196 

Purin, A. A 938 

Putnam, G. P 658 

Quennell, W. A 1364, 1419 

Rabot, Charles 126, 

307,389,390,391,501 

Radvillovich, K. A 583 

Rae, John 659 

Raikhenberg, M 502 

Rassmussen, Knud 308 

622, 660, 661, 662 

Ratmanov, G. E 557, 

584, 585, 586, 587, 1674 

Ratmanov, N 445 

Ratz, Friedrich 1197 

Razumovskii, N. I 911 

Reichard, A. G 127 

Reid, C. D 1359 

Reinberg, A. M.. 1198 

Reinicke, G 836, 

837, 838, 839, 898 

Remus, K 1675 

Renqvist, H 1199 

Repa, A. G 1510 

Resolute. 602,646 

Reusch, E 1511 

Reuter, F 231 

Reymann, F 1200 

Riabchikov, V. A. 1544 

Richardson, Sir John 610,621,663 

Richter, J. 446,742,840 

Riis-Carstensen, Eigil 232 

Ringer, W. E. 1512 

Rink, H. J 233 

Roberts, B. B 1620 

Robinson, G 234 

Robinson, J. L 1676 

Robitzsach, Max 393 

Rodevich, V. M 1201 

Rodman, H 235 

Roman, Irwin 1677 

Romanowicz, H 1513 

Romer, E 236, 1514 

Roosevelt, 1905-1906 115 



168 



IVti OF NOKTHEBN HEMISPHERE 



Item 

Rosen, M. F 841 

Rosenthal, A. E 503 

Ross, Sir John 664 

Rossby, C. G 155 

Rouch, J 1202, 1203 

Rovig, Sverre 352 

Royal Canadian Mounted Police 605, 

606, 1673, 1676 

Royen, N 1516 

Roze, N 504 

Rudovitz, L. F 558, 

842, 843, 899, 939, 1507 

Rundland, C. A 1114 

Rusanov 397,492,493 

Rusanov, N. I 1544 

Rusanov, V. A 129 

Russia. Glavnoe upravlenie voennykh 
soobshchenii. Otdel vodnykh, shos- 
selnykh i gruntovykh putel soobsh- 

chenim 1678 

Rybin, S 505 

Rykachev, M. A 1204, 

1205, 1206, 1518 

Sadko 1400 

St. Anna 38,334,502 

St. Rock 1676 

Salomanov, V 844 

Samburenko, I. Z 1207 

Samel, J. N. 1208 

Samoilenko, V. S 1465 

Samoilov, B. L.. 1209 

Samoilovich, R. L 394,506 

Sandstrom, J. W 237,309, 1519 

Sarapkin, P. S... 1520 

Satow, G.— 1210 

Scheibel 1521, 1522 

Schell, I. I 238,507,1523 

Schmauss, A 1524 

Schmid 1211 

Schmidt, O. fu 130, 

486, 508, 532 

Schmulders, V 845,1212 

Schokhtsch, Aimin 1525 

Schott, Charles A. 644 

Schott, Gerhard 239, 

240, 310, 846 

Schulz, Bruno 131, 

395, 396, 1526 

Schuster 1527 

Schwalbe, Gustav 1213, 1214, 1215 

Schwartekopp, Maria 1216 

Schwaika.. 623 

Scoresby, William... 311, 

312, 313, 1528 



Item 

Scotia 224 

Sederhohn, P 1641 

Sedw 21, 

22, 23, 25, 40, 41, 42, 43, 49, 50, 
87, 88, 118, 119, 136, 142, 166, 
171, 174, 175, 176, 177, 342, 348, 
374, 378, 414, 416, 419, 421, 490, 
506, 1413, 1439. 

Seeman, B <^B^- 665 

Seifert, R :". 1529 

Seki, K 943 

Sekiguti, R 1080 

Sehakov, N. J 1679, 1680, 1681 

Semenov-Tian'shankii, J. P. ed. comp.. 1217, 

1218, 1219 

Sergievskii, D. N 584 

Sergievski, V. A 132, 509 

Shadrin, N. E 539 

Shandrikov, N. P 1603 

Shaposhnikov, D. G 1220 

Shar-Baronov, L 397 

Shaw, Sir Napier 10 

Shchukin... 1221 

Shchurnikov, V. L 1530 

Shenrok, A. M 1531, 1532 

Shepelevskij, A. A 439, 1533 

Shestiperov, N.A 588 

Shimanskii, lU- A 1534 

Shipchinski, V... 1222, 1682, 1683 

Shipman, T. G 1010 

Shirkina, N. A 1223 

Shirshov, P. P 133, 

134, 135, 589, 590 

Shishov, N. 0.- 1535 

Shokalskii, ]U. M 136, 

510, 1536, 1537, 1538 

Shostakovitch, V. B.. 559, 1224, 

1225, 1226, 1227, 1228, 1229, 
1230, 1231, 1232, 1539, 1684 

Shuleikin, V. V 511, 512, 1540, 

1541, 1542, 1543, 1544, 1685. 

Shustov, B. S 900,901,902 

Sibirmkov 160, 

544, 545, 556, 571, 582, 594 

Simmersbach, Bruno 1545 

Simmonds, P. L 666,667 

Simpson, E 972 

Simpson, Sir Thomas 668 

Skopinzev, B. A 1233 

Skvortsov, E. F 1234 

Slaucitajs, L _.. 847, 

848, 849, 850 

Slyunin, N. V 1235 

Smellie, J 1686 



INDEX OF NAMES 



169 



Smirnov, D. A 1546 

Smith, E. H 241, 

242, 243, 244, 245, 1547 

Smith, Leigh 371 

Smith. P. S 598,962 

Snellen, Maurits 513 

SneUing, \V. J 314 

Snezhinskii, V. A 903 

Snow. H. J 940 

Snow, W. P 602, 669 

Soem, B 315 

Sofronov, F. N. 1548, 1549 

Sokolov, A. V 560, 1236 

Sokolov, M. P 514 

Sokolovski, Ivan 1237 

Soley, J. C 1550 

Solov'ev, I. A 1551 

Somov, M. M 137, 

179, 530, 1552, 1553, 1554, 1609 

Soper, J. D 670 

Sophia 673 

Sovetov, S. A 851,852, 1687 

Soviet 565, 572 

Soviet North Polar Drifting Station 32, 

111, 112, 126, 131, 133, 134, 135, 

152, 1656, 1672. 

Speerschneider, C. J. H 138, 

316, 853, 854, 855, 1555 

Speugler, O. A 1356 

Speranski, M. I 1238, 1556 

Spindler, I. B 139,856 

Stakle, Peter. 857. 1239, 1240 

Stalin 537, 547 

Starokadomski, L. M 140, 1557 

Starov, D. K 904 

Stefan, I 1558 

Stefansson, Vilhjalmur 141, 

142, 143, 599, 671, 672 

Steffans, O 858 

Stepanov, N. M 144 

Stokenskaia, B. L 1362 

Stoliarov, V. M 543 

Storkerson, S. T 600 

Storozhev, N. M 540,541 

Striff)ing, M 299 

Struiski, N 859 

Str0m, K. M - 1241, 

1242,1243,1244 

Suda, K 941, 

942, 943, 1559 

Sukhorukov, A. J 1560 

Suslov, I. M-- 1245 

Sutherland, Dr 636 

Sutherland, P. C... 673 



Item 

Sverdrup, H. U 18, 

146, 398, 542 

Sverdrup, Otto 147 

Svenska Ishavsexpeditionen, 1929 309 

Swarosky, Anton 1248 

Sweden. Meteorologisk-hydrografiska 

anstalt 860 

Sweden. K. Sjokarteverket 861, 

862, 863, 864, 865 

Swedish Arctic expedition, 1898-1900 282 

Swedish - Norwegian Arctic expedition, 

1931___ __ 333 

Swenson, Bennett 1011 

Sychev, K 1561 

Syrnikov, P. I 1024 

Szychlinski, Francisek 866 

Taguti, K 944 

Taimyr 20, 87 

Takeuchi, T 1562 

Tamarskii, 1. I 1033 

Tamura, S. T 1563 

Taracouzio, T. A 148 

Tarasov, N. I 945 

Tar.shis, M. K 1564 

Taylor, G. I 224 

Tayron, K 515 

Tegelthoff 383 

Teichart, C 317 

Terror 627 

Terry, Beatrice 318 

Thiehnann 1249 

Thomas, H. R. Rokeby 674 

Thompson, T. G 966 

Thorne, A. M. jr 1397 

Thoroddsen, Th 319 

Thoulet, Jules 1565, 1566, 1567 

Thule expeditions, 5th, 1921-24 622, 

660, 661, 662 
Thule expeditions, 6th and 7th, 1931 and 

1932-33 308 

Tigress 675 

Timofeevski, N 399,516 

Timonov, V. E 1568, 1569 

Timonov, V. V 1688 

Titius, J. D 1250 

ToU, Eduard von 149 

Tohnachev, I. P 591 

Tolstikov, E. I 592 

Toorn, J. van der 1251 

Toros 453 

Transehe, N. A 1570 

Tremauden, A. H. de 702 

Treskov, A. A 1252 

Trofimov, A. B 1689 



170 



ICE OF NOETHEBN HEMISPHERE 



Item 

TroUe, Alf.. 320 

Trufanov, A 1671 

^ionglinskii, M 1253 

ffeurikov, V. L 912, 

1254, 1255, 1572, 1573, 1574 

Tumonov, V. E 1256 

Turku, Finland. The Harbour board 868 

Tyson, G. E 675 

Uda, Mititaka 946 

Uhner, Joseph 1576 

U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie-. 11, 
400, 401, 402, 447, 617, 618, 561, 
693, 870, 871, 872, 873, 874, 906, 
947, 948, 949, 950, 951, 973, 1577, 
1578. 
U.S.S.R. Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie 

Gidrometeorologicheskii otdel 875, 1679 

U.S.S.R Gidrograficheskoe upravlenie. 

Gidrometeorologicheskii sektor 12 

U.S.S.R. Gidrologicheskoe upravlenie. 

Gidrometeorologicheski sluzhby 1267 

U.S.S.R. Glavnoe upravlenie Sevemogo 

morskogo puti 160, 

151, 152, 153, 643 
U.S.S.R. T^entralnoe upravlenie edinoi 

gidro-meteorologicheskoi sluzhby 1580 

U.S.S.R. 'fSentral'noe upravlenie edinoi 
gidrometeorologicheskoi sluzhby, Kras- 

noi armii 1581 

United States 634 

U.S. Army. Army specialized training 

division 13 

U.S. Army air forces. Weather informa- 
tion branch 1690 

U.S. Coast and geodetic survey 974,975 

U.S. Engineer department 716,1012,1013 

U.S. Engineer department. Rivers and 

harbor board - 246,717,1014 

U.S. Foreign and domestic commerce 

bureau 925 

U.S. Hydrographic Office 247, 

248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 264, 
321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 718, 876, 
877, 878, 879, 907, 926, 952, 953, 
954, 966, 966, 967, 958 976, 977, 
978, 1582, 1583, 1691 

U.S. Naval observatory 676 

U.S. Navy dept. Bureau of Navigation. 255 

U.S. War department -. 1584 

U.S. Weather bureau 719, 1016, 1692 

Upham, Warren 259 

Usachev, P. I 1586 

Ushakov, P... 969 

Uspenski, P. N 1696 



Item 

Uspenskii, L 1258 

Vaigach 20 

Vallaux, Camille 14, 256, 257 

Val'man, V. N ._ 1259 

Van Valkenburg,^.. 1260 

Vangengeim, G. lA 519 

Vametti 53 

Vamek, A. I 154,403 

Vasenko, B. P 1587 

Vasil'ev, A. S.. 155 

Vasnetsov, V. A 620 

Vedel, P 1688 

Veen, J. van 1261 

Veer, Gerrit de 156 

Vega 94, 

102, 103, 104, 431, 499 

Veinberg, B. P 157, 880, 

1589, 1590, 1591, 1592, 1593, 
1694, 1595, 1596, 1597, 1598, 
1599, 1600, 1601, 1693, 1694. 

Vendrov, S. L 1262 

Venfiikov, M. I 1602 

Vereshchagm, G. fu 1263, 1264, 1265 

Vesselovsky, K. S -. 1266 

Vichnfik, M 448 

Vil'kitskii, A.... 158 

Vinberg, Sal 881 

Vinokurov, G. A 1696 

Vitman, F. F 1603 

Vize 480 

Vize, V. lU 159, 

160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 
167, 326, 327, 328, 404, 405, 406, 
407, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 
414, 416, 416, 417, 418, 419, 420, 
449, 450, 483, 621, 522, 523, 544, 
546, 546, 662, 563, 594, 882, 883, 
908, 1267, 1406, 1407, 1604, 
1606, 1606, 1607, 1608, 1609. 

Vladimirov, L. I 1268, 1269, 1270 

Vlasov, L. fA 1696 

Vlasov, V. A 1271 

Voeikov, A. A..... 643, 1610 

Voekov, A. I 1272, 1273 

Volkov, G -- 1611 

Volkov, N. A 168,979, 1612 

Volodarskii 637, 647 

Von Engehi, O. D 1613 

Vorob'ev, V. I.... 524,525 

Voronin, V. I. 421 

Vorontsov, B. S 903, 1274 

Voznesenskii, A. V 1275 

Waidner, C. W 1614 

Wakeham, William 703 



INDEX OF NAMES 



171 



Item 

Walker, David 1615 

Wallen, Alex 1278 

Wandel, C. F 329,330 

Watkins, H. G 331 

Watt, A 1686 

Wegener, Kurt- 422 

Weightman, R. H 980 

Welner, A 1279 

Wemelsfelder, P. J 1616 

Wendling, P 1280, 1281 

Wentworth, C. K 1017 

Westman, Jonas 423 

Weyprecht, Carl 169, 1617 

Wheeler, E. P. 2d 258 

Whitman, W. G 1618 

Whittard, W. F 272 

Wilkjns, Sir Hubert 170 

Williams, F. M 1282 

Williams, F. P 1282 

Wing, L. W 1018 

Wolf, J 293 

Wood, Herbert 914 

Wood, R. W 1619 

Wordie, J. M 1620 



Item 

WrangeU, Ferdinand von 564 

Wright, C. S- 1508, 1621 

Wright, G. F 259 

Wulff, A 395 

Wust, Georg 1622 

Young, Sir A. W 677 

Zaburin, A. I... 1283 

Zalomanov, V 885 

Zamiatkin, I. N 451 

Zeusler, F. A 966,981 

Zhadin, V. I 1286 

Zhdanko, M 960, 1698 

Zhitkov, B. M 526 

Zhukov, N 16, 1287, 1288 

Zhukov, V. K 1699 

Zil'berman, A. N 1623 

Zinger, M. E 527,547 

Zubov, N. N— 172, 173, 

174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 424, 
425, 426, 427, 452, 1624, 1625, 
1626, 1627, 1628, 1629, 1630, 
1631, 1632, 1633, 1634, 1700 

Zubrzycki, T 1289 

Zukriegel, J 15 



172 



INDEX OF GEOGRAPHIC NAMES 

Item 

Abashiri 44°01'N, 144°16'E 930 

Adige (River) 46°47'N, 10°31'E 1153, 1154 

Ahvenanmaa (Aland Is.) 60n5'X, 20°0'E 781, 

787, 792, 802, 870, 879 

Alberta — Rivers and streams 990 

Aldan, Reka 60'22'X, 134°25'E 1064 

Amnok Kang, see Yalu River. 

Amur River 53°08'N, 140°45'E 1224 

Anabar, Reka 72°N, 114°E 1201 

Anadyr', Reka 64°45'N, 170°50'E 1064 

Angara, Reka 58'32'i\r, 97°E 1177, 

1188, 1189, 1224, 1275 

Anchor ice 1020,1139,1221 

AniwaWan 42°20'N, 142°45'E 942 

Argun River 51°24'N, 119°56'E 1224 

Arkhangel'sk (Archangel) 64°33'N, 39°40'E.. 443,445,452 

Anchor ice 1070 

River ice 1030, 

1222, 1266, 1682, 1683 

Arkhipelag Sedova (Sergeya Kameneva Ostrova) 79°30'N, 91°08'E 66, 466 

Assistance Bay 74°38'N, 94°25'W 624 

Atara, Reka 1225 

Aurajoki 60°37'N, 22°34'E 1147 

Austria — Rivers and lakes 1031, 

1077, 1085, 1086, 1087, 1088, 1089, 1090, 1091, 1093, 1102, 1103, 1104, 1105, 1173, 
1200, 1248. 

Avatn 1244 

Ayan, ZaUv 56°25'N, 138°10'E 1292 

Baffin Bay 73''N, 65°W 602, 

644, 651, 664, 673 

Baffin Isknd 70°N, 75°W 658, 670 

Baikal 53°N, 108°E.... 1044, 

1045, 1072, 1079, 1177, 1229, 1232, 1252, 1254, 1263, 1264, 1265 

Balaton 46°50'N, 17''40'E 1649 

Balei, Reka 52°50'N, 103°49'E 1224 

Barrow Strait 74°20'N, 95°W 673 

Bear Island (Bojornoya; Beeren Eiland) 74°20'N, 19°30'E. 379,380 

Belaya, Reka 53°10'N, 103''35'E 1224 

Belcher Islands 56°20'N, 80°W 689 

Belgian Coast 838 

Belts and Sound 55°30'N, 11°E; 55°20"iSf, 9°45'E; 55°40'N, 12°50'E 758, 

768, 777, 785, 840, 876 

Bering Strait 66°N, 169°W 568, 

572, 576, 582, 966, 968, 970, 979, 981 

Bolsbol Kas, Reka 60°01'N, 90°40'E 1064 

Bolshoiy Llakhovskiy Ostrova 73°30'N, 142°E 554 

Boothia, Gulf of 71°N, 90°W.. 624,651 

Bojoronoya, see Bear Island. 

British Columbia — Rivers and streams 990 

Bugskiy Liman 47°N, 31°54'E 893,902,908 

Cambridge Bay 69''01'N, lOS'lS'W .-- 595,624 



INDEX OP GEOGRAPHIC NAMES 173 

Item 

Camden Bay 70°5'N, 145°25'W 624 

Canada — Rivers, streams, and lakes, see section 20 1390, 1391 

Canadian Arctic, see Northwest Passages, section 11. 

Chaunskaya Cuba 69°30'N, 170°E 549 

Chelyuskin, Mys 77°42'N, 104°40'E - 534,1647 

Chernigov 51°3l'N, 31°20'E 1134, 1697 

Chishima Retto (Kuril Islands) 47°N, ]50°E..- 951,954,958 

Connecticut River 41°20'N, 72^19^.. 1011 

Crocker Land (Mythical; Canadian Arctic) 630 

Daido-ko River, see Taedong Gang. 

DairenWan 38°57'N, 121°45'E 924 

Danube (River) 48°16'N, 9°45'E; 45°N, 29°40'E 887, 

1028, 1031, 1060, 1062, 1077, 1085, 1086, 1087, 1088, 1089, 1090, 1091, 1102, 1104, 1105, 

1106, 1107, 1108, 1121, 1140, 1192, 1248, 1290, 1291. 

Danzig 54°21'N, 18''40'E 808,822 

Denmark — Coast 751, 

752, 758, 838, 853, 854, 855 

Desna, Reka 52''30'N, 34°20'E 1134, 1697 

Detroit River 42°N, 83°10'W... 706 

Dezhneva Mys (East Cape) 66°06'N, 169°40'E.. 550 

Disko Bay 69°15'N, 52°W 230 

Dnepr (Dnieper), Reka 49°20'N, 32°25'E 893, 

902,908,1100 

Dnestr (Dniester), River 46°30'N, 30°E 1187 

Don, Reka 47''30'N, 40°30'E 1209 

Donau, see Danube. 

Dortmund-Ems Kanal 51°33'N, 7°26'E 1216 

Drava (Drau) River 44°32 N, 14°10'E 1200 

Duna, See Western Dvina. 

Dvina (Northern Dvina), Reka 63°N, 42''30'E - 1030, 

1042, 1222, 1257, 1266, 1292, 1682, 1683 

Dzharylgachskiy ZaUv 46°01'N, 33°04'E. 895 

Eastern Siberia 953,960 

Ebetem River, see Ebetya, Reka. 

Ebetya, Reka 70°38'N, 127°10'E. 1033 

Ekaterinburg, see Sverdlovsk. 

Elbe (River) 53°25'N, 10°25'E.. 1027, 

1073, 1075, 1110, 1150, 1158, 1214, 1249, 1281, 1367 

Anchor ice 1166, 1167 

Emajogi 58°26'N, 26°30'E 1159 

Enisei (Yenisei), Reka 57°N, 93°40'E - 1026, 

1064, 1096, 1224, 1247, 1643 

Eniseiskiy (Yeniseiskiy) ZaUv 72°N, 82°E 399, 

473, 478, 498, 516, 518 

Erie, Lake 42°N, 82°W 706 

Estonia 764, 

765, 772, 773, 774, 779, 790, 813 

Rivers.. 1159,1279 

Festhaelsvann 1244 

Finland — Rivers and lakes — 1081, 

1112, 1120, 1129, 1146, 1147, 1178, 1199 

Flakevatn.. 1241 

Foka Bay 76°N, 60°E app 622 

Foxe Peninsula 66°N, 75°W 670 



174 lUK Ui- JNORTHERN HEMISPHERE 

Item 

France— Rivers and lakes 1061,1161,1496 

Fridtjof Nansen Land (Franz Josef Land) 81°N, 55°E-.. 334, 

337, 341, 342, 348, 353, 356, 363, 368, 372, 374, 387, 388, 397, 402, 408, 413, 415, 416, 

418,426,427. 

Gavlebukten 60''45'N, 17°45'E 744, 

763, 828, 878 
Gefie, see Gavlebukten. 

Georgian Bay 45°30'N, 81°W 708 

German coasts 721, 

757, 761, 822, 827, 835, 858 
Germany — ^Rivers, lakes, and canals 1035, 

1039, 1040, 1043, 1046, 1048, 1074, 1082, 1083, 1084, 1094, 1111, 1113, 1115, 1144, 

1145, 1157, 1170, 1195, 1196, 1197, 1202, 1203, 1211, 1213, 1215, 1216, 1248, 1249, 

1280, 1281. 

Gizhiga, Reka 61°55'N, 160°26'E 1064 

Gotaalf 57''42'N, 11°57'E 1025,1067 

Great Koss River, see Bolshoi Kas, Reka. 

Great Lyakov Islands, see Bolshoiy Liakhovskiy Ostrova. 

Great Slave Lake 61°30'N, 114°30'W 982,983 

Greenland — Lakes 1389 

Griffiths Island 74°40'N, 95°15'W 624 

Gulf of Bothnia 62°N, 20°E .-. 743, 

758, 770, 781, 787, 792, 795, 796, 797, 836, 865, 874 
Gulf of Finland 60°N, 27"'E •- 722, 

723, 724, 725, 726, 727, 729, 732, 733, 734, 735, 737, 738, 747, 768, 766, 776, 779, 787, 

792, 807, 818, 836, 852, 859, 870, 872, 875, 879, 880, 882, 883, 885. 

Gydanskaya Guba 72°N, 75°30'E 503 

Halsingborg 56°03'N, 12''42'E... 829 

Han Gang 37°30'N, 126°58'E 1182 

Hango (Hanko) 59°49'N, 23°E 791 

Harnosand 62°38'N, 17°58'E 830 

Helsinki (Helsingfors) 60°9'N, 24°57'E 798, 800, 814 

Herald Ostrov 71°23'N, 175°20'W 565,569 

Hokkaido 951,955 

Horindalsvatn 1243 

Hudiksvall 6r44'N, 17°09'E -. 878 

Hudson River 1007, 1011 

Hungary — Rivers and lakes 1028, 

1086, 1107, 1121, 1130, 1140, 1649 

Huron, Lake 45°N, 83°W 708 

Iditarod River 1016 

Ijssehneer (Zuider Zee) 52°40'N, 5°30'E 775 

lletsk (Lake) sriO'N, SS'E 1149, 1272 

Illinois River 41°N, 89°27'W 1011 

Il'men', Ozero 58°N, 32°E 1128,1653 

Indiga, Reka 67°37'N, 49''10'E 376 

Indigirka, Reka 71°01'N, 149°26'E 1064, 1224 

Ingoda, Reka 52°01'N, 113°30'E 1224 

Irtysh, Reka 60°56'N, 69°09'E 1064 

Isar 47°23'N, ll''22'E-. 1093 

Italy — Rivers and lakes 1095, 

1153, 1154, 1193 
iUgorskiy Shar (Yugorski Strait), see Proliv Yugorski Shar. 
James River, Va. 37°N, 76°28'W - - 1002 



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INDEX OF GEOGRAPHIC NAMES 175 

Item 

JanMayen "rN, 11°W 402 

Jana Gulf, see Yanskoy Zaliv. 

Japan — Rivers and lakes 1071, 1080 

Kaban, Ozero 1670 

Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal 54°10'N, 9''25'E 762 

Kalmar 66°40'N, 16°22'E 831 

Kamchatka 57°N, ISS'E 953, 

956, 960, 973 

Kamchatka River 55°20'N, 159''20'E 1141 

Kamenev Islands, see Arkhipelag Sedova. 
Kan Ko, see Han Gang. 

Kandalakskiy ZaUv 66°40'N, 33''20'E 436,439 

Kara Proliv 70°30'N, 58°E 504 

Karafuto SO'N, 143°E 951,958 

Karkinitski Zaliv 45°55'N, 33°35'E 895 

Kattegat 56°50'N, 11°30'E 758, 

767, 778, 785, 876 

Kennebec River 44°24'N, 69°40'W 994,999,1000 

Kliatangskiy Zaliv 73°30'N, 108"'E 492,543 

Kheta Khatanga 72°30'N, 106°10'E 1136 

Kiel Harbor 54°25'N, 10°15'E 806,876 

Kolyma, Reka 67°40'N, 155°E 548, 

550, 560, 563, 1064, 1207, 1224, 1234 

Komandorskie Ostrova 55°N, 167''E 973 

Korea (Chosen) 38°N, 127°E 957 

Rivers 1182 

Kotka 60"'28'N, 26°57'E... 815 

Kotzebue Sound 66°30'N, 163°W 579 

Koyuk (Koyukuk) River . ■_ 1016 

Kukhtuy, Reka 59°21'N, 143°17'E 1064 

Kuril Islands, see Chishima Retto. 

Kuskokwim River 62°N, 157°35'W 1016 

Ladoga, Lake 61''15'N, 30°30'E 792, 

852, 1172, 1269, 1271 

Landskrona 55°42'N, 12''50'E 834 

Lappajarvi 63°10'N, 23°50'E 1178 

Latvia 779, 

812, 848, 850 

Rivers 1174, 

1236, 1239, 1240, 1292 

Lava, Reka 1163 

Lena, Reka 70°N, 126°E 1064, 

1198, 1224, 1234 
LenaDelta 73°N, 127°E 537, 

539, 543, 547, 560 

Leningrad 60°N, 30°E app 730, 1123 

LiaoHo 40°39'N, 122°12'E 1182 

Liepaja 56°30'N, 21°E 878 

Lithuania 55''10'N, 24°E 779 

Little Diomede Island 65°43'N, 168°52'W 970 

Loenvatn 61°47'N, 7°E 1243 

Lulea 65°38'N, 22°09'E 878 

Lunzer See 15°03'N, 15°52'!E 1099 

Mackenzie River 67°26'N, 131°W 1003, 1005 



176 ICE OF NOBTHEBN HEMISPHERE 

Item 

Main (Biver) 50°N, 10°55'E.... 1074, 1197 

Malaren (Lake) 69°28'N, 17°E 1117 

Manchuria— Rivers 49°10'N, 117°45'E 1182,1186 

Manitoba — Rivers and streams 990 

Matochkin Shar 73''20'N, 55°E 464,515 

Maya, Reka 60°25''N, 134°29'E 1064 

Medvezhi Ostrova 70°50'N, 161°40'E 402 

Medezhi ZaUv 73''57'N, 57°50'E 515 

MelviUe Sound 74°N, 108°W.. 624 

Memel 55°42'N, 21°21'E 878 

Memel River, see Niemen. 

Mendota, Lake 43°N, 89°30'W.. 1006, 1351 

Miami River - -- 1002 

Mississippi River 31-40'^, 91°20'W 990, 

997, 1002, 1010, 1011, 1014 

Missouri River 46°50'N, 100''50'W 1011 

Monona, Lake 43°N, 89°50'W 1006 

MoseUe (River) 48°45'N, 6°0'E 1061 

Mur (River) 47°06'N, 13°30'E 1200 

Murman coast 69°N, 35°E 359, 

362, 401, 435, 437 

Mys Otto Shmidta (North Cape) 69"'N, 179°31'W 570,588,592 

MysZhelaniya 77°03'N, 68°30'E 462 

Narva (River) 59nO'N, 27°50'E,.. 1279 

Narva Bay 59°10'N, 27°50'E 813 

Nemunas, see Niemen. 

Nemuro 43n7'N, 145°29'E. 1 930,941 

Netherlands Coast 758,838 

Netherlands— Rivers 52°N, 5°E 775, 

1176, 1251, 1261 

Neva Bay 60°N, 29°58'E . 740, 

741, 742, 805, 817, 841 

Neva, Reka 59°50'N, 30°30'E 852, 

1022, 1123, 1124, 1125, 1126, 1135, 1151, 1160, 1206, 1250, 1263, 1262, 1269 

New Brunswick — Rivers and streams 988 

Niagara River 43°14'N, 79°05'W 706, 

993, 996, 998 

Niemen (River) 55°05'N, 22''20'E. 1133,1196 

Nizhnaya Tunguska, Reka 60°01'N, 107''05'F 1064 

Nordaustlandet (Northeast Land) 80°N, 25°E 346,347 

Nordenskiold Arkhipelag 77°N, 95°E 453 

Noril'skaya, Reka. 1041, 1143 

Norrkoping 58''36'N, 16°12'E 821 

North Cape, see Mys Otto Shmidta. 

Northern Sea Route... — 24, 

28, 51, 52, 53, 65, 85, 95, 129, 130, 132, 140, 144, 158, 163, 167, 494, 514, 536. 

Northwest Territories — Rivers and streams 990, 995 

Norway — Rivers and lakes 1116, 

1241, 1242, 1243, 1244 

Nova Scotia — Rivers and streams 988 

Novaya Zemlya 73°N, 55°E 471, 

474, 481, 482, 515, 517, 522 

Novo Sibirskie Ostrova (New Siberian Islands) 74°20'N, 148°E.... 533 

Ob', Reka 66°40'N, 67°E 1064, 1137, 1452 



INDEX OF GEOQBAPHIO NAMES 177 

Item 

ObskayaGuba (Gulf of Ob)T68''N,[74"'E... - 463, 

473, 478, 518 

Oder (River) 53°20'N, 14°30'E 1043, 1195 

Ohio River 37°20'N, 88°28'W 1002, 1013 

Oka, Reka 55°40'N, 42°08'E. 1032, 1286 

Oldevatn 61°45'N, 6°51'T;, 1243 

Olekma, Reka eOWN, 120°50'E-.. 1064 

Olenek, Reka 71°N, 123°50'E.. 1245 

Onezhskoe Ozero 61°30'N, 35°E 1687 

Ontario, Lake 44°15'N, 78°W 706 

Ontario — Rivers and streams 1390 

Oryokko, see Yalu. 

Ostrov Rudolph (Rudolph Island) 81°45'N, 58°50'E 397 

Ottawa River 47°40'N, 76°W 707 

Oxelosund 68°41'N, 17°08'E 878 

Ozero (Lake), see proper name. 

Pechora. Reka 66°30'N, 52''20'E 375,376,1122 

Pechorskoye More 417,437 

Piasin River, see Pyasina, Reka. 

Po 44°41'N, 7°06'E 1095 

Pohai (Chihli), Gulf of 38°N, 120°E 918 

Poland — Rivers and lakes 1069, 

1097, 1133, 1164, 1184, 1185, 1187, 1289 

Polish Coast 866 

Polui, Reka 66°31'N, 66°35'E (at Salegard) 1064 

Poluostrov Kanin 68''40'N, 43°17'E 375 

Potomac River 38°15'N, 76''55'W 1002 

Pregel (River) 54''42'N, 20°20E 1196 

Prince Edward Island— Rivers and streams 46°20'N, 63°20'W 988 

Prohv Shokalskogo 79°30'N, lOl^E 465 

ProUv Yugorski Shar 69°40'N, 60°E. 56,477 

Pyasina, Reka 73°43'N, 86°E 1041, 1142, 1143 

Queen Maud Gulf 68°15'N, 101°W app 674 

Reinevann 1244 

Reka (river), see proper name. 
Revaler Reede, see Tallinna Reid. 

Rhine (River) 50°08'N, 7°44'E 1035, 

1170, 1202, 1203 

Rice Lake 44°10'N, 78''08'W.... 1390 

Rideau Canal 44°55'N, 75°52'W... 706 

Riga, Gulf of 57°30'N, 23°30'E. 747, 

758, 836, 842, 843, 847, 849, 850, 872, 1212 

Rion, Reka 42°12'N, 41°40'E. 1119 

Rock Lake, Wisconsin 43°N, 88°45'W 1009 

Romania— Rivers 1290,1291 

Rybnaya, Reka 1041, 1143 

Ryck (River) 1048 

St. Clair, Lake 42°30'N, 81°40'W.... 706 

St. Clair River 42°45'N, 82°27'W... 706 

St. John River 46°43'N, 65°05'W.. 709,991 

St. Lawrence Island 63''40'N, 170°W 963 

St. Lawrence River 45°N, 75°W 707, 

709, 986, 989, 1326 
St. Mary's River 46°05'N, 83°50'W. 705, 708 



178 ICE OF NORTHERN HEMISPHEBE 

Item 

Saint Michael Bay 63°28'N, 162°W 980 

SakhaUn 52''N, 142°E 951,953 

Salonika Bay, see Thessaloniki Bay. 

Saskatchewan — Rivers and streams 990 

Schmidt, Cape, see Mys Otto Shmidta. 

Scioto River 40°15TSr, 83°10'W lOU 

Scotland — Lakes 1 686 

Seine (River) 48°30'N, S'SO'E 1161 

Sergeya Kameneva Ostrova, see Arkhipelag Sedova. 

Sevastopol Bay 44°37'N, SB'SS'E 904 

Sevemaya Zemlya (Northland) 80°N, 97°E 374,466,491 

Shana (Shara; Syana) 45°14'N, 147°53'E 930 

Shokalskiy Proliv, see Proliv Shokalskogo. 

Skagerrak 58°N, 9°E 767,778 

Smith Sound 48°10'N, 53°45'W 641 

Solbj 0m vann 1244 

Sommen (Lake) 58°N, 15°10'E 1109 

Sosva, Reka 59°20'N, 6l°E; 63°56'N, 65°04'E (at Berezovo) 1064, 1162 

Spitzbergen, see Svalbard. 

Staroladozhskiy Kanal (Old Ladoga Canal) 60°N, 31°40'E app 1246 

Stockholm 59''20'N, 18°05'E 878,881 

Strynsvatn 61°55'N, 7°01'E 1243 

Studalsvarm 1244 

SmidsvaU 62''23'N, 17''21'E 832,878 

Sungari River 47°42'N, 132°30'E 1186 

Sung-hua Chiang, see Sungari River. 

Superior, Lake 48°N, 88°W 705 

Susquehanna River 39°55'N, 76°25'W 1002 

SuwaKo 36°03'N, 138°05'E 1080 

Svalbard (Spitzbergen) 78°N, 15°E 337, 340, 344, 345, 

350, 351, 352, 354, 355, 361, 377, 384, 389, 390, 393, 394, 398, 402, 410, 422, 423, 1417 

Sverdlovsk (Ekaterinburg) 56°49'N, 78''15'E 1019 

Svir', Reka 61°02"N, 34°50'E.. 1034, 

1050.1053,1054,1126,1259 

Sweden — Rivers and lakes 1025, 

1067, 1109, 1114, 1117, 1148, 1208, 1278 

Swedish Coast - 758, 

823, 824, 828, 836, 839, 860, 862, 864, 865 

Switzerland — Rivers and lakes -- 1084, 1165, 1168 

TaedongGang 38°43'N, 125°30'E 1182 

Taimyr, Poluostrov 76°N. 103°E 30, 

457, 459, 467, 507, 514, 537, 547 

Takotna River 1016 

Tallinna Reid 59°22'N, 23°45'E 772 

Tanana River 65°N, 152°W 1016 

Tartary Strait, see Tatarski Proliv. 

Tatarski Proliv 52''30'N, 14r30'E 948,960 

Tazovskaya Guba 69°N, 75°E 524 

Tennesvann 1244 

Thessaloniki 892 

Thessaloniki Bay 40''35'N, 22°55'E. 894 

Tientsin 39°09'N, in^Og'E 915,921 

Tikhaya, Bukhta 80°20'N, 53°E... 397 

Tiksi, Bukhta 71°41'N, 129°25'E 537,543,547 



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INDEX OF GEOGBAPHIO NAMES 179 

Item 

Tom, Reka 55°N, 87°E - 1038 

Trent Canal 706,708 

Tunguska, Reka, Lower reaches, see Nizhnaya Tunguska, Reka. 

Turku (Abo) 60°26'N, 22°18'E 867,868,869 

Tyrifjord— Lakes 60°03'N, 10°15'E . 1242 

Uda, Reka 54°52'N, 135°40'E 1236 

Ufa, Reka SS'N, 56°23'E 1183 

Ukraine — Rivers and lakes 893, 

902, 908, 1100, 1180, 1181, 1187, 1284, 1697 

U.S.S.R.— Rivers and lakes 375, 

376, 537, 539, 543, 547, 548, 550, 560, 563, 852, 1020, 1021, 1022, 1024, 1026, 1030, 1032, 
1033, 1034, 1037, 1038, 1041, 1042, 1044, 1045, 1047, 1049, 1050, 1051, 1053, 1054, 1055, 
1056, 1057, 1058, 1059, 1064, 1072, 1076, 1078, 1079, 1092, 1096, 1101, 1119, 1122, 1123, 
1124, 1125, 1126, 1127, 1128, 1131, 1132, 1134, 1135, 1137, 1139, 1141, 1142, 1143, 1149, 
1151, 1155, 1160, 1162, 1163, 1171, 1177, 1180, 1181, 1183, 1188, 1189, 1194, 1201, 1204, 
1205, 1206, 1207, 1209, 1217, 1218, 1220, 1221. 1222, 1223, 1224, 1225, 1226, 1227, 1228, 
1229, 1230, 1231, 1232, 1234, 1235, 1236, 1238, 1245, 1246, 1247, 1250, 1252, 1253, 1254, 
1257, 1259, 1262, 1263, 1264, 1265, 1266, 1267, 1269, 1272, 1273, 1274, 1275, 1276, 1277, 
1286, 1292, 1452, 1643, 1653, 1670, 1671, 1678, 1682, 1683, 1687, 1697. 
United States — Rivers and lakes, see section 20. , 

Vand, Vann (lake), see proper name. 

Vantaan joki 8" 

Vattern (Vatter) (Lake) 58°30'N, 14°30'E 1148 

Vasteras 59°37'N, 16°33'E 833 

Vastervik 57°46'N, 16°39'E 878 

Venta Abaua 57°15'TSr, 21°38'E 1236 

Victoria Island 70°N, 110°\V 671,674 

Viipuri (Viborg) 60°43'N, 28°47'E 884 

Vilkitski ProUv 78°15TSr, 105°30'E 523 

Vilyuy, Reka 62°30'N, 116°45'E 1064 

Vistula (River) 54°N, 18°52'E - 1069, 

1097,1187,1196,1211,1285 

Volga (River) 56°10'N, 46°E. -- 1029, 

1036, 1052, 1059, 1063, 1169, 1175, 1233, 1237, 1258, 1283 

Anchor ice - 1020 

Volkov, Reka 59°N, 33°E 1024,1037,1059,1127,1128,1194 

Wabash River 39°10'N, 87''56'W 1002 

Walker Bay 72°N, 117''40'W 624 

Wanda River, see Vantaanjoki. 
Weichsel, see Vistula. 

Welland Ship Canal 42''55'N, 79''15'W 706 

Western Dvina (Duna) (River) 56°60'N, 24°18'E 1174,1239,1292 

Wien (Vienna) 48°12'N, 16''22'E 1060, 1102 

Windau, see Venta Abaua. 

Wrangel Island 71°N, 179°W 667,566,566,569,577 

Yakutsk— Rivers and lakes 62''05'N, 129°40'E 1131, 1171, 1267, 1276, 1277, 1671 

Yalu River 40°N, 124°35'E 1182 

Yana, Reka 69''N, 135''E 1064, 1131, 1132, 1224 

YanskoyZaliv 71°50'N, 137°30'E 533 

Yenisei River, see Enisei. 

Yukon River 65°N, 141°35'W 984,987,1001,1016,1017 

Zhelaniya Mys, see Mys Zhelaniya. 
Zuider Zee, see Ijsselmeer. 

■{l U. S. GOVERNMENT PRlKnNG OfFlCE: 1945—673045 



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